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Language: Proto-Central Pacific

Source/Author:  Andrew Pawley 
Notes:  from,"PROTO OCEANIC AND PROTO POLYNESIAN RECONSTRUCTIONS FOR MODIFIED SWADESH 200 MEANING LIST, WITHOUT SUPPORTING COGNATE SETS", A Pawley 9.8.09 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Gray  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *lima   1  
2 left *mawii   1, 59  
3 right      
4 leg/foot *waqe   1, 100  
5 to walk *vano   2  
6 road/path *cala   1  
7 to come *lako mai *lako lost in Pn 1  
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim *gau(-gau)   5  
9 to swim *kau-(kau)   5  
10 dirty *gelegele-a   10  
11 dust *(a,e)vu   1  
12 skin *kuli   1  
13 back word info *takuu   12  
14 belly *kete 'stomach' 7  
15 bone *sui   52  
16 intestines      
17 liver *qate   1  
18 breast *cucu 'breast, milk' 1  
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kilala   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila   18  
21 to think *nanumi-   28  
22 to fear *mataku   1  
23 blood *draa   1  
24 head *qulu   1  
25 neck *ua (not throat) 18  
26 hair word info *rau ni qulu   40  
27 nose *icu   1  
28 to breathe *mañawa   1  
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth *ŋuju   2  
31 tooth *nivo   1  
32 tongue *mea   7  
33 to laugh *mali   3  
34 to cry      
35 to vomit *lualua   8  
35 to vomit *lua-qi   8  
35 to vomit *mumuta Two forms must be reconstructed for 'to vomit' in POc and PCP: *mumuta and *lua. *mumuta continues a PMP etymon. Rotuman has a contrast between mumufa 'to vomit, spew' and lua 'to spit or cast out of the mouth'. 1  
35 to vomit *lua   8  
36 to spit *qanu-si   14, 84  
37 to eat *kani   1  
38 to chew word info *mama   1  
39 to cook word info *sa(k,g)a 'to boil' (Blust 1993) 2  
40 to drink *inu   1  
41 to bite *kati-   1, 55  
42 to suck *miji   8  
43 ear *taliŋa   1  
44 to hear *roŋo   1  
45 eye *mata   1  
46 to see *kita   1  
47 to yawn *mawa(wa)   19  
48 to sleep *maturu   1  
49 to lie down word info *koto ? 7  
50 to dream      
51 to sit *maturu      
52 to stand *tuqu   2  
53 person/human being *taŋwata   1, 66  
54 man/male *taŋwaqane   1, 14  
55 woman/female *vavine   1, 106  
56 child      
57 husband      
58 wife *qasawa-ña 'his/her wife/spouse' 1  
59 mother *tina-ña   1  
60 father *tama-ña   1  
61 house      
62 thatch/roof *qato   1  
63 name *qasa   1  
64 to say *vana      
65 rope *tali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *vaqu-si   11  
67 to sew word info *bakewa      
68 needle *sau   1  
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info *vana   1  
71 to stab, pierce *soka   67  
72 to hit word info *tuki   8  
73 to steal *vanako   1, 58  
74 to kill *vaka-mate   2  
75 to die, be dead *mate   1  
76 to live, be alive *maquri   1, 76  
77 to scratch word info *kadru-   44  
78 to cut, hack word info      
79 stick/wood *kayu   1  
80 to split word info *vaci   4  
80 to split word info *vasi 'split lengthwise' 4  
81 sharp *ŋata   36  
82 dull, blunt *(mata) puju ? 1, 61?  
83 to work word info *quma   1  
84 to plant      
85 to choose *vili   1  
86 to grow word info *tubu   1  
87 to swell word info *vuvula   7  
88 to squeeze word info *boo-   47  
89 to hold word info *kumi-   1  
90 to dig *keli   1  
91 to buy *voli   1  
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info *tuki   2  
94 to throw word info *viri   30  
95 to fall word info      
96 dog      
97 bird *manu (+ verb 'to fly') 1  
98 egg *galotu   1  
99 feather *vulu   1  
100 wing *kava   1  
101 to fly *laŋo fly (insect!) x  
102 rat *kucuve   3  
103 meat/flesh *viciko 'animal flesh' 10  
104 fat/grease *momoña 'rich fatty flesh, grease, oil' 1, 65  
105 tail *siku (of fish) 13  
106 snake *ŋwata   12  
107 worm (earthworm) *baya baya 'earthworm, worm (generic)' 16  
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
109 mosquito *ñamu   1  
110 spider *X-lawalawa   1  
111 fish *ika   1  
112 rotten word info *bala ? 13  
113 branch word info *maŋa (of tree, river) 2, 35  
113 branch word info *raqa   1  
114 leaf *rau ni kayu   1  
115 root *waka   2  
116 flower *vuŋa   1  
117 fruit *Vua   1  
118 grass      
119 earth/soil *qumu oven x  
120 stone      
121 sand *qone   1  
122 water word info *wai   2  
123 to flow *tave   10  
124 sea *wasa   12  
125 salt *masima   47  
126 lake *drano   1  
127 woods/forest *wao 'bush, forest, land that is uncultivated and uninhabited' 14  
128 sky *laŋi   1  
129 moon *vula   1  
130 star *vetuqu   1  
131 cloud word info *taqe ni laŋi 'prob. specifically of light clouds'    
132 fog *kovu   1  
133 rain *quca   1  
134 thunder *kkurukuru   1  
135 lightning *qusila   2  
136 wind *mataŋi   1, 66  
137 to blow word info *uvi   4  
138 warm word info *mavana   1  
139 cold word info *madridri (Rotuman) 1  
139 cold word info *makadridri   1  
140 dry word info *masa 'dry, empty of liquid' 11  
140 dry word info *maca 'dry, empty of liquid' 11  
141 wet *suu (1) 'juice, soup', (2) ?dilute, add water' 11  
142 heavy *mava      
143 fire *avi   1  
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info *qasu   2  
146 ash *dravu   67  
147 black *loaloa      
148 white *vuravura   3  
148 white *vura   3  
149 red *mea   1  
150 yellow      
151 green      
152 small *riki   66  
153 big *lava   10  
154 short word info *leka(-leka)      
155 long word info *balavu      
156 thin word info *manivinivi   1  
157 thick word info *matolutolu   3  
158 narrow *kovi   48  
159 wide      
160 painful, sick *masi 'hurt, be painful' 1  
161 shy, ashamed *maya 'ashamed' 1  
162 old word info *matuqa   1  
163 new *voqou   1  
164 good      
165 bad, evil *saqa   1  
166 correct, true      
167 night *boŋi   1  
168 day *qaso   1, 54  
169 year *taqu   1  
170 when? word info *ŋica   1  
170 when? word info *ŋaica   1  
171 to hide word info *vuni   1  
172 to climb word info *cake   2  
173 at *i   1  
174 in, inside *(i )ralom   1  
175 above *i ata   1  
176 below *rao      
177 this *eni   1  
178 that      
179 near *tata   9  
180 far *sau(-sau)   1  
181 where? word info *vea   3, 35  
182 I *au   1, 21  
183 thou *iko   1  
184 he/she *ia   1  
185 we word info *kami   2  
186 you      
187 they *ira   1, 70  
188 what? word info *(s,c)ava   1  
189 who? word info *cai   1  
190 other *liqa   2  
191 all *udolu   15  
192 and *ma   2  
193 if      
194 how? word info *kuya   1  
195 no, not *tikai   10  
196 to count      
197 One word info *tasa   41  
197 One word info *ta   14  
198 Two word info *rua   1  
199 Three word info *tolu   1  
200 Four word info *vaa   1, 66  
200 Four word info *vati   1, 65  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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