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Language: Apma (Suru Mwerani)

Source/Author:  Andrew Gray 
Notes:  Apma has three dialects. This list is in Suru Mwerani, the most widely-spoken.

This is extracted from Bongmehee, an Apma-Bislama-English dictionary, by Andrew Gray & Pascal Temwakon. Based on earlier work by Cindy Schneider.
"ng" represents velar nasal, "bw" and "mw" labiovelarised consonants.
"ts" is written and pronounced "j" by some.
Verbs beginning with v and w change this to b and bw in imperfective aspect (present tense).
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew Gray  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above mere high 10  
191 all sera   49  
192 and bi      
146 ash tanep   1, 26  
173 at le in 20  
173 at li on 20  
173 at al   48  
173 at ut place 50  
13 back word info tsuku-   75  
165 bad, evil gapmwa      
14 belly walele-   75  
176 below tavan low 10, 41  
153 big kau   106  
153 big bwara-   50  
97 bird bwihil   30  
147 black mee   1?  
23 blood da   1  
15 bone su-   52  
113 branch word info ra-   1  
18 breast sis   1  
18 breast susu-   1  
56 child haavak      
56 child nutsu-   5  
131 cloud word info      
139 cold word info mamdidi   1  
166 correct, true mwetaknga true 42  
166 correct, true woswos straight, correct 43  
168 day ren daylight period 6  
168 day kubung   16  
10 dirty ngoo e.g. when dropped on ground 55  
96 dog kuli   7 L
140 dry word info ragah intransitive 37  
140 dry word info -sla wipe dry    
82 dull, blunt -mtsibwi   51  
11 dust maasup   88  
43 ear diling   1, 40  
43 ear dalinga-   1, 40  
119 earth/soil tan   1  
98 egg dulu-   1, 66  
204 Eight word info laptsil prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 5, 7  
45 eye meta- sometimes 'mat' in compound words 1  
180 far naut   47  
104 fat/grease uru- rare nowadays 44  
60 father tema-   1  
60 father tata   19  
99 feather il same as hair 1  
99 feather ili- same as hair 1  
208 Fifty word info ngawul kalim   x  
143 fire kaba   19  
111 fish ik   1  
201 Five word info kalim   1  
116 flower wunga-   1  
132 fog kakap   1  
200 Four word info kavet   1, 65  
117 fruit wa-   1, 26  
164 good gabis   48  
118 grass vilih   1  
151 green mamalkes 'rotten blue' 8, 43  
26 hair word info il   31  
26 hair word info ili-   31  
1 hand nga-   27  
184 he/she      
24 head butsu-   9  
142 heavy -mres   33  
61 house im   1  
61 house imwa-   1  
61 house val   14  
61 house vali-   14  
194 how? word info nuhu   84  
194 how? word info gap a verb 'to be how': past tense te-gap, present mwe-gap, future ne-gap 58, 82, 83  
57 husband hoa-   2  
182 I na-   1, 21, 22  
193 if ihgo      
174 in, inside le   1  
174 in, inside lele-   1  
16 intestines tsine-   1  
126 lake nibi pool in river 22  
114 leaf ru-   1  
2 left mwii   1, 59  
4 leg/foot woko- etym "thigh" 36  
135 lightning vilhi   26  
17 liver ite-   32  
155 long word info -mrap   18  
108 louse word info kut   1  
54 man/male dalmwa   27  
103 meat/flesh vihko-   10  
129 moon wul   1  
109 mosquito tabwaken   35  
59 mother datsi-   17  
30 mouth leewa- inside of mouth 50  
30 mouth bongo- external mouth or opening 41  
63 name ih   66  
63 name ha-   1  
158 narrow -mnipnip same as 'thin' 37  
179 near saasari   48  
25 neck kaua-   18, 104  
68 needle      
163 new rabwa   9  
167 night bung   1  
205 Nine word info lapet prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 20  
195 no, not tebu interjection ('no') 57  
195 no, not ba ... nga negative marker in sentence ('not') 58  
27 nose ngusu-   27  
162 old word info tebwet   57  
197 One word info bwaleh   7  
209 One Hundred word info ngawul sangwul   17  
209 One Hundred word info wudelu rare nowadays; prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 16  
210 One Thousand word info vataa rare nowadays; prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 13  
190 other go also 'one of them'    
190 other watnede 'different'    
160 painful, sick ras sick 52  
160 painful, sick -mnuk sore    
53 person/human being atsi   24?  
133 rain us   1  
102 rat temwa   72  
149 red meme   1  
3 right mwitsi   5  
6 road/path hal   1  
6 road/path hala-   1  
115 root libwi- soft roots 18  
115 root koro- hard roots; also 'fence' 2  
65 rope kaawa   25, 59  
65 rope kae-   35  
112 rotten word info -mdee   27  
125 salt teh same as 'sea' or 'saltwater' 20  
125 salt tahki-   20  
121 sand on   1  
124 sea teh   1  
124 sea takhi-   1  
203 Seven word info laviru prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 13  
81 sharp -mkan   14  
154 short word info buku- in height 3  
154 short word info ngudu- in length    
19 shoulder bwataava-   65, 87  
161 shy, ashamed bus   32  
202 Six word info lapwaleh prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 15  
12 skin kula-   10  
12 skin bwala- hard outer covering 23  
128 sky bini   29  
152 small wep   45  
145 smoke word info ese-   2  
106 snake teltel   13  
110 spider tabwakaka house spider 8, 77  
110 spider butsungos big outdoor spider 4  
130 star wamso   13  
79 stick/wood nguduka   4  
79 stick/wood kai-   1  
120 stone vet   1  
120 stone vitsi-   1?  
105 tail gere-   39  
206 Ten word info sangwul prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 5  
178 that -ih   9  
62 thatch/roof tsukuu sago palm 20  
187 they ra-   1, 70  
157 thick word info -mtstiltsil   3  
156 thin word info -mnipnip   1  
177 this -ah   21  
177 this nong   20  
183 thou ko-   1  
199 Three word info katsil   1  
134 thunder ruu mere ruu = quake, mere = above 47  
41 to bite gatsi   1, 55  
137 to blow word info rii of wind 40  
137 to blow word info up with mouth - intransitive 4, 81  
137 to blow word info wu with mouth - transitive 4  
28 to breathe ngosngos   36  
144 to burn word info vahngi   39  
144 to burn word info visturu   47  
91 to buy gele   48  
38 to chew word info samga   21  
85 to choose git ulu git = see, ulu = pull out 30  
85 to choose vep ulu vep = say, ulu = pull out 30  
172 to climb word info sain climb onto    
172 to climb word info sak go up 2  
7 to come -pma noun form 'maan' 23, 1  
39 to cook word info vaaka roast on embers    
39 to cook word info -tni roast on fire 9  
196 to count wulwulkik intransitive 1  
196 to count wulki transitive 1  
34 to cry deng like a baby 1  
34 to cry ngaa shout out 5  
78 to cut, hack word info das intransitive 29  
78 to cut, hack word info dasi transitive 29  
75 to die, be dead mat   1  
90 to dig gil intransitive 1  
90 to dig gili transitive 1  
50 to dream git bwabwik git = see 29  
40 to drink min intransitive 1, 49  
40 to drink -mni transitive 1, 49  
37 to eat gani intransitive 1, 12  
37 to eat gani transitive 1, 12  
95 to fall word info iah   60  
22 to fear -mtatsi intransitive 1  
22 to fear -mtani transitive 1  
123 to flow rop also 'run' 37  
123 to flow sal also 'float along' 38  
101 to fly gak   14  
86 to grow word info miuu   24  
44 to hear rong intransitive 1  
44 to hear rongo transitive 1  
171 to hide word info -tpo surak -tpo = lie down 6?  
72 to hit word info ih intransitive 86  
72 to hit word info -hi transitive 84  
89 to hold word info wuh intransitive 46  
89 to hold word info wuhu transitive 46  
69 to hunt word info galkaltak intransitive    
69 to hunt word info galtani transitive    
74 to kill ih bamte ih = hit, bamte = cause to die 26, 2  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ililngi   8  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ililngi ut 'know the place' - be knowledgeable 8  
33 to laugh man   51  
49 to lie down word info -tbo 'dobo' in serial verb constructions 78  
76 to live, be alive mwas   37  
92 to open, uncover sangvi   40  
84 to plant rup intransitive 9  
84 to plant ruwu transitive 9  
93 to pound, beat word info gosmi   31  
64 to say vep   13, 103  
77 to scratch word info dakri   12, 28  
46 to see git intransitive 1  
46 to see gita transitive 1  
67 to sew word info solsol intransitive 32  
67 to sew word info slo transitive 32  
70 to shoot word info vena   1  
51 to sit sadok   147  
48 to sleep -mtsuu noun form 'matru' 1  
29 to sniff, smell rongo bungu- rongo = feel/hear 64, 62  
36 to spit gasuu   19  
80 to split word info wara usually in combination with other verbs (e.g. das bwara, cut and split) 1  
88 to squeeze word info wup intransitive    
88 to squeeze word info wuri transitive 16  
71 to stab, pierce sok intransitive 67  
71 to stab, pierce -sko transitive 67  
52 to stand di existential verb; di boswos = stand up    
73 to steal las intransitive 20  
73 to steal lasi transitive 20, 28  
42 to suck ruhu draw in breath 58  
42 to suck sis suckle 25  
87 to swell word info di tsibi   40  
9 to swim leleh bathe 8  
9 to swim gaa swim along (rare) 5  
21 to think vihni   43  
94 to throw word info woh intransitive 41  
94 to throw word info wohni transitive 42  
66 to tie up, fasten wootsi   77  
66 to tie up, fasten liko   1, 39  
8 to turn word info wuukak   5  
35 to vomit liaut from liak/liani 'spit out' and ut 'place' 28  
5 to walk hural   25  
83 to work word info um   1  
47 to yawn maamemep   19  
47 to yawn maawaawaa   19  
32 tongue mia-   7  
31 tooth lip   1, 35  
31 tooth liwo-   1, 35  
207 Twenty word info ngawul karu   9  
198 Two word info karu   1  
138 warm word info mwapmwap mwap = be on fire 43  
122 water word info sileng   29  
122 water word info selnga-   29  
185 we word info ta- inclusive 1  
185 we word info kaa- exclusive 1  
141 wet mes   49  
188 what? word info apmah   1  
170 when? word info nangih   1, 43  
181 where? word info ibeh   3, 59  
148 white dap   48  
148 white mit pale 49  
189 who? word info itan   62, 63  
159 wide -mtsiltsil same as 'thick'    
58 wife dantsu- literally "children's blood" 37  
58 wife atleimwa- literally 'person of the house'    
136 wind leng   1, 77  
136 wind langsi-   1, 77  
100 wing valga-   38, 69  
55 woman/female havin   1, 106  
127 woods/forest katraba   41  
107 worm (earthworm) tabwasiski   22  
169 year sika   29  
169 year dam also 'yam' 30  
150 yellow sesede   47  
186 you ka- used as singular form in extremely respectful situations x  

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