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Language: Proto-Hlai (Norquest)

Source/Author:  Peter K. Norquest 
Notes:  Norquest, Peter K. A Phonological Reconstruction of Proto-Hlai. Ph.D dissertation. Department of Anthropology, University of Arizona, 2007.

Cognacy judgments are based from Norquest's lists of Proto-Hlai / Proto-Austronesian comparisons. 
Problems:  Proto-Greater Hlai, Proto-Central Hlai, etc. are given when there is no Proto-Hlai form. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 198
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Hlai 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 3 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
21 to think      
39 to cook word info      
42 to suck      
57 husband      
62 thatch/roof      
66 to tie up, fasten      
69 to hunt word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info      
83 to work word info      
86 to grow word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
124 sea      
126 lake      
151 green      
170 when? word info      
173 at      
175 above      
176 below      
181 where? word info      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
193 if      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
3 right *pʰəyʔ      
5 to walk *fi:      
5 to walk *tɕa:mɦ      
6 road/path *ku:n      
7 to come *hmɯ:n      
8 to turn word info *Ciʔəy      
9 to swim *p-li:      
13 back word info *tɕʰuɲʔ      
14 belly *hmok      
17 liver *C-ŋa:n      
18 breast *tɕi:ɦ      
20 to know, be knowledgeable *Curɯ:      
26 hair word info *hnom      
27 nose *kʰət      
29 to sniff, smell *ɦa:y      
30 mouth *hməmʔ      
32 tongue *hli:nʔ   36  
36 to spit *pʰ[w]iɦ      
38 to chew word info *hŋa:ɲʔ      
41 to bite *hŋa:ɲʔ      
47 to yawn *ka:w      
48 to sleep *hŋu:ɦ      
49 to lie down word info *hŋu:ɦ      
54 man/male *pʰa:ʔ      
54 man/male *C-ma:n      
56 child *C-lik      
60 father *pʰa:ʔ      
61 house *p-loŋʔ      
63 name *pʰa:ŋ      
64 to say *ɾi:n      
68 needle *hŋuc      
72 to hit word info *tʰa[:]yɦ      
74 to kill *C-ɦu:ʔ      
75 to die, be dead *hla:wɦ      
77 to scratch word info *tʰa:w      
78 to cut, hack word info *rəp      
82 dull, blunt *ɾja:k      
87 to swell word info *ʔun      
90 to dig *Ciɦut      
90 to dig *kʰuy      
90 to dig *ɦuyʔ      
91 to buy *tʃʰəc      
92 to open, uncover *tʰɯ:n      
93 to pound, beat word info *su:nʔ      
95 to fall word info *tʰok      
97 bird *səc      
98 egg *hjɯ:m      
101 to fly *ɓin      
102 rat *hniw      
104 fat/grease *ru:yʔ      
105 tail *tɕʰuc      
109 mosquito *C-ɲu:ŋ      
111 fish *hla:      
112 rotten word info *ʔɯ:nʔ      
113 branch word info *kʰa:      
114 leaf *ɓɯ:      
116 flower *tʃʰ[e]:ŋ      
118 grass *hŋənʔ      
119 earth/soil *Cuɾən      
120 stone *tɕʰi:n      
121 sand *pʰu:ɦ      
123 to flow *C-ma:w      
125 salt *C-ɲa:wʔ      
127 woods/forest *rəŋ      
128 sky *fa:ʔ      
134 thunder *ʔom      
135 lightning *ljip      
137 to blow word info *ʔu:ɦ      
138 warm word info *hlunɦ      
139 cold word info *kʰa:yɦ      
140 dry word info *ɗa:w      
141 wet *hmənʔ      
142 heavy *kʰɯm      
144 to burn word info *tɕʰuyʔ      
145 smoke word info *hjɯ:k      
145 smoke word info *ljɯ:k      
146 ash *su:ʔ      
148 white *kʰa:w      
150 yellow *lja:ŋ      
152 small *ʔinɦ      
153 big *C-luŋ      
155 long word info *hna:wʔ      
156 thin word info *rɯ:      
157 thick word info *C-na:      
158 narrow *ɓi:p      
159 wide *ɓa:ŋ      
160 painful, sick *tʃʰok      
160 painful, sick *tɕʰok      
161 shy, ashamed *ri:      
162 old word info *hja:      
162 old word info *ki:nʔ      
164 good *hlin      
165 bad, evil *ɾja:k      
166 correct, true *ɗət      
167 night *tɕʰəp      
168 day *hŋwən      
169 year *hmu:ɦ      
171 to hide word info *C-ŋəw      
172 to climb word info *C-na:n      
174 in, inside *ʔu:k      
178 that *C-na:   1  
178 that *ɦɯ:ɦ      
178 that *C-ma:ɦ      
179 near *p-lɯ:ʔ      
180 far *C-ləy      
183 thou *C-mɯ:   1  
184 he/she *C-na:      
186 you *səw   1  
187 they *kʰun      
191 all *ɓa:yʔ      
192 and *ʔu:ŋɦ      
194 how? word info *ɾa:      
195 no, not *wi:      
196 to count *kʰa:yʔ      
202 Six word info *hnom   1  
203 Seven word info *tʰu:   1  
204 Eight word info *ru:   1  
205 Nine word info *C-ßɯ:ʔ   5  
206 Ten word info *fu:t   1  
209 One Hundred word info *Cura:n      
210 One Thousand word info *C-ŋu:n      
58 wife *hmi:ʔ = woman    
59 mother *hmi:ʔ = woman    
130 star *ɾa:w alternate gloss: sun; PAN 'sun' *qalejaw ? 1  
110 spider *kʰu:ŋ Central Hlai    
131 cloud word info *ɗe:k Central Hlai    
52 to stand *tɕu:n Chinese ?    
185 we word info *fəw exclusive; Central Hlai    
10 dirty *C-nɯmɦ filth    
11 dust *fu:ŋʔ Greater Hlai    
103 meat/flesh *rəmʔ Greater Hlai    
154 short word info *tʰəc Greater Hlai    
190 other *ʔa[:]w other person    
1 hand *C-mɯ: PAN *(qa)lima 1  
56 child *hlɯ:k PAN *aNak 1  
55 woman/female *hmi:ʔ PAN *bahi ?    
136 wind *hwiw PAN *bali ?    
117 fruit *fa:k PAN *buaq 1  
129 moon *C-ɲa:n PAN *bulaN 1  
34 to cry *C-ŋi:ʔ PAN *Caŋis 1  
73 to steal *ljok PAN *Cakaw ?    
43 ear *ljəy PAN *Caliŋa ?    
65 rope *ɗə:y PAN *CaliS ?    
53 person/human being *[ʔ]a:w PAN *Cau 1  
33 to laugh *ɾja:w PAN *Cawa ?    
81 sharp *tɕʰə:m PAN *Cazem 1  
16 intestines *ɾa:yʔ PAN *Cinaqi ?    
15 bone *Cuɾɯ:k PAN *CuqelaN ?    
23 blood *hla:c PAN *daʀaq ?    
122 water word info *C-nəmʔ PAN *daNum 1  
198 Two word info *hlu:ʔ PAN *duSa 16  
200 Four word info *tʃʰa:wʔ PAN *epat    
115 root *ri:w PAN *ʀameC / PMP *uʀat ?    
61 house *rɯ:n PAN *ʀumaq ?    
182 I *ɦu: PAN *i-aku 1  
177 this *C-ni:ɦ PAN *i-ni 1  
197 One word info *tɕʰɯ: PAN *isa 1  
2 left *hwi:ŋ PAN *ka-wiʀi ? 48  
37 to eat *kʰən PAN *kaen 1  
46 to see *C-la:yʔ PAN *kita ?    
108 louse word info *tʃʰwəw PAN *kuCu 1  
107 worm (earthworm) *Cuɦən PAN *kulay ?    
201 Five word info *hma: PAN *lima 1  
25 neck *ljoŋʔ PAN *liqeʀ ?    
163 new *hma:n PAN *ma-baqeʀu ?    
76 to live, be alive *Cuɾi:p PAN *ma-qudip 1  
47 to yawn *hŋa:p PAN *ma-Suab, *ma-Suaw    
22 to fear *ɗa:ʔ PAN *ma-takut ?    
149 red *ra:nʔ PAN *ma-taNah / PMP *ma-iʀaq ?    
45 eye *tʃʰa: PAN *maCa 1  
84 to plant *Cura: PAN *mula 1  
31 tooth *fjən PAN *nipen ?    
70 to shoot word info *hɲɯ: PAN *panaq ?    
100 wing *pʰi:k PAN *paNid ? ; PMP *kapak 1  
85 to choose *hləɲ PAN *piliq ?    
19 shoulder *ʋa:ɦ PAN *qabaʀa 1  
17 liver *ɗəy PAN *qaCay 1  
12 skin *C-nə:ŋ PAN *qaNiC ?    
4 leg/foot *kʰok PAN *qaqay ?? according to LS 31  
24 head *Curəwʔ PAN *qulu ? 1  
143 fire *fi: PAN *Sapuy 1  
50 to dream *fən PAN *Sepi    
106 snake *lja:ɦ PAN *Sulaʀ 1  
67 to sew word info *C-ɲəp PAN *taSiq ?    
199 Three word info *tʃʰwuʔ PAN *telu 1  
35 to vomit *fa:k PAN *utaq ? 1?  
96 dog *hma: PAN *wasu ?    
132 fog *Cuɦə:n PMP 'cloud' *ʀabun ?    
133 rain *fun PMP 'cloud' *ʀabun ?    
30 mouth *fa:k PMP *baqbaq ?    
99 feather *Cuɦun PMP *bulu ?    
40 to drink *ru:nɦ PMP *inum ?    
147 black *ɗəmʔ PMP *ma-qitem ? 1  
51 to sit *tɕoŋʔ PMP *tudan or Chinese ?    
134 thunder *C-ɲa:mʔ thunder god in Greater Hlai    
28 to breathe *hwɯp to inhale    
44 to hear *p-lɯ: to listen    
94 to throw word info *fit to throw away; Greater Hlai    

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