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Language: Kalaw Kawaw Ya

Source/Author:  Rod Mitchell 
Notes:  AKA Kala Lagaw Ya 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Rod Mitchell  Checked By:  
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  • Total Data: 350
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Classification:  Australian:Pama-Nyungan:Kala Lagaw Ya 
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ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand geth(a)      
2 left badhadœgam,(u)      
3 right gethadœgam(u)      
4 leg/foot ngaar(a)/saan(a)      
5 to walk maab(a) nominal - forms verb compounds    
6 road/path yabu      
6 road/path yabugùd(a) gùd(a) = mouth, opening    
7 to come ngapa adv.    
7 to come bœi adv.    
8 to turn word info ruwama+i-      
9 to swim thapa- also "row"    
9 to swim (wœrpu) waya+i- waya+i- = send self, wœrpu (in water)    
10 dirty kùsikùsi kùsi dirt, soot    
11 dust pœœi also fine spray, flour, etc.    
12 skin gœngaw(u) human, animal    
13 back word info kal(a)      
14 belly maitha      
15 bone riidh(a)      
16 intestines theralmaitha theral = bitter    
17 liver siib(a)      
18 breast susu      
19 shoulder thabai      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ngulaig(a) nominal used in compounds    
21 to think wakaithœmama+i- lit. move voice intensively    
22 to fear aka nominal, forms compounds    
23 blood kùlka      
24 head kuik(u)      
25 neck kudu      
26 hair word info yalbùp(a) yal = soft, bùp(a) = grass    
26 hair word info yalai      
27 nose pithi      
28 to breathe ngœna nominal - forms compounds    
29 to sniff, smell gaanu nominal - forms compounds    
30 mouth gùd(a) also opening, gap    
31 tooth dhang(a)      
32 tongue nœœi      
33 to laugh giiw(a) nominal - forms compounds    
34 to cry mayœrs- cf. maay(i) well, spring, tears    
35 to vomit mœgis(a) nominal - forms compounds    
36 to spit mòòs(a) spit, lung; nominal - forms compounds    
37 to eat pùrathi-      
37 to eat pùrtha-      
38 to chew word info thala+i-      
39 to cook word info (muipu) natha- roast    
39 to cook word info (wœrpu) thara- boil    
39 to cook word info tharthara- boil    
39 to cook word info wœidha+i- fry (etc.)    
40 to drink wani-      
41 to bite thœidha+i-      
42 to suck susuwani- breast    
42 to suck puyma-      
43 ear kaura      
43 ear kùrùsai- kurusai only in compounds    
44 to hear karngemi-      
44 to hear kœrngai verbal noun    
45 eye pùrka      
45 eye daan(a) also pool, lagoon, pond, life    
46 to see iima- see, find    
46 to see naga+i- watch, look    
47 to yawn gùdkasapa+i- lit. open mouth wide    
48 to sleep uthui nominal - makes compounds    
49 to lie down word info uthuiyunai- yunai- lean, slant, recline    
49 to lie down word info uthuiyuwi- yuwi- lean, slant, recline    
50 to dream piki nominal - makes compounds    
51 to sit ni-      
51 to sit niya-      
51 to sit niina-      
51 to sit thaanura+i-      
51 to sit nithama-      
52 to stand si-      
52 to stand siya-      
52 to stand siina-      
52 to stand thara+i-      
53 person/human being mabaig(a) lit. walker    
54 man/male garkaz(i) kaz(i) child; person    
55 woman/female yipkaz(i) cf. ipi wife.    
56 child kaaz(i)      
56 child kazi kazi = diminutive    
57 husband alai cf. al testical    
58 wife ipi      
59 mother aapu(wa)      
60 father thathi      
61 house laag(a) dialect variation    
61 house mudh(a) dialect variation    
62 thatch/roof thòòdh(a) roof    
63 name nel      
64 to say (ya) mula+i- muula- open, produce    
64 to say (yadu) uuma- uuma- weave    
65 rope wœrukam(i) dialect variation, kam(i) - unknown compound    
65 rope wœru dialect variation    
66 to tie up, fasten yathara-      
66 to tie up, fasten kunuma-      
67 to sew word info pagama- intensive of paga- prick, stab, spear    
68 needle saak(a)      
69 to hunt word info (ai) luuma- look for    
69 to hunt word info (aipu) luuma+i- search    
70 to shoot word info pala- in general    
70 to shoot word info tadi- in general    
70 to shoot word info paga- small game    
70 to shoot word info uthu- large game    
71 to stab, pierce paga-      
71 to stab, pierce nanitha      
71 to stab, pierce sigama      
71 to stab, pierce bœlsi-      
72 to hit word info mathama-      
72 to hit word info wœrima-      
73 to steal purunu wardha- puru theft, purunu in theft, wardha- place, hide    
74 to kill umamathama- uum(a) death, mathama- hit    
75 to die, be dead uum(a) nominal, makes compounds    
76 to live, be alive iigil(a) life: nominal, makes compounds    
76 to live, be alive daan(a)      
77 to scratch word info gamusithœridha+i- gamu = body    
77 to scratch word info garkap thœridha+i- garkap(u) = itchy spot    
78 to cut, hack word info patha pa- completive prefix    
78 to cut, hack word info papatha- pa- completive prefix    
79 stick/wood puuy(i) formerly part of tree    
79 stick/wood wathar fire wood    
80 to split word info dhadhpalama- dhadh- = middle; palama- intensive of pala- cause    
81 sharp gizul pointed; giizu = point    
82 dull, blunt dugu      
83 to work word info zageth(a) nominal - makes compounds (za "thing" + geth(a) "hand")    
84 to plant uthu-      
84 to plant nanitha-      
85 to choose thaya lit. throw    
85 to choose thayama-      
86 to grow word info kœsimi-      
87 to swell word info yœuru-      
88 to squeeze word info adha- put out    
88 to squeeze word info nuuda- squash (with foot, etc.)    
88 to squeeze word info sasima- knead    
89 to hold word info pagasama- "pa-"= completive prefix, "gasama-" = get    
89 to hold word info nœidha+i- also touch    
90 to dig pama- dig by scooping    
90 to dig anara- dig by scratching, etc.    
91 to buy barpuuda-      
92 to open, uncover puuda-      
93 to pound, beat word info almathama-      
94 to throw word info thaya-      
94 to throw word info nithu-      
95 to fall word info puudha+i- fall, drop    
95 to fall word info para+i- fall as in fruit, etc.    
96 dog ùmai      
97 bird urui lit. creature    
97 bird mùt(i) any small species    
98 egg kakùr(u) general term    
98 egg wœybadh(a) in turtle (turtle roe)    
99 feather baba      
99 feather gubi      
99 feather kaikai      
99 feather mukub      
99 feather warka      
100 wing bœtha      
100 wing ngaga      
101 to fly wari-      
101 to fly palgi-      
101 to fly pœlagi-      
102 rat makas(a) also mouse    
103 meat/flesh maadhu      
104 fat/grease buuzar(a) solid (body fat)    
104 fat/grease idi substance (oil, etc.)    
105 tail kùp(a) also base    
105 tail kœub(a) animal    
105 tail kùnai bird, turtle    
105 tail thaa crocodile    
105 tail saan(a) dugong    
105 tail pel fish    
106 snake thaabu      
107 worm (earthworm) sagadh(a)      
108 louse word info ari      
109 mosquito iwi generic    
109 mosquito kuwath(a) anapholes    
110 spider maa      
111 fish waapi      
112 rotten word info wœsai smell-focus    
112 rotten word info dœbul state-focus    
113 branch word info thaam(a)      
113 branch word info thama      
114 leaf niis(a)      
115 root siipi      
116 flower kœusa also fruit    
116 flower kœusauaymaizing "fruit maker"    
117 fruit kœusa      
118 grass bùp(a)      
119 earth/soil bœradhar(a)      
119 earth/soil dhœœi      
120 stone kùla      
121 sand buthu generic term    
121 sand suurum(a) white sand    
122 water word info wœœr generic term    
122 water word info ngùki fresh, drinking    
123 to flow punga+i-      
123 to flow balbama+i-      
124 sea maalu also "deep"    
124 sea adhabadh(a) lit. outer-edge    
125 salt adhabadh(a) lit. outer-edge    
126 lake daan(a) also pool well, lagoon    
127 woods/forest wang(a)      
128 sky dapar(a)      
129 moon mœlpal(a)      
129 moon kisay(i)      
130 star thithuy(i)      
131 cloud word info ziya      
132 fog wœthiwath(i) dialect variation    
132 fog dhibag(a) dialect variation    
133 rain ari      
134 thunder giigi dialect variation    
134 thunder dhuyum(a) dialect variation    
135 lightning pœnipan(i)      
136 wind gùb(a)      
137 to blow word info payi- a.    
137 to blow word info puuya- b.    
138 warm word info komal general term for hot    
139 cold word info gabu general term for cold, cool    
140 dry word info wœrgi waterless    
140 dry word info thepadh waterless    
140 dry word info pilel fruit, leaves, etc.    
140 dry word info uma fruit, leaves, etc.    
140 dry word info gathawœidha- dry out    
141 wet wœrai lit. watery    
142 heavy mapu      
143 fire muui      
144 to burn word info yayama-      
144 to burn word info (muithai/muipu) natha- muithai, muipu "in fire"    
144 to burn word info (muipu) puya- muithai, muipu "in fire"    
145 smoke word info thuu      
145 smoke word info muinguthu nuingu "fire genitive"    
146 ash kùnar(a)      
147 black kùbikùb(i) kùbi "charcoal"    
148 white gœrabgam(u) white flowered plant,    
148 white miyakalgam(u) miyak whiteness, gam(u) colour    
149 red kulkadhgam(u) kulka "blood"    
150 yellow bamigidhgam(u) bamig(i) turmeric    
150 yellow muradhgam(u) muura yellow-flowered tree    
150 yellow uu uu ripeness    
151 green maludhgam(u) maalu sea    
152 small mœgi dialect variation    
152 small mœgina dialect variation    
152 small kœthuka dialect variation    
153 big kœi big    
153 big adhi great (honorific), huge    
154 short word info thaupai      
155 long word info kœikùthal/kuikùthal dialect variation : kœi "big", kuik "head", kùth(a) "end", -l having-adjective    
156 thin word info mœginabedhal small-sized of thickness    
156 thin word info mœgiridhal lit. small boned    
156 thin word info pepe paper, leaves, etc    
156 thin word info sakedh books etc.    
157 thick word info kœibedhal thick    
157 thick word info mawal thick    
157 thick word info kœigœrai thick of girth    
158 narrow mœgiridhal of object    
158 narrow sakedh of object    
158 narrow mœgigùdal of opening    
159 wide kœigùdal      
160 painful, sick kikiril kikir(i) pain, sickness    
161 shy, ashamed aziral azir shyness, shame    
162 old word info kùlba objects as well (dialect variation)    
162 old word info kùlbai objects as well (dialect variation)    
163 new kayin      
164 good kapu      
165 bad, evil wati      
166 correct, true mina      
167 night kubil(a)      
168 day gœiga also sun    
168 day gœigœyi-      
169 year wath(a) dialect variation    
169 year wiyeth(a)l uyeth(a) dialect variation    
170 when? word info mithonara lit. at what time    
171 to hide word info aba+i- aba- cover    
171 to hide word info ubuthai- (dh)ubuthu- cover under, place under, uthu- put in/enter    
171 to hide word info dhubuthai- (dh)ubuthu- cover under, place under, uthu- put in/enter    
171 to hide word info dhubwardhai- (dh)ubuthu- cover under, place under, uthu- put in/enter    
171 to hide word info wœradhi- (dh)ubuthu- cover under, place under, uthu- put in/enter    
171 to hide word info uthai- uthu- put in/enter    
171 to hide word info wardhai- wardha- place    
171 to hide word info wœradhi- wardha- place    
172 to climb word info wala+i- general term    
172 to climb word info gimawala+i- specifically hills, etc. (gima- up)    
172 to climb word info giyami sun in sky, etc.    
173 at -nu/-l/-Cai/ specific locative    
173 at -ya      
173 at -ki/-kidh nonspecific locative    
173 at -yab/-pu/-ab global locative    
174 in, inside muyi- inside, inside part (nominal)    
175 above gima- over/above part (nominal)    
176 below apa- below/under part (nominal)    
177 this i- specific here/this    
177 this ka- nonspecific here/this    
178 that se-/si- that, there    
179 near amadhan instrumental of *amadh(a) "close-like"    
180 far siiga- distance, far off (nominal)    
181 where? word info ngalaga laag(a) = place, nga-/mi- what    
181 where? word info wœnaga "where"    
181 where? word info milaga laag(a) = place, nga-/mi- what    
182 I ngai nominative    
182 I nga- stem    
183 thou ngi dialect variation    
183 thou ni dialect variation    
184 he/she nui masculine pronoun    
184 he/she nu- masculine pronoun    
184 he/she na feminine pronoun    
185 we word info ngœba a) inc. dual    
185 we word info ngalpa b) inc. [plural    
185 we word info ngalbai c) exc. dual [dialect variation]    
185 we word info nglabe c) exc. dual [dialect variation]    
185 we word info ngœi d. exc. plural    
186 you ngipel dual    
186 you nipel dual    
186 you ngitha plural (dialect variation)    
186 you nitha plural (dialect variation)    
187 they palai dual (dialect variation)    
187 they pale dual (dialect variation)    
187 they thana plural    
188 what? word info mi- what, which (prefix)    
189 who? word info ngaa      
190 other war a) one other    
190 other wara a) one other    
190 other dhurai b) some others    
191 all mùra      
192 and a specific "and"    
192 and -u, dual and (both)    
192 and -wal dual and (both)    
192 and ya plural and (and others)    
193 if na definite (also when) - socialised use of na/nanga the referencing clitic    
193 if nanga definite (also when) - socialised use of na/nanga the referencing clitic    
194 how? word info midh(a) instrumental of mi- "what/which" (dialect variation)    
194 how? word info midhadh(a) instrumental of mi- "what/which" (dialect variation)    
194 how? word info midhakidh(a) instrumental of mi- "what/which" (dialect variation)    
194 how? word info midhui instrumental of mi- "what/which" (dialect variation)    
194 how? word info naag(a) how    
194 how? word info naga how    
195 no, not launga no/not - negates identity/fact    
195 no, not -gi shows lack of the word/action (privative)    
196 to count gethtida+i- also "read"    
197 One word info wœrapùn(i) a) one (only)    
197 One word info ùrapùn(i) a) one (only)    
197 One word info ùrpùn(i) a) one (only)    
197 One word info war/wara b) one of a group    
197 One word info madhabaig(a) c) the one left over    
198 Two word info ùkasar(a) compound form (sar(a) = number)    
198 Two word info ùka- two(only)    
199 Three word info ùkamadhabaig(a) madhabaig(a) - the one left over    
200 Four word info ùkaùka two-two    
201 Five word info ùkaùkamadhabaig(a) 2-2-one left over    
202 Six word info ùkaùkaùka 2-2-2    
203 Seven word info ùkaùkaùkamadhabaig(a) 2-2-2-one left over    
204 Eight word info ùkaùkaùkaùka 2-2-2-2    
205 Nine word info ùkaùkaùkaùkamadhabaig(a) 2-2-2-2-one left over    
206 Ten word info ùkasar geth two hands    
207 Twenty word info ùkaùka gethal four hands    
208 Fifty word info ùkagethal ùkagethal ùrapùl geth w hands two hands one hand    
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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