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Language: Apma (Suru Mwerani)

Source/Author:  Andrew Gray 
Notes:  Apma has three dialects. This list is in Suru Mwerani, the most widely-spoken.

This is extracted from Bongmehee, an Apma-Bislama-English dictionary, by Andrew Gray & Pascal Temwakon. Based on earlier work by Cindy Schneider.
"ng" represents velar nasal, "bw" and "mw" labiovelarised consonants.
"ts" is written and pronounced "j" by some.
Verbs beginning with v and w change this to b and bw in imperfective aspect (present tense).
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew Gray  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
68 needle      
131 cloud word info      
184 he/she      
177 this -ah   21  
72 to hit word info -hi transitive 84  
178 that -ih   9  
112 rotten word info -mdee   27  
81 sharp -mkan   14  
40 to drink -mni transitive 1, 49  
156 thin word info -mnipnip   1  
158 narrow -mnipnip same as 'thin' 37  
160 painful, sick -mnuk sore    
155 long word info -mrap   18  
142 heavy -mres   33  
22 to fear -mtani transitive 1  
22 to fear -mtatsi intransitive 1  
82 dull, blunt -mtsibwi   51  
159 wide -mtsiltsil same as 'thick'    
157 thick word info -mtstiltsil   3  
48 to sleep -mtsuu noun form 'matru' 1  
7 to come -pma noun form 'maan' 23, 1  
71 to stab, pierce -sko transitive 67  
140 dry word info -sla wipe dry    
49 to lie down word info -tbo 'dobo' in serial verb constructions 78  
39 to cook word info -tni roast on fire 9  
171 to hide word info -tpo surak -tpo = lie down 6?  
173 at al   48  
188 what? word info apmah   1  
58 wife atleimwa- literally 'person of the house'    
53 person/human being atsi   24?  
195 no, not ba ... nga negative marker in sentence ('not') 58  
192 and bi      
128 sky bini   29  
30 mouth bongo- external mouth or opening 41  
154 short word info buku- in height 3  
167 night bung   1  
161 shy, ashamed bus   32  
24 head butsu-   9  
110 spider butsungos big outdoor spider 4  
12 skin bwala- hard outer covering 23  
197 One word info bwaleh   7  
153 big bwara-   50  
19 shoulder bwataava-   65, 87  
97 bird bwihil   30  
23 blood da   1  
77 to scratch word info dakri   12, 28  
43 ear dalinga-   1, 40  
54 man/male dalmwa   27  
169 year dam also 'yam' 30  
58 wife dantsu- literally "children's blood" 37  
148 white dap   48  
78 to cut, hack word info das intransitive 29  
78 to cut, hack word info dasi transitive 29  
59 mother datsi-   17  
34 to cry deng like a baby 1  
52 to stand di existential verb; di boswos = stand up    
87 to swell word info di tsibi   40  
43 ear diling   1, 40  
98 egg dulu-   1, 66  
145 smoke word info ese-   2  
9 to swim gaa swim along (rare) 5  
164 good gabis   48  
101 to fly gak   14  
69 to hunt word info galkaltak intransitive    
69 to hunt word info galtani transitive    
37 to eat gani intransitive 1, 12  
37 to eat gani transitive 1, 12  
194 how? word info gap a verb 'to be how': past tense te-gap, present mwe-gap, future ne-gap 58, 82, 83  
165 bad, evil gapmwa      
36 to spit gasuu   19  
41 to bite gatsi   1, 55  
91 to buy gele   48  
105 tail gere-   39  
90 to dig gil intransitive 1  
90 to dig gili transitive 1  
46 to see git intransitive 1  
50 to dream git bwabwik git = see 29  
85 to choose git ulu git = see, ulu = pull out 30  
46 to see gita transitive 1  
190 other go also 'one of them'    
93 to pound, beat word info gosmi   31  
63 name ha-   1  
56 child haavak      
6 road/path hal   1  
6 road/path hala-   1  
55 woman/female havin   1, 106  
57 husband hoa-   2  
5 to walk hural   25  
95 to fall word info iah   60  
181 where? word info ibeh   3, 59  
63 name ih   66  
72 to hit word info ih intransitive 86  
74 to kill ih bamte ih = hit, bamte = cause to die 26, 2  
193 if ihgo      
111 fish ik   1  
26 hair word info il   31  
99 feather il same as hair 1  
26 hair word info ili-   31  
99 feather ili- same as hair 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ililngi   8  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ililngi ut 'know the place' - be knowledgeable 8  
61 house im   1  
61 house imwa-   1  
189 who? word info itan   62, 63  
17 liver ite-   32  
186 you ka- used as singular form in extremely respectful situations x  
185 we word info kaa- exclusive 1  
65 rope kaawa   25, 59  
143 fire kaba   19  
65 rope kae-   35  
79 stick/wood kai-   1  
132 fog kakap   1  
201 Five word info kalim   1  
198 Two word info karu   1  
127 woods/forest katraba   41  
199 Three word info katsil   1  
153 big kau   106  
25 neck kaua-   18, 104  
200 Four word info kavet   1, 65  
183 thou ko-   1  
115 root koro- hard roots; also 'fence' 2  
168 day kubung   16  
12 skin kula-   10  
96 dog kuli   7 L
108 louse word info kut   1  
136 wind langsi-   1, 77  
205 Nine word info lapet prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 20  
204 Eight word info laptsil prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 5, 7  
202 Six word info lapwaleh prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 15  
73 to steal las intransitive 20  
73 to steal lasi transitive 20, 28  
203 Seven word info laviru prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 13  
173 at le in 20  
174 in, inside le   1  
30 mouth leewa- inside of mouth 50  
174 in, inside lele-   1  
9 to swim leleh bathe 8  
136 wind leng   1, 77  
173 at li on 20  
35 to vomit liaut from liak/liani 'spit out' and ut 'place' 28  
115 root libwi- soft roots 18  
66 to tie up, fasten liko   1, 39  
31 tooth lip   1, 35  
31 tooth liwo-   1, 35  
47 to yawn maamemep   19  
11 dust maasup   88  
47 to yawn maawaawaa   19  
151 green mamalkes 'rotten blue' 8, 43  
139 cold word info mamdidi   1  
33 to laugh man   51  
75 to die, be dead mat   1  
147 black mee   1?  
149 red meme   1  
175 above mere high 10  
141 wet mes   49  
45 eye meta- sometimes 'mat' in compound words 1  
32 tongue mia-   7  
40 to drink min intransitive 1, 49  
148 white mit pale 49  
86 to grow word info miuu   24  
138 warm word info mwapmwap mwap = be on fire 43  
76 to live, be alive mwas   37  
166 correct, true mwetaknga true 42  
2 left mwii   1, 59  
3 right mwitsi   5  
182 I na-   1, 21, 22  
170 when? word info nangih   1, 43  
180 far naut   47  
1 hand nga-   27  
34 to cry ngaa shout out 5  
208 Fifty word info ngawul kalim   x  
207 Twenty word info ngawul karu   9  
209 One Hundred word info ngawul sangwul   17  
10 dirty ngoo e.g. when dropped on ground 55  
28 to breathe ngosngos   36  
154 short word info ngudu- in length    
79 stick/wood nguduka   4  
27 nose ngusu-   27  
126 lake nibi pool in river 22  
177 this nong   20  
194 how? word info nuhu   84  
56 child nutsu-   5  
121 sand on   1  
113 branch word info ra-   1  
187 they ra-   1, 70  
163 new rabwa   9  
140 dry word info ragah intransitive 37  
160 painful, sick ras sick 52  
168 day ren daylight period 6  
137 to blow word info rii of wind 40  
44 to hear rong intransitive 1  
44 to hear rongo transitive 1  
29 to sniff, smell rongo bungu- rongo = feel/hear 64, 62  
123 to flow rop also 'run' 37  
114 leaf ru-   1  
42 to suck ruhu draw in breath 58  
84 to plant rup intransitive 9  
134 thunder ruu mere ruu = quake, mere = above 47  
84 to plant ruwu transitive 9  
179 near saasari   48  
51 to sit sadok   147  
172 to climb word info sain climb onto    
172 to climb word info sak go up 2  
123 to flow sal also 'float along' 38  
38 to chew word info samga   21  
92 to open, uncover sangvi   40  
206 Ten word info sangwul prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 5  
122 water word info selnga-   29  
191 all sera   49  
150 yellow sesede   47  
169 year sika   29  
122 water word info sileng   29  
18 breast sis   1  
42 to suck sis suckle 25  
67 to sew word info slo transitive 32  
71 to stab, pierce sok intransitive 67  
67 to sew word info solsol intransitive 32  
15 bone su-   52  
18 breast susu-   1  
185 we word info ta- inclusive 1  
110 spider tabwakaka house spider 8, 77  
109 mosquito tabwaken   35  
107 worm (earthworm) tabwasiski   22  
125 salt tahki-   20  
124 sea takhi-   1  
119 earth/soil tan   1  
146 ash tanep   1, 26  
60 father tata   19  
176 below tavan low 10, 41  
195 no, not tebu interjection ('no') 57  
162 old word info tebwet   57  
124 sea teh   1  
125 salt teh same as 'sea' or 'saltwater' 20  
106 snake teltel   13  
60 father tema-   1  
102 rat temwa   72  
16 intestines tsine-   1  
13 back word info tsuku-   75  
62 thatch/roof tsukuu sago palm 20  
83 to work word info um   1  
137 to blow word info up with mouth - intransitive 4, 81  
104 fat/grease uru- rare nowadays 44  
133 rain us   1  
173 at ut place 50  
39 to cook word info vaaka roast on embers    
144 to burn word info vahngi   39  
61 house val   14  
100 wing valga-   38, 69  
61 house vali-   14  
210 One Thousand word info vataa rare nowadays; prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 13  
70 to shoot word info vena   1  
64 to say vep   13, 103  
85 to choose vep ulu vep = say, ulu = pull out 30  
120 stone vet   1  
103 meat/flesh vihko-   10  
21 to think vihni   43  
135 lightning vilhi   26  
118 grass vilih   1  
144 to burn word info visturu   47  
120 stone vitsi-   1?  
117 fruit wa-   1, 26  
14 belly walele-   75  
130 star wamso   13  
80 to split word info wara usually in combination with other verbs (e.g. das bwara, cut and split) 1  
190 other watnede 'different'    
152 small wep   45  
94 to throw word info woh intransitive 41  
94 to throw word info wohni transitive 42  
4 leg/foot woko- etym "thigh" 36  
66 to tie up, fasten wootsi   77  
166 correct, true woswos straight, correct 43  
137 to blow word info wu with mouth - transitive 4  
209 One Hundred word info wudelu rare nowadays; prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 16  
89 to hold word info wuh intransitive 46  
89 to hold word info wuhu transitive 46  
129 moon wul   1  
196 to count wulki transitive 1  
196 to count wulwulkik intransitive 1  
116 flower wunga-   1  
88 to squeeze word info wup intransitive    
88 to squeeze word info wuri transitive 16  
8 to turn word info wuukak   5  

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