https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Oceanic (Pawley)

Source/Author:  Andrew Pawley 
Notes:  from "PROTO OCEANIC AND PROTO POLYNESIAN RECONSTRUCTIONS FOR MODIFIED SWADESH 200 MEANING LIST, WITHOUT SUPPORTING COGNATE SETS", A Pawley 9.8.09. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Gray  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:(Proto) 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing all of 14 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
3 right      
8 to turn word info      
10 dirty      
16 intestines      
34 to cry      
57 husband      
58 wife      
69 to hunt word info      
75 to die, be dead      
78 to cut, hack word info      
82 dull, blunt      
88 to squeeze word info      
92 to open, uncover      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
96 dog      
139 cold word info      
144 to burn word info      
151 green      
173 at      
178 that      
186 you      
192 and      
193 if      
196 to count      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
66 to tie up, fasten *paqu-Ci Ci < POc paqu-Ci '(1) lash together, (2) construct (house, canoe)'    
80 to split word info *pasi 'split lengthwise' Several kinds of splitting are lexically, besides stative vs transitive uses of the same verb root.    
89 to hold word info *taŋovi-      
89 to hold word info *kolom *kokom (Blust 1993) (continuing PMP) v. tr. *kumi, kukumi- 'hold s.t.'    
107 worm (earthworm) *baya 'earthworm, worm (generic)'    
112 rotten word info *bobo(k) ? < PMP *bekbek 'mouldy?    
112 rotten word info *madaʀ 'overripe'    
113 branch word info *maŋa      
119 earth/soil *qumun (earth) oven    
125 salt *waiʀ tasik (water)    
131 cloud word info *taqe ni laŋ 'prob. specifically of light clouds'    
138 warm word info *mapanas      
146 ash *drapu(ʀ)      
155 long word info *ba(l,r)apu      
191 all *udolu      
1 hand *lima   1  
6 road/path *jalan   1  
7 to come *lako mai   1  
11 dust *qapuk   1  
12 skin *kulit   1  
14 belly *tian   1  
17 liver *qate   1  
18 breast *susu 'breast, milk' 1  
19 shoulder *qapaʀa   1  
22 to fear *matakut   1  
23 blood *draʀaq   1  
24 head *qulu   1  
27 nose *ijuŋ   1  
28 to breathe *mañawa   1  
31 tooth *nipon   1  
35 to vomit *mumuta Two forms must be reconstructed for 'to vomit' in POc and PCP: *mumuta and *lua. *mumuta continues a PMP etymon. Rotuman has a contrast between mumufa 'to vomit spew' and lua 'to spit or cast out of the mouth'. Churchward (1941:253) comments 1  
37 to eat *kani   1  
38 to chew word info *mamaq   1  
40 to drink *inum   1  
41 to bite *kaʀati-   1  
43 ear *taliŋa   1  
44 to hear *roŋoʀ   1  
45 eye *mata   1  
46 to see *kita   1  
48 to sleep *maturu Two POc forms are well supported(continues PMP) 1  
49 to lie down word info *qeno   1  
59 mother *tina-ña 'his/her mother' 1  
60 father *tama-ña 'his/her father' 1  
61 house *ʀumwa 'house, dwelling' 1  
62 thatch/roof *qatop   1  
63 name *qajan (flesh of fish, etc) 1  
65 rope *tali 'cord' 1  
68 needle *saʀum   1  
70 to shoot word info *pana   1  
72 to hit word info *punipalu Blust (1993) posits POc *palu, 'to pound' 1  
74 to kill *punuq (Blust 1993) 1  
79 stick/wood *kayu   1  
81 sharp *tajim 'to sharpen to a point' 1  
83 to work word info *quma   1  
85 to choose *piliq   1  
86 to grow word info *tubuq   1  
90 to dig *kali   1  
90 to dig *keli   1  
91 to buy *poli   1  
97 bird *manuk probably in certain contexts modified by verb 'to fly' 1  
98 egg *katoluʀ   1  
99 feather *pulu   1  
100 wing *kapak   1  
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
109 mosquito *ñamuk   1  
110 spider *lawaq   1  
111 fish *ikan   1  
114 leaf *rau   1  
116 flower *puŋa   1  
117 fruit *puaq   1  
118 grass *paliji 'grass, generic term' 1  
120 stone *patu   1  
121 sand *qone   1  
126 lake *rano   1  
128 sky *laŋit   1  
129 moon *pulan   1  
130 star *pituqon   1  
132 fog *kaput   1  
133 rain *qusan   1  
134 thunder *kuruk   1  
143 fire *api   1  
147 black *maqeto   1  
147 black *maqito   1  
149 red *meʀaq 'reddish brown, ?red' 1  
156 thin word info *manipis   1  
160 painful, sick *masakit '(1) be sick', (2) 'be in pain', (3) 'hurt, be painful' 1  
161 shy, ashamed *mayaq under 'ashamed' 1  
162 old word info *matuqa   1  
163 new *paʀaqu   1  
164 good *ma-pia Blust 1993 1  
165 bad, evil *saqat   1  
166 correct, true *bonor 'true' 1  
167 night *boŋi   1  
169 year *taqun   1  
170 when? word info *ŋa-ijan   1  
171 to hide word info *puni   1  
174 in, inside *(i)ralom   1  
175 above *atas   1  
176 below *papaq   1  
177 this *eni   1  
177 this *ani   1  
180 far *sauq   1  
183 thou *iko   1  
184 he/she *ia he (indep.) 1  
187 they *ira   1  
188 what? word info *sapa   1  
188 what? word info *saa   1  
189 who? word info *sai   1  
194 how? word info *kuya (v.st) be how, in what manner or condition 1  
197 One word info *sa   1  
198 Two word info *rua   1  
199 Three word info *tolu   1  
200 Four word info *pat   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
50 to dream *mipi   1, 37  
168 day *qaco   1, 54  
50 to dream *nipi   1, 60  
76 to live, be alive *maqurip   1, 76  
4 leg/foot *waqe   1, 100  
55 woman/female *papine   1, 106  
54 man/male *taumwaqane   1, 14  
182 I *au I (indep.) 1, 21  
73 to steal *panako   1, 58  
2 left *mauʀi (hand) 1, 59  
2 left *mawiʀi (hand) 1, 59  
104 fat/grease *momoña rich fatty flesh, grease, oil 1, 65  
200 Four word info *pati   1, 65  
53 person/human being *taumata   1, 66  
53 person/human being *tamwata   1, 66  
136 wind *mataŋi (breeze) 1, 66  
87 to swell word info *puke   10  
103 meat/flesh *pisako 'animal flesh'(flesh of fish, etc) 10  
123 to flow *tape   10  
153 big *lapapt Lynch 2001 reconstrcts POc *lab(w)at 10  
195 no, not *tika(i)   10  
140 dry word info *masa 'dry, empty of liquid' Problematic because several senses of 'dry' occur in Pn langs and 200 wordlists vary among these 11  
141 wet *suʀu 'juice, soup', No strong candidate for POc, PCP or PPn 11  
13 back word info *takuʀu   12  
106 snake *mwata   12  
21 to think *ronrom (a)POc *ronrom (Blust 1993) (b)PROc nan(o,u)mi- ; Given the range of witnesses supporting (a), we can infer that the forms in set (b) reflect an irregular change *nd > n that occurred, perhaps more than once, in certain Vanuatu languages and in Central Pa 13  
105 tail *siku (of fish) 13  
112 rotten word info *ba(l,r)a 'overripe' 13  
124 sea *masawa (open) 13  
61 house *pale 'open sided building, meeting house' 14  
127 woods/forest *wao 'bush, forest, land that is uncultivated and uninhabited' 14  
36 to spit *qanu-si   14, 84  
51 to sit *nopo   16  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila-   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kilala   18  
25 neck *ʀuqa (not throat) 18  
47 to yawn mawap   19  
5 to walk *pano Oceanic languages often lack a term that specifically refers to walking as a mode of locomotion. It makes more sense to try to reconstruct a verb or verbs meaning 'to go'. 2  
30 mouth *ŋujuŋ (external) 2  
52 to stand *taqur   2  
67 to sew word info *saqit   2  
84 to plant *tanom   2  
93 to pound, beat word info *tuki   2  
115 root *wakaʀ   2  
122 water word info *waiʀ 'water, river' 2  
135 lightning *qusilak   2  
145 smoke word info *qasu   2  
172 to climb word info *sake   2  
185 we word info *kami   2  
190 other *liqa 'additional, another' 2  
33 to laugh *malip   3  
102 rat *kasupe 'Rattus sp., commensal rats, as opposed, e.g. to large bush rats' 3  
148 white *purak   3  
157 thick word info *matolu (as cloth) 3  
181 where? word info *pea   3  
64 to say *posa   36  
137 to blow word info *upu (with the breath) 4, 57  
26 hair word info *raun   40  
29 to sniff, smell *ñami-   41  
197 One word info *tasa   41  
77 to scratch word info *kadru(C) PAn *garuc (Tsuchida 1976) 44  
142 heavy *mapat   46  
158 narrow *kopit   48  
159 wide *lapa (cf. POc *lapa 'big') 48  
9 to swim *kaʀu   5  
56 child *natu   5  
15 bone *suʀi   52  
154 short word info *papaq (Blust 1993) 54  
154 short word info *papak (Blust 1993) 54  
152 small *rikiq   66  
71 to stab, pierce *soka 'to husk a coconut etc.' No one to one match. 67  
32 tongue *maya   7  
32 tongue *mea   7  
35 to vomit *luaq   8  
42 to suck *miji   8  
72 to hit word info *tuki   8  
197 One word info *sakai   8  
39 to cook word info *tunu   9  
150 yellow *aŋo (-aŋo) 'yellow' 9  
179 near *tata   9  
101 to fly *laŋo 'housefly' x  

Seen an error? Please let us know:

Save Data: