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Language: Tày (Cao Bằng)

Source/Author:  Hoàng Văn Ma 
Notes:  This list is derived from Hoàng Văn Ma's Swadesh (200) word list of Cao Bằng Tày, with a few words from various examples given in other sections of his paper.

Source: Hoàng Văn Ma (1997). "The Sound System of the Tày Language of Cao Bằng, Vietnam." In Jerold A. Edmondson and David B. Solnit (eds.), Comparative Kadai: The Tai branch, 221-231. Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics, 124. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington.

Cao Bằng Tày has a total of 6 tones:
1 = 53, falling tone
2 = 34, slight rising tone
3 = 43, slight falling tone
4 = 33, mid tone
5 = 21, mid-low falling tone
6 = 25, rising tone 
Problems:  Hoàng Văn Ma's Swadesh (200) word list is missing some numerals. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 175
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 10
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kam-Tai:Tai:Central 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 13 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand mɯ5   1  
2 left raj6   46  
3 right ɬwa1   1  
4 leg/foot kha1   42  
5 to walk pəj1 to go    
6 road/path ʔdaŋ5      
7 to come thəŋ1      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim waj2      
10 dirty ɛ1 ɬɔj5      
11 dust mɯn3      
12 skin nɐŋ1      
13 back word info lɐŋ1      
14 belly mok2      
14 belly dɔŋ6      
15 bone ʔduk3      
16 intestines ɬəj1      
17 liver tɐp2      
18 breast ək2 chest    
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ru6      
21 to think nɐm6      
22 to fear law1   43  
23 blood lɯət3      
24 head thuo1      
25 neck ɣɔ5      
26 hair word info phjom1      
27 nose ʔdɐŋ1   1  
28 to breathe daj5 cəɯ1      
29 to sniff, smell sup3      
30 mouth pak3      
31 tooth khɛw2      
32 tongue lin6   36  
33 to laugh khuo1 to laugh or smile    
34 to cry      
35 to vomit      
36 to spit təw3      
37 to eat kin1   1  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info huŋ1      
40 to drink      
41 to bite khop2 to bite or sting    
42 to suck kin1 nom5      
43 ear su1      
44 to hear diŋ3      
45 eye tha1   1  
46 to see ciem3 to look at    
46 to see ciew3 to look at    
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep nɔn5      
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream      
51 to sit nɐŋ3      
52 to stand jɐŋ6      
53 person/human being ɣən5      
54 man/male phu2 zau5      
55 woman/female mɛ3 ɲiŋ5      
56 child luk6   1  
57 husband phuo1      
58 wife mie5      
59 mother mɛ3      
60 father kəw1      
61 house rɯən5      
62 thatch/roof      
63 name miŋ5 Chinese   L
64 to say phuoj3 to talk    
64 to say vu5 to talk    
65 rope zɯək3      
66 to tie up, fasten lam3      
66 to tie up, fasten phuk3      
67 to sew word info ɲɐp6      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce tɐm1      
72 to hit word info ɣɔn6      
73 to steal      
74 to kill kha2      
75 to die, be dead thaj1   1  
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info ʔdɐn2      
78 to cut, hack word info tɐt2      
79 stick/wood dəw6      
80 to split word info pha3 to chop    
81 sharp ɣom5      
82 dull, blunt lu4      
83 to work word info het2      
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info ɣəɯ3 swollen    
88 to squeeze word info ɬɐn2      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig ɣut6      
91 to buy rɯ6      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info tok2      
96 dog ma1      
97 bird nok6   1  
98 egg sɐj3      
99 feather khon1      
100 wing pik3      
101 to fly      
102 rat      
103 meat/flesh nɯk6      
104 fat/grease bi5      
105 tail thaŋ1      
106 snake ŋu5      
107 worm (earthworm) ʔdɯən1      
108 louse word info thəw1 head louse 1  
109 mosquito      
110 spider      
111 fish pja1      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf ʔbəɯ1      
115 root lak3   31  
116 flower ʔbjɔk3      
117 fruit mak3      
118 grass ȵa2      
119 earth/soil      
120 stone thin1      
121 sand raj5      
122 water word info nɐm6   1  
123 to flow      
124 sea haj2 Chinese   L
125 salt kɯə1      
126 lake thom1      
127 woods/forest ʔdoŋ1      
128 sky va6      
129 moon haj1      
130 star ʔdaw1   1  
131 cloud word info pha2 va6      
132 fog mɔk3      
133 rain phən1      
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
136 wind lom5      
137 to blow word info pəw3      
138 warm word info pom1 hot    
139 cold word info jen5      
139 cold word info daŋ2      
140 dry word info haw2      
141 wet rɐm5      
142 heavy nɐk2      
143 fire vəj5   1  
144 to burn word info məj2      
145 smoke word info wɐn5      
146 ash ʔdəw3      
147 black ʔdɐm1   1  
148 white khaw1      
149 red ʔdɛŋ1      
150 yellow lɯəŋ1      
151 green khɛw1      
152 small i2      
152 small ɛŋ1      
153 big luoŋ1      
153 big kaj2      
154 short word info tɐm3      
155 long word info ri5      
156 thin word info ʔbaŋ1      
157 thick word info na1      
158 narrow ɣɐp6      
159 wide kwaŋ2      
160 painful, sick      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info kɛ3      
163 new məɯ4      
164 good ʔdəj1      
165 bad, evil raj6      
166 correct, true mɛn3      
166 correct, true zə3      
167 night ɣɐm3      
167 night ɣɯn5      
168 day wɐn5      
169 year pi1      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside ʔdəɯ1      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this nəj2   1  
178 that men2      
178 that zien6      
179 near səɯ2      
180 far kwəj1      
181 where? word info      
182 I kəw1   1  
183 thou məɯ5   1  
183 thou məŋ5   1  
184 he/she men5      
184 he/she te1      
185 we word info rəw5 inclusive    
185 we word info bɔŋ1 rəw5 inclusive    
186 you      
187 they ʔbɔŋ1 men5      
188 what? word info ɬɐŋ1      
189 who? word info ka3 rəɯ5      
190 other taŋ2 different    
191 all thuon2      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not ʔbəw3      
196 to count an3      
197 One word info nɯŋ3      
197 One word info dɛw5      
198 Two word info ɬɔŋ1      
199 Three word info ɬam1 Chinese   L
200 Four word info ɬi3 Chinese   L
201 Five word info ha2 Chinese   L
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info cet2 Chinese   L
204 Eight word info pɛt3 Chinese   L
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info ɬip2 Chinese   L
207 Twenty word info ɲi3 ɬip2 Chinese   L
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info pak3 Chinese   L
210 One Thousand word info      

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