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Language: Besemah

Source/Author:  Sindi Idwin 
Notes:  This language is spoken largely in the highland of Besemah of South Sumatera Indonesia - particularly those who live in around Mount Dempo. Appreciate any corrections
SKT = 'Sanskrit', which stands for all North Indian influence between Sanskrit and Middle-Indian 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Sindi Idwin  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Malayo-Chamic:Malayic:Malay 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 71 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
183 thou      
149 red abang < JV 33 L
146 ash abu   1  
168 day aghi list originally had siang but that word usually refers to 'early afternoon, clearest part of the day' 17  
115 root akagh   2  
182 I aku   1  
56 child anak   1  
138 warm word info angat   112  
136 wind angin   1  
96 dog anjing   27  
143 fire api   1  
145 smoke word info asap   49  
62 thatch/roof atap   1  
17 liver ati   1  
122 water word info ayek   2  
19 shoulder bahu < SKT 17 L
112 rotten word info bangai      
60 father bapang < *b(a)- +*apa + *N; *apa = Dravidian 5 L
141 wet basah   1  
120 stone batu   1  
176 below bawah   1  
69 to hunt word info beburu   23  
52 to stand bediri   1  
83 to work word info begawe < JV 23 L
142 heavy beghat   1  
5 to walk bejalan   21  
9 to swim bekayuh X (SA: lit. 'to row')    
13 back word info belakang   27  
91 to buy beli   1  
39 to cook word info bemasak   19  
50 to dream bemimpi   1, 37  
28 to breathe benapas < AR 29 L
86 to grow word info besak      
153 big besak SA: -k is irregular 28, 128  
171 to hide word info besimbun      
55 woman/female betine   19  
166 correct, true betul   23  
58 wife bini   5  
130 star bintang   1  
117 fruit buah   1  
92 to open, uncover buka   1  
195 no, not bukan   26  
129 moon bulan   1  
99 feather bulu   1  
116 flower bunge   1  
104 fat/grease bunguk      
97 bird burung   17  
9 to swim bədənaŋ < Helfrich 1904 23  
113 branch word info cabang   9  
43 ear cuping   15, 51  
18 breast dade = chest 12  
23 blood dagha   1  
103 meat/flesh daging   26  
179 near damping   25  
192 and dan   18  
126 lake danau   1  
7 to come datang   14  
114 leaf daun   1  
11 dust debu   58  
173 at di   20  
174 in, inside di dalam   1  
175 above di pucuk      
184 he/she die   18  
181 where? word info dimane   20  
139 cold word info dingin   1  
51 to sit duduk   35  
198 Two word info due   1  
207 Twenty word info due puluh   3, 6  
137 to blow word info embus   30  
163 new empai   17  
200 Four word info empat   1  
202 Six word info enam   1  
77 to scratch word info gaghut   44  
125 salt garam   18  
89 to hold word info genggam   1  
61 house ghumah   1  
118 grass ghumput   27  
31 tooth gigi   17  
41 to bite gigit   21  
72 to hit word info gucuh      
26 hair word info gumbak      
27 nose idung   1  
76 to live, be alive idup   1, 82  
151 green ijau   25  
111 fish ikan   1  
105 tail ikok   1, 72  
164 good ilok   68  
177 this ini   1  
147 black itam   1  
178 that itu   16  
68 needle jaghum   1  
6 road/path jalan   1  
180 far jauh   1  
53 person/human being jeme ult. < Sanskrit 16 L
186 you kaba ? < *(i)tu apa, cf. tuapo (Helfrich 1904) (SA)    
132 fog kabut   1  
90 to dig kali   1  
193 if kalu < SKT jaka + AR law 14 L
185 we word info kami   2  
3 right kanan   1, 73  
165 bad, evil karuk      
79 stick/wood kayu   1  
170 when? word info kebile   13  
152 small kecik   28  
140 dry word info keghing   22  
4 leg/foot keting   92  
2 left kidau   56, 28  
135 lightning kilat   1  
10 dirty kulat   60  
12 skin kulit   1  
150 yellow kuning   1  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
110 spider labalaba   1  
57 husband laki   28  
54 man/male lanang < JV 124 L
81 sharp landap   34  
128 sky langit   1  
204 Eight word info lapan   4  
124 sea laut   6  
25 neck liagh   1  
159 wide libagh   48  
32 tongue lidah   4, 31  
201 Five word info lime   1  
208 Fifty word info lime puluh   1, 2  
194 how? word info lukmane   23  
37 to eat makan   1  
167 night malam   20  
73 to steal maling   16  
161 shy, ashamed malu   20  
45 eye mate   1  
75 to die, be dead mati   1  
80 to split word info mbagi (= "to divide'?) ult. < Sanskrit 93 L
8 to turn word info mbelok   24  
74 to kill mbunuh   1  
131 cloud word info mendung      
38 to chew word info mepak SA: kunyah (16) and mamah (1) are also in Besemah (cf. Helfrich 1904) 66  
21 to think mikir < AR 22 L
85 to choose milih   1  
40 to drink minum   1  
30 mouth mulut   27  
35 to vomit muntah   1  
172 to climb word info naik   1  
63 name name < SKT 12 L
84 to plant nanam   2  
34 to cry nangis   1  
88 to squeeze word info nciut      
44 to hear ndengagh   1  
190 other ne lain   2  
70 to shoot word info nembak   49  
78 to cut, hack word info netak   3  
123 to flow ngalir   1  
87 to swell word info ngembang   20  
66 to tie up, fasten ngencang      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ngerti < SKT 140 L
107 worm (earthworm) nggelang   15  
49 to lie down word info ngguling   54  
64 to say ngicik   26  
46 to see nginak   131  
29 to sniff, smell ngisap 'to suck in'? 121  
42 to suck ngisap   1  
196 to count ngitung   31  
47 to yawn nguap   19  
156 thin word info nipis   1, 44  
67 to sew word info njait   2  
71 to stab, pierce nujah   22  
94 to throw word info nukar ? questionable; there is also limpar (Helfrich 1904)    
93 to pound, beat word info nutuk   2  
109 mosquito nyamuk   1  
144 to burn word info nyilap   22, 14  
24 head palak < SKT 29 L
154 short word info pandak   1  
155 long word info panjang   24  
121 sand pasir   18  
14 belly peghut   32  
148 white putih   1  
134 thunder ribut ? means 'stormy' in other Malay dialects; there is also gurue(h) (Helfrich 1904) 102  
187 they rombongan lit. 'group of people' (SA)    
160 painful, sick sakit   1  
189 who? word info sape   12  
100 wing sayap   26  
205 Nine word info sembilan   10  
158 narrow sempit   68  
191 all semua   33 L
206 Ten word info sepuluh   5  
209 One Hundred word info seratus   4  
210 One Thousand word info seribu   5  
168 day siang ?suspect (usually refers to early afternoon)    
197 One word info sikuk < *sa- *ikuʔ 'one tail' 1, 85  
18 breast susu = female breast 1  
22 to fear takut   1  
65 rope tali   1  
119 earth/soil tanah   1  
1 hand tangan   18  
188 what? word info tape      
169 year taun   1  
157 thick word info tebal   26  
98 egg teluw   1  
101 to fly terbang   18  
33 to laugh tetawe   1  
48 to sleep tiduk   1, 70  
199 Three word info tige   8  
102 rat tikus   22  
162 old word info tue   1  
203 Seven word info tujuh   4  
15 bone tulang   1  
82 dull, blunt tumpul   3  
36 to spit tusuk   111  
133 rain ujan   1  
106 snake ulagh   2  
59 mother umak   35  
95 to fall word info umban      
16 intestines usus   24  
127 woods/forest utan   7  

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