https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Thai, Siamese

Source/Author:  Pittayawat Pittayaporn 
Notes:   
Problems:  1. Some cognates still exist alongside new ones that replaced them but with different meanings. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Pittayawat Pittayaporn  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 237
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 16
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kam-Tai:Tai:Southwestern 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 61 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand mɯ:1   1  
2 left sa:j4   46  
3 right khwa:5   1  
4 leg/foot kha:5   42  
5 to walk dɤ:n1   85  
6 road/path tha:ŋ1 path 26  
6 road/path thanon5 road, Old Khmer?   L
6 road/path hon5 tha:ŋ1 The original form 'hon5' - only found in compound 'hon5 tha:ŋ1' only 26, 27  
7 to come ma:1   1  
8 to turn word info liəw4   56  
9 to swim wa:j3   65  
10 dirty sok2kapok2      
11 dust fun2   33  
12 skin naŋ5   56  
13 back word info laŋ5   66  
14 belly thɔ:ŋ4   47  
15 bone kradu:k2 kra- was added secondarily. 1?  
16 intestines saj3   48  
17 liver tap2   1?  
18 breast nom1   40  
19 shoulder ba:2   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ru:4   57  
21 to think khit4   20  
22 to fear kluə1   44  
23 blood lɯət3   28  
24 head huə5   33  
25 neck khɔ:1   52  
26 hair word info phom5   47  
27 nose daŋ3 unexpected tone but most likely inherited from Proto-Tai. 1  
28 to breathe ha:j5 caj1 the second syllable means 'heart, breath'. 52  
29 to sniff, smell dom1   39  
30 mouth pa:k2   1?  
31 tooth fan2   1  
31 tooth khiəw3 canine tooth 32  
32 tongue lin4   36  
33 to laugh huə5rɔʔ4 The first syllable is the original morpheme for 'to laugh'. 72  
34 to cry ha:j3   50  
35 to vomit ra:k3   1  
36 to spit kha:j1   67  
37 to eat kin1   1  
38 to chew word info khiəw4   41  
39 to cook word info tom3   64  
39 to cook word info tham1 kap2kha:w3 lit. 'to do'+'food (excluding staple)' 64  
40 to drink dɯ:m2   38  
41 to bite kat2   1  
41 to bite khop2 'to break something with one's teeth' 29  
42 to suck du:t2   39  
43 ear hu:5   8  
44 to hear yin1   33  
45 eye ta:1   1  
46 to see hen5   67  
47 to yawn ha:w5   17  
48 to sleep nɔ:n1   66  
48 to sleep lap2 to be asleep 69  
49 to lie down word info nɔ:n1   56  
50 to dream fan5   8  
51 to sit naŋ3   65  
52 to stand yɯ:n1   46  
53 person/human being khon1   32  
54 man/male cha:j1   55  
55 woman/female yiŋ5 Tone unexpected but definitely inherited. 60  
56 child lu:k3   1  
57 husband phuə5   49  
58 wife miə1   42  
59 mother mɛ:3   39  
60 father phɔ:3   26  
61 house ba:n3 Its original meaning is 'village'. The inherited word for 'house' is now archaic. 5  
62 thatch/roof laŋ5 kha:1 'roof' from 'back' + 'thatch grass'    
63 name chɯ:3   30  
64 to say wa:3   87  
65 rope chɯək3   37  
66 to tie up, fasten phu:k2   47  
67 to sew word info yep4   29  
68 needle khem5   25  
69 to hunt word info la:3   56  
70 to shoot word info yiŋ1   29  
71 to stab, pierce thɛŋ2   62  
72 to hit word info ti:1   68  
73 to steal lak4   34  
73 to steal khamo:j1 (default)    
74 to kill kha:3   38  
75 to die, be dead ta:j1   1  
76 to live, be alive yu:2 'to live' 44  
76 to live, be alive pen1 'to be alive'    
77 to scratch word info kaw1   1  
78 to cut, hack word info tat2   91  
78 to cut, hack word info fan1 to slash 92  
79 stick/wood thɔn3 (maj4)   14  
80 to split word info pha:2   58  
81 sharp khom   21  
82 dull, blunt thɯ:3   22  
83 to work word info tham1 (raj3) to do (dry fields) 55  
83 to work word info tham1 (na:1) to do (paddy fields) 55  
84 to plant plu:k2 'to plant' 16  
84 to plant dam1 'to transplant (rice seedlings)' 48  
85 to choose lɯək3   26  
86 to grow word info to:1      
87 to swell word info buəm1      
88 to squeeze word info khan4   57  
89 to hold word info kam1   1?  
90 to dig khut2   36  
91 to buy sɯ:4   37?  
92 to open, uncover pɤt2   43  
93 to pound, beat word info tam1   26  
94 to throw word info khwa:ŋ3   64  
95 to fall word info luəŋ3      
96 dog ma:5   61  
97 bird nok4   1  
98 egg khaj2   41  
99 feather khon5   46  
100 wing pi:k2   55  
101 to fly bin1   54  
102 rat nu:5   59  
103 meat/flesh nɯə4   60  
104 fat/grease man1   1?  
105 tail ha:ŋ5   53  
106 snake ŋu:2   50  
107 worm (earthworm) nɔ:n5   43  
108 louse word info haw5   1  
109 mosquito ɲuŋ1      
110 spider mɛ:ŋ1 mum1   49  
111 fish pla:1   64  
112 rotten word info naw3   34  
113 branch word info kiŋ2   28  
114 leaf baj1   2?  
115 root ra:k3   31  
116 flower dɔ:k2   22  
117 fruit phon5lamaj4      
118 grass ya:3   44  
119 earth/soil din1   56  
120 stone hin5   29  
121 sand sa:j2   62  
122 water word info nam4   1  
123 to flow laj5   43  
124 sea thale:1 Old Khmer   L
125 salt klɯə1   21  
126 lake tha:le:1 sa:p2 Old Khmer   L
126 lake nɔ:ŋ5 lake 28  
127 woods/forest pa:2 wood, forest, groves 74  
127 woods/forest doŋ1 'an area full of certain plants, or animals' 72  
128 sky fa:4   48  
129 moon can1 default word, Sanskrit   L
129 moon dɯən1 poetic 45  
130 star da:w1   1  
131 cloud word info me:k3 Sanskrit   L
132 fog mɔ:k2   53  
133 rain fon5   37  
134 thunder sa:j5 fa:4 can also include 'lightning' 61  
135 lightning fa:4 lɛp3 (v.) there is no noun for 'lightning' 55  
136 wind lom1   63  
137 to blow word info paw2   54  
138 warm word info ʔun2   69  
139 cold word info na:w5   72  
140 dry word info hɛ:ŋ3   79  
141 wet piək2   58  
142 heavy nak2   42  
143 fire faj1   1  
144 to burn word info phaw5   65  
145 smoke word info khwan1   54  
146 ash khi:3 thaw3   43  
147 black dam1   1  
148 white kha:w1   65  
149 red dɛ:ŋ1   63  
150 yellow lɯəŋ1   56  
151 green khiəw1   50  
152 small lek4   76  
153 big yaj2   59  
154 short word info tiə3 'short in height'    
154 short word info san3 'short in length'    
155 long word info ya:w1   64  
156 thin word info ba:ŋ1   39  
157 thick word info na:5   47  
158 narrow na:3      
159 wide kwa:ŋ3      
160 painful, sick cep2   62  
161 shy, ashamed ʔa:j1   41  
162 old word info kɛ:2   92  
163 new maj2   34  
164 good di:1   87  
165 bad, evil ra:j4   56  
166 correct, true thu:k2   49  
167 night khɯ:n2   53  
168 day wan1   41  
169 year pi:1   52  
170 when? word info mɯə3 raj2   39  
171 to hide word info ʔɛ:p2   29  
172 to climb word info pi:n1   27  
173 at thi:3   36  
174 in, inside naj1   33  
175 above nɯə5   34  
176 below taj3   50  
177 this ni:4   1  
178 that nan4   1  
179 near klaj3   72  
180 far klaj1   54  
181 where? word info thi:3 naj5   47  
182 I ku:1 (familiar, vulgar) 1  
182 I phom5 (formal)    
182 I chan4 (colloquial)    
183 thou mɯŋ1 (familiar, vulgar) 1  
183 thou thɤ:1 (colloquial)    
183 thou khun1 (formal)    
184 he/she khaw5 (familiar, vulgar) 25  
184 he/she man (familiar, vulgar) 22  
185 we word info raw1   11  
186 you mɯŋ1 (familiar, vulgar)    
186 you thɤ:1 (colloquial)    
186 you khun1 (formal)    
186 you phuək3- Emphasizes plurality    
187 they khaw5 (familiar, vulgar) 34  
187 they man (familiar, vulgar) 36  
187 they phuək3- Emphasizes plurality    
188 what? word info ʔaraj1      
189 who? word info khraj1      
190 other ʔɯ:n2   39  
191 all thaŋ4 mot2   53, 55  
192 and lɛʔ4   45  
193 if tha:3   41  
194 how? word info ya:ŋ2 raj1      
195 no, not mi4 arch. 81  
195 no, not bɔ:2 arch. 80  
195 no, not maj3   81  
196 to count nap4   54  
197 One word info nɯŋ2   35  
198 Two word info sɔ:ŋ5   19 L
199 Three word info sa:m5 Middle Chinese   L
200 Four word info si:2 Middle Chinese   L
201 Five word info ha:3 Middle Chinese   L
202 Six word info hok2 Middle Chinese   L
203 Seven word info cet2 Middle Chinese   L
204 Eight word info pɛ:t2 Middle Chinese   L
205 Nine word info ka:w3 Middle Chinese   L
206 Ten word info sip2 Middle Chinese   L
207 Twenty word info yi:3 sip2      
208 Fifty word info ha:3 sip2      
209 One Hundred word info rɔ:j4 Middle Chinese 33 L
210 One Thousand word info phan1 Middle Chinese   L

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