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Language: Apma (Suru Mwerani)

Source/Author:  Andrew Gray 
Notes:  Apma has three dialects. This list is in Suru Mwerani, the most widely-spoken.

This is extracted from Bongmehee, an Apma-Bislama-English dictionary, by Andrew Gray & Pascal Temwakon. Based on earlier work by Cindy Schneider.
"ng" represents velar nasal, "bw" and "mw" labiovelarised consonants.
"ts" is written and pronounced "j" by some.
Verbs beginning with v and w change this to b and bw in imperfective aspect (present tense).
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew Gray  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand nga-   27  
2 left mwii   1, 59  
3 right mwitsi   5  
4 leg/foot woko- etym "thigh" 36  
5 to walk hural   25  
6 road/path hal   1  
6 road/path hala-   1  
7 to come -pma noun form 'maan' 23, 1  
8 to turn word info wuukak   5  
9 to swim leleh bathe 8  
9 to swim gaa swim along (rare) 5  
10 dirty ngoo e.g. when dropped on ground 55  
11 dust maasup   88  
12 skin kula-   10  
12 skin bwala- hard outer covering 23  
13 back word info tsuku-   75  
14 belly walele-   75  
15 bone su-   52  
16 intestines tsine-   1  
17 liver ite-   32  
18 breast sis   1  
18 breast susu-   1  
19 shoulder bwataava-   65, 87  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ililngi   8  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ililngi ut 'know the place' - be knowledgeable 8  
21 to think vihni   43  
22 to fear -mtatsi intransitive 1  
22 to fear -mtani transitive 1  
23 blood da   1  
24 head butsu-   9  
25 neck kaua-   18, 104  
26 hair word info il   31  
26 hair word info ili-   31  
27 nose ngusu-   27  
28 to breathe ngosngos   36  
29 to sniff, smell rongo bungu- rongo = feel/hear 64, 62  
30 mouth leewa- inside of mouth 50  
30 mouth bongo- external mouth or opening 41  
31 tooth lip   1, 35  
31 tooth liwo-   1, 35  
32 tongue mia-   7  
33 to laugh man   51  
34 to cry deng like a baby 1  
34 to cry ngaa shout out 5  
35 to vomit liaut from liak/liani 'spit out' and ut 'place' 28  
36 to spit gasuu   19  
37 to eat gani intransitive 1, 12  
37 to eat gani transitive 1, 12  
38 to chew word info samga   21  
39 to cook word info vaaka roast on embers    
39 to cook word info -tni roast on fire 9  
40 to drink min intransitive 1, 49  
40 to drink -mni transitive 1, 49  
41 to bite gatsi   1, 55  
42 to suck ruhu draw in breath 58  
42 to suck sis suckle 25  
43 ear diling   1, 40  
43 ear dalinga-   1, 40  
44 to hear rong intransitive 1  
44 to hear rongo transitive 1  
45 eye meta- sometimes 'mat' in compound words 1  
46 to see git intransitive 1  
46 to see gita transitive 1  
47 to yawn maamemep   19  
47 to yawn maawaawaa   19  
48 to sleep -mtsuu noun form 'matru' 1  
49 to lie down word info -tbo 'dobo' in serial verb constructions 78  
50 to dream git bwabwik git = see 29  
51 to sit sadok   147  
52 to stand di existential verb; di boswos = stand up 2?  
53 person/human being atsi   24  
54 man/male dalmwa   27  
55 woman/female havin   1, 106  
56 child haavak      
56 child nutsu-   5  
57 husband hoa-   2  
58 wife dantsu- literally "children's blood" 37  
58 wife atleimwa- literally 'person of the house'    
59 mother datsi-   17  
60 father tema-   1  
60 father tata   19  
61 house im   1  
61 house imwa-   1  
61 house val   14  
61 house vali-   14  
62 thatch/roof tsukuu sago palm 20  
63 name ih   1, 66  
63 name ha-   1  
64 to say vep   13, 103  
65 rope kaawa   25, 59  
65 rope kae-   35  
66 to tie up, fasten wootsi   77  
66 to tie up, fasten liko   1, 39  
67 to sew word info solsol intransitive 32  
67 to sew word info slo transitive 32  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info galkaltak intransitive    
69 to hunt word info galtani transitive    
70 to shoot word info vena   1  
71 to stab, pierce sok intransitive 67  
71 to stab, pierce -sko transitive 67  
72 to hit word info ih intransitive 86  
72 to hit word info -hi transitive 84  
73 to steal las intransitive 20  
73 to steal lasi transitive 20, 28  
74 to kill ih bamte ih = hit, bamte = cause to die 26, 2  
75 to die, be dead mat   1  
76 to live, be alive mwas   37  
77 to scratch word info dakri   12, 28  
78 to cut, hack word info das intransitive 29  
78 to cut, hack word info dasi transitive 29  
79 stick/wood nguduka   4  
79 stick/wood kai-   1  
80 to split word info wara usually in combination with other verbs (e.g. das bwara, cut and split) 1  
81 sharp -mkan   14  
82 dull, blunt -mtsibwi   51  
83 to work word info um   1  
84 to plant rup intransitive 9  
84 to plant ruwu transitive 9  
85 to choose git ulu git = see, ulu = pull out 30  
85 to choose vep ulu vep = say, ulu = pull out 30  
86 to grow word info miuu   24  
87 to swell word info di tsibi   40  
88 to squeeze word info wup intransitive    
88 to squeeze word info wuri transitive 16  
89 to hold word info wuh intransitive 46  
89 to hold word info wuhu transitive 46  
90 to dig gil intransitive 1  
90 to dig gili transitive 1  
91 to buy gele   48  
92 to open, uncover sangvi   40  
93 to pound, beat word info gosmi   31  
94 to throw word info woh intransitive 41  
94 to throw word info wohni transitive 42  
95 to fall word info iah   60  
96 dog kuli   7 L
97 bird bwihil   30  
98 egg dulu-   1, 66  
99 feather il same as hair 1  
99 feather ili- same as hair 1  
100 wing valga-   38, 69  
101 to fly gak   14  
102 rat temwa   72  
103 meat/flesh vihko-   10  
104 fat/grease uru- rare nowadays 44  
105 tail gere-   39  
106 snake teltel   13  
107 worm (earthworm) tabwasiski   22  
108 louse word info kut   1  
109 mosquito tabwaken   35  
110 spider tabwakaka house spider 8, 77  
110 spider butsungos big outdoor spider 4  
111 fish ik   1  
112 rotten word info -mdee   27  
113 branch word info ra-   1  
114 leaf ru-   1  
115 root libwi- soft roots 18  
115 root koro- hard roots; also 'fence' 2  
116 flower wunga-   1  
117 fruit wa-   1, 26  
118 grass vilih   1  
119 earth/soil tan   1  
120 stone vet   1  
120 stone vitsi-   1?  
121 sand on   1  
122 water word info sileng   29  
122 water word info selnga-   29  
123 to flow rop also 'run' 37  
123 to flow sal also 'float along' 38  
124 sea teh   1  
124 sea takhi-   1  
125 salt teh same as 'sea' or 'saltwater' 20  
125 salt tahki-   20  
126 lake nibi pool in river 22  
127 woods/forest katraba   41  
128 sky bini   29  
129 moon wul   1  
130 star wamso   13, 32  
131 cloud word info      
132 fog kakap   1  
133 rain us   1  
134 thunder ruu mere ruu = quake, mere = above 47  
135 lightning vilhi   26  
136 wind leng   1, 77  
136 wind langsi-   1, 77  
137 to blow word info rii of wind 40  
137 to blow word info up with mouth - intransitive 4, 81  
137 to blow word info wu with mouth - transitive 4  
138 warm word info mwapmwap mwap = be on fire 43  
139 cold word info mamdidi   1  
140 dry word info ragah intransitive 37  
140 dry word info -sla wipe dry    
141 wet mes   49  
142 heavy -mres   33  
143 fire kaba   25  
144 to burn word info vahngi   39  
144 to burn word info visturu   47  
145 smoke word info ese-   2  
146 ash tanep   1, 26  
147 black mee   1?  
148 white dap   48  
148 white mit pale 49  
149 red meme   1  
150 yellow sesede   47  
151 green mamalkes 'rotten blue' 8, 43  
152 small wep   45  
153 big kau   106  
153 big bwara-   50  
154 short word info buku- in height 3  
154 short word info ngudu- in length    
155 long word info -mrap   18  
156 thin word info -mnipnip   1  
157 thick word info -mtstiltsil   3  
158 narrow -mnipnip same as 'thin' 37  
159 wide -mtsiltsil same as 'thick'    
160 painful, sick ras sick 52  
160 painful, sick -mnuk sore    
161 shy, ashamed bus   32  
162 old word info tebwet   57  
163 new rabwa   9  
164 good gabis   48  
165 bad, evil gapmwa      
166 correct, true mwetaknga true 42  
166 correct, true woswos straight, correct 43  
167 night bung   1  
168 day ren daylight period 6  
168 day kubung   16  
169 year sika   29  
169 year dam also 'yam' 30  
170 when? word info nangih   1, 43  
171 to hide word info -tpo surak -tpo = lie down 6?  
172 to climb word info sain climb onto    
172 to climb word info sak go up 2  
173 at le in 20  
173 at li on 20  
173 at al   48  
173 at ut place 50  
174 in, inside le   1  
174 in, inside lele-   1  
175 above mere high 10  
176 below tavan low 10, 41  
177 this -ah   21  
177 this nong   20  
178 that -ih   9  
179 near saasari   48  
180 far naut   47  
181 where? word info ibeh   3, 59  
182 I na-   1, 21, 22  
183 thou ko-   1  
184 he/she      
185 we word info ta- inclusive 1  
185 we word info kaa- exclusive 1  
186 you ka- used as singular form in extremely respectful situations x  
187 they ra-   1, 70  
188 what? word info apmah   1  
189 who? word info itan   62, 63  
190 other go also 'one of them'    
190 other watnede 'different'    
191 all sera   49  
192 and bi      
193 if ihgo      
194 how? word info nuhu   84  
194 how? word info gap a verb 'to be how': past tense te-gap, present mwe-gap, future ne-gap 58, 82, 83  
195 no, not tebu interjection ('no') 57  
195 no, not ba ... nga negative marker in sentence ('not') 58  
196 to count wulwulkik intransitive 1  
196 to count wulki transitive 1  
197 One word info bwaleh   7  
198 Two word info karu   1  
199 Three word info katsil   1  
200 Four word info kavet   1, 65  
201 Five word info kalim   1  
202 Six word info lapwaleh prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 15  
203 Seven word info laviru prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 13  
204 Eight word info laptsil prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 5, 7  
205 Nine word info lapet prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 20  
206 Ten word info sangwul prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 5  
207 Twenty word info ngawul karu   9  
208 Fifty word info ngawul kalim   x  
209 One Hundred word info ngawul sangwul   17  
209 One Hundred word info wudelu rare nowadays; prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 16  
210 One Thousand word info vataa rare nowadays; prefixed with 'te-' when used as quantifier 13  

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