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Language: Gelao (Niupo)

Source/Author:  Zhang Jimin 
Notes:  ISO 639-3: gio Gelao is a Kra language similar to Buyang and Qabiao. There are currently around 500,000 Gelao residing mostly in Guizhou, China. Data collected from Niupo village (牛坡村) is used. This dialect is spoken in Liuzhi Special District (六枝特区), Guizhou, China by the White Gelao, or Duolou (to31 ʔlo55) people. Ostapirat classifies this variant as Southwestern Gelao.

Source: 张済民/Zhang Jimin. 仡佬语研究/Gelao yu yan jiu (A Study of Gelao). 贵阳市/Guiyang, China: 贵州民族出版社/Guizhou min zu chu ban she, 1993.

Zhang's book always uses "ɑ" but not "a." Here, "a" is always used in place of "ɑ."

PAN & PMP reconstructions, given for reference, are not necessarily potential cognates. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 177
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kra:Western Kra 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 23 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
21 to think      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth      
33 to laugh      
34 to cry      
47 to yawn      
49 to lie down word info      
62 thatch/roof      
66 to tie up, fasten      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
77 to scratch word info      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
105 tail      
110 spider      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
121 sand      
124 sea      
126 lake      
132 fog      
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
137 to blow word info      
146 ash      
161 shy, ashamed      
163 new      
170 when? word info      
180 far      
181 where? word info      
190 other      
193 if      
208 Fifty word info      
182 I (aɯ31) ei33 compare with Austronesian clitic pronouns    
184 he/she (aɯ31) mi35 compare with Austronesian clitic pronouns    
183 thou (aɯ31) mɯ31 compare with Austronesian clitic pronouns 1?  
147 black (tsɛ35) lu55 PAN *CeŋeN ?    
60 father a55 ba33   14  
59 mother a55 mi55      
173 at aŋ31      
5 to walk bi31      
178 that bɯ35      
7 to come do31 to come    
196 to count du55      
130 star duŋ31 dɛ55 PAN *bituqen ? 1?  
153 big dzuŋ31      
79 stick/wood dɯ13 lu31 tsu35      
166 correct, true dɯ31 ŋɯ35      
32 tongue dɯ35 maɯ31 PAN *Sema ? 1  
114 leaf dʑi31 dʑi31      
120 stone eŋ53 PAN *batu ?    
122 water word info eŋ55      
80 to split word info fei31 to separate, PMP *belaq ?    
164 good gei55      
142 heavy guŋ31 guŋ31      
204 Eight word info he31 Chinese origin; Lachi: ŋuɛ31    
169 year hei31      
203 Seven word info hei31 Chinese origin; Lachi: tie35    
116 flower hu55 ŋo53 PMP *buŋa 1  
37 to eat ka31 PAN *kaen 1  
189 who? word info kan53 na55      
67 to sew word info kaŋ55      
90 to dig kei31 kei35 PAN *kalih ? 1?  
19 shoulder ku33 plaŋ31      
205 Nine word info kɯ31 Chinese origin; Lachi: liu35   L
57 husband la31 ba31      
56 child la35 lie55 PAN *aNak ?    
73 to steal lan55      
50 to dream laŋ31 pla31 PAN *Sepi ?    
68 needle lei35      
209 One Hundred word info liɯ35      
52 to stand lo35 tsi31 PAN *diʀi ?    
119 earth/soil lu35      
168 day lu55 vu55 sun, PAN *qalejaw ?    
128 sky lui31 lui31 PAN *laŋiC ? 1?  
100 wing lui31 lui31 qɛ33      
155 long word info lui33 PAN *inaduq ?    
58 wife lɯ55 mi55      
151 green lɯ55 ŋɯ55      
97 bird ma33 no35 PMP *manuk 1  
117 fruit ma35 PAN *buaq 1  
195 no, not ma55      
111 fish ma55 liɯ31      
106 snake ma55 ŋɯ31      
55 woman/female ma55 ʔlo55 PAN *bahi ?; Lachi: pu33 li13 mia33    
133 rain man31 PAN *quzaN ?    
65 rope mei31 ʑa35 string    
104 fat/grease mlaŋ31 oil; PAN *Simaʀ ?    
201 Five word info mlɯ31 PAN *lima 1  
12 skin mu33 qu35      
45 eye mu33 tɯ31 PAN *maCa 1  
63 name ne31 PAN *ŋajan ?    
195 no, not o55 used after predicate    
1 hand pa31 mi31 PAN *(qa)lima ? 1  
18 breast pa31 pa35 PAN *nunu/*susu ?    
98 egg pa33 tuŋ53      
43 ear pa35 vei31      
101 to fly paɯ31 paɯ35      
148 white paɯ31 paɯ35 PAN *ma-puNi ? 1?  
54 man/male paɯ55 ʔlo55 PAN *ma-ʀuqaNay ?    
65 rope pei31 zo31 rope    
143 fire pie33 PAN *Sapuy 1  
149 red pla31 die35 PAN *ma-taNah ? 2?  
23 blood pla35      
80 to split word info pla35      
75 to die, be dead plan31 PAN *p-aCay ?    
144 to burn word info plan55      
31 tooth plaŋ31 PAN *nipen 1  
169 year plei31      
152 small plei31 ple35      
85 to choose plɛ35 PAN *piliq 1  
119 earth/soil pu31 daɯ35      
129 moon pu31 dʑi31 month; PAN *bulaN ?; Moji Gelao: bə0 dʑi31 1?  
22 to fear pu33 lɯ31      
14 belly pu33 ɬaŋ33 PAN *tiaN ?    
200 Four word info pu55 PAN *epat 11  
120 stone puŋ31 eŋ55      
76 to live, be alive puŋ55      
46 to see qa31 qa35      
99 feather qa33 mei35      
15 bone qa33 qei31 de13 Mulao: qu24 za53    
53 person/human being qa33 tshu35 PAN *Cau ? 1?  
160 painful, sick qa33 ze33 sickness; PMP*ma-sakit ?    
125 salt qa33 ȵɯ33      
16 intestines qa33 ɕe33 PAN *Cinaqi ?    
109 mosquito qa33 ʑu55      
51 to sit qaɯ33      
4 leg/foot qo35 PAN *qaqay? 42  
138 warm word info qə33 den31      
179 near qə33 lu55 PAN *ma-azaNih ?    
46 to see qə33 lɯ35 PAN *kita ?    
172 to climb word info qə33 mlɯ31 to ascend a house    
131 cloud word info qə33 pu55 PMP *ʀabun ? 1?  
38 to chew word info qə33 qɛ35 PAN *qelqel    
26 hair word info qə33 suŋ31 PAN *bukeS ?; Lachi: mɛ31 ɕaŋ55    
35 to vomit qə33 ta35 PAN *utaq, why?, initial q not explained 1  
36 to spit qə33 thu35 PMP *luzaq ?    
157 thick word info qə33 ŋie35 PAN *ma-kaSepal ?    
139 cold word info qə33 ʑi13      
156 thin word info qə33 ʑi31      
6 road/path qə33 ʔlan31 PAN *zalan 1  
176 below qɛ53 tsei31      
171 to hide word info qɯ53 pi53      
175 above qɯ55 zu55      
140 dry word info sen55      
20 to know, be knowledgeable sɯ31      
198 Two word info sɯ31 PAN *duSa 1  
7 to come ta31 to arrive    
199 Three word info ta31 PAN *telu 1  
93 to pound, beat word info tan55      
25 neck taŋ31 laŋ31 PAN *liqeʀ ?    
13 back word info taŋ35 kaŋ53      
27 nose te31 ŋɛ35 PAN *mujiŋ / PMP *ijuŋ ?    
127 woods/forest ti31 tree    
187 they ti55 ma55 compare with Austronesian clitic pronouns    
185 we word info ti55 to31 compare with Austronesian clitic pronouns    
186 you ti55 tɕo31 compare with Austronesian clitic pronouns    
17 liver tie35 PAN *qaCay ?    
150 yellow tin55 ȵi55 PMP *ma-kunij ?    
95 to fall word info to35      
53 person/human being to55 o55 other people 人家    
41 to bite tsaŋ55      
141 wet tsaɯ35 PMP *ma-baseq or Chinese ?    
91 to buy tsei31      
206 Ten word info tshei55 Chinese origin; Lachi: pɛ31    
78 to cut, hack word info tshɛ35      
42 to suck tsi35 PAN *sepsep ?    
191 all tsi55 the numeral "one" is also used to mean "all"    
197 One word info tsi55   1  
115 root tsu31 tsu31      
159 wide tsə33      
3 right tsɯ31 PAN *ka-wanaN ? 46  
39 to cook word info tuŋ35 PAN *tanek ?    
108 louse word info tuŋ53 PAN *kuCu ?; Buyang: qa0 tu54 1?  
202 Six word info tɕɯ31 Chinese origin; Lachi: ȵang31    
24 head tɛ31 lui35 PAN *qulu 1?  
78 to cut, hack word info tɛ55 PMP *taʀaq ?    
168 day uŋ31      
167 night vei31 PAN *beʀŋi ? 1?  
136 wind vei55 ʑuŋ31 PAN *bali ?    
165 bad, evil vu31 a35 PAN *kuya ? 2?  
92 to open, uncover vu31 ha31 to open a door; PMP *buka 1  
156 thin word info vu33      
188 what? word info vu33 tɕe55      
145 smoke word info xei31      
40 to drink zan55      
74 to kill zen31      
2 left zɯ31 PAN *ka-wiʀi ? 46  
210 One Thousand word info ŋan55      
158 narrow ŋaŋ31      
48 to sleep ŋu35      
107 worm (earthworm) ŋɯ31 kɯ33 tɕi55      
207 Twenty word info ŋɯ31 tshei35 Chinese origin    
177 this ȵi35 PAN *i-ni 1  
118 grass ȵu35      
44 to hear ȵuŋ35 PAN *tumaNa / PMP *deŋeʀ ?    
194 how? word info ɕaŋ55 aŋ31      
64 to say ɕi31 PMP *kaʀi ?    
85 to choose ɬei31 ɬei55      
123 to flow ɬei33 ɬei33 PAN *qaluʀ ?    
102 rat ɬei55 PAN *labaw ?    
192 and ɬiaɯ35      
61 house ʔlei31 PAN *ʀumaq / PMP *balay ?    
174 in, inside ʔlei53      
72 to hit word info ʔlɯ35 PAN *palu ? 1?  
103 meat/flesh ʔvu33      
94 to throw word info ʔʑaɯ31 PMP *tudaq ?    
162 old word info ʔʑɯ55 PAN *ma-tuqaS ?    
96 dog ṃɯ31 PAN *wasu ?    
154 short word info ṇei35 ṇei31      

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