https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Hiw

Source/Author:  Dr Alex François 
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Data Entry:  Typed By: Dr Alex François  Checked By:  
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Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand mja- <PMP *lima 1, 78  
2 left      
3 right      
4 leg/foot ᶢʟoŋo- <PNV *raŋo 17  
5 to walk təto   13  
6 road/path wonajə <PMP *jalan 1  
7 to come to mə <*mai 1  
8 to turn word info βisə   119?  
9 to swim ᶢʟɔɣ <POc *kaʀu 5  
10 dirty təᶢʟɔɣə   81  
11 dust °°wowɵ   1, 50  
12 skin ɣit (ope-) <*kulit 1  
13 back word info kja- <PNV *gula- 10  
14 belly kkʷa- <POc *tobʷa 36  
15 bone sᶢʟi- <*suʀi 52  
16 intestines ti-itne < *tinaqe 1  
17 liver βəᶢʟa- < PNV *vara- 17  
18 breast tit < *susu 1  
19 shoulder pini- < POc *banic 36  
20 to know, be knowledgeable jɵjməᶢʟen < PNV *lolo-marani 86  
21 to think ttɵm < PNCV *dodomi 13  
22 to fear mətəɣtɔɣ < *matakut 1  
23 blood taᶢʟə < *draʀaq 1  
24 head kʷiti- < *batu 9  
25 neck tinəma-   65  
26 hair word info ʉj < *pulu 31  
27 nose miti- <PNV *madu 14  
28 to breathe mənawə < **manawa 1  
29 to sniff, smell kʷnɔβəŋi   42  
30 mouth ŋᶢʟa- < PNV *ŋora- 7  
31 tooth jwo- < *lipon 1, 35  
32 tongue aᶢʟəmje- < *kaʀa-maya 7, 14  
33 to laugh ᶢʟiwə (<**riwa) 90  
34 to cry wɔɣə   65  
35 to vomit < *luaq 8  
36 to spit ᶢʟaɣə-mɵt < *kaʀat 'bite' + *musi 14, 82, 97  
37 to eat ɣənɣɔn < *kanikani 1  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info βᶢʟəβᶢʟɔβ      
40 to drink ni < *inum ??? 53  
41 to bite ᶢʟaɣə < *kaʀat 1  
42 to suck      
43 ear tɵjŋa- < *taliŋa- 1, 40  
44 to hear ᶢʟoŋ < *roŋoʀ 1  
45 eye məta- mata- 1  
46 to see ye < *qilo(a) 110  
46 to see yo < *qilo(a) 119  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep mitiᶢʟ < *matiruʀ 1, 70  
49 to lie down word info ɪn [PL: mɔnəᶢʟɵɣ] < *qenop 1  
50 to dream kʷoᶢʟ < *boʀe 10  
51 to sit saɣ < *sake 72  
51 to sit βɔᶢʟsasɪᶢʟɪɣ   72  
52 to stand < *tuqur 2, 69  
52 to stand βɔᶢʟtʉᶢʟ   2  
53 person/human being tajɵ < *qata- / *tau + XX ??? 4, 50  
54 man/male təŋʷen < *ata-mʷaqane 1, 14  
55 woman/female jəkʷen < PNV *lVbʷo-βine < *pine 1, 72  
56 child məɣɔjə   50  
57 husband təŋʷen = male 17  
58 wife jəkʷen = female 5, 52  
59 mother ᶢʟəkŋa- < *ra-tina- 1, 47  
60 father təma- < *tama- 1  
61 house ɪŋʷə < *ʀumaq 1  
62 thatch/roof ti-at < *qatop 'sago' 1  
63 name ja- < *qican 66  
64 to say ɣatɪt < PNV *ɣato 114  
65 rope ɔᶢʟje      
66 to tie up, fasten sɔj   57  
66 to tie up, fasten ᶢʟɵt < *roti 77, 78  
67 to sew word info kojkojot      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info tʉtʉ ='wander in forest'    
70 to shoot word info βɪn <*βine 1  
70 to shoot word info kaᶢʟə   33  
71 to stab, pierce sɔᶢʟ < *sari 14  
71 to stab, pierce sɪᶢʟŋi- < *sari 14  
72 to hit word info nɔt      
72 to hit word info ᶢʟɔtə      
73 to steal meneɣ < *panako 1, 58  
74 to kill nɔt   62  
74 to kill kʷɪtŋɔɣ      
75 to die, be dead met < *mate 1  
75 to die, be dead kʷɪt      
76 to live, be alive at < PNV *asu 24, 55  
77 to scratch word info kəᶢʟkɔᶢʟ < *garu (?) 44  
78 to cut, hack word info taᶢʟə <*taʀaq 1  
78 to cut, hack word info ᶢʟot      
79 stick/wood kʷɔt-ᶢʟeᶢʟe < *bʷatu-ra\ɣai < *kayu !! 1  
80 to split word info wɔᶢʟə tajə < PNCV *vora 1  
81 sharp wɵj      
82 dull, blunt mətʉt   15  
83 to work word info ᶢʟəkɔβə      
84 to plant tɔn <*tanum 2  
84 to plant βa <*pasok 6  
85 to choose ɪt-ᶢʟakə   30  
86 to grow word info tow < PNV *toɣo 1  
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info ᶢʟak təᶢʟɔɣ   1  
90 to dig ɣij < *keli 1  
91 to buy tin   49  
92 to open, uncover ɔ   44?  
93 to pound, beat word info jɔp      
94 to throw word info wɵtɔɣ      
94 to throw word info tᶢʟɔɣ      
95 to fall word info so <PNCV *zovi 13  
95 to fall word info iw <*sipo 'go down'    
96 dog tɔk < Eng. dog 73 L
97 bird mɔn < *manuk 1  
98 egg ɔjtʉ < *qatoluʀ 1  
99 feather ʉj < *pulu 1  
100 wing pini- < *banic 2  
101 to fly ɣaβə < *kapak 14  
102 rat ɣʉsʉwə < *kasupe(q) 3  
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease ᶢʟakə < PNV *ɣaraga 39  
105 tail ᶢʟjo- < PNV *kalo- 24?  
106 snake ŋʷatə < *mʷata 12  
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info ɣit < *kutu 1  
109 mosquito ŋɔᶢʟə      
110 spider məᶢʟawə < PNV *marawa 32  
111 fish ɪɣə < *ikan 1  
112 rotten word info ŋʷəᶢʟŋʷɔᶢʟ      
113 branch word info ŋʷɔŋ      
114 leaf ti < *ⁿrau- (?) 1?  
115 root ᶢʟɵt      
116 flower təwɔt < PNV *tawaɣasi 34  
117 fruit wni   1, 26  
117 fruit wo < *puaq 1, 26  
118 grass βəjə < *paliji 1  
119 earth/soil ten < *tanoq 1  
120 stone βɔt < *patu 1  
121 sand tɵtɪnɪn < *qone 1  
122 water word info < *bei 28  
123 to flow sɔj      
123 to flow ᶢʟow   37  
124 sea pɪ-ɣɔnə 'salty water'    
125 salt      
126 lake pɪ jwɵ 'big water'    
127 woods/forest jɵŋʷᶢʟewon      
128 sky jɔŋ < *laŋi 'wind' < *aŋit 1  
129 moon mowɪ   52  
130 star βti < *pituqun 1  
131 cloud word info      
132 fog      
133 rain wetə < PNV *weda 51  
134 thunder mɔn < **manu 37  
135 lightning      
136 wind jɔŋ < *laŋi 1, 77  
137 to blow word info βiβ   6  
138 warm word info ttin   12  
139 cold word info məwmɪw   1  
140 dry word info məᶢʟɔŋ (only for plants)    
140 dry word info mɔn      
141 wet tokʷ   94  
142 heavy maβə < *mapat 46  
143 fire ɔβ < *api 1  
144 to burn word info towᶢʟɔɣ   88  
145 smoke word info ɔs < PNV *asu 2  
146 ash sɔw      
147 black məjiɣəjiɣə < PNV *maliɣo 41  
148 white jʉj < PNV *lulu 'albinos' 89, 91  
149 red mje < *meʀaq 1  
150 yellow ŋaŋo   9  
151 green ŋʷajeɣetə < PNCV *malakeza 43, 8?  
152 small kke   78  
153 big jwɵ < *liwoa 111  
153 big jjaβə      
153 big pwɵ      
153 big məso      
154 short word info ŋʷətɔj      
155 long word info ppəᶢʟɔ < *barapu 16, 85  
156 thin word info məᶢʟiβᶢʟiβ   1  
157 thick word info mɵtɵj < *matolu 3  
158 narrow kɔtə   26  
159 wide jəβəjaβə < *lapa    
160 painful, sick mmɔ < PNV *mamasu 1  
161 shy, ashamed ɪp-tɣo lit. 'hard body'    
162 old word info taməso *qata/tau-matuqa 1, 118?  
163 new ᶢʟakʷə < *karabʷa 9  
164 good wjə < PNV *wia 1  
165 bad, evil ssa < *saqat 1  
166 correct, true tɪnnɪᶢʟ 'straight'    
167 night kɵŋ < *boŋi 1  
168 day məᶢʟen < *ma-ʀaqan-i 6  
169 year < *taqun 1  
170 when? word info (nə-)ŋəjə < *ŋaican 1  
171 to hide word info jʉkʷ βi      
172 to climb word info βɪn   7  
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside < *lalo(-na) 1  
174 in, inside jonə < *lalo(-na) 1  
175 above ᶢʟɪ      
175 above ᶢʟenə      
176 below jɵ βi      
177 this   1  
178 that enə   1  
178 that nenə   1  
179 near ᶢʟɪptɔɣ < PNV *riβitaɣi 101  
180 far atta   77  
181 where? word info βɔ < *pai 3  
182 I nɔkə < PNV *nau-gu 1, 21, 22  
183 thou ikə < PNV *(n)igo 1, 17, 18  
184 he/she ninə   1, 6  
185 we word info titə < *kita 1  
186 you kəmi   1, 13  
187 they sisə      
188 what? word info aβə < *sapan 1  
189 who? word info < *i-sei (?) 1?  
190 other ain < PNV *(sa)sae 60  
191 all ppa < PNV*baso 'finish'    
192 and paβen      
193 if tɔmŋʷe(tɔm)      
194 how? word info ᶢʟakeβtajə      
195 no, not təɣɔ < PNV *ta-ɣai 10  
196 to count jʉkʷ   1, 83  
197 One word info βi-se < *tewa 1  
198 Two word info βi-ᶢʟɵ < *rua 1  
199 Three word info βi-tɵj < *tolu 1  
200 Four word info βi-βɔt < *pati 1, 65  
201 Five word info təβɔjimə < *taβea-lima 1  
202 Six word info jəβəse < PNV *laβea-tea < … *tewa 33  
203 Seven word info jɵβɵᶢʟɵ < PNV *laβea-rua 13  
204 Eight word info jɵβɵtɵj < PNV *laβea-tolu 5, 7  
205 Nine word info jeβɔt < PNV *laβea-βati 20  
206 Ten word info taŋwuj < *saŋapulu 5  
207 Twenty word info taŋwuj ᶢʟɵ   3, 6  
208 Fifty word info taŋwuj təβɔjimə   x  
209 One Hundred word info won      
210 One Thousand word info tɔᶢʟ < PNV *taru 16  

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