https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tolaki

Source/Author:  Omar Abdullah Pidani 
Notes:  b and d represent implosives; ng is a velar nasal. mb, nd and ngg are prenasalised phonemes. w is an optionally fricated phoneme, and g is (rare and) optionally, weakly, imploded. ' = glottal stop. Data from the Konawe dialect. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Mark Donohue  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Celebic:Eastern:Southeastern:Bungku-Tolaki:Western:West Coast 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
10 dirty      
42 to suck      
47 to yawn      
69 to hunt word info      
82 dull, blunt      
88 to squeeze word info      
113 branch word info      
132 fog      
134 thunder      
190 other      
127 woods/forest ahoma      
145 smoke word info ahu   2  
115 root akara      
60 father ama   1  
56 child ana   1  
143 fire api   1  
197 One word info aso   1  
209 One Hundred word info aso'etu      
210 One Thousand word info aso-sou      
17 liver ate   1  
62 thatch/roof ato   1  
11 dust awu   1  
146 ash awu   1  
23 blood beli      
43 ear biri   26  
19 shoulder bohe      
13 back word info bunggu ngg sometimes realised as ngk in this word.    
109 mosquito buroto   23  
96 dog dahu      
196 to count do'a      
105 tail ekoro < Malay.    
32 tongue elo   4  
27 nose enge      
131 cloud word info gowa      
3 right hana   1  
188 what? word info hawo      
171 to hide word info hi'i      
2 left hiri   1, 42  
204 Eight word info hoalu      
34 to cry hono      
206 Ten word info hopulo      
181 where? word info humbee      
92 to open, uncover hungga      
144 to burn word info hunu      
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside i lalo   1  
176 below i lolu      
175 above i wawo      
184 he/she i'ia      
184 he/she ie'i      
111 fish ika   1  
59 mother ina   1  
189 who? word info inae      
182 I inaku      
185 we word info inggami Contrast not of clusivity; unclear, but inggito paradigm is rare. 14  
185 we word info inggito Contrast not of clusivity; unclear, but inggito paradigm is rare. 14  
183 thou inggo'o      
186 you inggomiu      
177 this inono      
37 to eat kaa   1  
38 to chew word info kaa Variant: kumaa. 'Eat' doesn't allow kumaa.    
41 to bite kaa Var.: kumaa    
1 hand kae   36  
100 wing kae 'arm'    
94 to throw word info kali      
87 to swell word info kamba   20  
110 spider kangga   43  
4 leg/foot kare   49  
77 to scratch word info karu      
46 to see ki'i      
46 to see ki'ii      
135 lightning kila < Malay 1 L
161 shy, ashamed kohanu      
12 skin kuli   1  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
76 to live, be alive laa 'exist, be'    
128 sky lahuene      
61 house laika      
54 man/male langgai      
57 husband langgai      
7 to come leu      
208 Fifty word info limambulo      
201 Five word info limo   1  
101 to fly lumaa      
123 to flow lumaa      
9 to swim lumangu <um> is fossilised in this word. 1  
191 all luwuako- takes genitive marking, or default 3SG -no    
193 if mano      
97 bird manumanu (manu 'chicken') 1  
45 eye mata   1  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
147 black me'eto      
164 good meambo      
166 correct, true meara'i      
187 they mehira      
187 they mehiro      
28 to breathe mehonahona Also: take a break    
141 wet meiwoi (i)woi 'water'    
155 long word info mendaa      
52 to stand menggokora      
21 to think mepikiri me- 'verbaliser' + pikiri < Malay pikir 22 L
85 to choose mepili      
137 to blow word info mepua (wind blows)    
179 near merambi      
51 to sit mererehu      
90 to dig metanggali      
36 to spit mo'eni      
40 to drink mo'inu      
50 to dream mo'ipi      
95 to fall word info mo'isa      
48 to sleep mo'iso      
49 to lie down word info mo'iso'iso      
151 green mo'osu      
35 to vomit mo'ua      
93 to pound, beat word info moaliali      
142 heavy mobea      
160 painful, sick mohaki      
152 small mohewu      
158 narrow mohewu 'small'    
157 thick word info mokapa   1  
138 warm word info mokula      
150 yellow mokuni      
5 to walk molako mo- 'verbaliser' + lako 'go' 1  
159 wide molua      
83 to work word info mombaho cf. pombahora 'garden'    
84 to plant mombaho      
194 how? word info mombake hawo 'using what'    
149 red momea      
172 to climb word info momone      
39 to cook word info monahu   3  
180 far mondae      
81 sharp monggaso      
156 thin word info monipi   1  
139 cold word info morini      
165 bad, evil mosaa      
67 to sew word info moseu      
22 to fear motaku also 'be afraid of'    
33 to laugh mototao      
162 old word info motu'o      
140 dry word info mowatu      
148 white mowila      
112 rotten word info mowuho   115  
178 that nggitu'o      
31 tooth ngisi   24  
195 no, not oki      
168 day oleo      
65 rope oloo      
200 Four word info omba      
121 sand one   1  
66 to tie up, fasten onggo      
202 Six word info ono   1  
198 Two word info oruo   1  
205 Nine word info osio      
70 to shoot word info pana   1  
74 to kill pate   22  
125 salt peanihi      
28 to breathe penao      
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
89 to hold word info po'indi      
91 to buy po'oli      
44 to hear podea      
78 to cut, hack word info pole      
78 to cut, hack word info pole'i      
30 mouth pondu      
73 to steal ponini      
136 wind pua      
8 to turn word info putara < Malay   L
154 short word info putu      
103 meat/flesh ramo      
126 lake rano   1  
102 rat rate   7  
118 grass rembu      
192 and ronga      
207 Twenty word info ruambulo      
6 road/path sala   1  
106 snake sao Dangerous snake. 2  
68 needle seu   1  
29 to sniff, smell siusiu      
18 breast susu   1  
104 fat/grease taba   23  
124 sea tahi   1  
63 name tamo      
79 stick/wood tangge      
169 year tau   1  
114 leaf tawa      
64 to say te'eni      
102 rat tehu   7  
170 when? word info teipia   1, 65  
98 egg ti'olu      
14 belly tia      
55 woman/female tina   20  
58 wife tina      
20 to know, be knowledgeable to'ori (dative object)    
71 to stab, pierce tobo      
199 Three word info tolu   1  
72 to hit word info toni      
53 person/human being toono      
86 to grow word info toro      
15 bone tula (human bone; wuku for animals) 1  
106 snake ule Not dangerous (regardless of size) 2  
107 worm (earthworm) uleule      
24 head ulu   1  
34 to cry umi'ia      
133 rain usa   1  
16 intestines usu < Malay   L
120 stone watu   1  
167 night wingi      
163 new wo'ohu      
153 big wo'ose      
122 water word info woi      
25 neck woroko      
80 to split word info wota   1  
130 star wotiti      
117 fruit wua   1  
129 moon wula   1  
116 flower wulele      
99 feather wulumanumanu      
119 earth/soil wuta   27  
26 hair word info wuu   1  

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