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Language: Apma (Suru Mwerani)

Source/Author:  Andrew Gray 
Notes:  Apma has three dialects. This list is in Suru Mwerani, the most widely-spoken.

This is extracted from Bongmehee, an Apma-Bislama-English dictionary, by Andrew Gray & Pascal Temwakon. Based on earlier work by Cindy Schneider.
"ng" represents velar nasal, "bw" and "mw" labiovelarised consonants.
"ts" is written and pronounced "j" by some.
Verbs beginning with v and w change this to b and bw in imperfective aspect (present tense).
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew Gray  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
68 needle      
131 cloud word info      
184 he/she      
1 hand nga-   27  
2 left mwii   1, 59  
3 right mwitsi   5  
5 to walk hural   25  
6 road/path hal   1  
6 road/path hala-   1  
8 to turn word info wuukak   5  
11 dust maasup   88  
12 skin kula-   10  
13 back word info tsuku-   75  
14 belly walele-   75  
15 bone su-   52  
16 intestines tsine-   1  
17 liver ite-   32  
18 breast sis   1  
18 breast susu-   1  
19 shoulder bwataava-   65, 87  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ililngi   8  
21 to think vihni   43  
23 blood da   1  
24 head butsu-   9  
25 neck kaua-   18, 104  
26 hair word info il   31  
26 hair word info ili-   31  
27 nose ngusu-   27  
28 to breathe ngosngos   36  
31 tooth lip   1, 35  
31 tooth liwo-   1, 35  
32 tongue mia-   7  
33 to laugh man   51  
36 to spit gasuu   19  
38 to chew word info samga   21  
41 to bite gatsi   1, 55  
43 ear diling   1, 40  
43 ear dalinga-   1, 40  
47 to yawn maamemep   19  
47 to yawn maawaawaa   19  
51 to sit sadok   147  
53 person/human being atsi   24?  
54 man/male dalmwa   27  
55 woman/female havin   1, 106  
56 child haavak      
56 child nutsu-   5  
57 husband hoa-   2  
59 mother datsi-   17  
60 father tema-   1  
60 father tata   19  
61 house im   1  
61 house imwa-   1  
61 house val   14  
61 house vali-   14  
63 name ih   66  
63 name ha-   1  
64 to say vep   13, 103  
65 rope kaawa   25, 59  
65 rope kae-   35  
66 to tie up, fasten wootsi   77  
66 to tie up, fasten liko   1, 39  
70 to shoot word info vena   1  
75 to die, be dead mat   1  
76 to live, be alive mwas   37  
77 to scratch word info dakri   12, 28  
79 stick/wood nguduka   4  
79 stick/wood kai-   1  
81 sharp -mkan   14  
82 dull, blunt -mtsibwi   51  
83 to work word info um   1  
86 to grow word info miuu   24  
87 to swell word info di tsibi   40  
91 to buy gele   48  
92 to open, uncover sangvi   40  
93 to pound, beat word info gosmi   31  
95 to fall word info iah   60  
96 dog kuli   7 L
97 bird bwihil   30  
98 egg dulu-   1, 66  
100 wing valga-   38, 69  
101 to fly gak   14  
102 rat temwa   72  
103 meat/flesh vihko-   10  
105 tail gere-   39  
106 snake teltel   13  
107 worm (earthworm) tabwasiski   22  
108 louse word info kut   1  
109 mosquito tabwaken   35  
111 fish ik   1  
112 rotten word info -mdee   27  
113 branch word info ra-   1  
114 leaf ru-   1  
116 flower wunga-   1  
117 fruit wa-   1, 26  
118 grass vilih   1  
119 earth/soil tan   1  
120 stone vet   1  
120 stone vitsi-   1?  
121 sand on   1  
122 water word info sileng   29  
122 water word info selnga-   29  
124 sea teh   1  
124 sea takhi-   1  
125 salt tahki-   20  
127 woods/forest katraba   41  
128 sky bini   29  
129 moon wul   1  
130 star wamso   13  
132 fog kakap   1  
133 rain us   1  
135 lightning vilhi   26  
136 wind leng   1, 77  
136 wind langsi-   1, 77  
139 cold word info mamdidi   1  
141 wet mes   49  
142 heavy -mres   33  
143 fire kaba   19  
144 to burn word info vahngi   39  
144 to burn word info visturu   47  
145 smoke word info ese-   2  
146 ash tanep   1, 26  
147 black mee   1?  
148 white dap   48  
149 red meme   1  
150 yellow sesede   47  
152 small wep   45  
153 big kau   106  
153 big bwara-   50  
155 long word info -mrap   18  
156 thin word info -mnipnip   1  
157 thick word info -mtstiltsil   3  
161 shy, ashamed bus   32  
162 old word info tebwet   57  
163 new rabwa   9  
164 good gabis   48  
165 bad, evil gapmwa      
167 night bung   1  
168 day kubung   16  
169 year sika   29  
170 when? word info nangih   1, 43  
173 at al   48  
174 in, inside le   1  
174 in, inside lele-   1  
177 this -ah   21  
177 this nong   20  
178 that -ih   9  
179 near saasari   48  
180 far naut   47  
181 where? word info ibeh   3, 59  
182 I na-   1, 21, 22  
183 thou ko-   1  
187 they ra-   1, 70  
188 what? word info apmah   1  
189 who? word info itan   62, 63  
191 all sera   49  
192 and bi      
193 if ihgo      
194 how? word info nuhu   84  
197 One word info bwaleh   7  
198 Two word info karu   1  
199 Three word info katsil   1  
200 Four word info kavet   1, 65  
201 Five word info kalim   1  
207 Twenty word info ngawul karu   9  
208 Fifty word info ngawul kalim   x  
209 One Hundred word info ngawul sangwul   17  
190 other watnede 'different'    
49 to lie down word info -tbo 'dobo' in serial verb constructions 78  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ililngi ut 'know the place' - be knowledgeable 8  
151 green mamalkes 'rotten blue' 8, 43  
171 to hide word info -tpo surak -tpo = lie down 6?  
194 how? word info gap a verb 'to be how': past tense te-gap, present mwe-gap, future ne-gap 58, 82, 83  
123 to flow sal also 'float along' 38  
190 other go also 'one of them'    
123 to flow rop also 'run' 37  
169 year dam also 'yam' 30  
9 to swim leleh bathe 8  
110 spider butsungos big outdoor spider 4  
172 to climb word info sain climb onto    
168 day ren daylight period 6  
42 to suck ruhu draw in breath 58  
10 dirty ngoo e.g. when dropped on ground 55  
4 leg/foot woko- etym "thigh" 36  
185 we word info kaa- exclusive 1  
52 to stand di existential verb; di boswos = stand up    
30 mouth bongo- external mouth or opening 41  
35 to vomit liaut from liak/liani 'spit out' and ut 'place' 28  
50 to dream git bwabwik git = see 29  
85 to choose git ulu git = see, ulu = pull out 30  
172 to climb word info sak go up 2  
12 skin bwala- hard outer covering 23  
115 root koro- hard roots; also 'fence' 2  
175 above mere high 10  
110 spider tabwakaka house spider 8, 77  
74 to kill ih bamte ih = hit, bamte = cause to die 26, 2  
173 at le in 20  
154 short word info buku- in height 3  
154 short word info ngudu- in length    
185 we word info ta- inclusive 1  
30 mouth leewa- inside of mouth 50  
195 no, not tebu interjection ('no') 57  
22 to fear -mtatsi intransitive 1  
37 to eat gani intransitive 1, 12  
40 to drink min intransitive 1, 49  
44 to hear rong intransitive 1  
46 to see git intransitive 1  
67 to sew word info solsol intransitive 32  
69 to hunt word info galkaltak intransitive    
71 to stab, pierce sok intransitive 67  
72 to hit word info ih intransitive 86  
73 to steal las intransitive 20  
78 to cut, hack word info das intransitive 29  
84 to plant rup intransitive 9  
88 to squeeze word info wup intransitive    
89 to hold word info wuh intransitive 46  
90 to dig gil intransitive 1  
94 to throw word info woh intransitive 41  
140 dry word info ragah intransitive 37  
196 to count wulwulkik intransitive 1  
34 to cry deng like a baby 1  
58 wife dantsu- literally "children's blood" 37  
58 wife atleimwa- literally 'person of the house'    
176 below tavan low 10, 41  
138 warm word info mwapmwap mwap = be on fire 43  
195 no, not ba ... nga negative marker in sentence ('not') 58  
7 to come -pma noun form 'maan' 23, 1  
48 to sleep -mtsuu noun form 'matru' 1  
137 to blow word info rii of wind 40  
173 at li on 20  
148 white mit pale 49  
173 at ut place 50  
126 lake nibi pool in river 22  
202 Six word info lapwaleh prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 15  
203 Seven word info laviru prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 13  
204 Eight word info laptsil prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 5, 7  
205 Nine word info lapet prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 20  
206 Ten word info sangwul prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 5  
104 fat/grease uru- rare nowadays 44  
209 One Hundred word info wudelu rare nowadays; prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 16  
210 One Thousand word info vataa rare nowadays; prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 13  
39 to cook word info vaaka roast on embers    
39 to cook word info -tni roast on fire 9  
29 to sniff, smell rongo bungu- rongo = feel/hear 64, 62  
134 thunder ruu mere ruu = quake, mere = above 47  
62 thatch/roof tsukuu sago palm 20  
125 salt teh same as 'sea' or 'saltwater' 20  
159 wide -mtsiltsil same as 'thick'    
158 narrow -mnipnip same as 'thin' 37  
99 feather il same as hair 1  
99 feather ili- same as hair 1  
34 to cry ngaa shout out 5  
160 painful, sick ras sick 52  
115 root libwi- soft roots 18  
45 eye meta- sometimes 'mat' in compound words 1  
160 painful, sick -mnuk sore    
166 correct, true woswos straight, correct 43  
42 to suck sis suckle 25  
9 to swim gaa swim along (rare) 5  
22 to fear -mtani transitive 1  
37 to eat gani transitive 1, 12  
40 to drink -mni transitive 1, 49  
44 to hear rongo transitive 1  
46 to see gita transitive 1  
67 to sew word info slo transitive 32  
69 to hunt word info galtani transitive    
71 to stab, pierce -sko transitive 67  
72 to hit word info -hi transitive 84  
73 to steal lasi transitive 20, 28  
78 to cut, hack word info dasi transitive 29  
84 to plant ruwu transitive 9  
88 to squeeze word info wuri transitive 16  
89 to hold word info wuhu transitive 46  
90 to dig gili transitive 1  
94 to throw word info wohni transitive 42  
196 to count wulki transitive 1  
166 correct, true mwetaknga true 42  
186 you ka- used as singular form in extremely respectful situations x  
80 to split word info wara usually in combination with other verbs (e.g. das bwara, cut and split) 1  
85 to choose vep ulu vep = say, ulu = pull out 30  
140 dry word info -sla wipe dry    
137 to blow word info up with mouth - intransitive 4, 81  
137 to blow word info wu with mouth - transitive 4  

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