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Language: Gelao (Zhenfeng)

Source/Author:  Kosaka, Zhou, & Li 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:giq  Glottocode: gree1278 
Notes:  Source: Ryūichi Kosaka, Guoyan Zhou, Jinfang Li. 仡央语言词汇集/Geyang yu yan ci hui ji (A Wordlist of Ge-Yang Languages). 贵阳市/Guiyang, China: 贵州民族出版社/Guizhou min zu chu ban she, 1998.

Data is from Pomao village (坡帽), Zhenfeng County (贞丰县), southwestern Guizhou, China. Their autonym is ha42 ke42.

Other words of interest: mu42 sa42 (raw rice), mɯŋ42 (cooked rice), ȵe31 ή42 (water buffalo), to42 kuŋ53 (knee). 
Problems:  ή = velar nasal (ŋ) with accent over it 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 215
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 8
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kra:Western Kra 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 11 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
69 to hunt word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
88 to squeeze word info      
113 branch word info      
134 thunder      
170 when? word info      
190 other      
192 and      
193 if      
7 to come luŋ35 to arrive    
8 to turn word info tsuan42 Chinese zhuan3   L
10 dirty ʔjuŋ35 ʔjuŋ35 ʔæ42      
11 dust pa42 tau42      
12 skin pu31 ka42      
15 bone taŋ31 taŋ13      
19 shoulder ki42 pu35      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ʔi42 kjau42      
20 to know, be knowledgeable kjau31 hɯŋ35 to recognize    
21 to think ɕaŋ42 Chinese xiang3   L
24 head pəɯ13 kei42      
26 hair word info məɯ13 kei42      
31 tooth mo42 pe42      
33 to laugh səu35 Chinese xiao4   L
35 to vomit ti42      
37 to eat ha35      
40 to drink haŋ42      
42 to suck haŋ42 tɕəu35      
43 ear tso35      
44 to hear tsaŋ13 (min31)      
46 to see ko35 pe35      
47 to yawn ka42 ho35 hai13 cf. Lachi: nji3 bo45    
51 to sit mu31      
52 to stand laŋ42      
53 person/human being hɯŋ35      
55 woman/female ta13 sa35      
56 child so42 tjaŋ31 tjaŋ31 tjaŋ31 tjaŋ31 = small    
57 husband bu35 ʔa35 mu31      
58 wife zau31 ki35      
61 house ki35      
62 thatch/roof ki35 kɯi42 tjəu35 ki35 = house    
63 name fu42 tshai42 surname    
63 name fu42 mu31 tshai42 given name    
65 rope ɕi42      
66 to tie up, fasten naŋ42      
67 to sew word info pe35 zɯi13      
68 needle pie42      
70 to shoot word info se31 Chinese she4   L
72 to hit word info ka42      
73 to steal tɯi13 Chinese tou1 ?   L
75 to die, be dead pɯŋ35      
79 stick/wood thui24 mo42 tai42 mo42 tai42 = tree    
80 to split word info pjo42      
81 sharp pi42      
81 sharp si31 ku35      
82 dull, blunt pi42 ʔæ42      
83 to work word info tau31 ta31 kuŋ35      
85 to choose tshe42 to select (a seedling)    
86 to grow word info li13 (paŋ31)      
87 to swell word info tsaŋ42 Chinese zhong3   L
89 to hold word info me31      
92 to open, uncover ho35 to open a door    
95 to fall word info taŋ42 mu35 tɕiŋ13      
95 to fall word info suai42 mu35 tɕiŋ35      
97 bird mo42 naŋ42      
100 wing vei31      
101 to fly pjəu13      
102 rat mo42 lo42      
104 fat/grease tjau13 tɯŋ13      
107 worm (earthworm) tshuŋ35 san42      
108 louse word info mo42 tse31 body louse    
109 mosquito tsi31 ve13      
110 spider ke35 tɕi31 tɕi13      
112 rotten word info zuŋ13      
114 leaf ti31 tai35      
117 fruit taŋ31 taŋ31 mo42 tai42      
118 grass tsi42 pəɯ35      
119 earth/soil paŋ35 ʔji42 earth, soil    
119 earth/soil tu42 lu42 earth as opposed to heaven    
120 stone paŋ35 ή35      
121 sand paŋ35 ή35 tiaŋ35 tiaŋ35      
123 to flow ke35      
124 sea mo42 ή42      
126 lake fu31 early Chinese loanword ?   L
128 sky to13 ji31      
130 star tsa35      
132 fog ή42 ŋau35      
133 rain mɯŋ31 mau35      
135 lightning ȵi42 ji42      
136 wind ve31      
138 warm word info tsau42      
139 cold word info tɕiŋ42      
140 dry word info so42 tsa35      
141 wet pjau35      
142 heavy se35 taŋ13      
144 to burn word info tsu31 start fire for cooking    
145 smoke word info pai35 mɯŋ13 pai35 = fire    
149 red pja42 ɕi35 pja42 = blood    
150 yellow phɯi42 tɕi35      
151 green kjaŋ42 ki42      
152 small tjaŋ35 tjaŋ35      
153 big li31 paŋ31      
154 short word info kau42 kɯi35      
156 thin word info ʔi35 (hɯŋ35)      
158 narrow tai31 tjəu35      
159 wide ti13 li31      
161 shy, ashamed ki35 hɯŋ35 PAN *ma-Siaq ?    
163 new ʔa35      
165 bad, evil ʔo35 ʔæ42      
167 night fɯi35 ljaŋ42 evening: fɯi35 tu31    
168 day fe35      
171 to hide word info tsaŋ35      
172 to climb word info no31      
173 at na42      
174 in, inside ta31 sa35      
178 that ta42 lai31 distal    
179 near ti35 ta31      
185 we word info sa35 hɯŋ35 dual    
187 they tse35      
191 all mu31 tau35 fe42 le42 4-word elaborate expression ?    
194 how? word info tau31 mu31 tshai42      
209 One Hundred word info si42 tse42 si42 = one    
210 One Thousand word info si42 ke42 pi35 si42 = one    
1 hand pəɯ13 mei31   1  
7 to come mu35   1  
32 tongue pi13 mo42   1  
45 eye ta31 to35   1  
108 louse word info mo42 tse31 tau35 head louse 1  
143 fire pai35   1  
177 this nai42   1  
199 Three word info tau35   1  
201 Five word info mɯi31   1  
204 Eight word info zau31 cf walu (LS) 1  
205 Nine word info so42   1  
206 Ten word info si42 pe42 si42 = one 1  
200 Four word info pu35   11  
183 thou mu31   15  
77 to scratch word info tsha42   16  
207 Twenty word info so35 pe42 note change from sa35 to so35 19, 27  
17 liver ta42 pu35   1?  
197 One word info si42   1?  
198 Two word info sa35   1?  
202 Six word info ȵaŋ31   1?  
203 Seven word info tsau35   1?  
84 to plant thaŋ35 to transplant (rice seedlings) 20  
182 I ʔi42   20  
93 to pound, beat word info tɯŋ42   23?  
125 salt si42 ŋa42 PAN *qasiʀa ? 23?  
184 he/she tse35   24?  
60 father pa13   26  
120 stone pa35 PAN *batu 27  
178 that ta42 vu35 medial 27  
189 who? word info hɯŋ35 na42   27  
5 to walk vu13 me42   28  
6 road/path kau42 kuŋ35   28  
23 blood pja42   28  
115 root ɕi42 ʔji35   33?  
156 thin word info tu13 ɕəu35   36  
185 we word info tau35   36  
91 to buy sɯn35   36?  
90 to dig hai42   38  
175 above pha35   38?  
18 breast tɕəu35 PAN *susu ?; nipple = pu13 tɕəu35 39  
27 nose luŋ31 ȵe13   39  
59 mother ma42   39  
186 you tsau35   39?  
122 water word info ή42   40  
98 egg hɯŋ42 kai42   41  
4 leg/foot pu31 ko35 foot 42  
22 to fear lo31   43  
38 to chew word info ȵi35   43  
146 ash pa42 tau42   43  
181 where? word info tha31 na13   44  
76 to live, be alive pu35   45  
3 right pi35 tse31   46, 48  
129 moon ta31   46?  
99 feather mi13   47  
16 intestines sai35   48  
29 to sniff, smell mau42   48  
41 to bite saŋ42   49  
188 what? word info mu31 tshai42   49  
157 thick word info nuŋ31 ni35   49?  
106 snake mo42 ŋo42   50  
176 below thi35   50  
116 flower kəu35 hɯŋ42   50?  
2 left pi35 lɯi42 fɯi42   51  
34 to cry ȵi42   52  
169 year pi35   52  
28 to breathe tsa31 hɯi35   53  
74 to kill zɯn31   53  
25 neck ta31 tɕəu31   54  
54 man/male pu13 sa35   54  
105 tail ko35 sei42   54  
180 far lai31 (hɯŋ35)   54  
137 to blow word info ha42 to blow (wind) 55  
165 bad, evil dʑi13 evil 55  
166 correct, true thəu35   55  
196 to count ti42   55  
147 black laŋ35 li35   57  
49 to lie down word info ŋau13   58  
14 belly ka42 luŋ35   59  
103 meat/flesh ȵau35   60  
94 to throw word info me35   62?  
13 back word info ka42 lai35   63  
148 white ʔu35 tshɯi35   63  
30 mouth pu13   64  
104 fat/grease ne31 oil 64  
111 fish mo42 pjo35   64  
160 painful, sick zai13   64  
96 dog hɯŋ35   64?  
155 long word info zɯi13 tsa35   65  
195 no, not ʔæ31   65  
39 to cook word info taŋ42   66  
9 to swim fu35 ή42   67  
48 to sleep ŋau42 ku42   67  
36 to spit thu42 Chinese tu4 69 L
179 near lu13 ljəu35   70  
127 woods/forest ki31 tuŋ31   72  
131 cloud word info tu31 lu31 pu33   73  
208 Fifty word info mɯi31 pe42   8  
64 to say dʑi31 dʑi31   82  
164 good ʔo35   85?  
50 to dream ŋau42 pe35   8?  
78 to cut, hack word info tɯi42   94  
162 old word info tso35 ȵa35   96  

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