https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tolaki

Source/Author:  Omar Abdullah Pidani 
Notes:  b and d represent implosives; ng is a velar nasal. mb, nd and ngg are prenasalised phonemes. w is an optionally fricated phoneme, and g is (rare and) optionally, weakly, imploded. ' = glottal stop. Data from the Konawe dialect. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Mark Donohue  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Celebic:Eastern:Southeastern:Bungku-Tolaki:Western:West Coast 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above i wawo      
191 all luwuako- takes genitive marking, or default 3SG -no    
192 and ronga      
146 ash awu   1  
173 at i   1  
13 back word info bunggu ngg sometimes realised as ngk in this word.    
165 bad, evil mosaa      
14 belly tia      
176 below i lolu      
153 big wo'ose      
97 bird manumanu (manu 'chicken') 1  
147 black me'eto      
23 blood beli      
15 bone tula (human bone; wuku for animals) 1  
113 branch word info      
18 breast susu   1  
56 child ana   1  
131 cloud word info gowa      
139 cold word info morini      
166 correct, true meara'i      
168 day oleo      
10 dirty      
96 dog dahu      
140 dry word info mowatu      
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust awu   1  
43 ear biri   26  
119 earth/soil wuta   27  
98 egg ti'olu      
204 Eight word info hoalu      
45 eye mata   1  
180 far mondae      
104 fat/grease taba   23  
60 father ama   1  
99 feather wulumanumanu      
208 Fifty word info limambulo      
143 fire api   1  
111 fish ika   1  
201 Five word info limo   1  
116 flower wulele      
132 fog      
200 Four word info omba      
117 fruit wua   1  
164 good meambo      
118 grass rembu      
151 green mo'osu      
26 hair word info wuu   1  
1 hand kae   36  
184 he/she i'ia      
184 he/she ie'i      
24 head ulu   1  
142 heavy mobea      
61 house laika      
194 how? word info mombake hawo 'using what'    
57 husband langgai      
182 I inaku      
193 if mano      
174 in, inside i lalo   1  
16 intestines usu < Malay   L
126 lake rano   1  
114 leaf tawa      
2 left hiri   1, 42  
4 leg/foot kare   49  
135 lightning kila < Malay 1 L
17 liver ate   1  
155 long word info mendaa      
108 louse word info kutu   1  
54 man/male langgai      
103 meat/flesh ramo      
129 moon wula   1  
109 mosquito buroto   23  
59 mother ina   1  
30 mouth pondu      
63 name tamo      
158 narrow mohewu 'small'    
179 near merambi      
25 neck woroko      
68 needle seu   1  
163 new wo'ohu      
167 night wingi      
205 Nine word info osio      
195 no, not oki      
27 nose enge      
162 old word info motu'o      
197 One word info aso   1  
209 One Hundred word info aso'etu      
210 One Thousand word info aso-sou      
190 other      
160 painful, sick mohaki      
53 person/human being toono      
133 rain usa   1  
102 rat tehu   7  
102 rat rate   7  
149 red momea      
3 right hana   1  
6 road/path sala   1  
115 root akara      
65 rope oloo      
112 rotten word info mowuho   115  
125 salt peanihi      
121 sand one   1  
124 sea tahi   1  
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
81 sharp monggaso      
154 short word info putu      
19 shoulder bohe      
161 shy, ashamed kohanu      
202 Six word info ono   1  
12 skin kuli   1  
128 sky lahuene      
152 small mohewu      
145 smoke word info ahu   2  
106 snake ule Not dangerous (regardless of size) 2  
106 snake sao Dangerous snake. 2  
110 spider kangga   43  
130 star wotiti      
79 stick/wood tangge      
120 stone watu   1  
105 tail ekoro < Malay.    
206 Ten word info hopulo      
178 that nggitu'o      
62 thatch/roof ato   1  
187 they mehira      
187 they mehiro      
157 thick word info mokapa   1  
156 thin word info monipi   1  
177 this inono      
183 thou inggo'o      
199 Three word info tolu   1  
134 thunder      
41 to bite kaa Var.: kumaa    
137 to blow word info mepua (wind blows)    
28 to breathe mehonahona Also: take a break    
28 to breathe penao      
144 to burn word info hunu      
91 to buy po'oli      
38 to chew word info kaa Variant: kumaa. 'Eat' doesn't allow kumaa.    
85 to choose mepili      
172 to climb word info momone      
7 to come leu      
39 to cook word info monahu   3  
196 to count do'a      
34 to cry umi'ia      
34 to cry hono      
78 to cut, hack word info pole'i      
78 to cut, hack word info pole      
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
90 to dig metanggali      
50 to dream mo'ipi      
40 to drink mo'inu      
37 to eat kaa   1  
95 to fall word info mo'isa      
22 to fear motaku also 'be afraid of'    
123 to flow lumaa      
101 to fly lumaa      
86 to grow word info toro      
44 to hear podea      
171 to hide word info hi'i      
72 to hit word info toni      
89 to hold word info po'indi      
69 to hunt word info      
74 to kill pate   22  
20 to know, be knowledgeable to'ori (dative object)    
33 to laugh mototao      
49 to lie down word info mo'iso'iso      
76 to live, be alive laa 'exist, be'    
92 to open, uncover hungga      
84 to plant mombaho      
93 to pound, beat word info moaliali      
64 to say te'eni      
77 to scratch word info karu      
46 to see ki'ii      
46 to see ki'i      
67 to sew word info moseu      
70 to shoot word info pana   1  
51 to sit mererehu      
48 to sleep mo'iso      
29 to sniff, smell siusiu      
36 to spit mo'eni      
80 to split word info wota   1  
88 to squeeze word info      
71 to stab, pierce tobo      
52 to stand menggokora      
73 to steal ponini      
42 to suck      
87 to swell word info kamba   20  
9 to swim lumangu <um> is fossilised in this word. 1  
21 to think mepikiri me- 'verbaliser' + pikiri < Malay pikir 22 L
94 to throw word info kali      
66 to tie up, fasten onggo      
8 to turn word info putara < Malay   L
35 to vomit mo'ua      
5 to walk molako mo- 'verbaliser' + lako 'go' 1  
83 to work word info mombaho cf. pombahora 'garden'    
47 to yawn      
32 tongue elo   4  
31 tooth ngisi   24  
207 Twenty word info ruambulo      
198 Two word info oruo   1  
138 warm word info mokula      
122 water word info woi      
185 we word info inggito Contrast not of clusivity; unclear, but inggito paradigm is rare. 14  
185 we word info inggami Contrast not of clusivity; unclear, but inggito paradigm is rare. 14  
141 wet meiwoi (i)woi 'water'    
188 what? word info hawo      
170 when? word info teipia   1, 65  
181 where? word info humbee      
148 white mowila      
189 who? word info inae      
159 wide molua      
58 wife tina      
136 wind pua      
100 wing kae 'arm'    
55 woman/female tina   20  
127 woods/forest ahoma      
107 worm (earthworm) uleule      
169 year tau   1  
150 yellow mokuni      
186 you inggomiu      

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