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Language: Sowa

Source/Author:  Andrew Gray 
Notes:  Sowa language is extinct; the last fluent speaker died in 2000. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew Gray  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand ŋê-   27  
2 left mwii   1, 59  
3 right mwôzô   5  
4 leg/foot sunlê-   37  
5 to walk wurut   29  
6 road/path sal   1  
6 road/path sala-   1  
7 to come maê   1  
8 to turn word info kinsêk   117  
9 to swim los bathe 8  
10 dirty      
11 dust marsôw   88  
12 skin vinu-   28  
12 skin lô-   81?  
13 back word info sundô-   137  
14 belly zapnge-   13  
14 belly wolatne-   27  
15 bone su-   52  
16 intestines têne-   1  
17 liver zi-   40  
18 breast sus   1  
18 breast susu-   1  
19 shoulder base-   65, 71  
20 to know, be knowledgeable -kla   18  
21 to think dôdmê   13  
22 to fear -mzaêk   1  
23 blood da   1  
24 head bozô-   9  
25 neck bwalakena-   84  
25 neck ranvadlo-   42  
26 hair word info il   31  
26 hair word info li-   31  
27 nose bwangsô-   27, 12  
28 to breathe ngongos   36  
29 to sniff, smell -rngo bwo- -rngo = hear/feel 42, 62  
30 mouth lalwa- internal 50  
30 mouth lipmo- external    
31 tooth lêw   1, 35  
31 tooth lêwô-   1, 35  
32 tongue mê-   7  
33 to laugh man   51  
34 to cry daêng   1  
35 to vomit   8  
36 to spit kasuu   19  
37 to eat kan intransitive 1  
37 to eat -kngê transitive 1  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info rangnê roast 37  
40 to drink min intransitive 1, 49  
40 to drink -mni transitive 1, 49  
40 to drink mini imperative 1, 49  
41 to bite kat intransitive 1, 55  
41 to bite -kzê transitive 1, 55  
41 to bite kazê imperative 1, 55  
42 to suck -rsu   58  
43 ear dalngê-   1, 40  
44 to hear rong intransitive 1  
44 to hear -rngo transitive 1  
45 eye maza-   1  
46 to see les intransitive 14, 94  
46 to see -lsê transitive 14, 94  
46 to see lesê imperative 14, 94  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep -mzôô   1  
49 to lie down word info oo   79  
50 to dream le pabwêk   29  
51 to sit dok   147  
52 to stand du   2  
53 person/human being azô   24?  
54 man/male dalmo   27  
55 woman/female iemat   37  
56 child womwal   8  
57 husband esa-   2  
58 wife dadô-   37  
59 mother dasê-   17  
60 father zama-   1  
61 house im   1  
61 house val   14  
62 thatch/roof sêkoo sago palm 20  
62 thatch/roof zokoo sago palm 20  
63 name se-   1  
64 to say -ve   13, 103  
65 rope ekaê   35  
65 rope e-      
66 to tie up, fasten weze   86  
67 to sew word info solsol intransitive 32  
67 to sew word info -slo transitive 32  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info -kro chase 59  
70 to shoot word info dep   8  
71 to stab, pierce -sko   67  
72 to hit word info -sê      
73 to steal las intransitive 20  
73 to steal lasnê transitive 20, 28  
74 to kill -sê same as "hit"    
75 to die, be dead mat   1  
76 to live, be alive bês   56  
76 to live, be alive vês   56  
77 to scratch word info takrê   12, 28  
78 to cut, hack word info dal intransitive 1  
78 to cut, hack word info dalê transitive 38  
79 stick/wood tukaê wood 1+  
80 to split word info pwerê usually in combination with other verbs (dal pwere, 'cut and split') 1?  
81 sharp maman   14  
82 dull, blunt -ptet   15  
83 to work word info ôm   1  
84 to plant -rwu transitive 9  
84 to plant ruwu imperative 9  
85 to choose dungenê   35  
86 to grow word info môô   24  
87 to swell word info kalok "be big" 60  
88 to squeeze word info wewe      
89 to hold word info -psu      
90 to dig kil intransitive 1  
90 to dig -kli transitive 1  
90 to dig kili imperative 1  
91 to buy -kle transitive 48  
91 to buy kele imperative 48  
92 to open, uncover sangvê   40  
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info wasnê   42  
95 to fall word info ôs      
96 dog wuri   7, 75  
96 dog wiri   7, 75, 80  
97 bird bwisêl   30  
98 egg dôl   1, 66  
98 egg dôlô-   1, 66  
99 feather      
100 wing valka-   38, 69  
101 to fly kak   14  
102 rat zomo   72  
103 meat/flesh viso-   10  
104 fat/grease ru- large pieces of fat 44  
104 fat/grease sasal small amounts of grease    
105 tail kere- of animal 39  
105 tail lupinzê- of bird 68  
106 snake bwarasok   20  
107 worm (earthworm) tabsus   25  
107 worm (earthworm) wotabsus   25  
108 louse word info ut   1  
109 mosquito tabken   35  
110 spider wotabkaka   8, 77  
111 fish ek   1  
112 rotten word info pok   30  
113 branch word info ra-   1  
113 branch word info rez   1  
114 leaf rô-   1  
115 root lêpwe-   18  
116 flower ngê-   39  
117 fruit wa-   1, 26  
118 grass wavilis   1  
119 earth/soil zuzan   1  
120 stone vat   1  
121 sand on   1  
122 water word info   1  
123 to flow row run 37  
123 to flow sal float 38  
124 sea zas   1  
125 salt zas same as "sea" or "saltwater" 20  
126 lake bwatnêb pool in river 23  
127 woods/forest atrab   41  
128 sky bini   29  
129 moon wôl   1  
130 star wamso   13, 32  
131 cloud word info      
132 fog kakaw   1  
133 rain ôs   1  
134 thunder ruu mere   47  
135 lightning bil   26  
136 wind laêng   11, 77  
137 to blow word info ree of wind 40  
137 to blow word info riv of wind 40  
137 to blow word info wu with mouth 4  
138 warm word info bangvang   47  
139 cold word info mamdid   1  
140 dry word info -rkas be dry 37  
141 wet mês   49  
142 heavy -mres   33  
142 heavy mapmap   46  
142 heavy vangse   39  
143 fire wusap   38  
143 fire vihtre      
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info sonbiê-   32  
146 ash bsiêv   75  
147 black -broh   78  
148 white zav   99  
149 red vang   91, 92  
150 yellow msoh   80  
151 green malmales   43  
152 small watêk   121, 46  
153 big lok   55  
153 big kalok   55  
153 big bwara-   50  
154 short word info mwut   32  
154 short word info wus   32  
154 short word info wudu-   32  
155 long word info -mrav   18  
156 thin word info -spaspa      
157 thick word info -mzôl   3  
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick zir   53  
161 shy, ashamed bôs   32  
162 old word info zibwêt   57?  
163 new rab   9  
164 good   1  
164 good -twus nice in appearance 124  
165 bad, evil sasaêba   41  
165 bad, evil sasanba   41  
166 correct, true tuwek true    
166 correct, true tiwek true    
166 correct, true -tnon straight, correct 44  
167 night bwông   1  
168 day ran   6  
169 year wasa   34  
169 year dam also "yam" 30  
170 when? word info nangês   1, 43  
171 to hide word info du saraêk   6?  
172 to climb word info kalnê climb up something 49  
173 at lal in 20, 48  
173 at ran on 49  
174 in, inside lal   1  
174 in, inside lo-   1, 72  
175 above marak high up 25  
175 above ra- on 18  
176 below zovan low down 41, 38  
176 below va- under 1, 39  
177 this   1  
177 this no   1  
178 that zaê      
179 near savi      
180 far nawôt   47  
181 where? word info sawô   40  
181 where? word info sawôt   40  
182 I mwi- imperfective (present tense) x  
182 I ni- perfective (past tense) x  
183 thou ki-   1  
184 he/she      
185 we word info ta pa- inclusive 1  
185 we word info ta va- inclusive 1  
185 we word info ka pa- exclusive    
185 we word info ka va- exclusive    
186 you ki pa-   44  
186 you ki va-   44  
186 you pi-      
187 they pa- imperfective (present tense) x  
187 they ava- perfective (past tense) 23  
188 what? word info sowa   1, 72  
189 who? word info sinan   25  
190 other a-dun      
191 all sii      
192 and   34  
193 if pwesa nê      
194 how? word info a-kenbe      
195 no, not iwaa interjection ("no") 104?  
195 no, not atna negative marker ("not") 106  
196 to count bwili   1, 13  
196 to count -bli   1, 13  
197 One word info tuwal   9  
197 One word info izuwal   9  
198 Two word info iru   1  
199 Three word info izôl   1  
200 Four word info ivêt   1, 65  
201 Five word info ilim   1  
202 Six word info lôwal      
203 Seven word info lêwru   13  
204 Eight word info lêptôl   5, 7  
205 Nine word info lakpat   20  
206 Ten word info sebrenok   14  
207 Twenty word info mawul iru   9  
208 Fifty word info mawul ilim   x  
209 One Hundred word info mawul sebrenok   18  
209 One Hundred word info amrôb   19  
210 One Thousand word info vataa may be corrupted by Apma 13  

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