https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Thai, Siamese

Source/Author:  Pittayawat Pittayaporn 
Notes:   
Problems:  1. Some cognates still exist alongside new ones that replaced them but with different meanings. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Pittayawat Pittayaporn  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 237
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 16
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kam-Tai:Tai:Southwestern 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing all of 61 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above nɯə5   34  
191 all thaŋ4 mot2   53, 55  
192 and lɛʔ4   45  
146 ash khi:3 thaw3   43  
173 at thi:3   36  
13 back word info laŋ5   66  
165 bad, evil ra:j4   56  
14 belly thɔ:ŋ4   47  
176 below taj3   50  
153 big yaj2   59  
97 bird nok4   1  
147 black dam1   1  
23 blood lɯət3   28  
15 bone kradu:k2 kra- was added secondarily. 1?  
113 branch word info kiŋ2   28  
18 breast nom1   40  
56 child lu:k3   1  
131 cloud word info me:k3 Sanskrit   L
139 cold word info na:w5   72  
166 correct, true thu:k2   49  
168 day wan1   41  
10 dirty sok2kapok2      
96 dog ma:5   61  
140 dry word info hɛ:ŋ3   79  
82 dull, blunt thɯ:3   22  
11 dust fun2   33  
43 ear hu:5   8  
119 earth/soil din1   56  
98 egg khaj2   41  
204 Eight word info pɛ:t2 Middle Chinese   L
45 eye ta:1   1  
180 far klaj1   54  
104 fat/grease man1   1?  
60 father phɔ:3   26  
99 feather khon5   46  
208 Fifty word info ha:3 sip2      
143 fire faj1   1  
111 fish pla:1   64  
201 Five word info ha:3 Middle Chinese   L
116 flower dɔ:k2   22  
132 fog mɔ:k2   53  
200 Four word info si:2 Middle Chinese   L
117 fruit phon5lamaj4      
164 good di:1   87  
118 grass ya:3   44  
151 green khiəw1   50  
26 hair word info phom5   47  
1 hand mɯ:1   1  
184 he/she khaw5 (familiar, vulgar) 25  
184 he/she man (familiar, vulgar) 22  
24 head huə5   33  
142 heavy nak2   42  
61 house ba:n3 Its original meaning is 'village'. The inherited word for 'house' is now archaic. 5  
194 how? word info ya:ŋ2 raj1      
57 husband phuə5   49  
182 I ku:1 (familiar, vulgar) 1  
182 I phom5 (formal)    
182 I chan4 (colloquial)    
193 if tha:3   41  
174 in, inside naj1   33  
16 intestines saj3   48  
126 lake tha:le:1 sa:p2 Old Khmer   L
126 lake nɔ:ŋ5 lake 28  
114 leaf baj1   2?  
2 left sa:j4   46  
4 leg/foot kha:5   42  
135 lightning fa:4 lɛp3 (v.) there is no noun for 'lightning' 55  
17 liver tap2   1?  
155 long word info ya:w1   64  
108 louse word info haw5   1  
54 man/male cha:j1   55  
103 meat/flesh nɯə4   60  
129 moon can1 default word, Sanskrit   L
129 moon dɯən1 poetic 45  
109 mosquito ɲuŋ1      
59 mother mɛ:3   39  
30 mouth pa:k2   1?  
63 name chɯ:3   30  
158 narrow na:3      
179 near klaj3   72  
25 neck khɔ:1   52  
68 needle khem5   25  
163 new maj2   34  
167 night khɯ:n2   53  
205 Nine word info ka:w3 Middle Chinese   L
195 no, not mi4 arch. 81  
195 no, not bɔ:2 arch. 80  
195 no, not maj3   81  
27 nose daŋ3 unexpected tone but most likely inherited from Proto-Tai. 1  
162 old word info kɛ:2   92  
197 One word info nɯŋ2   35  
209 One Hundred word info rɔ:j4 Middle Chinese 33 L
210 One Thousand word info phan1 Middle Chinese   L
190 other ʔɯ:n2   39  
160 painful, sick cep2   62  
53 person/human being khon1   32  
133 rain fon5   37  
102 rat nu:5   59  
149 red dɛ:ŋ1   63  
3 right khwa:5   1  
6 road/path tha:ŋ1 path 26  
6 road/path thanon5 road, Old Khmer?   L
6 road/path hon5 tha:ŋ1 The original form 'hon5' - only found in compound 'hon5 tha:ŋ1' only 26, 27  
115 root ra:k3   31  
65 rope chɯək3   37  
112 rotten word info naw3   34  
125 salt klɯə1   21  
121 sand sa:j2   62  
124 sea thale:1 Old Khmer   L
203 Seven word info cet2 Middle Chinese   L
81 sharp khom   21  
154 short word info tiə3 'short in height'    
154 short word info san3 'short in length'    
19 shoulder ba:2   1  
161 shy, ashamed ʔa:j1   41  
202 Six word info hok2 Middle Chinese   L
12 skin naŋ5   56  
128 sky fa:4   48  
152 small lek4   76  
145 smoke word info khwan1   54  
106 snake ŋu:2   50  
110 spider mɛ:ŋ1 mum1   49  
130 star da:w1   1  
79 stick/wood thɔn3 (maj4)   14  
120 stone hin5   29  
105 tail ha:ŋ5   53  
206 Ten word info sip2 Middle Chinese   L
178 that nan4   1  
62 thatch/roof laŋ5 kha:1 'roof' from 'back' + 'thatch grass'    
187 they khaw5 (familiar, vulgar) 34  
187 they man (familiar, vulgar) 36  
187 they phuək3- Emphasizes plurality    
157 thick word info na:5   47  
156 thin word info ba:ŋ1   39  
177 this ni:4   1  
183 thou mɯŋ1 (familiar, vulgar) 1  
183 thou thɤ:1 (colloquial)    
183 thou khun1 (formal)    
199 Three word info sa:m5 Middle Chinese   L
134 thunder sa:j5 fa:4 can also include 'lightning' 61  
41 to bite kat2   1  
41 to bite khop2 'to break something with one's teeth' 29  
137 to blow word info paw2   54  
28 to breathe ha:j5 caj1 the second syllable means 'heart, breath'. 52  
144 to burn word info phaw5   65  
91 to buy sɯ:4   37?  
38 to chew word info khiəw4   41  
85 to choose lɯək3   26  
172 to climb word info pi:n1   27  
7 to come ma:1   1  
39 to cook word info tom3   64  
39 to cook word info tham1 kap2kha:w3 lit. 'to do'+'food (excluding staple)' 64  
196 to count nap4   54  
34 to cry ha:j3   50  
78 to cut, hack word info tat2   91  
78 to cut, hack word info fan1 to slash 92  
75 to die, be dead ta:j1   1  
90 to dig khut2   36  
50 to dream fan5   8  
40 to drink dɯ:m2   38  
37 to eat kin1   1  
95 to fall word info luəŋ3      
22 to fear kluə1   44  
123 to flow laj5   43  
101 to fly bin1   54  
86 to grow word info to:1      
44 to hear yin1   33  
171 to hide word info ʔɛ:p2   29  
72 to hit word info ti:1   68  
89 to hold word info kam1   1?  
69 to hunt word info la:3   56  
74 to kill kha:3   38  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ru:4   57  
33 to laugh huə5rɔʔ4 The first syllable is the original morpheme for 'to laugh'. 72  
49 to lie down word info nɔ:n1   56  
76 to live, be alive yu:2 'to live' 44  
76 to live, be alive pen1 'to be alive'    
92 to open, uncover pɤt2   43  
84 to plant plu:k2 'to plant' 16  
84 to plant dam1 'to transplant (rice seedlings)' 48  
93 to pound, beat word info tam1   26  
64 to say wa:3   87  
77 to scratch word info kaw1   1  
46 to see hen5   67  
67 to sew word info yep4   29  
70 to shoot word info yiŋ1   29  
51 to sit naŋ3   65  
48 to sleep nɔ:n1   66  
48 to sleep lap2 to be asleep 69  
29 to sniff, smell dom1   39  
36 to spit kha:j1   67  
80 to split word info pha:2   58  
88 to squeeze word info khan4   57  
71 to stab, pierce thɛŋ2   62  
52 to stand yɯ:n1   46  
73 to steal lak4   34  
73 to steal khamo:j1 (default)    
42 to suck du:t2   39  
87 to swell word info buəm1      
9 to swim wa:j3   65  
21 to think khit4   20  
94 to throw word info khwa:ŋ3   64  
66 to tie up, fasten phu:k2   47  
8 to turn word info liəw4   56  
35 to vomit ra:k3   1  
5 to walk dɤ:n1   85  
83 to work word info tham1 (raj3) to do (dry fields) 55  
83 to work word info tham1 (na:1) to do (paddy fields) 55  
47 to yawn ha:w5   17  
32 tongue lin4   36  
31 tooth fan2   1  
31 tooth khiəw3 canine tooth 32  
207 Twenty word info yi:3 sip2      
198 Two word info sɔ:ŋ5   19 L
138 warm word info ʔun2   69  
122 water word info nam4   1  
185 we word info raw1   11  
141 wet piək2   58  
188 what? word info ʔaraj1      
170 when? word info mɯə3 raj2   39  
181 where? word info thi:3 naj5   47  
148 white kha:w1   65  
189 who? word info khraj1      
159 wide kwa:ŋ3      
58 wife miə1   42  
136 wind lom1   63  
100 wing pi:k2   55  
55 woman/female yiŋ5 Tone unexpected but definitely inherited. 60  
127 woods/forest pa:2 wood, forest, groves 74  
127 woods/forest doŋ1 'an area full of certain plants, or animals' 72  
107 worm (earthworm) nɔ:n5   43  
169 year pi:1   52  
150 yellow lɯəŋ1   56  
186 you mɯŋ1 (familiar, vulgar)    
186 you thɤ:1 (colloquial)    
186 you khun1 (formal)    
186 you phuək3- Emphasizes plurality    

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