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Language: Tolaki

Source/Author:  Omar Abdullah Pidani 
Notes:  b and d represent implosives; ng is a velar nasal. mb, nd and ngg are prenasalised phonemes. w is an optionally fricated phoneme, and g is (rare and) optionally, weakly, imploded. ' = glottal stop. Data from the Konawe dialect. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Mark Donohue  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Celebic:Eastern:Southeastern:Bungku-Tolaki:Western:West Coast 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand kae   36  
2 left hiri   77  
3 right hana   1  
4 leg/foot kare   49  
5 to walk molako mo- 'verbaliser' + lako 'go' 1  
6 road/path sala   1  
7 to come leu      
8 to turn word info putara < Malay   L
9 to swim lumangu <um> is fossilised in this word. 1  
10 dirty      
11 dust awu   1  
12 skin kuli   1  
13 back word info bunggu ngg sometimes realised as ngk in this word.    
14 belly tia      
15 bone tula (human bone; wuku for animals) 1  
16 intestines usu < Malay   L
17 liver ate   1  
18 breast susu   1  
19 shoulder bohe      
20 to know, be knowledgeable to'ori (dative object)    
21 to think mepikiri me- 'verbaliser' + pikiri < Malay pikir 22 L
22 to fear motaku also 'be afraid of'    
23 blood beli      
24 head ulu   1  
25 neck woroko      
26 hair word info wuu   1  
27 nose enge      
28 to breathe mehonahona Also: take a break    
28 to breathe penao      
29 to sniff, smell siusiu      
30 mouth pondu      
31 tooth ngisi   24  
32 tongue elo   4  
33 to laugh mototao      
34 to cry umi'ia      
34 to cry hono      
35 to vomit mo'ua      
36 to spit mo'eni      
37 to eat kaa   1  
38 to chew word info kaa Variant: kumaa. 'Eat' doesn't allow kumaa.    
39 to cook word info monahu   3  
40 to drink mo'inu      
41 to bite kaa Var.: kumaa    
42 to suck      
43 ear biri   26  
44 to hear podea      
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see ki'ii      
46 to see ki'i      
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep mo'iso      
49 to lie down word info mo'iso'iso      
50 to dream mo'ipi      
51 to sit mererehu      
52 to stand menggokora      
53 person/human being toono      
54 man/male langgai      
55 woman/female tina   20  
56 child ana   1  
57 husband langgai      
58 wife tina      
59 mother ina   1  
60 father ama   1  
61 house laika      
62 thatch/roof ato   1  
63 name tamo      
64 to say te'eni      
65 rope oloo      
66 to tie up, fasten onggo      
67 to sew word info moseu      
68 needle seu   1  
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info pana   1  
71 to stab, pierce tobo      
72 to hit word info toni      
73 to steal ponini      
74 to kill pate   22  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
76 to live, be alive laa 'exist, be'    
77 to scratch word info karu      
78 to cut, hack word info pole'i      
78 to cut, hack word info pole      
79 stick/wood tangge      
80 to split word info wota   1  
81 sharp monggaso      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info mombaho cf. pombahora 'garden'    
84 to plant mombaho      
85 to choose mepili      
86 to grow word info toro      
87 to swell word info kamba   20  
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info po'indi      
90 to dig metanggali      
91 to buy po'oli      
92 to open, uncover hungga      
93 to pound, beat word info moaliali      
94 to throw word info kali      
95 to fall word info mo'isa      
96 dog dahu      
97 bird manumanu (manu 'chicken') 1  
98 egg ti'olu      
99 feather wulumanumanu      
100 wing kae 'arm'    
101 to fly lumaa      
102 rat tehu   7  
102 rat rate   7  
103 meat/flesh ramo      
104 fat/grease taba   23  
105 tail ekoro < Malay.    
106 snake ule Not dangerous (regardless of size) 2  
106 snake sao Dangerous snake. 2  
107 worm (earthworm) uleule      
108 louse word info kutu   1  
109 mosquito buroto   23  
110 spider kangga   43  
111 fish ika   1  
112 rotten word info mowuho      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf tawa      
115 root akara      
116 flower wulele      
117 fruit wua   1  
118 grass rembu      
119 earth/soil wuta      
120 stone watu   1  
121 sand one   1  
122 water word info woi      
123 to flow lumaa      
124 sea tahi   1  
125 salt peanihi      
126 lake rano   1  
127 woods/forest ahoma      
128 sky lahuene      
129 moon wula   1  
130 star wotiti      
131 cloud word info gowa      
132 fog      
133 rain usa   1  
134 thunder      
135 lightning kila < Malay 1 L
136 wind pua      
137 to blow word info mepua (wind blows)    
138 warm word info mokula      
139 cold word info morini      
140 dry word info mowatu      
141 wet meiwoi (i)woi 'water'    
142 heavy mobea      
143 fire api   1  
144 to burn word info hunu      
145 smoke word info ahu   2  
146 ash awu   1  
147 black me'eto      
148 white mowila      
149 red momea      
150 yellow mokuni      
151 green mo'osu      
152 small mohewu      
153 big wo'ose      
154 short word info putu      
155 long word info mendaa      
156 thin word info monipi   1  
157 thick word info mokapa   1  
158 narrow mohewu 'small'    
159 wide molua      
160 painful, sick mohaki      
161 shy, ashamed kohanu      
162 old word info motu'o      
163 new wo'ohu      
164 good meambo      
165 bad, evil mosaa      
166 correct, true meara'i      
167 night wingi      
168 day oleo      
169 year tau   1  
170 when? word info teipia   1, 65  
171 to hide word info hi'i      
172 to climb word info momone      
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside i lalo   1  
175 above i wawo      
176 below i lolu      
177 this inono      
178 that nggitu'o      
179 near merambi      
180 far mondae      
181 where? word info humbee      
182 I inaku      
183 thou inggo'o      
184 he/she i'ia      
184 he/she ie'i      
185 we word info inggito Contrast not of clusivity; unclear, but inggito paradigm is rare. 14  
185 we word info inggami Contrast not of clusivity; unclear, but inggito paradigm is rare. 14  
186 you inggomiu      
187 they mehira      
187 they mehiro      
188 what? word info hawo      
189 who? word info inae      
190 other      
191 all luwuako- takes genitive marking, or default 3SG -no    
192 and ronga      
193 if mano      
194 how? word info mombake hawo 'using what'    
195 no, not oki      
196 to count do'a      
197 One word info aso   1  
198 Two word info oruo   1  
199 Three word info tolu   1  
200 Four word info omba      
201 Five word info limo   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
204 Eight word info hoalu      
205 Nine word info osio      
206 Ten word info hopulo      
207 Twenty word info ruambulo      
208 Fifty word info limambulo      
209 One Hundred word info aso'etu      
210 One Thousand word info aso-sou      

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