https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Thai, Siamese

Source/Author:  Pittayawat Pittayaporn 
Notes:   
Problems:  1. Some cognates still exist alongside new ones that replaced them but with different meanings. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Pittayawat Pittayaporn  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 237
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 16
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kam-Tai:Tai:Southwestern 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 61 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
19 shoulder ba:2   1  
61 house ba:n3 Its original meaning is 'village'. The inherited word for 'house' is now archaic. 5  
156 thin word info ba:ŋ1   39  
114 leaf baj1   2?  
101 to fly bin1   54  
87 to swell word info buəm1      
195 no, not bɔ:2 arch. 80  
129 moon can1 default word, Sanskrit   L
160 painful, sick cep2   62  
203 Seven word info cet2 Middle Chinese   L
54 man/male cha:j1   55  
182 I chan4 (colloquial)    
63 name chɯ:3   30  
65 rope chɯək3   37  
130 star da:w1   1  
84 to plant dam1 'to transplant (rice seedlings)' 48  
147 black dam1   1  
27 nose daŋ3 unexpected tone but most likely inherited from Proto-Tai. 1  
164 good di:1   87  
119 earth/soil din1   56  
29 to sniff, smell dom1   39  
127 woods/forest doŋ1 'an area full of certain plants, or animals' 72  
42 to suck du:t2   39  
116 flower dɔ:k2   22  
149 red dɛ:ŋ1   63  
5 to walk dɤ:n1   85  
40 to drink dɯ:m2   38  
129 moon dɯən1 poetic 45  
128 sky fa:4   48  
135 lightning fa:4 lɛp3 (v.) there is no noun for 'lightning' 55  
143 fire faj1   1  
78 to cut, hack word info fan1 to slash 92  
31 tooth fan2   1  
50 to dream fan5   8  
133 rain fon5   37  
11 dust fun2   33  
201 Five word info ha:3 Middle Chinese   L
208 Fifty word info ha:3 sip2      
34 to cry ha:j3   50  
28 to breathe ha:j5 caj1 the second syllable means 'heart, breath'. 52  
47 to yawn ha:w5   17  
105 tail ha:ŋ5   53  
108 louse word info haw5   1  
46 to see hen5   67  
120 stone hin5   29  
202 Six word info hok2 Middle Chinese   L
6 road/path hon5 tha:ŋ1 The original form 'hon5' - only found in compound 'hon5 tha:ŋ1' only 26, 27  
43 ear hu:5   8  
24 head huə5   33  
33 to laugh huə5rɔʔ4 The first syllable is the original morpheme for 'to laugh'. 72  
140 dry word info hɛ:ŋ3   79  
205 Nine word info ka:w3 Middle Chinese   L
89 to hold word info kam1   1?  
41 to bite kat2   1  
77 to scratch word info kaw1   1  
74 to kill kha:3   38  
4 leg/foot kha:5   42  
36 to spit kha:j1   67  
148 white kha:w1   65  
98 egg khaj2   41  
73 to steal khamo:j1 (default)    
88 to squeeze word info khan4   57  
184 he/she khaw5 (familiar, vulgar) 25  
187 they khaw5 (familiar, vulgar) 34  
68 needle khem5   25  
146 ash khi:3 thaw3   43  
21 to think khit4   20  
151 green khiəw1   50  
31 tooth khiəw3 canine tooth 32  
38 to chew word info khiəw4   41  
81 sharp khom   21  
53 person/human being khon1   32  
99 feather khon5   46  
41 to bite khop2 'to break something with one's teeth' 29  
189 who? word info khraj1      
183 thou khun1 (formal)    
186 you khun1 (formal)    
90 to dig khut2   36  
3 right khwa:5   1  
94 to throw word info khwa:ŋ3   64  
145 smoke word info khwan1   54  
25 neck khɔ:1   52  
167 night khɯ:n2   53  
37 to eat kin1   1  
113 branch word info kiŋ2   28  
180 far klaj1   54  
179 near klaj3   72  
22 to fear kluə1   44  
125 salt klɯə1   21  
15 bone kradu:k2 kra- was added secondarily. 1?  
182 I ku:1 (familiar, vulgar) 1  
159 wide kwa:ŋ3      
162 old word info kɛ:2   92  
69 to hunt word info la:3   56  
123 to flow laj5   43  
73 to steal lak4   34  
48 to sleep lap2 to be asleep 69  
13 back word info laŋ5   66  
62 thatch/roof laŋ5 kha:1 'roof' from 'back' + 'thatch grass'    
152 small lek4   76  
32 tongue lin4   36  
8 to turn word info liəw4   56  
136 wind lom1   63  
56 child lu:k3   1  
95 to fall word info luəŋ3      
192 and lɛʔ4   45  
85 to choose lɯək3   26  
23 blood lɯət3   28  
150 yellow lɯəŋ1   56  
7 to come ma:1   1  
96 dog ma:5   61  
163 new maj2   34  
195 no, not maj3   81  
184 he/she man (familiar, vulgar) 22  
187 they man (familiar, vulgar) 36  
104 fat/grease man1   1?  
131 cloud word info me:k3 Sanskrit   L
195 no, not mi4 arch. 81  
58 wife miə1   42  
132 fog mɔ:k2   53  
59 mother mɛ:3   39  
110 spider mɛ:ŋ1 mum1   49  
1 hand mɯ:1   1  
183 thou mɯŋ1 (familiar, vulgar) 1  
186 you mɯŋ1 (familiar, vulgar)    
170 when? word info mɯə3 raj2   39  
158 narrow na:3      
157 thick word info na:5   47  
139 cold word info na:w5   72  
174 in, inside naj1   33  
142 heavy nak2   42  
122 water word info nam4   1  
178 that nan4   1  
196 to count nap4   54  
112 rotten word info naw3   34  
51 to sit naŋ3   65  
12 skin naŋ5   56  
177 this ni:4   1  
97 bird nok4   1  
18 breast nom1   40  
102 rat nu:5   59  
48 to sleep nɔ:n1   66  
49 to lie down word info nɔ:n1   56  
107 worm (earthworm) nɔ:n5   43  
126 lake nɔ:ŋ5 lake 28  
197 One word info nɯŋ2   35  
103 meat/flesh nɯə4   60  
175 above nɯə5   34  
127 woods/forest pa:2 wood, forest, groves 74  
30 mouth pa:k2   1?  
137 to blow word info paw2   54  
76 to live, be alive pen1 'to be alive'    
80 to split word info pha:2   58  
210 One Thousand word info phan1 Middle Chinese   L
144 to burn word info phaw5   65  
26 hair word info phom5   47  
182 I phom5 (formal)    
117 fruit phon5lamaj4      
66 to tie up, fasten phu:k2   47  
57 husband phuə5   49  
186 you phuək3- Emphasizes plurality    
187 they phuək3- Emphasizes plurality    
60 father phɔ:3   26  
169 year pi:1   52  
100 wing pi:k2   55  
172 to climb word info pi:n1   27  
141 wet piək2   58  
111 fish pla:1   64  
84 to plant plu:k2 'to plant' 16  
204 Eight word info pɛ:t2 Middle Chinese   L
92 to open, uncover pɤt2   43  
165 bad, evil ra:j4   56  
35 to vomit ra:k3   1  
115 root ra:k3   31  
185 we word info raw1   11  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ru:4   57  
209 One Hundred word info rɔ:j4 Middle Chinese 33 L
121 sand sa:j2   62  
2 left sa:j4   46  
134 thunder sa:j5 fa:4 can also include 'lightning' 61  
199 Three word info sa:m5 Middle Chinese   L
16 intestines saj3   48  
154 short word info san3 'short in length'    
200 Four word info si:2 Middle Chinese   L
206 Ten word info sip2 Middle Chinese   L
10 dirty sok2kapok2      
198 Two word info sɔ:ŋ5   19 L
91 to buy sɯ:4   37?  
45 eye ta:1   1  
75 to die, be dead ta:j1   1  
176 below taj3   50  
93 to pound, beat word info tam1   26  
17 liver tap2   1?  
78 to cut, hack word info tat2   91  
193 if tha:3   41  
126 lake tha:le:1 sa:p2 Old Khmer   L
6 road/path tha:ŋ1 path 26  
124 sea thale:1 Old Khmer   L
83 to work word info tham1 (na:1) to do (paddy fields) 55  
83 to work word info tham1 (raj3) to do (dry fields) 55  
39 to cook word info tham1 kap2kha:w3 lit. 'to do'+'food (excluding staple)' 64  
6 road/path thanon5 road, Old Khmer?   L
191 all thaŋ4 mot2   53, 55  
173 at thi:3   36  
181 where? word info thi:3 naj5   47  
166 correct, true thu:k2   49  
14 belly thɔ:ŋ4   47  
79 stick/wood thɔn3 (maj4)   14  
71 to stab, pierce thɛŋ2   62  
183 thou thɤ:1 (colloquial)    
186 you thɤ:1 (colloquial)    
82 dull, blunt thɯ:3   22  
72 to hit word info ti:1   68  
154 short word info tiə3 'short in height'    
86 to grow word info to:1      
39 to cook word info tom3   64  
64 to say wa:3   87  
9 to swim wa:j3   65  
168 day wan1   41  
118 grass ya:3   44  
155 long word info ya:w1   64  
194 how? word info ya:ŋ2 raj1      
153 big yaj2   59  
67 to sew word info yep4   29  
207 Twenty word info yi:3 sip2      
44 to hear yin1   33  
70 to shoot word info yiŋ1   29  
55 woman/female yiŋ5 Tone unexpected but definitely inherited. 60  
76 to live, be alive yu:2 'to live' 44  
52 to stand yɯ:n1   46  
106 snake ŋu:2   50  
109 mosquito ɲuŋ1      
161 shy, ashamed ʔa:j1   41  
188 what? word info ʔaraj1      
138 warm word info ʔun2   69  
171 to hide word info ʔɛ:p2   29  
190 other ʔɯ:n2   39  

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