https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Dong, Southern

Source/Author:  Long Yaohong & Zheng Guoqiao 
Notes:  ISO 639-3: kmc. Rongjiang-Zhanglu dialect. For comparative purposes regarding the Austric hypothesis. (Dong is a Kam-Sui language, which is distantly related to Thai.)

Source: Long Yaohong and Zheng Guoqiao. The Dong Language in Guizhou Province, China. Dallas, TX: Summer Institute of Linguistics: [Arlington]: University of Texas at Arlington, 1998. ISBN 1556710518.

The "j" letters palatalize their preceding consonants. Tones are marked by numbers.  
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 227
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 21
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kam-Tai:Kam-Sui 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 36 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
9 to swim      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
42 to suck      
47 to yawn      
49 to lie down word info      
62 thatch/roof      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
77 to scratch word info      
83 to work word info      
86 to grow word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
94 to throw word info      
109 mosquito      
113 branch word info      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
144 to burn word info      
161 shy, ashamed      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
190 other      
192 and      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
72 to hit word info heu35      
124 sea hɐi13 Chinese   L
165 bad, evil ja31      
198 Two word info ja323 Native Dong    
149 red ja453      
155 long word info jai323      
81 sharp jai33      
61 house jan212      
22 to fear jau13      
182 I jau212      
193 if jaŋ33      
125 salt jim212      
139 cold word info jim453 cool    
104 fat/grease ju22 oil    
52 to stand jun55      
196 to count jɐi33      
141 wet jɐk55      
180 far kai55      
24 head kau323   1  
43 ear kha35      
159 wide khwaŋ13      
6 road/path khwən35      
181 where? word info ki55 nu35      
33 to laugh ko55      
125 salt ko55      
63 name kwan55      
129 moon kwaŋ55 ȵan55      
195 no, not kwe212      
145 smoke word info kwɐn212      
98 egg kɐi53      
13 back word info lai212      
85 to choose lai33      
164 good lai55      
54 man/male lak31 pan55      
56 child lak31 ʔun323   1  
15 bone lak323      
65 rope lam33      
112 rotten word info lan33 Chinese   L
135 lightning lap323      
153 big lau31      
162 old word info lau31 Chinese   L
202 Six word info ljok21 Chinese   L
138 warm word info ljoŋ31 hot    
73 to steal ljɐk21      
139 cold word info ljɐk35      
14 belly loŋ212      
112 rotten word info lui212      
90 to dig lɐu55      
191 all lə35      
136 wind ləm212      
32 tongue ma212   1  
131 cloud word info ma323      
7 to come ma35      
58 wife mai31      
119 earth/soil mak31 soil/mud    
153 big mak323      
150 yellow man13      
184 he/she mau33      
188 what? word info maŋ212      
156 thin word info maŋ55      
18 breast mi212      
195 no, not mi31      
1 hand mja212   1  
84 to plant mja212   1  
21 to think mje33      
55 woman/female mjek323      
93 to pound, beat word info mo33      
97 bird mok21 Chicken: 'ai53. Nothern dialect: no'13 1  
132 fog mun212      
79 stick/wood mɐi31 wood, stick, log, tree    
163 new mɐi453   1  
168 day mɐn55      
27 nose mɐŋ55      
128 sky mən55      
157 thick word info na55      
177 this nai33   1  
119 earth/soil nam33 soil/mud    
103 meat/flesh nan31      
34 to cry ne323      
152 small ni53      
102 rat no13      
194 how? word info nu35 jaŋ33      
46 to see nu53      
193 if nu53 pau53      
116 flower nuk323      
48 to sleep nun212      
59 mother nɐi31      
48 to sleep nɐk35      
122 water word info nɐm31   1  
147 black nɐm55   1  
108 louse word info nɐn55      
189 who? word info nɐu212      
46 to see nɐŋ212      
100 wing pa53      
114 leaf pa53      
111 fish pa55      
148 white pak31 Chinese   L
54 man/male pan55      
67 to sew word info paŋ55      
209 One Hundred word info pek323 Chinese   L
204 Eight word info pet323 Chinese   L
70 to shoot word info peŋ531   1  
23 blood phat13      
36 to spit phju453      
146 ash phuk13      
11 dust phən35      
12 skin pi212 Chinese   L
134 thunder pja323      
120 stone pja55      
26 hair word info pjɐm55      
31 tooth pjɐn55      
50 to dream pjɐn55 noun    
99 feather pjən55      
133 rain pjən55      
60 father pu31      
87 to swell word info pu55      
143 fire pui55   1  
11 dust puŋ53      
78 to cut, hack word info pɐm323 to chop a tree    
101 to fly pən323      
74 to kill sa13      
19 shoulder sa35      
16 intestines sai323      
199 Three word info sam35 Chinese   L
57 husband sau31      
138 warm word info sau323      
115 root saŋ35   33  
200 Four word info si453 Chinese   L
210 One Thousand word info sin35 Chinese   L
140 dry word info so323      
158 narrow sok35      
151 green su35      
106 snake sui212      
51 to sit sui53      
66 to tie up, fasten suk31      
107 worm (earthworm) sɐn31      
137 to blow word info səp21      
203 Seven word info sət35 Chinese   L
105 tail sət55      
45 eye ta55   1  
108 louse word info tau55      
185 we word info tau55      
176 below te323      
90 to dig te53      
154 short word info thən13      
4 leg/foot tin55   12  
84 to plant to323      
95 to fall word info tok55      
55 woman/female tu212 sa31      
117 fruit tui55      
138 warm word info tun55 hot    
39 to cook word info tuŋ55 to boil    
75 to die, be dead tɐi55   1  
17 liver tɐp55      
78 to cut, hack word info tɐt55 to chop a tree    
7 to come tɐŋ55      
117 fruit təm33      
82 dull, blunt təp21      
89 to hold word info um323      
64 to say wa33      
3 right wa35   1  
116 flower wa35      
10 dirty wa53      
165 bad, evil wai33      
35 to vomit wen35      
137 to blow word info wet13      
20 to know, be knowledgeable wo31      
10 dirty wok21      
40 to drink wum31      
110 spider ŋo212      
201 Five word info ŋo31 Chinese   L
96 dog ŋwa35      
38 to chew word info ŋɐm31 gnaw    
183 thou ȵa212      
76 to live, be alive ȵau33 to reside at a location    
173 at ȵau33      
118 grass ȵaŋ13      
80 to split word info ȵe53      
35 to vomit ȵe55      
198 Two word info ȵi33 Chinese   L
169 year ȵin212 Chinese   L
18 breast ȵo31      
167 night ȵɐm53      
166 correct, true ȵɐŋ212      
53 person/human being ȵən212 Chinese   L
25 neck ȵən33      
178 that ȶa33 medial    
187 they ȶa33 mau33      
178 that ȶa53 distal    
37 to eat ȶan55   1  
167 night ȶan55      
2 left ȶe323   46  
5 to walk ȶham13      
44 to hear ȶhiŋ 453      
142 heavy ȶhɐn35      
37 to eat ȶi55      
120 stone ȶin55      
67 to sew word info ȶip323      
185 we word info ȶiu55      
205 Nine word info ȶu323 Chinese   L
91 to buy ȶɐi323      
179 near ȶɐn31      
186 you ɕau35   1  
121 sand ɕe35      
80 to split word info ɕek13      
191 all ɕet13      
206 Ten word info ɕi33     L
93 to pound, beat word info ɕok55 PMP *tuktuk?    
8 to turn word info ɕon55 Chinese   Loan
44 to hear ɕoŋ55 kha35      
206 Ten word info ɕəp35 Chinese    
130 star ɕət55      
181 where? word info ʔau31 nu35      
85 to choose ʔen323      
197 One word info ʔi55 Native Dong    
41 to bite ʔit31      
160 painful, sick ʔit323 Northern dialect: kit31 1  
90 to dig ʔon55      
175 above ʔu55      
123 to flow ʔui35      
72 to hit word info ʔui53      
152 small ʔun323      
195 no, not ʔɐi323      
92 to open, uncover ʔɐi35 Chinese   L
174 in, inside ʔɐu31      
30 mouth ʔəp55      
197 One word info ʔət55 Chinese   L

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