https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Hiw

Source/Author:  Dr Alex François 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Dr Alex François  Checked By:  
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Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
2 left      
3 right      
38 to chew word info      
42 to suck      
47 to yawn      
68 needle      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
103 meat/flesh      
107 worm (earthworm)      
125 salt      
131 cloud word info      
132 fog      
135 lightning      
10 dirty təᶢʟɔɣə      
39 to cook word info βᶢʟəβᶢʟɔβ      
65 rope ɔᶢʟje      
67 to sew word info kojkojot      
69 to hunt word info tʉtʉ ='wander in forest'    
72 to hit word info nɔt      
72 to hit word info ᶢʟɔtə      
74 to kill kʷɪtŋɔɣ      
75 to die, be dead kʷɪt      
78 to cut, hack word info ᶢʟot      
81 sharp wɵj      
83 to work word info ᶢʟəkɔβə      
93 to pound, beat word info jɔp      
94 to throw word info wɵtɔɣ      
94 to throw word info tᶢʟɔɣ      
95 to fall word info iw <*sipo 'go down'    
109 mosquito ŋɔᶢʟə      
112 rotten word info ŋʷəᶢʟŋʷɔᶢʟ      
113 branch word info ŋʷɔŋ      
115 root ᶢʟɵt      
123 to flow sɔj      
124 sea pɪ-ɣɔnə 'salty water'    
126 lake pɪ jwɵ 'big water'    
127 woods/forest jɵŋʷᶢʟewon      
140 dry word info məᶢʟɔŋ (only for plants)    
140 dry word info mɔn      
146 ash sɔw      
153 big jjaβə      
153 big pwɵ      
153 big məso      
154 short word info ŋʷətɔj      
159 wide jəβəjaβə < *lapa    
161 shy, ashamed ɪp-tɣo lit. 'hard body'    
171 to hide word info jʉkʷ βi      
175 above ᶢʟɪ      
175 above ᶢʟenə      
176 below jɵ βi      
187 they sisə      
191 all ppa < PNV*baso 'finish'    
192 and paβen      
193 if tɔmŋʷe(tɔm)      
194 how? word info ᶢʟakeβtajə      
209 One Hundred word info won      
6 road/path wonajə <PMP *jalan 1  
7 to come to mə <*mai 1  
12 skin ɣit (ope-) <*kulit 1  
16 intestines ti-itne < *tinaqe 1  
18 breast tit < *susu 1  
22 to fear mətəɣtɔɣ < *matakut 1  
23 blood taᶢʟə < *draʀaq 1  
28 to breathe mənawə < **manawa 1  
37 to eat ɣənɣɔn < *kanikani 1  
41 to bite ᶢʟaɣə < *kaʀat 1  
44 to hear ᶢʟoŋ < *roŋoʀ 1  
45 eye məta- mata- 1  
48 to sleep mitiᶢʟ < *matiruʀ 1  
49 to lie down word info ɪn [PL: mɔnəᶢʟɵɣ] < *qenop 1  
60 father təma- < *tama- 1  
61 house ɪŋʷə < *ʀumaq 1  
62 thatch/roof ti-at < *qatop 'sago' 1  
70 to shoot word info βɪn <*βine 1  
75 to die, be dead met < *mate 1  
78 to cut, hack word info taᶢʟə <*taʀaq 1  
79 stick/wood kʷɔt-ᶢʟeᶢʟe < *bʷatu-ra\ɣai < *kayu !! 1  
80 to split word info wɔᶢʟə tajə < PNCV *vora 1  
86 to grow word info tow < PNV *toɣo 1  
89 to hold word info ᶢʟak təᶢʟɔɣ   1  
90 to dig ɣij < *keli 1  
97 bird mɔn < *manuk 1  
98 egg ɔjtʉ < *qatoluʀ 1  
99 feather ʉj < *pulu 1  
108 louse word info ɣit < *kutu 1  
111 fish ɪɣə < *ikan 1  
114 leaf ti < *ⁿrau- (?) 1  
118 grass βəjə < *paliji 1  
119 earth/soil ten < *tanoq 1  
120 stone βɔt < *patu 1  
121 sand tɵtɪnɪn < *qone 1  
128 sky jɔŋ < *laŋi 'wind' < *aŋit 1  
130 star βti < *pituqun 1  
139 cold word info məwmɪw   1  
143 fire ɔβ < *api 1  
149 red mje < *meʀaq 1  
156 thin word info məᶢʟiβᶢʟiβ   1  
160 painful, sick mmɔ < PNV *mamasu 1  
164 good wjə < PNV *wia 1  
165 bad, evil ssa < *saqat 1  
167 night kɵŋ < *boŋi 1  
169 year < *taqun 1  
170 when? word info (nə-)ŋəjə < *ŋaican 1  
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside < *lalo(-na) 1  
174 in, inside jonə < *lalo(-na) 1  
177 this   1  
178 that enə   1  
178 that nenə   1  
185 we word info titə < *kita 1  
188 what? word info aβə < *sapan 1  
197 One word info βi-se < *tewa 1  
198 Two word info βi-ᶢʟɵ < *rua 1  
199 Three word info βi-tɵj < *tolu 1  
201 Five word info təβɔjimə < *taβea-lima 1  
162 old word info taməso *qata/tau-matuqa 1, 118?  
183 thou ikə < PNV *(n)igo 1, 17, 18  
117 fruit wni   1, 26  
117 fruit wo < *puaq 1, 26  
43 ear tɵjŋa- < *taliŋa- 1, 40  
59 mother ᶢʟəkŋa- < *ra-tina- 1, 47  
11 dust °°wowɵ   1, 50  
184 he/she ninə   1, 6  
136 wind jɔŋ < *laŋi 1, 77  
196 to count jʉkʷ   1, 83  
186 you kəmi   1, 13  
54 man/male təŋʷen < *ata-mʷaqane 1, 14  
182 I nɔkə < PNV *nau-gu 1, 21, 22  
31 tooth jwo- < *lipon 1, 35  
73 to steal meneɣ < *panako 1, 58  
200 Four word info βi-βɔt < *pati 1, 65  
55 woman/female jəkʷen < PNV *lVbʷo-βine < *pine 1, 72  
1 hand mja- <PMP *lima 1, 78  
13 back word info kja- <PNV *gula- 10  
50 to dream kʷoᶢʟ < *boʀe 10  
195 no, not təɣɔ < PNV *ta-ɣai 10  
179 near ᶢʟɪptɔɣ < PNV *riβitaɣi 101  
153 big jwɵ < *liwoa 111  
64 to say ɣatɪt < PNV *ɣato 114  
8 to turn word info βisə   119?  
106 snake ŋʷatə < *mʷata 12  
138 warm word info ttin   12  
5 to walk təto   13  
21 to think ttɵm < PNCV *dodomi 13  
95 to fall word info so <PNCV *zovi 13  
203 Seven word info jɵβɵᶢʟɵ < PNV *laβea-rua 13  
27 nose miti- <PNV *madu 14  
46 to see ye < *qilo(a) 14  
46 to see yo < *qilo(a) 14  
71 to stab, pierce sɔᶢʟ < *sari 14  
71 to stab, pierce sɪᶢʟŋi- < *sari 14  
101 to fly ɣaβə < *kapak 14  
36 to spit ᶢʟaɣə-mɵt < *kaʀat 'bite' + *musi 14, 82, 97  
82 dull, blunt mətʉt   15  
155 long word info ppəᶢʟɔ < *barapu 16  
210 One Thousand word info tɔᶢʟ < PNV *taru 16  
4 leg/foot ᶢʟoŋo- <PNV *raŋo 17  
17 liver βəᶢʟa- < PNV *vara- 17  
57 husband təŋʷen = male 17  
40 to drink ni < *inum ??? 1?  
189 who? word info < *i-sei (?) 1?  
52 to stand < *tuqur 2  
52 to stand βɔᶢʟtʉᶢʟ   2  
84 to plant tɔn <*tanum 2  
100 wing pini- < *banic 2  
145 smoke word info ɔs < PNV *asu 2  
205 Nine word info jeβɔt < PNV *laβea-βati 20  
76 to live, be alive at < PNV *asu 24, 55  
105 tail ᶢʟjo- < PNV *kalo- 24?  
158 narrow kɔtə   26  
122 water word info < *bei 28  
102 rat ɣʉsʉwə < *kasupe(q) 3  
157 thick word info mɵtɵj < *matolu 3  
181 where? word info βɔ < *pai 3  
207 Twenty word info taŋwuj ᶢʟɵ   3, 6  
85 to choose ɪt-ᶢʟakə   30  
26 hair word info ʉj < *pulu 31  
110 spider məᶢʟawə < PNV *marawa 32  
70 to shoot word info kaᶢʟə   33  
202 Six word info jəβəse < PNV *laβea-tea < … *tewa 33  
116 flower təwɔt < PNV *tawaɣasi 34  
14 belly kkʷa- <POc *tobʷa 36  
19 shoulder pini- < POc *banic 36  
123 to flow ᶢʟow   37  
134 thunder mɔn < **manu 37  
104 fat/grease ᶢʟakə < PNV *ɣaraga 39  
53 person/human being tajɵ < *qata- / *tau + XX ??? 4, 50  
147 black məjiɣəjiɣə < PNV *maliɣo 41  
29 to sniff, smell kʷnɔβəŋi   42  
77 to scratch word info kəᶢʟkɔᶢʟ < *garu (?) 44  
92 to open, uncover ɔ   44?  
142 heavy maβə < *mapat 46  
91 to buy tin   49  
9 to swim ᶢʟɔɣ <POc *kaʀu 5  
206 Ten word info taŋwuj < *saŋapulu 5  
58 wife jəkʷen = female 5, 52  
204 Eight word info jɵβɵtɵj < PNV *laβea-tolu 5, 7  
56 child məɣɔjə   50  
133 rain wetə < PNV *weda 51  
15 bone sᶢʟi- <*suʀi 52  
129 moon mowɪ   52  
66 to tie up, fasten sɔj   57  
84 to plant βa <*pasok 6  
137 to blow word info βiβ   6  
168 day məᶢʟen < *ma-ʀaqan-i 6  
190 other ain < PNV *(sa)sae 60  
74 to kill nɔt   62  
25 neck tinəma-   65  
34 to cry wɔɣə   65  
63 name ja- < *qican 66  
30 mouth ŋᶢʟa- < PNV *ŋora- 7  
172 to climb word info βɪn   7  
32 tongue aᶢʟəmje- < *kaʀa-maya 7, 14  
51 to sit saɣ < *sake 72  
51 to sit βɔᶢʟsasɪᶢʟɪɣ   72  
96 dog tɔk < Eng. dog 73 L
66 to tie up, fasten ᶢʟɵt < *roti 77  
180 far atta   77  
152 small kke   78  
35 to vomit < *luaq 8  
151 green ŋʷajeɣetə < PNCV *malakeza 8, 43  
20 to know, be knowledgeable jɵjməᶢʟen < PNV *lolo-marani 86  
144 to burn word info towᶢʟɔɣ   88  
148 white jʉj < PNV *lulu 'albinos' 89, 91  
24 head kʷiti- < *batu 9  
150 yellow ŋaŋo   9  
163 new ᶢʟakʷə < *karabʷa 9  
33 to laugh ᶢʟiwə (<**riwa) 90  
141 wet tokʷ   94  
166 correct, true tɪnnɪᶢʟ 'straight' x  
208 Fifty word info taŋwuj təβɔjimə   x  

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