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Language: Kalaw Kawaw Ya

Source/Author:  Rod Mitchell 
Notes:  AKA Kala Lagaw Ya 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Rod Mitchell  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 350
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Australian:Pama-Nyungan:Kala Lagaw Ya 
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ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
1 hand geth(a)      
2 left badhadœgam,(u)      
3 right gethadœgam(u)      
4 leg/foot ngaar(a)/saan(a)      
6 road/path yabu      
8 to turn word info ruwama+i-      
13 back word info kal(a)      
14 belly maitha      
15 bone riidh(a)      
17 liver siib(a)      
18 breast susu      
19 shoulder thabai      
23 blood kùlka      
24 head kuik(u)      
25 neck kudu      
26 hair word info yalai      
27 nose pithi      
31 tooth dhang(a)      
32 tongue nœœi      
37 to eat pùrathi-      
37 to eat pùrtha-      
38 to chew word info thala+i-      
40 to drink wani-      
41 to bite thœidha+i-      
42 to suck puyma-      
43 ear kaura      
44 to hear karngemi-      
45 eye pùrka      
51 to sit ni-      
51 to sit niya-      
51 to sit niina-      
51 to sit thaanura+i-      
51 to sit nithama-      
52 to stand si-      
52 to stand siya-      
52 to stand siina-      
52 to stand thara+i-      
56 child kaaz(i)      
58 wife ipi      
59 mother aapu(wa)      
60 father thathi      
63 name nel      
66 to tie up, fasten yathara-      
66 to tie up, fasten kunuma-      
68 needle saak(a)      
71 to stab, pierce paga-      
71 to stab, pierce nanitha      
71 to stab, pierce sigama      
71 to stab, pierce bœlsi-      
72 to hit word info mathama-      
72 to hit word info wœrima-      
76 to live, be alive daan(a)      
82 dull, blunt dugu      
84 to plant uthu-      
84 to plant nanitha-      
85 to choose thayama-      
86 to grow word info kœsimi-      
87 to swell word info yœuru-      
91 to buy barpuuda-      
92 to open, uncover puuda-      
93 to pound, beat word info almathama-      
94 to throw word info thaya-      
94 to throw word info nithu-      
96 dog ùmai      
99 feather baba      
99 feather gubi      
99 feather kaikai      
99 feather mukub      
99 feather warka      
100 wing bœtha      
100 wing ngaga      
101 to fly wari-      
101 to fly palgi-      
101 to fly pœlagi-      
103 meat/flesh maadhu      
106 snake thaabu      
107 worm (earthworm) sagadh(a)      
108 louse word info ari      
110 spider maa      
111 fish waapi      
113 branch word info thaam(a)      
113 branch word info thama      
114 leaf niis(a)      
115 root siipi      
117 fruit kœusa      
118 grass bùp(a)      
119 earth/soil bœradhar(a)      
119 earth/soil dhœœi      
120 stone kùla      
123 to flow punga+i-      
123 to flow balbama+i-      
127 woods/forest wang(a)      
128 sky dapar(a)      
129 moon mœlpal(a)      
129 moon kisay(i)      
130 star thithuy(i)      
131 cloud word info ziya      
133 rain ari      
135 lightning pœnipan(i)      
136 wind gùb(a)      
142 heavy mapu      
143 fire muui      
144 to burn word info yayama-      
145 smoke word info thuu      
146 ash kùnar(a)      
154 short word info thaupai      
159 wide kœigùdal      
163 new kayin      
164 good kapu      
165 bad, evil wati      
166 correct, true mina      
167 night kubil(a)      
168 day gœigœyi-      
173 at -ya      
189 who? word info ngaa      
191 all mùra      
125 salt adhabadh(a) lit. outer-edge    
116 flower kœusauaymaizing "fruit maker"    
89 to hold word info pagasama- "pa-"= completive prefix, "gasama-" = get    
181 where? word info wœnaga "where"    
171 to hide word info ubuthai- (dh)ubuthu- cover under, place under, uthu- put in/enter    
171 to hide word info dhubuthai- (dh)ubuthu- cover under, place under, uthu- put in/enter    
171 to hide word info dhubwardhai- (dh)ubuthu- cover under, place under, uthu- put in/enter    
171 to hide word info wœradhi- (dh)ubuthu- cover under, place under, uthu- put in/enter    
202 Six word info ùkaùkaùka 2-2-2    
204 Eight word info ùkaùkaùkaùka 2-2-2-2    
205 Nine word info ùkaùkaùkaùkamadhabaig(a) 2-2-2-2-one left over    
203 Seven word info ùkaùkaùkamadhabaig(a) 2-2-2-one left over    
201 Five word info ùkaùkamadhabaig(a) 2-2-one left over    
185 we word info ngœba a) inc. dual    
197 One word info wœrapùn(i) a) one (only)    
197 One word info ùrapùn(i) a) one (only)    
197 One word info ùrpùn(i) a) one (only)    
190 other war a) one other    
190 other wara a) one other    
137 to blow word info payi- a.    
171 to hide word info aba+i- aba- cover    
7 to come ngapa adv.    
7 to come bœi adv.    
124 sea maalu also "deep"    
196 to count gethtida+i- also "read"    
9 to swim thapa- also "row"    
105 tail kùp(a) also base    
11 dust pœœi also fine spray, flour, etc.    
116 flower kœusa also fruit    
102 rat makas(a) also mouse    
30 mouth gùd(a) also opening, gap    
126 lake daan(a) also pool well, lagoon    
45 eye daan(a) also pool, lagoon, pond, life    
168 day gœiga also sun    
89 to hold word info nœidha+i- also touch    
109 mosquito kuwath(a) anapholes    
105 tail kœub(a) animal    
97 bird mùt(i) any small species    
161 shy, ashamed aziral azir shyness, shame    
185 we word info ngalpa b) inc. [plural    
197 One word info war/wara b) one of a group    
190 other dhurai b) some others    
137 to blow word info puuya- b.    
150 yellow bamigidhgam(u) bamig(i) turmeric    
176 below apa- below/under part (nominal)    
153 big kœi big    
105 tail kùnai bird, turtle    
39 to cook word info (wœrpu) thara- boil    
39 to cook word info tharthara- boil    
156 thin word info sakedh books etc.    
42 to suck susuwani- breast    
185 we word info ngalbai c) exc. dual [dialect variation]    
185 we word info nglabe c) exc. dual [dialect variation]    
197 One word info madhabaig(a) c) the one left over    
57 husband alai cf. al testical    
55 woman/female yipkaz(i) cf. ipi wife.    
34 to cry mayœrs- cf. maay(i) well, spring, tears    
198 Two word info ùkasar(a) compound form (sar(a) = number)    
105 tail thaa crocodile    
185 we word info ngœi d. exc. plural    
193 if na definite (also when) - socialised use of na/nanga the referencing clitic    
193 if nanga definite (also when) - socialised use of na/nanga the referencing clitic    
80 to split word info dhadhpalama- dhadh- = middle; palama- intensive of pala- cause    
61 house laag(a) dialect variation    
61 house mudh(a) dialect variation    
65 rope wœru dialect variation    
132 fog wœthiwath(i) dialect variation    
132 fog dhibag(a) dialect variation    
134 thunder giigi dialect variation    
134 thunder dhuyum(a) dialect variation    
152 small mœgi dialect variation    
152 small mœgina dialect variation    
152 small kœthuka dialect variation    
169 year wath(a) dialect variation    
169 year wiyeth(a)l uyeth(a) dialect variation    
183 thou ngi dialect variation    
183 thou ni dialect variation    
155 long word info kœikùthal/kuikùthal dialect variation : kœi "big", kuik "head", kùth(a) "end", -l having-adjective    
65 rope wœrukam(i) dialect variation, kam(i) - unknown compound    
90 to dig pama- dig by scooping    
90 to dig anara- dig by scratching, etc.    
180 far siiga- distance, far off (nominal)    
140 dry word info gathawœidha- dry out    
186 you ngipel dual    
186 you nipel dual    
187 they palai dual (dialect variation)    
187 they pale dual (dialect variation)    
192 and -u, dual and (both)    
192 and -wal dual and (both)    
105 tail saan(a) dugong    
95 to fall word info para+i- fall as in fruit, etc.    
95 to fall word info puudha+i- fall, drop    
184 he/she na feminine pronoun    
79 stick/wood wathar fire wood    
105 tail pel fish    
79 stick/wood puuy(i) formerly part of tree    
207 Twenty word info ùkaùka gethal four hands    
122 water word info ngùki fresh, drinking    
140 dry word info pilel fruit, leaves, etc.    
140 dry word info uma fruit, leaves, etc.    
39 to cook word info wœidha+i- fry (etc.)    
77 to scratch word info gamusithœridha+i- gamu = body    
77 to scratch word info garkap thœridha+i- garkap(u) = itchy spot    
6 road/path yabugùd(a) gùd(a) = mouth, opening    
98 egg kakùr(u) general term    
172 to climb word info wala+i- general term    
139 cold word info gabu general term for cold, cool    
138 warm word info komal general term for hot    
109 mosquito iwi generic    
121 sand buthu generic term    
122 water word info wœœr generic term    
173 at -yab/-pu/-ab global locative    
153 big adhi great (honorific), huge    
194 how? word info naag(a) how    
194 how? word info naga how    
12 skin gœngaw(u) human, animal    
70 to shoot word info pala- in general    
70 to shoot word info tadi- in general    
98 egg wœybadh(a) in turtle (turtle roe)    
174 in, inside muyi- inside, inside part (nominal)    
179 near amadhan instrumental of *amadh(a) "close-like"    
194 how? word info midh(a) instrumental of mi- "what/which" (dialect variation)    
194 how? word info midhadh(a) instrumental of mi- "what/which" (dialect variation)    
194 how? word info midhakidh(a) instrumental of mi- "what/which" (dialect variation)    
194 how? word info midhui instrumental of mi- "what/which" (dialect variation)    
67 to sew word info pagama- intensive of paga- prick, stab, spear    
54 man/male garkaz(i) kaz(i) child; person    
56 child kazi kazi = diminutive    
147 black kùbikùb(i) kùbi "charcoal"    
10 dirty kùsikùsi kùsi dirt, soot    
160 painful, sick kikiril kikir(i) pain, sickness    
88 to squeeze word info sasima- knead    
149 red kulkadhgam(u) kulka "blood"    
43 ear kùrùsai- kurusai only in compounds    
181 where? word info ngalaga laag(a) = place, nga-/mi- what    
181 where? word info milaga laag(a) = place, nga-/mi- what    
70 to shoot word info uthu- large game    
76 to live, be alive iigil(a) life: nominal, makes compounds    
170 when? word info mithonara lit. at what time    
97 bird urui lit. creature    
21 to think wakaithœmama+i- lit. move voice intensively    
47 to yawn gùdkasapa+i- lit. open mouth wide    
124 sea adhabadh(a) lit. outer-edge    
156 thin word info mœgiridhal lit. small boned    
85 to choose thaya lit. throw    
53 person/human being mabaig(a) lit. walker    
141 wet wœrai lit. watery    
69 to hunt word info (ai) luuma- look for    
151 green maludhgam(u) maalu sea    
199 Three word info ùkamadhabaig(a) madhabaig(a) - the one left over    
184 he/she nui masculine pronoun    
184 he/she nu- masculine pronoun    
148 white miyakalgam(u) miyak whiteness, gam(u) colour    
144 to burn word info (muithai/muipu) natha- muithai, muipu "in fire"    
144 to burn word info (muipu) puya- muithai, muipu "in fire"    
64 to say (ya) mula+i- muula- open, produce    
150 yellow muradhgam(u) muura yellow-flowered tree    
195 no, not launga no/not - negates identity/fact    
28 to breathe ngœna nominal - forms compounds    
29 to sniff, smell gaanu nominal - forms compounds    
33 to laugh giiw(a) nominal - forms compounds    
35 to vomit mœgis(a) nominal - forms compounds    
5 to walk maab(a) nominal - forms verb compounds    
48 to sleep uthui nominal - makes compounds    
50 to dream piki nominal - makes compounds    
83 to work word info zageth(a) nominal - makes compounds (za "thing" + geth(a) "hand")    
20 to know, be knowledgeable ngulaig(a) nominal used in compounds    
22 to fear aka nominal, forms compounds    
75 to die, be dead uum(a) nominal, makes compounds    
182 I ngai nominative    
177 this ka- nonspecific here/this    
173 at -ki/-kidh nonspecific locative    
145 smoke word info muinguthu nuingu "fire genitive"    
162 old word info kùlba objects as well (dialect variation)    
162 old word info kùlbai objects as well (dialect variation)    
158 narrow mœgiridhal of object    
158 narrow sakedh of object    
158 narrow mœgigùdal of opening    
175 above gima- over/above part (nominal)    
78 to cut, hack word info patha pa- completive prefix    
78 to cut, hack word info papatha- pa- completive prefix    
156 thin word info pepe paper, leaves, etc    
187 they thana plural    
186 you ngitha plural (dialect variation)    
186 you nitha plural (dialect variation)    
192 and ya plural and (and others)    
81 sharp gizul pointed; giizu = point    
73 to steal purunu wardha- puru theft, purunu in theft, wardha- place, hide    
88 to squeeze word info adha- put out    
39 to cook word info (muipu) natha- roast    
62 thatch/roof thòòdh(a) roof    
69 to hunt word info (aipu) luuma+i- search    
46 to see iima- see, find    
195 no, not -gi shows lack of the word/action (privative)    
70 to shoot word info paga- small game    
156 thin word info mœginabedhal small-sized of thickness    
112 rotten word info wœsai smell-focus    
104 fat/grease buuzar(a) solid (body fat)    
192 and a specific "and"    
177 this i- specific here/this    
173 at -nu/-l/-Cai/ specific locative    
172 to climb word info gimawala+i- specifically hills, etc. (gima- up)    
36 to spit mòòs(a) spit, lung; nominal - forms compounds    
88 to squeeze word info nuuda- squash (with foot, etc.)    
112 rotten word info dœbul state-focus    
182 I nga- stem    
104 fat/grease idi substance (oil, etc.)    
172 to climb word info giyami sun in sky, etc.    
178 that se-/si- that, there    
16 intestines theralmaitha theral = bitter    
157 thick word info kœibedhal thick    
157 thick word info mawal thick    
157 thick word info kœigœrai thick of girth    
206 Ten word info ùkasar geth two hands    
198 Two word info ùka- two(only)    
200 Four word info ùkaùka two-two    
171 to hide word info uthai- uthu- put in/enter    
150 yellow uu uu ripeness    
74 to kill umamathama- uum(a) death, mathama- hit    
64 to say (yadu) uuma- uuma- weave    
44 to hear kœrngai verbal noun    
208 Fifty word info ùkagethal ùkagethal ùrapùl geth w hands two hands one hand    
171 to hide word info wardhai- wardha- place    
171 to hide word info wœradhi- wardha- place    
46 to see naga+i- watch, look    
140 dry word info wœrgi waterless    
140 dry word info thepadh waterless    
9 to swim (wœrpu) waya+i- waya+i- = send self, wœrpu (in water)    
188 what? word info mi- what, which (prefix)    
148 white gœrabgam(u) white flowered plant,    
121 sand suurum(a) white sand    
26 hair word info yalbùp(a) yal = soft, bùp(a) = grass    
49 to lie down word info uthuiyunai- yunai- lean, slant, recline    
49 to lie down word info uthuiyuwi- yuwi- lean, slant, recline    

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