https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tarangan Barat (Feruni)

Source/Author:  Rick Nivens 
Notes:  All "p" in these data are allophones of the voiceless bilabial fricative phoneme /ɸ/, which occur in syllable-final position.
All "y" in these data represent IPA [j] (palatal approximant).
The "ê" is between [ɪ] and [e]; similarly the [ô] is between [ʊ] and [o]. These two phonemes are innovations due to assimilation to nearby high vowels (which were then lost).
The "ɛ" here is phonetically between [e] and [ɛ], and the "ɔ" is between [o] and [ɔ].
Acute accent here represents stress on final syllable of root. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Rick Nivens  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Central Malayo-Polynesian:Aru 
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Showing all of 2 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above ataʤô /atayô/    
191 all -ɸarɔŋ      
191 all sɛna      
192 and ɸɛl      
192 and ʤa      
146 ash kôraw      
173 at na      
13 back word info tilkɛy /tilkɛy/ 4  
165 bad, evil samay      
14 belly tubir /tubar+i/ 3  
176 below sian      
153 big ʤinay      
153 big gaybún      
97 bird arêran   60  
147 black ɸaray 'black, dark'    
23 blood gun /wun/ (<*wudu) 57  
15 bone tul   1, 25  
113 branch word info ranrán /DUP+ran/    
18 breast      
56 child gasua /wasua/ 'young human' 1  
56 child anat /anat/ 'offspring(3s)' 1  
131 cloud word info kaɸal sɛysɛy      
139 cold word info ʤɔir /yɔar+i/ 'cold-3s'    
166 correct, true tɔŋir      
168 day maɛra      
10 dirty      
96 dog tarɔw   89  
140 dry word info dɛkir /dɛkar+i/ 'dry-3s'    
82 dull, blunt rɔbik /rɔbak+i/ 'dull-3s' 4  
11 dust      
43 ear takir /takar+i/ 2  
119 earth/soil bôl 'soil'    
119 earth/soil kôla 'sand, dirt'    
98 egg tulir /tular+i/ 'egg-3s' < *tuluR- 1  
204 Eight word info kɔrua (four-two) 28  
45 eye matay /mata+y/ < *mata 1  
180 far ʤôw /yôw/ < *yaw    
104 fat/grease mila   1?  
60 father bôy /bôy/ 'father'    
60 father amay /ama+y/ 'father-3s' < *ama 1  
99 feather lɔbar 'feather, body hair' 70  
208 Fifty word info ur lêma      
143 fire ɔw      
111 fish sima      
201 Five word info lêma < *lima 1  
116 flower gɔa /wɔa/ 'blossom'    
132 fog      
200 Four word info ka   2  
117 fruit ɸuay /ɸua+y/ 'fruit-3s'    
164 good ɛɸir /ɛɸar+i/ 'good-3s'    
118 grass gur /wur/ < *wuru 6  
151 green      
26 hair word info gul /wul/ (cf. "head") 3?  
1 hand lêmay /lêma+y/ hand/arm-3s (<*lima) 1, 64  
184 he/she nɛy < *nay    
24 head ʤikalay /yikala+y/ (<*wul+i kala+y) 1  
142 heavy nian      
61 house bôt treehouse 64  
61 house galáy house on ground 65  
194 how? word info nam ba      
57 husband lêt man/husband 3  
57 husband aɛy spouse 2  
182 I ɔk < *aku    
193 if kɛnʤɔw      
174 in, inside na ... abil /na/ ... /abal+i/ 'at ... inside-3s'    
16 intestines tubir lɛsalɛsardi /tubar+i # DUP+lɛsar+di/ 3  
126 lake      
114 leaf maŋɛy      
2 left aŋaɸaŋaɸa /DUP+aŋaɸa/ 3  
4 leg/foot abay /aba+y/ 38  
135 lightning kalakalaw /DUP+kalaw/    
17 liver ɔta   1  
155 long word info ɔtay 'long; tall; high'    
108 louse word info kut < *kutu 1  
54 man/male lêt /lêt/ 'man' 3  
54 man/male lêtna /lêt+na/ 'male-3sa' 3  
103 meat/flesh tama   2  
129 moon ɸôlan < *pulan 1  
109 mosquito tuntún /DUP+tun/    
59 mother ʤêna /yêna/ 'mother' 1, 48  
59 mother ʤinay /yina+y/ 'mother-3s' < *ina 1, 48  
30 mouth ɸaɸay /ɸaɸa+y/ 1  
63 name ŋarin /ŋaran+i/ < *ŋaRan 1  
158 narrow dôw suay      
179 near dên      
25 neck akil /akal+i/ 119  
68 needle lalɛan   10  
163 new tubôy      
167 night ɸit < *piti    
205 Nine word info sêra < *tera 36  
195 no, not sikali      
27 nose ʤurin /yuran+i/ 'end; tip of nose -3s' 1  
162 old word info taɸɛrna /taɸɛr+na 'old (male)-3sa'    
162 old word info gasirana /wasira+na/ 'old (female)-3sa'    
197 One word info ôt   1, 34  
209 One Hundred word info rat ia      
210 One Thousand word info riɸun ia   5  
190 other aɸúk      
160 painful, sick ʤaray      
53 person/human being tamata   1, 66  
133 rain gôyan < *wuyan 1, 54  
102 rat nirua (two different species) 81  
102 rat kartɔw (two different species) 79  
149 red bɛir /bɛar+i/ 'red-3s'    
3 right alêmalêma /DUP+alêma/ 2  
6 road/path ʤala /yala/ 1  
115 root gakir /wakar+i/ < *wakaR- 2  
65 rope sɛl   1, 36  
112 rotten word info ʤaŋil /yaŋal+i/ 'rotten-3s'    
125 salt      
121 sand kôla 'sand, dirt'    
124 sea lôw < *law    
203 Seven word info dubám   20  
81 sharp ɔlir /ɔlar+i/ 'sharp (edge)-3s' 91  
81 sharp rɛy rɛy 'sharp (point)'    
154 short word info tɔp /tɔɸ/    
19 shoulder ɸɛra   1  
161 shy, ashamed kamarɛyna /kamarɛy+na/ 'embarrassed-3sa'    
202 Six word info dum < *dubu 41  
12 skin kalay /kala+y/ 1, 93  
128 sky maŋár   59  
152 small bôrar      
145 smoke word info kɔban      
106 snake ʤɛla /yɛla/    
110 spider lôlôya /DUP+lôya/    
130 star tôn      
79 stick/wood      
120 stone ɸɔt < *patu    
105 tail gadar /wadar/    
206 Ten word info urɸaɸay      
178 that (near/inan.)    
178 that (far/anim.)    
178 that nɔnɔ (near/anim.)    
178 that nɛnɛ (far/anim.)    
62 thatch/roof ôw   24  
187 they êra      
157 thick word info ɸunik /ɸunak+i/ 'thick-3s'    
156 thin word info mɛnuay < *maniΦi    
177 this nɛn this (animate)    
177 this ɔn this (inanimate)    
183 thou kɛn 2sg    
199 Three word info lat   3  
134 thunder tɔɸa      
41 to bite ikara /i+kara/ < *kaRa 1  
137 to blow word info iʤôw /i+yôw/    
28 to breathe nal ɸêt /na+l ɸês/ '3s-take breath'    
144 to burn word info iɸara /i+ɸara/ '3s-burn/roast'    
91 to buy ikêl /i+kêl/ 58  
38 to chew word info imama /i+mama/ (a.) 1  
85 to choose ɛlat   18  
172 to climb word info akay      
7 to come imá /i+ma/ 1  
39 to cook word info ɛrnay /i+r+nay/ (a. and b.) 3  
196 to count iʤôw /i+yôw/    
34 to cry itɛn /i+tɛn/ < *taŋi 1  
78 to cut, hack word info ôr 'chop' 108  
75 to die, be dead igoy /i+woy/ 38  
75 to die, be dead sôirna /soar+i+na/ 37  
90 to dig ikɛl /i+kɛl/ 1  
50 to dream ibuka /i+buka/ 56  
40 to drink inun /i+nun/ 1  
37 to eat ika /i+ka/ (transitive) 1  
95 to fall word info ɛrôr /i+r+ôr/    
22 to fear ibɛbar /i+bɛbar/ 3  
123 to flow ɛrtar /i+r+tar/ '3s-R-flow'    
101 to fly ɛrnu /i+r+nu/ '3s-R-fly' < *niw 72  
86 to grow word info ɛrtip /i+r+tiɸ/ '3s-R-grow' 1  
44 to hear ɛtalêŋa /i+talêŋa/ < *taliŋa 66  
171 to hide word info ɛkalɛkana /i+r+kalɛka=na/ '3s-RFLX-hide=3sa'    
72 to hit word info etabáy /i+tabáy/ 89  
89 to hold word info ɛsarú /i+sarú/ 100  
69 to hunt word info igôl /i+wôl/ 82  
74 to kill iɸun /i+ɸun/ < *punu 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɛraka /i+raka/ 47  
33 to laugh imɛl /i+mɛl/ < *mali 3  
49 to lie down word info      
76 to live, be alive ɛrna /ɛr+na/ 'alive-3sa' < *ari 70  
92 to open, uncover iɸɛy /i+ɸɛy/ 68  
84 to plant irua /i+rua/ 34  
93 to pound, beat word info itut /i+tut/ 2  
64 to say inaka /i+naka/ 148  
77 to scratch word info ɛkasɛr /i+kasɛr/ 83  
46 to see iʤɔw /i+yɔw/ 113  
67 to sew word info iʤɛy /i+yɛy/ 2, 9  
70 to shoot word info ɔn   1  
51 to sit italar /i+talar/ < *talaR 4  
48 to sleep inin /i+nin/ 4  
29 to sniff, smell ɛrɸɔw /i+r+ɸɔw/ 71  
36 to spit inɛr /i+nɛr/ 14  
80 to split word info ilaba /i+laba/ 78  
80 to split word info ilola /i+lola/    
80 to split word info itara /i+tara/    
88 to squeeze word info      
71 to stab, pierce isur /i+sur/ 86  
52 to stand ɛrtamarɛr /i+r+tamarɛr/ 3  
73 to steal inɔŋaw /i+nɔŋaw/ < *nagaw 1, 59  
42 to suck igutak /i+wutak/ 35  
42 to suck iguk /i+wuk/ 35  
87 to swell word info bubin /buban+i/ 'swollen-3s' 59  
9 to swim inɛŋ /i+nɛŋ/ (<*naŋi) 1, 45  
21 to think      
94 to throw word info ɛt      
66 to tie up, fasten isɛl /i+sɛl/ 114  
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit ɛramôta /i+ramôta/ < *muta 1  
5 to walk ertêr /i+r+têr/ '3s-R-walk' 73  
83 to work word info      
47 to yawn ay ɸaɸay /ay ɸaɸa+y/ '3s-open mouth-3s'    
32 tongue kabɛlir /kabɛlar+i/ 8  
31 tooth nin (3s) 1  
207 Twenty word info urɸaɸa rua      
198 Two word info rua   1  
138 warm word info      
122 water word info gar /war/ < *wayaR 2, 52  
185 we word info sêta (incl.) < *[kt]ita 2  
185 we word info kama (excl.) < kama 2  
141 wet ʤɛmil /yɛmal+i/ 'wet-3s'    
188 what? word info lɛbá      
170 when? word info ʤɛy ba /yɛy # ba/    
181 where? word info ba 'which, where'    
148 white ɛlajír /i+layír/    
189 who? word info nata sg.    
189 who? word info bay pl.    
159 wide laɸir /laɸar+i/ 'wide/large-3s' 49  
58 wife konar woman/wife 34  
58 wife aɛy spouse 1  
136 wind ɛnɛn      
100 wing ɔlar   23  
55 woman/female kɔnirna /kɔnar+i+na/ 'female-3s' 46  
55 woman/female kɔnar /kɔnar/ 'woman' 46  
127 woods/forest ra < *raya    
107 worm (earthworm) ʤilalaŋa /DUP+yilaŋa/    
169 year narak   3  
150 yellow kunil /kunal+i/    
186 you kɛm 2pl    

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