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Language: Gelao (Niupo)

Source/Author:  Zhang Jimin 
Notes:  ISO 639-3: gio Gelao is a Kra language similar to Buyang and Qabiao. There are currently around 500,000 Gelao residing mostly in Guizhou, China. Data collected from Niupo village (牛坡村) is used. This dialect is spoken in Liuzhi Special District (六枝特区), Guizhou, China by the White Gelao, or Duolou (to31 ʔlo55) people. Ostapirat classifies this variant as Southwestern Gelao.

Source: 张済民/Zhang Jimin. 仡佬语研究/Gelao yu yan jiu (A Study of Gelao). 贵阳市/Guiyang, China: 贵州民族出版社/Guizhou min zu chu ban she, 1993.

Zhang's book always uses "ɑ" but not "a." Here, "a" is always used in place of "ɑ."

PAN & PMP reconstructions, given for reference, are not necessarily potential cognates. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 177
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kra:Western Kra 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing all of 23 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above qɯ55 zu55      
191 all tsi55 the numeral "one" is also used to mean "all"    
192 and ɬiaɯ35      
146 ash      
173 at aŋ31      
13 back word info taŋ35 kaŋ53      
165 bad, evil vu31 a35 PAN *kuya ? 2?  
14 belly pu33 ɬaŋ33 PAN *tiaN ?    
176 below qɛ53 tsei31      
153 big dzuŋ31      
97 bird ma33 no35 PMP *manuk 1  
147 black (tsɛ35) lu55 PAN *CeŋeN ?    
23 blood pla35      
15 bone qa33 qei31 de13 Mulao: qu24 za53    
113 branch word info      
18 breast pa31 pa35 PAN *nunu/*susu ?    
56 child la35 lie55 PAN *aNak ?    
131 cloud word info qə33 pu55 PMP *ʀabun ? 1?  
139 cold word info qə33 ʑi13      
166 correct, true dɯ31 ŋɯ35      
168 day uŋ31      
168 day lu55 vu55 sun, PAN *qalejaw ?    
10 dirty      
96 dog ṃɯ31 PAN *wasu ?    
140 dry word info sen55      
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust      
43 ear pa35 vei31      
119 earth/soil lu35      
119 earth/soil pu31 daɯ35      
98 egg pa33 tuŋ53      
204 Eight word info he31 Chinese origin; Lachi: ŋuɛ31    
45 eye mu33 tɯ31 PAN *maCa 1  
180 far      
104 fat/grease mlaŋ31 oil; PAN *Simaʀ ?    
60 father a55 ba33   14  
99 feather qa33 mei35      
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire pie33 PAN *Sapuy 1  
111 fish ma55 liɯ31      
201 Five word info mlɯ31 PAN *lima 1  
116 flower hu55 ŋo53 PMP *buŋa 1  
132 fog      
200 Four word info pu55 PAN *epat 11  
117 fruit ma35 PAN *buaq 1  
164 good gei55      
118 grass ȵu35      
151 green lɯ55 ŋɯ55      
26 hair word info qə33 suŋ31 PAN *bukeS ?; Lachi: mɛ31 ɕaŋ55    
1 hand pa31 mi31 PAN *(qa)lima ? 1  
184 he/she (aɯ31) mi35 compare with Austronesian clitic pronouns    
24 head tɛ31 lui35 PAN *qulu 1?  
142 heavy guŋ31 guŋ31      
61 house ʔlei31 PAN *ʀumaq / PMP *balay ?    
194 how? word info ɕaŋ55 aŋ31      
57 husband la31 ba31      
182 I (aɯ31) ei33 compare with Austronesian clitic pronouns    
193 if      
174 in, inside ʔlei53      
16 intestines qa33 ɕe33 PAN *Cinaqi ?    
126 lake      
114 leaf dʑi31 dʑi31      
2 left zɯ31 PAN *ka-wiʀi ? 46  
4 leg/foot qo35 PAN *qaqay? 42  
135 lightning      
17 liver tie35 PAN *qaCay ?    
155 long word info lui33 PAN *inaduq ?    
108 louse word info tuŋ53 PAN *kuCu ?; Buyang: qa0 tu54 1?  
54 man/male paɯ55 ʔlo55 PAN *ma-ʀuqaNay ?    
103 meat/flesh ʔvu33      
129 moon pu31 dʑi31 month; PAN *bulaN ?; Moji Gelao: bə0 dʑi31 1?  
109 mosquito qa33 ʑu55      
59 mother a55 mi55      
30 mouth      
63 name ne31 PAN *ŋajan ?    
158 narrow ŋaŋ31      
179 near qə33 lu55 PAN *ma-azaNih ?    
25 neck taŋ31 laŋ31 PAN *liqeʀ ?    
68 needle lei35      
163 new      
167 night vei31 PAN *beʀŋi ? 1?  
205 Nine word info kɯ31 Chinese origin; Lachi: liu35   L
195 no, not ma55      
195 no, not o55 used after predicate    
27 nose te31 ŋɛ35 PAN *mujiŋ / PMP *ijuŋ ?    
162 old word info ʔʑɯ55 PAN *ma-tuqaS ?    
197 One word info tsi55   1  
209 One Hundred word info liɯ35      
210 One Thousand word info ŋan55      
190 other      
160 painful, sick qa33 ze33 sickness; PMP*ma-sakit ?    
53 person/human being qa33 tshu35 PAN *Cau ? 1?  
53 person/human being to55 o55 other people 人家    
133 rain man31 PAN *quzaN ?    
102 rat ɬei55 PAN *labaw ?    
149 red pla31 die35 PAN *ma-taNah ? 2?  
3 right tsɯ31 PAN *ka-wanaN ? 46  
6 road/path qə33 ʔlan31 PAN *zalan 1  
115 root tsu31 tsu31      
65 rope mei31 ʑa35 string    
65 rope pei31 zo31 rope    
112 rotten word info      
125 salt qa33 ȵɯ33      
121 sand      
124 sea      
203 Seven word info hei31 Chinese origin; Lachi: tie35    
81 sharp      
154 short word info ṇei35 ṇei31      
19 shoulder ku33 plaŋ31      
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info tɕɯ31 Chinese origin; Lachi: ȵang31    
12 skin mu33 qu35      
128 sky lui31 lui31 PAN *laŋiC ? 1?  
152 small plei31 ple35      
145 smoke word info xei31      
106 snake ma55 ŋɯ31      
110 spider      
130 star duŋ31 dɛ55 PAN *bituqen ? 1?  
79 stick/wood dɯ13 lu31 tsu35      
120 stone eŋ53 PAN *batu ?    
120 stone puŋ31 eŋ55      
105 tail      
206 Ten word info tshei55 Chinese origin; Lachi: pɛ31    
178 that bɯ35      
62 thatch/roof      
187 they ti55 ma55 compare with Austronesian clitic pronouns    
157 thick word info qə33 ŋie35 PAN *ma-kaSepal ?    
156 thin word info vu33      
156 thin word info qə33 ʑi31      
177 this ȵi35 PAN *i-ni 1  
183 thou (aɯ31) mɯ31 compare with Austronesian clitic pronouns 1?  
199 Three word info ta31 PAN *telu 1  
134 thunder      
41 to bite tsaŋ55      
137 to blow word info      
28 to breathe      
144 to burn word info plan55      
91 to buy tsei31      
38 to chew word info qə33 qɛ35 PAN *qelqel    
85 to choose plɛ35 PAN *piliq 1  
85 to choose ɬei31 ɬei55      
172 to climb word info qə33 mlɯ31 to ascend a house    
7 to come do31 to come    
7 to come ta31 to arrive    
39 to cook word info tuŋ35 PAN *tanek ?    
196 to count du55      
34 to cry      
78 to cut, hack word info tɛ55 PMP *taʀaq ?    
78 to cut, hack word info tshɛ35      
75 to die, be dead plan31 PAN *p-aCay ?    
90 to dig kei31 kei35 PAN *kalih ? 1?  
50 to dream laŋ31 pla31 PAN *Sepi ?    
40 to drink zan55      
37 to eat ka31 PAN *kaen 1  
95 to fall word info to35      
22 to fear pu33 lɯ31      
123 to flow ɬei33 ɬei33 PAN *qaluʀ ?    
101 to fly paɯ31 paɯ35      
86 to grow word info      
44 to hear ȵuŋ35 PAN *tumaNa / PMP *deŋeʀ ?    
171 to hide word info qɯ53 pi53      
72 to hit word info ʔlɯ35 PAN *palu ? 1?  
89 to hold word info      
69 to hunt word info      
74 to kill zen31      
20 to know, be knowledgeable sɯ31      
33 to laugh      
49 to lie down word info      
76 to live, be alive puŋ55      
92 to open, uncover vu31 ha31 to open a door; PMP *buka 1  
84 to plant      
93 to pound, beat word info tan55      
64 to say ɕi31 PMP *kaʀi ?    
77 to scratch word info      
46 to see qə33 lɯ35 PAN *kita ?    
46 to see qa31 qa35      
67 to sew word info kaŋ55      
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit qaɯ33      
48 to sleep ŋu35      
29 to sniff, smell      
36 to spit qə33 thu35 PMP *luzaq ?    
80 to split word info fei31 to separate, PMP *belaq ?    
80 to split word info pla35      
88 to squeeze word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
52 to stand lo35 tsi31 PAN *diʀi ?    
73 to steal lan55      
42 to suck tsi35 PAN *sepsep ?    
87 to swell word info      
9 to swim      
21 to think      
94 to throw word info ʔʑaɯ31 PMP *tudaq ?    
66 to tie up, fasten      
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit qə33 ta35 PAN *utaq, why?, initial q not explained 1  
5 to walk bi31      
83 to work word info      
47 to yawn      
32 tongue dɯ35 maɯ31 PAN *Sema ? 1  
31 tooth plaŋ31 PAN *nipen 1  
207 Twenty word info ŋɯ31 tshei35 Chinese origin    
198 Two word info sɯ31 PAN *duSa 1  
138 warm word info qə33 den31      
122 water word info eŋ55      
185 we word info ti55 to31 compare with Austronesian clitic pronouns    
141 wet tsaɯ35 PMP *ma-baseq or Chinese ?    
188 what? word info vu33 tɕe55      
170 when? word info      
181 where? word info      
148 white paɯ31 paɯ35 PAN *ma-puNi ? 1?  
189 who? word info kan53 na55      
159 wide tsə33      
58 wife lɯ55 mi55      
136 wind vei55 ʑuŋ31 PAN *bali ?    
100 wing lui31 lui31 qɛ33      
55 woman/female ma55 ʔlo55 PAN *bahi ?; Lachi: pu33 li13 mia33    
127 woods/forest ti31 tree    
107 worm (earthworm) ŋɯ31 kɯ33 tɕi55      
169 year hei31      
169 year plei31      
150 yellow tin55 ȵi55 PMP *ma-kunij ?    
186 you ti55 tɕo31 compare with Austronesian clitic pronouns    

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