https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Thai, Siamese

Source/Author:  Pittayawat Pittayaporn 
Notes:   
Problems:  1. Some cognates still exist alongside new ones that replaced them but with different meanings. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Pittayawat Pittayaporn  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 237
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 16
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kam-Tai:Tai:Southwestern 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing all of 61 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
6 road/path thanon5 road, Old Khmer?   L
10 dirty sok2kapok2      
62 thatch/roof laŋ5 kha:1 'roof' from 'back' + 'thatch grass'    
73 to steal khamo:j1 (default)    
76 to live, be alive pen1 'to be alive'    
86 to grow word info to:1      
87 to swell word info buəm1      
95 to fall word info luəŋ3      
109 mosquito ɲuŋ1      
117 fruit phon5lamaj4      
124 sea thale:1 Old Khmer   L
126 lake tha:le:1 sa:p2 Old Khmer   L
129 moon can1 default word, Sanskrit   L
131 cloud word info me:k3 Sanskrit   L
154 short word info tiə3 'short in height'    
154 short word info san3 'short in length'    
158 narrow na:3      
159 wide kwa:ŋ3      
182 I phom5 (formal)    
182 I chan4 (colloquial)    
183 thou thɤ:1 (colloquial)    
183 thou khun1 (formal)    
186 you mɯŋ1 (familiar, vulgar)    
186 you thɤ:1 (colloquial)    
186 you khun1 (formal)    
186 you phuək3- Emphasizes plurality    
187 they phuək3- Emphasizes plurality    
188 what? word info ʔaraj1      
189 who? word info khraj1      
194 how? word info ya:ŋ2 raj1      
199 Three word info sa:m5 Middle Chinese   L
200 Four word info si:2 Middle Chinese   L
201 Five word info ha:3 Middle Chinese   L
202 Six word info hok2 Middle Chinese   L
203 Seven word info cet2 Middle Chinese   L
204 Eight word info pɛ:t2 Middle Chinese   L
205 Nine word info ka:w3 Middle Chinese   L
206 Ten word info sip2 Middle Chinese   L
207 Twenty word info yi:3 sip2      
208 Fifty word info ha:3 sip2      
210 One Thousand word info phan1 Middle Chinese   L
1 hand mɯ:1   1  
3 right khwa:5   1  
7 to come ma:1   1  
19 shoulder ba:2   1  
27 nose daŋ3 unexpected tone but most likely inherited from Proto-Tai. 1  
31 tooth fan2   1  
35 to vomit ra:k3   1  
37 to eat kin1   1  
41 to bite kat2   1  
45 eye ta:1   1  
56 child lu:k3   1  
75 to die, be dead ta:j1   1  
77 to scratch word info kaw1   1  
97 bird nok4   1  
108 louse word info haw5   1  
122 water word info nam4   1  
130 star da:w1   1  
143 fire faj1   1  
147 black dam1   1  
177 this ni:4   1  
178 that nan4   1  
182 I ku:1 (familiar, vulgar) 1  
183 thou mɯŋ1 (familiar, vulgar) 1  
185 we word info raw1   11  
79 stick/wood thɔn3 (maj4)   14  
84 to plant plu:k2 'to plant' 16  
47 to yawn ha:w5   17  
198 Two word info sɔ:ŋ5   19 L
15 bone kradu:k2 kra- was added secondarily. 1?  
17 liver tap2   1?  
30 mouth pa:k2   1?  
89 to hold word info kam1   1?  
104 fat/grease man1   1?  
21 to think khit4   20  
81 sharp khom   21  
125 salt klɯə1   21  
82 dull, blunt thɯ:3   22  
116 flower dɔ:k2   22  
184 he/she man (familiar, vulgar) 22  
68 needle khem5   25  
184 he/she khaw5 (familiar, vulgar) 25  
6 road/path tha:ŋ1 path 26  
60 father phɔ:3   26  
85 to choose lɯək3   26  
93 to pound, beat word info tam1   26  
6 road/path hon5 tha:ŋ1 The original form 'hon5' - only found in compound 'hon5 tha:ŋ1' only 26, 27  
172 to climb word info pi:n1   27  
23 blood lɯət3   28  
113 branch word info kiŋ2   28  
126 lake nɔ:ŋ5 lake 28  
41 to bite khop2 'to break something with one's teeth' 29  
67 to sew word info yep4   29  
70 to shoot word info yiŋ1   29  
120 stone hin5   29  
171 to hide word info ʔɛ:p2   29  
114 leaf baj1   2?  
63 name chɯ:3   30  
115 root ra:k3   31  
31 tooth khiəw3 canine tooth 32  
53 person/human being khon1   32  
11 dust fun2   33  
24 head huə5   33  
44 to hear yin1   33  
174 in, inside naj1   33  
209 One Hundred word info rɔ:j4 Middle Chinese 33 L
73 to steal lak4   34  
112 rotten word info naw3   34  
163 new maj2   34  
175 above nɯə5   34  
187 they khaw5 (familiar, vulgar) 34  
197 One word info nɯŋ2   35  
32 tongue lin4   36  
90 to dig khut2   36  
173 at thi:3   36  
187 they man (familiar, vulgar) 36  
65 rope chɯək3   37  
133 rain fon5   37  
91 to buy sɯ:4   37?  
40 to drink dɯ:m2   38  
74 to kill kha:3   38  
29 to sniff, smell dom1   39  
42 to suck du:t2   39  
59 mother mɛ:3   39  
156 thin word info ba:ŋ1   39  
170 when? word info mɯə3 raj2   39  
190 other ʔɯ:n2   39  
18 breast nom1   40  
38 to chew word info khiəw4   41  
98 egg khaj2   41  
161 shy, ashamed ʔa:j1   41  
168 day wan1   41  
193 if tha:3   41  
4 leg/foot kha:5   42  
58 wife miə1   42  
142 heavy nak2   42  
92 to open, uncover pɤt2   43  
107 worm (earthworm) nɔ:n5   43  
123 to flow laj5   43  
146 ash khi:3 thaw3   43  
22 to fear kluə1   44  
76 to live, be alive yu:2 'to live' 44  
118 grass ya:3   44  
129 moon dɯən1 poetic 45  
192 and lɛʔ4   45  
2 left sa:j4   46  
52 to stand yɯ:n1   46  
99 feather khon5   46  
14 belly thɔ:ŋ4   47  
26 hair word info phom5   47  
66 to tie up, fasten phu:k2   47  
157 thick word info na:5   47  
181 where? word info thi:3 naj5   47  
16 intestines saj3   48  
84 to plant dam1 'to transplant (rice seedlings)' 48  
128 sky fa:4   48  
57 husband phuə5   49  
110 spider mɛ:ŋ1 mum1   49  
166 correct, true thu:k2   49  
61 house ba:n3 Its original meaning is 'village'. The inherited word for 'house' is now archaic. 5  
34 to cry ha:j3   50  
106 snake ŋu:2   50  
151 green khiəw1   50  
176 below taj3   50  
25 neck khɔ:1   52  
28 to breathe ha:j5 caj1 the second syllable means 'heart, breath'. 52  
169 year pi:1   52  
105 tail ha:ŋ5   53  
132 fog mɔ:k2   53  
167 night khɯ:n2   53  
191 all thaŋ4 mot2   53, 55  
101 to fly bin1   54  
137 to blow word info paw2   54  
145 smoke word info khwan1   54  
180 far klaj1   54  
196 to count nap4   54  
54 man/male cha:j1   55  
83 to work word info tham1 (raj3) to do (dry fields) 55  
83 to work word info tham1 (na:1) to do (paddy fields) 55  
100 wing pi:k2   55  
135 lightning fa:4 lɛp3 (v.) there is no noun for 'lightning' 55  
8 to turn word info liəw4   56  
12 skin naŋ5   56  
49 to lie down word info nɔ:n1   56  
69 to hunt word info la:3   56  
119 earth/soil din1   56  
150 yellow lɯəŋ1   56  
165 bad, evil ra:j4   56  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ru:4   57  
88 to squeeze word info khan4   57  
80 to split word info pha:2   58  
141 wet piək2   58  
102 rat nu:5   59  
153 big yaj2   59  
55 woman/female yiŋ5 Tone unexpected but definitely inherited. 60  
103 meat/flesh nɯə4   60  
96 dog ma:5   61  
134 thunder sa:j5 fa:4 can also include 'lightning' 61  
71 to stab, pierce thɛŋ2   62  
121 sand sa:j2   62  
160 painful, sick cep2   62  
136 wind lom1   63  
149 red dɛ:ŋ1   63  
39 to cook word info tom3   64  
39 to cook word info tham1 kap2kha:w3 lit. 'to do'+'food (excluding staple)' 64  
94 to throw word info khwa:ŋ3   64  
111 fish pla:1   64  
155 long word info ya:w1   64  
9 to swim wa:j3   65  
51 to sit naŋ3   65  
144 to burn word info phaw5   65  
148 white kha:w1   65  
13 back word info laŋ5   66  
48 to sleep nɔ:n1   66  
36 to spit kha:j1   67  
46 to see hen5   67  
72 to hit word info ti:1   68  
48 to sleep lap2 to be asleep 69  
138 warm word info ʔun2   69  
33 to laugh huə5rɔʔ4 The first syllable is the original morpheme for 'to laugh'. 72  
127 woods/forest doŋ1 'an area full of certain plants, or animals' 72  
139 cold word info na:w5   72  
179 near klaj3   72  
127 woods/forest pa:2 wood, forest, groves 74  
152 small lek4   76  
140 dry word info hɛ:ŋ3   79  
43 ear hu:5   8  
50 to dream fan5   8  
195 no, not bɔ:2 arch. 80  
195 no, not mi4 arch. 81  
195 no, not maj3   81  
5 to walk dɤ:n1   85  
64 to say wa:3   87  
164 good di:1   87  
78 to cut, hack word info tat2   91  
78 to cut, hack word info fan1 to slash 92  
162 old word info kɛ:2   92  

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