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Language: Sa (south-eastern dialect)

Source/Author:  Andrew Gray 
Notes:  Sa has several dialects. This is the south-eastern dialect, spoken in Ranwas, and (with lengthening of certain vowels) in Poinkros and Wanur. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew Gray  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand era-   16  
1 hand kêlênra-      
2 left mwir   1, 59  
3 right -tô Same as 'good'. 5, 37  
4 leg/foot la non-possessed form (rare) 37  
4 leg/foot lê-   37  
5 to walk la   1, 69  
6 road/path sal   1  
6 road/path pwasêl   1  
7 to come -ma   1  
7 to come bama   23, 1  
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim los bathe 8  
10 dirty -mlêlês   43?  
11 dust bêng   7  
12 skin bwela-   23  
13 back word info ahlu-   130  
14 belly tebwa-   36  
15 bone bwarsu-   52, 59  
16 intestines tnê-   1  
17 liver mela-   33  
18 breast sun   1  
19 shoulder bwa-   65  
20 to know, be knowledgeable -klê   18  
21 to think -dmê   13  
22 to fear -mta   1  
23 blood da   1  
24 head bwat non-possessed form (rare) 9  
24 head bôtô-   9  
24 head bwat non-possessed form (rare) 9  
24 head bôtô-   9  
25 neck bitna-   64  
25 neck bitna-   64  
26 hair word info walu- 'waalu-' in Poinkros and Wanur 36  
26 hair word info walu- 'waalu-' in Poinkros and Wanur 36  
27 nose gusu-   27  
28 to breathe -bngos   36  
29 to sniff, smell -rngo bo- -rngo = hear/feel 42, 62  
30 mouth pwa- internal 1, 81  
30 mouth bongo- external 41  
31 tooth lô-   1, 35  
32 tongue mê-   7  
33 to laugh man   51  
34 to cry ngar shout out 5  
35 to vomit   8  
36 to spit kusbe   19  
37 to eat gan intransitive 1, 12  
37 to eat -gne transitive 1  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info suli roast 14  
40 to drink min intransitive 1, 49  
40 to drink minê transitive 1, 49  
41 to bite kat intransitive 1, 55  
41 to bite -gtê transitive 1, 55  
42 to suck      
43 ear dalngi-   1, 40  
44 to hear tong intransitive 1  
44 to hear -rngo transitive 1  
45 eye mta-   1  
45 eye kêlênta-   1?  
46 to see le intransitive 14  
46 to see -lsê transitive 14, 94  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep -mjur   1  
49 to lie down word info pwat   62  
50 to dream padmele      
51 to sit sek   72  
52 to stand du   2  
53 person/human being antôn   24  
54 man/male admwan   1, 14  
55 woman/female êsên   93  
56 child watloji      
56 child wanju-   5  
57 husband admwan same as "man" 17  
58 wife êsên same as "woman" 5, 55  
59 mother rasê-   17  
59 mother asê   17  
60 father tema-   1  
61 house im   1  
62 thatch/roof tôgôr   20  
63 name ês non-possessed form (rare) 1, 66  
63 name sê-   1  
64 to say pe   13, 103  
65 rope aôlê   28  
65 rope awe-   25, 59  
66 to tie up, fasten bôtê   86  
67 to sew word info solsol intransitive 32  
67 to sew word info -hlo transitive 32  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info benê   1  
71 to stab, pierce -dru   14  
72 to hit word info -ôsê   82  
73 to steal las intransitive 20  
73 to steal lasnê transitive 20, 28  
74 to kill pnis bini   1  
75 to die, be dead mat   1  
76 to live, be alive mur same as "grow" 1, 76  
77 to scratch word info -krumsê      
78 to cut, hack word info -dê   1  
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info -gbwasê   4?  
81 sharp -ngkan   14  
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info ôm   1  
84 to plant ruu intransitive 9  
84 to plant -rui transitive 9  
85 to choose patkui   34  
86 to grow word info mur   15  
87 to swell word info -klo   60  
88 to squeeze word info gumji      
89 to hold word info tang usually in compounds (tang gêtê, tang re) 93  
90 to dig gil intransitive 1  
90 to dig -gli transitive 1  
91 to buy -gle   48  
92 to open, uncover -sêanê   40  
93 to pound, beat word info -plusnê   1?  
94 to throw word info pwasnê   43  
95 to fall word info môt   57  
96 dog kuli   7 L
97 bird bwêsêl   30  
98 egg asôê-   69  
99 feather      
100 wing albe-      
101 to fly ga   14  
102 rat wanjudma   72  
102 rat temwa   72  
103 meat/flesh isina-   10?  
104 fat/grease mulul   76  
105 tail gere-   39  
106 snake taltêl   13  
107 worm (earthworm) tamsuhgel      
108 louse word info ut   1  
109 mosquito bwangkên   35  
110 spider bwarikê house spider    
110 spider tamla big outdoor spider; also "web"    
111 fish mahlo   52  
112 rotten word info -mdat   50  
113 branch word info arse-      
114 leaf ra-   1  
115 root ro-   2  
115 root lêbwê-   18  
116 flower wangi-   1  
117 fruit bwae-   1  
118 grass rajulus   82  
119 earth/soil tan   1  
120 stone eat   1  
121 sand on   1  
122 water word info wa   2?  
123 to flow      
124 sea tas   1  
125 salt tas same as "sea" or "saltwater" 20  
126 lake bwatnêp pool in river 23  
127 woods/forest bubuôt "the bush" 83, 85  
128 sky mtaran "eye of daylight"    
129 moon ôl same as "coconut" 1  
130 star jubuubur      
131 cloud word info      
132 fog kaa   1  
133 rain ôs   1  
134 thunder bwarurut   2, 15, 63  
135 lightning bêlbêl   26  
136 wind lang   1, 77  
137 to blow word info ri of wind 40  
137 to blow word info u with mouth 4  
138 warm word info pangpang pang = be on fire 47  
139 cold word info -mdimdit   1  
140 dry word info -rgol be dry    
141 wet mes   49  
142 heavy maê      
142 heavy jungbare      
143 fire ap   1  
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info su-   2  
146 ash bêng same as "dust"    
147 black -mlêk   41  
148 white pwal      
149 red riri      
150 yellow -mlêtlêt   43  
151 green -gsan      
152 small -tkan      
153 big -tlap   10, 83  
154 short word info -pwepwe   87  
155 long word info -bra   16  
156 thin word info -mnini "-mniinii" in Poinkros and Wanur 1  
157 thick word info -mtêl   3  
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick pakon      
160 painful, sick tabwê      
161 shy, ashamed bêkan      
162 old word info tebwas   57  
163 new ee      
164 good -tô "-tôô" in Poinkros and Wanur    
165 bad, evil taa-be-tô "not good"    
165 bad, evil sanga **saga 1, 100  
166 correct, true koknga true    
166 correct, true -knon straight, correct    
167 night lopwas evening 42  
168 day bông 24-hour period 16  
168 day mran daylight 6  
169 year wasê   34  
169 year dam also "yam" 30  
170 when? word info nangês   1, 43  
171 to hide word info -plu      
172 to climb word info -pla      
173 at lo   38  
173 at re      
174 in, inside lo-   1, 72  
175 above ra- on 18  
176 below pa- under 1, 39  
177 this la   65  
177 this lo   62  
177 this re      
178 that ta      
179 near bwêlê-   103  
180 far reôtêtê      
181 where? word info   3, 59  
182 I   1, 21, 22  
183 thou o   1?  
184 he/she i   1  
185 we word info kêt inclusive 1  
185 we word info gema exclusive 2  
185 we word info -gma exclusive 2?  
186 you gimi   1, 13  
186 you -gmi   1, 13  
187 they êr   1, 70  
188 what? word info ske   33  
189 who? word info sien   25  
190 other jiên      
191 all ngatkes      
191 all bonga   82  
192 and   34  
193 if te      
193 if tanê      
194 how? word info papan-bê      
195 no, not êhê interjection ("no"); "êêhêê" in Poinkros and Wanur 54  
195 no, not taa- negative marker ("not") 4  
196 to count bwili *bwili 1, 13  
196 to count bulnginê   1  
197 One word info su   5  
198 Two word info -ru   1  
199 Three word info -têl   1  
200 Four word info -êt   1, 65  
201 Five word info -lim   1  
202 Six word info -lijia      
202 Six word info -lesu      
203 Seven word info -lêôru   13  
204 Eight word info -lêtêl   5, 7  
205 Nine word info -liapat   20  
206 Ten word info sôngul   5  
207 Twenty word info nul be-ru   9  
208 Fifty word info nul be-lim   x  
209 One Hundred word info nul sôngul su   17  
209 One Hundred word info môrôban rare nowadays; confused with "thousand" 13  
210 One Thousand word info mamtar rare nowadays; confused with "hundred" 10?  

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