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Language: Qabiao

Source/Author:  Liang, Zhang & Li (2007) 
Notes:  Liang Min, Zhang Junru & Li Yunbing (2007). Pubiao-yu Yanjiu. Beijing: The Ethnic Publishing House.
Known as Pu Péo people/language in Vietnam.
Known as Pŭ Biāo language in China; people classified as Yi (Lolo).
(Following notation in the book:)
Ch=aspirated plosive/affricate/fricative

(IPA used in the book, but here:)
hN=voiceless nasal; ṣȥ= retroflex; ćñ=alveolo-palatal; VV=long vowel; ɰ = unrounded high back vowel 
Problems:  Liang+Zhang and Li worked with different speakers (mostly members of the same extended family); Liang+Zhang and Li may use different notations, e.g. minor syllables may be written as Ca33, Ca0 or Cə0. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Hilário de Sousa  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 198
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 5
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kra:Eastern Kra 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 2 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
8 to turn word info      
62 thatch/roof      
66 to tie up, fasten      
71 to stab, pierce      
77 to scratch word info      
80 to split word info      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
95 to fall word info      
161 shy, ashamed      
170 when? word info      
190 other      
5 to walk jin33      
6 road/path qhon53   27?  
10 dirty lɑi33 lɑi33/ luk45 lak45      
12 skin boŋ53   57  
14 belly hmok33   46  
15 bone daak33   1?  
16 intestines sai33   48  
17 liver tap33   1?  
18 breast ʔui213   38  
19 shoulder hma213   46  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɬau33      
22 to fear laau24   43  
23 blood qa33   35  
24 head ṣho213   18  
27 nose qa33 taŋ33   31  
28 to breathe gəi24      
29 to sniff, smell mu24   48  
30 mouth qa33 mən45   48  
31 tooth suaŋ53   33  
34 to cry ȥiak45   48  
35 to vomit buan33      
36 to spit tam33   68  
38 to chew word info ñin33   43  
41 to bite ȥam45   48  
42 to suck muat35      
44 to hear tćak45   29  
47 to yawn jiu53   16  
48 to sleep ʔau213   68  
49 to lie down word info ʔau213   57  
50 to dream ʔau213 pan53   8  
52 to stand tćau213   44  
54 man/male qa33 pa213   53  
57 husband pe213 će53      
58 wife maai45 siau53   42  
59 mother maai45   39  
60 father pe213   26  
61 house hniŋ53   36  
64 to say ɬai53   83  
68 needle ŋɰət45   8  
69 to hunt word info khiap33 ȥəŋ33   21?  
73 to steal liak45/ lak45   34  
76 to live, be alive ʔai53   46  
78 to cut, hack word info qai213      
86 to grow word info ja45      
91 to buy sɰ45   37  
92 to open, uncover phaai53   42  
94 to throw word info huaŋ33   64?  
100 wing pa213 g(ɰ)ə213   56  
103 meat/flesh ʔiau33   59  
105 tail sɑt33   52  
106 snake ŋɰɑ33   50  
110 spider ku53 ȥaau213      
111 fish ʔiau33 pjɑ22   64  
112 rotten word info ɬo53      
115 root tćiaŋ53 tai53   34?  
118 grass ȥaaŋ33/ tsɑ33   39  
121 sand tsɑɑi24   62?  
122 water word info ʔoŋ33   40  
125 salt qa33 ñuŋ33   23  
130 star qə33 luəŋ33   47  
133 rain ṣau213   40  
134 thunder mən33 ȥaŋ35   59  
136 wind qa33 ȥu24   61  
137 to blow word info phau53   54  
138 warm word info ʔon213   69  
139 cold word info suat45   69  
142 heavy khan53   43  
144 to burn word info te33 pəi53/ piŋ33      
146 ash tau213   43  
147 black dam53   1  
148 white liin33   56  
149 red niaŋ53   64  
151 green jiŋ45   48?  
152 small nuai33   73  
153 big du213   63  
155 long word info kɰu53   59  
156 thin word info tə0 ne33      
157 thick word info tə0 gɰa45/ hɰa45      
162 old word info qa33 ŋən33   95  
163 new ȥuuŋ33/ ȥuəŋ33   28  
164 good ʔai53   85  
166 correct, true ȥo45   57  
167 night pə33 niin33/ pə33 gɰi33/ pɰ33 gɰi33   49  
169 year mjɑɑi33   53  
171 to hide word info puap33      
173 at qui33   34  
175 above pə33 lju33   36, 38  
176 below pə33 te33   50  
179 near tu33   71  
180 far khai33   54  
183 thou mi33   15  
184 he/she kɰ53   23  
186 you (ɬaai213) tau53   39?  
187 they to53   40  
188 what? word info hmai213   50  
189 who? word info niau45   27  
192 and pau45      
194 how? word info tə0 niau33      
195 no, not nam45   69  
202 Six word info mə0 hnam53   1  
203 Seven word info mə0 tu53   1  
206 Ten word info pɑt33   1  
207 Twenty word info će54 pɑt33   18  
208 Fifty word info ma33 pɑt33   5  
209 One Hundred word info ȥɑɑn33   30  
210 One Thousand word info tɑŋ53   31  
132 fog qa33 muak45 < Ch 53 L
158 narrow tiap33 < Ch 44 L
26 hair word info sam53 < Chinese   L
159 wide kwaaŋ213 < Chinese   L
33 to laugh saau53 < Chinese ?    
145 smoke word info qa33 muak45 also 'cloud'/'fog'    
131 cloud word info qa33 muak45 also 'smoke' 71  
99 feather hon213 animal hair/feather 48  
3 right baaŋ33 hmuat33 b: 'side'; m: PAN ka-wanaN ? 45, 49  
2 left baaŋ33 miəŋ24 b: 'side'; m: PAN ka-wiʀi ? 49, 52  
205 Nine word info mə0 ćia213 c.f. Amis siwa 1?  
204 Eight word info mə0 ȥɰ33 cf walu (LS) 1  
124 sea haai33 Chinese    
191 all tćhyan53 Chinese    
65 rope saak33 Chinese ? 37 L
90 to dig kuət33 Chinese ? 36  
141 wet ȥak45/ hman213 clothing (PMP bazeq ?)/ ambient 56, 60  
140 dry word info kɰa213/ ṣhiau33 clothing / firewood 84  
196 to count tćia53 count 53  
193 if hmai213/ ȥu53 ko213 ȥ: Chinese    
119 earth/soil ʔuət33 kɰa213 ʔuət33: head of comp 53  
4 leg/foot qa33 tćuŋ213 foot; PAN qaqay? 39  
108 louse word info qa0 nan53/ qa0 tau53 general/ head 1  
154 short word info dan213/tai33 height/ength    
185 we word info (ɬaai213) tu33/ ṣhau53 incl/ excl 36  
174 in, inside lyŋ45 kuəŋ213 inside 31, 32  
74 to kill lai33 ṣai33/ tie53 kill person/ general 47  
9 to swim luun24/ jəu53/ jiip33 ʔoŋ33 l: PMP laŋuy ?/ j: Chinese    
102 rat qa33 nai33 mouse/rat 59  
63 name ni33 noun 21  
107 worm (earthworm) pu33 p: insect ?    
160 painful, sick qiau33/ qa33 ȥai45 pain/ sick 64  
25 neck qe53 PAN *liqeʀ ? 52?  
32 tongue mie33 PAN *Sema ? 1  
21 to think tćiim213 PAN -ajem ? 52  
87 to swell word info pu24 PAN baʀeq ?    
55 woman/female qa33 məi45 PAN bahi ? 57  
120 stone pja33 PAN batu ? 27  
114 leaf be53 PAN biʀaq ? 2?  
117 fruit miak45 PAN buaq ? 24  
129 moon taan53 PAN bulaN ? 46  
43 ear qə0 ȥɑ33 PAN Caliŋa?; ȥ:*l also in '8' 8, 31  
126 lake khə213 du213 PAN danau ?    
198 Two word info će53 PAN dusa? 1?  
128 sky mən33 PAN ʀabun 'cloud'? 52  
181 where? word info ti33 niau24/ tiau24 PAN i nu? 47, 45  
182 I kau53 PAN i-aku ? 1  
177 this nai45 PAN i-ni? 1  
197 One word info tćia33 PAN isa ? 1  
37 to eat k(ɰ)ən53 PAN kaen ? 1  
46 to see taiʔ33/ qɑn33 PAN kita?/ q: Chineses? 70  
13 back word info ɬau33 PAN likud ? 64  
201 Five word info ma33 PAN lima? 1  
70 to shoot word info ñiə33/ ñiu33 PAN panaq ?    
85 to choose phet33 PAN piliq ?    
98 egg khai53 PAN qiteluʀ ? 41  
143 fire pəi53 PAn Sapuy ? 1  
200 Four word info pe53 PAn Sepat? 11  
67 to sew word info tiam33 PAN taSiq ? 47  
199 Three word info tau53 PAN telu? 1  
96 dog hma53 PAN wasu ? 61  
1 hand qa0 hmi213 PAN [qa]lima ? 1?  
109 mosquito qa0 ñaŋ33 PMP ñamuk ? 58  
116 flower puŋ33 PMP buŋa ? 1?  
178 that tćia45 PMP i-na?    
40 to drink ŋəm33/ kən53 PMP inum ? 21  
135 lightning tə0 lip45 PMP kilat ? 55  
150 yellow ñin45 PMP ma-kunij ? 57  
7 to come hme53 PMP maʀi ? 1?  
97 bird nuk45/ niuk45 PMP manuk ? 1  
45 eye te53 PMP mata ? 1  
75 to die, be dead tie53 PMP matay ? 1  
104 fat/grease nin33 PMP meñak ? 64  
11 dust ʔuət33 qa33 bən45 PMP qabuk ? 7?  
53 person/human being tə0 dau33 PMP tau ? 44  
51 to sit taŋ33 PMP tudan ? 67  
165 bad, evil tć(i)ak45 PMP zakat ? 1?  
81 sharp bɰət33 pointy sharp    
107 worm (earthworm) pu33 suai45 ps: earthworm    
56 child qa33 jiə33 nuai33 qa33 jiə33 'child of perent'    
93 to pound, beat word info kaai33 rice    
101 to fly biaŋ53 RMP ʀebek ? 56  
79 stick/wood tai53 rod ? 13  
89 to hold word info kham54/ kam213/ djap33 static hold (PAN gem ?)/ grab/ grab a bunch 1?  
72 to hit word info tuaŋ33/ lai33 stick/ general PAN palu?    
127 woods/forest tai53 ȥəŋ33/ tai53 ʔəŋ33 tai53 'tree' 75  
113 branch word info qa24 tai53 tai53 'tree'; q: PMP daqan ? 32  
84 to plant tap33 tree 11  
172 to climb word info den33 tree; PAN dakiS? PMP pa-nahik?    
39 to cook word info vak33 mi45/ khu33 mi45 vak45 'do'/ mi45 'cooked rice'    
168 day pu33 vən33 vən33 whole day 41  
123 to flow ɬai53 water; PMP saliʀ ? 43  

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