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Language: Apma (Suru Mwerani)

Source/Author:  Andrew Gray 
Notes:  Apma has three dialects. This list is in Suru Mwerani, the most widely-spoken.

This is extracted from Bongmehee, an Apma-Bislama-English dictionary, by Andrew Gray & Pascal Temwakon. Based on earlier work by Cindy Schneider.
"ng" represents velar nasal, "bw" and "mw" labiovelarised consonants.
"ts" is written and pronounced "j" by some.
Verbs beginning with v and w change this to b and bw in imperfective aspect (present tense).
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew Gray  Checked By:  
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Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
68 needle      
131 cloud word info      
184 he/she      
39 to cook word info vaaka roast on embers    
52 to stand di existential verb; di boswos = stand up    
56 child haavak      
58 wife atleimwa- literally 'person of the house'    
69 to hunt word info galkaltak intransitive    
69 to hunt word info galtani transitive    
88 to squeeze word info wup intransitive    
140 dry word info -sla wipe dry    
154 short word info ngudu- in length    
159 wide -mtsiltsil same as 'thick'    
160 painful, sick -mnuk sore    
165 bad, evil gapmwa      
172 to climb word info sain climb onto    
190 other go also 'one of them'    
190 other watnede 'different'    
192 and bi      
193 if ihgo      
6 road/path hal   1  
6 road/path hala-   1  
16 intestines tsine-   1  
18 breast sis   1  
18 breast susu-   1  
22 to fear -mtatsi intransitive 1  
22 to fear -mtani transitive 1  
23 blood da   1  
34 to cry deng like a baby 1  
44 to hear rong intransitive 1  
44 to hear rongo transitive 1  
45 eye meta- sometimes 'mat' in compound words 1  
46 to see git intransitive 1  
46 to see gita transitive 1  
48 to sleep -mtsuu noun form 'matru' 1  
60 father tema-   1  
61 house im   1  
61 house imwa-   1  
63 name ha-   1  
70 to shoot word info vena   1  
75 to die, be dead mat   1  
79 stick/wood kai-   1  
80 to split word info wara usually in combination with other verbs (e.g. das bwara, cut and split) 1  
83 to work word info um   1  
90 to dig gil intransitive 1  
90 to dig gili transitive 1  
99 feather il same as hair 1  
99 feather ili- same as hair 1  
108 louse word info kut   1  
111 fish ik   1  
113 branch word info ra-   1  
114 leaf ru-   1  
116 flower wunga-   1  
118 grass vilih   1  
119 earth/soil tan   1  
120 stone vet   1  
121 sand on   1  
124 sea teh   1  
124 sea takhi-   1  
129 moon wul   1  
132 fog kakap   1  
133 rain us   1  
139 cold word info mamdidi   1  
149 red meme   1  
156 thin word info -mnipnip   1  
167 night bung   1  
174 in, inside le   1  
174 in, inside lele-   1  
183 thou ko-   1  
185 we word info ta- inclusive 1  
185 we word info kaa- exclusive 1  
188 what? word info apmah   1  
196 to count wulwulkik intransitive 1  
196 to count wulki transitive 1  
198 Two word info karu   1  
199 Three word info katsil   1  
201 Five word info kalim   1  
117 fruit wa-   1, 26  
146 ash tanep   1, 26  
43 ear diling   1, 40  
43 ear dalinga-   1, 40  
41 to bite gatsi   1, 55  
98 egg dulu-   1, 66  
187 they ra-   1, 70  
136 wind leng   1, 77  
136 wind langsi-   1, 77  
55 woman/female havin   1, 106  
37 to eat gani intransitive 1, 12  
37 to eat gani transitive 1, 12  
182 I na-   1, 21, 22  
31 tooth lip   1, 35  
31 tooth liwo-   1, 35  
66 to tie up, fasten liko   1, 39  
170 when? word info nangih   1, 43  
40 to drink min intransitive 1, 49  
40 to drink -mni transitive 1, 49  
2 left mwii   1, 59  
200 Four word info kavet   1, 65  
12 skin kula-   10  
103 meat/flesh vihko-   10  
175 above mere high 10  
176 below tavan low 10, 41  
153 big kau   106  
77 to scratch word info dakri   12, 28  
106 snake teltel   13  
130 star wamso   13  
203 Seven word info laviru prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 13  
210 One Thousand word info vataa rare nowadays; prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 13  
64 to say vep   13, 103  
61 house val   14  
61 house vali-   14  
81 sharp -mkan   14  
101 to fly gak   14  
51 to sit sadok   147  
202 Six word info lapwaleh prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 15  
88 to squeeze word info wuri transitive 16  
168 day kubung   16  
209 One Hundred word info wudelu rare nowadays; prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 16  
59 mother datsi-   17  
209 One Hundred word info ngawul sangwul   17  
115 root libwi- soft roots 18  
155 long word info -mrap   18  
25 neck kaua-   18, 104  
36 to spit gasuu   19  
47 to yawn maamemep   19  
47 to yawn maawaawaa   19  
60 father tata   19  
143 fire kaba   19  
120 stone vitsi-   1?  
147 black mee   1?  
57 husband hoa-   2  
115 root koro- hard roots; also 'fence' 2  
145 smoke word info ese-   2  
172 to climb word info sak go up 2  
62 thatch/roof tsukuu sago palm 20  
73 to steal las intransitive 20  
125 salt teh same as 'sea' or 'saltwater' 20  
125 salt tahki-   20  
173 at le in 20  
173 at li on 20  
177 this nong   20  
205 Nine word info lapet prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 20  
73 to steal lasi transitive 20, 28  
38 to chew word info samga   21  
177 this -ah   21  
107 worm (earthworm) tabwasiski   22  
126 lake nibi pool in river 22  
12 skin bwala- hard outer covering 23  
7 to come -pma noun form 'maan' 23, 1  
86 to grow word info miuu   24  
53 person/human being atsi   24?  
5 to walk hural   25  
42 to suck sis suckle 25  
65 rope kaawa   25, 59  
135 lightning vilhi   26  
74 to kill ih bamte ih = hit, bamte = cause to die 26, 2  
1 hand nga-   27  
27 nose ngusu-   27  
54 man/male dalmwa   27  
112 rotten word info -mdee   27  
35 to vomit liaut from liak/liani 'spit out' and ut 'place' 28  
50 to dream git bwabwik git = see 29  
78 to cut, hack word info das intransitive 29  
78 to cut, hack word info dasi transitive 29  
122 water word info sileng   29  
122 water word info selnga-   29  
128 sky bini   29  
169 year sika   29  
154 short word info buku- in height 3  
157 thick word info -mtstiltsil   3  
181 where? word info ibeh   3, 59  
85 to choose git ulu git = see, ulu = pull out 30  
85 to choose vep ulu vep = say, ulu = pull out 30  
97 bird bwihil   30  
169 year dam also 'yam' 30  
26 hair word info il   31  
26 hair word info ili-   31  
93 to pound, beat word info gosmi   31  
17 liver ite-   32  
67 to sew word info solsol intransitive 32  
67 to sew word info slo transitive 32  
161 shy, ashamed bus   32  
142 heavy -mres   33  
65 rope kae-   35  
109 mosquito tabwaken   35  
4 leg/foot woko- etym "thigh" 36  
28 to breathe ngosngos   36  
58 wife dantsu- literally "children's blood" 37  
76 to live, be alive mwas   37  
123 to flow rop also 'run' 37  
140 dry word info ragah intransitive 37  
158 narrow -mnipnip same as 'thin' 37  
123 to flow sal also 'float along' 38  
100 wing valga-   38, 69  
105 tail gere-   39  
144 to burn word info vahngi   39  
79 stick/wood nguduka   4  
110 spider butsungos big outdoor spider 4  
137 to blow word info wu with mouth - transitive 4  
137 to blow word info up with mouth - intransitive 4, 81  
87 to swell word info di tsibi   40  
92 to open, uncover sangvi   40  
137 to blow word info rii of wind 40  
30 mouth bongo- external mouth or opening 41  
94 to throw word info woh intransitive 41  
127 woods/forest katraba   41  
94 to throw word info wohni transitive 42  
166 correct, true mwetaknga true 42  
21 to think vihni   43  
138 warm word info mwapmwap mwap = be on fire 43  
166 correct, true woswos straight, correct 43  
104 fat/grease uru- rare nowadays 44  
152 small wep   45  
89 to hold word info wuh intransitive 46  
89 to hold word info wuhu transitive 46  
134 thunder ruu mere ruu = quake, mere = above 47  
144 to burn word info visturu   47  
150 yellow sesede   47  
180 far naut   47  
91 to buy gele   48  
148 white dap   48  
164 good gabis   48  
173 at al   48  
179 near saasari   48  
141 wet mes   49  
148 white mit pale 49  
191 all sera   49  
3 right mwitsi   5  
8 to turn word info wuukak   5  
9 to swim gaa swim along (rare) 5  
34 to cry ngaa shout out 5  
56 child nutsu-   5  
206 Ten word info sangwul prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 5  
204 Eight word info laptsil prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 5, 7  
30 mouth leewa- inside of mouth 50  
153 big bwara-   50  
173 at ut place 50  
33 to laugh man   51  
82 dull, blunt -mtsibwi   51  
15 bone su-   52  
160 painful, sick ras sick 52  
10 dirty ngoo e.g. when dropped on ground 55  
162 old word info tebwet   57  
195 no, not tebu interjection ('no') 57  
42 to suck ruhu draw in breath 58  
195 no, not ba ... nga negative marker in sentence ('not') 58  
194 how? word info gap a verb 'to be how': past tense te-gap, present mwe-gap, future ne-gap 58, 82, 83  
168 day ren daylight period 6  
95 to fall word info iah   60  
189 who? word info itan   62, 63  
29 to sniff, smell rongo bungu- rongo = feel/hear 64, 62  
19 shoulder bwataava-   65, 87  
63 name ih   66  
71 to stab, pierce sok intransitive 67  
71 to stab, pierce -sko transitive 67  
171 to hide word info -tpo surak -tpo = lie down 6?  
32 tongue mia-   7  
96 dog kuli   7 L
197 One word info bwaleh   7  
102 rat temwa   72  
13 back word info tsuku-   75  
14 belly walele-   75  
66 to tie up, fasten wootsi   77  
49 to lie down word info -tbo 'dobo' in serial verb constructions 78  
9 to swim leleh bathe 8  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ililngi   8  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ililngi ut 'know the place' - be knowledgeable 8  
151 green mamalkes 'rotten blue' 8, 43  
110 spider tabwakaka house spider 8, 77  
72 to hit word info -hi transitive 84  
194 how? word info nuhu   84  
72 to hit word info ih intransitive 86  
11 dust maasup   88  
24 head butsu-   9  
39 to cook word info -tni roast on fire 9  
84 to plant rup intransitive 9  
84 to plant ruwu transitive 9  
163 new rabwa   9  
178 that -ih   9  
207 Twenty word info ngawul karu   9  
186 you ka- used as singular form in extremely respectful situations x  
208 Fifty word info ngawul kalim   x  

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