https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tarangan Barat (Feruni)

Source/Author:  Rick Nivens 
Notes:  All "p" in these data are allophones of the voiceless bilabial fricative phoneme /ɸ/, which occur in syllable-final position.
All "y" in these data represent IPA [j] (palatal approximant).
The "ê" is between [ɪ] and [e]; similarly the [ô] is between [ʊ] and [o]. These two phonemes are innovations due to assimilation to nearby high vowels (which were then lost).
The "ɛ" here is phonetically between [e] and [ɛ], and the "ɔ" is between [o] and [ɔ].
Acute accent here represents stress on final syllable of root. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Rick Nivens  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Central Malayo-Polynesian:Aru 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing all of 2 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
8 to turn word info      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
21 to think      
49 to lie down word info      
79 stick/wood      
83 to work word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
125 salt      
126 lake      
132 fog      
138 warm word info      
151 green      
191 all -ɸarɔŋ      
4 leg/foot abay /aba+y/ 38  
172 to climb word info akay      
25 neck akil /akal+i/ 119  
3 right alêmalêma /DUP+alêma/ 2  
60 father amay /ama+y/ 'father-3s' < *ama 1  
56 child anat /anat/ 'offspring(3s)' 1  
97 bird arêran   60  
175 above ataʤô /atayô/    
47 to yawn ay ɸaɸay /ay ɸaɸa+y/ '3s-open mouth-3s'    
2 left aŋaɸaŋaɸa /DUP+aŋaɸa/ 3  
57 husband aɛy spouse 2  
58 wife aɛy spouse 1  
190 other aɸúk      
181 where? word info ba 'which, where'    
189 who? word info bay pl.    
87 to swell word info bubin /buban+i/ 'swollen-3s' 59  
119 earth/soil bôl 'soil'    
152 small bôrar      
61 house bôt treehouse 64  
60 father bôy /bôy/ 'father'    
18 breast      
149 red bɛir /bɛar+i/ 'red-3s'    
203 Seven word info dubám   20  
202 Six word info dum < *dubu 41  
179 near dên      
158 narrow dôw suay      
140 dry word info dɛkir /dɛkar+i/ 'dry-3s'    
5 to walk ertêr /i+r+têr/ '3s-R-walk' 73  
72 to hit word info etabáy /i+tabáy/ 89  
105 tail gadar /wadar/    
115 root gakir /wakar+i/ < *wakaR- 2  
61 house galáy house on ground 65  
122 water word info gar /war/ < *wayaR 2, 52  
162 old word info gasirana /wasira+na/ 'old (female)-3sa'    
56 child gasua /wasua/ 'young human' 1  
153 big gaybún      
26 hair word info gul /wul/ (cf. "head") 3?  
23 blood gun /wun/ (<*wudu) 57  
118 grass gur /wur/ < *wuru 6  
133 rain gôyan < *wuyan 1, 54  
116 flower gɔa /wɔa/ 'blossom'    
50 to dream ibuka /i+buka/ 56  
22 to fear ibɛbar /i+bɛbar/ 3  
75 to die, be dead igoy /i+woy/ 38  
42 to suck iguk /i+wuk/ 35  
42 to suck igutak /i+wutak/ 35  
69 to hunt word info igôl /i+wôl/ 82  
37 to eat ika /i+ka/ (transitive) 1  
41 to bite ikara /i+kara/ < *kaRa 1  
91 to buy ikêl /i+kêl/ 58  
90 to dig ikɛl /i+kɛl/ 1  
80 to split word info ilaba /i+laba/ 78  
80 to split word info ilola /i+lola/    
38 to chew word info imama /i+mama/ (a.) 1  
7 to come imá /i+ma/ 1  
33 to laugh imɛl /i+mɛl/ < *mali 3  
64 to say inaka /i+naka/ 148  
48 to sleep inin /i+nin/ 4  
40 to drink inun /i+nun/ 1  
73 to steal inɔŋaw /i+nɔŋaw/ < *nagaw 1, 59  
36 to spit inɛr /i+nɛr/ 14  
9 to swim inɛŋ /i+nɛŋ/ (<*naŋi) 1, 45  
84 to plant irua /i+rua/ 34  
71 to stab, pierce isur /i+sur/ 86  
66 to tie up, fasten isɛl /i+sɛl/ 114  
51 to sit italar /i+talar/ < *talaR 4  
80 to split word info itara /i+tara/    
93 to pound, beat word info itut /i+tut/ 2  
34 to cry itɛn /i+tɛn/ < *taŋi 1  
144 to burn word info iɸara /i+ɸara/ '3s-burn/roast'    
74 to kill iɸun /i+ɸun/ < *punu 1  
92 to open, uncover iɸɛy /i+ɸɛy/ 68  
137 to blow word info iʤôw /i+yôw/    
196 to count iʤôw /i+yôw/    
46 to see iʤɔw /i+yɔw/ 113  
67 to sew word info iʤɛy /i+yɛy/ 2, 9  
200 Four word info ka   2  
32 tongue kabɛlir /kabɛlar+i/ 8  
135 lightning kalakalaw /DUP+kalaw/    
12 skin kalay /kala+y/ 1, 93  
185 we word info kama (excl.) < kama 2  
161 shy, ashamed kamarɛyna /kamarɛy+na/ 'embarrassed-3sa'    
102 rat kartɔw (two different species) 79  
131 cloud word info kaɸal sɛysɛy      
58 wife konar woman/wife 34  
150 yellow kunil /kunal+i/    
108 louse word info kut < *kutu 1  
119 earth/soil kôla 'sand, dirt'    
121 sand kôla 'sand, dirt'    
146 ash kôraw      
145 smoke word info kɔban      
55 woman/female kɔnar /kɔnar/ 'woman' 46  
55 woman/female kɔnirna /kɔnar+i+na/ 'female-3s' 46  
204 Eight word info kɔrua (four-two) 28  
186 you kɛm 2pl    
183 thou kɛn 2sg    
193 if kɛnʤɔw      
68 needle lalɛan   10  
199 Three word info lat   3  
159 wide laɸir /laɸar+i/ 'wide/large-3s' 49  
201 Five word info lêma < *lima 1  
1 hand lêmay /lêma+y/ hand/arm-3s (<*lima) 1, 64  
54 man/male lêt /lêt/ 'man' 3  
57 husband lêt man/husband 3  
54 man/male lêtna /lêt+na/ 'male-3sa' 3  
110 spider lôlôya /DUP+lôya/    
124 sea lôw < *law    
99 feather lɔbar 'feather, body hair' 70  
188 what? word info lɛbá      
45 eye matay /mata+y/ < *mata 1  
128 sky maŋár   59  
114 leaf maŋɛy      
168 day maɛra      
104 fat/grease mila   1?  
156 thin word info mɛnuay < *maniΦi    
173 at na      
174 in, inside na ... abil /na/ ... /abal+i/ 'at ... inside-3s'    
28 to breathe nal ɸêt /na+l ɸês/ '3s-take breath'    
194 how? word info nam ba      
169 year narak   3  
189 who? word info nata sg.    
142 heavy nian      
31 tooth nin (3s) 1  
102 rat nirua (two different species) 81  
178 that (near/inan.)    
178 that nɔnɔ (near/anim.)    
178 that (far/anim.)    
177 this nɛn this (animate)    
178 that nɛnɛ (far/anim.)    
184 he/she nɛy < *nay    
127 woods/forest ra < *raya    
113 branch word info ranrán /DUP+ran/    
209 One Hundred word info rat ia      
210 One Thousand word info riɸun ia   5  
198 Two word info rua   1  
82 dull, blunt rɔbik /rɔbak+i/ 'dull-3s' 4  
81 sharp rɛy rɛy 'sharp (point)'    
165 bad, evil samay      
176 below sian      
195 no, not sikali      
111 fish sima      
205 Nine word info sêra < *tera 36  
185 we word info sêta (incl.) < *[kt]ita 2  
75 to die, be dead sôirna /soar+i+na/ 37  
65 rope sɛl   1, 36  
191 all sɛna      
43 ear takir /takar+i/ 2  
103 meat/flesh tama   2  
53 person/human being tamata   1, 66  
96 dog tarɔw   89  
162 old word info taɸɛrna /taɸɛr+na 'old (male)-3sa'    
13 back word info tilkɛy /tilkɛy/ 4  
14 belly tubir /tubar+i/ 3  
16 intestines tubir lɛsalɛsardi /tubar+i # DUP+lɛsar+di/ 3  
163 new tubôy      
15 bone tul   1, 25  
98 egg tulir /tular+i/ 'egg-3s' < *tuluR- 1  
109 mosquito tuntún /DUP+tun/    
130 star tôn      
154 short word info tɔp /tɔɸ/    
166 correct, true tɔŋir      
134 thunder tɔɸa      
208 Fifty word info ur lêma      
207 Twenty word info urɸaɸa rua      
206 Ten word info urɸaɸay      
187 they êra      
78 to cut, hack word info ôr 'chop' 108  
197 One word info ôt   1, 34  
62 thatch/roof ôw   24  
63 name ŋarin /ŋaran+i/ < *ŋaRan 1  
182 I ɔk < *aku    
100 wing ɔlar   23  
81 sharp ɔlir /ɔlar+i/ 'sharp (edge)-3s' 91  
70 to shoot word info ɔn   1  
177 this ɔn this (inanimate)    
17 liver ɔta   1  
155 long word info ɔtay 'long; tall; high'    
143 fire ɔw      
171 to hide word info ɛkalɛkana /i+r+kalɛka=na/ '3s-RFLX-hide=3sa'    
77 to scratch word info ɛkasɛr /i+kasɛr/ 83  
148 white ɛlajír /i+layír/    
85 to choose ɛlat   18  
136 wind ɛnɛn      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɛraka /i+raka/ 47  
35 to vomit ɛramôta /i+ramôta/ < *muta 1  
76 to live, be alive ɛrna /ɛr+na/ 'alive-3sa' < *ari 70  
39 to cook word info ɛrnay /i+r+nay/ (a. and b.) 3  
101 to fly ɛrnu /i+r+nu/ '3s-R-fly' < *niw 72  
52 to stand ɛrtamarɛr /i+r+tamarɛr/ 3  
123 to flow ɛrtar /i+r+tar/ '3s-R-flow'    
86 to grow word info ɛrtip /i+r+tiɸ/ '3s-R-grow' 1  
95 to fall word info ɛrôr /i+r+ôr/    
29 to sniff, smell ɛrɸɔw /i+r+ɸɔw/ 71  
89 to hold word info ɛsarú /i+sarú/ 100  
94 to throw word info ɛt      
44 to hear ɛtalêŋa /i+talêŋa/ < *taliŋa 66  
164 good ɛɸir /ɛɸar+i/ 'good-3s'    
147 black ɸaray 'black, dark'    
30 mouth ɸaɸay /ɸaɸa+y/ 1  
167 night ɸit < *piti    
117 fruit ɸuay /ɸua+y/ 'fruit-3s'    
157 thick word info ɸunik /ɸunak+i/ 'thick-3s'    
129 moon ɸôlan < *pulan 1  
120 stone ɸɔt < *patu    
192 and ɸɛl      
19 shoulder ɸɛra   1  
192 and ʤa      
6 road/path ʤala /yala/ 1  
160 painful, sick ʤaray      
112 rotten word info ʤaŋil /yaŋal+i/ 'rotten-3s'    
24 head ʤikalay /yikala+y/ (<*wul+i kala+y) 1  
107 worm (earthworm) ʤilalaŋa /DUP+yilaŋa/    
59 mother ʤinay /yina+y/ 'mother-3s' < *ina 1, 48  
153 big ʤinay      
27 nose ʤurin /yuran+i/ 'end; tip of nose -3s' 1  
59 mother ʤêna /yêna/ 'mother' 1, 48  
180 far ʤôw /yôw/ < *yaw    
139 cold word info ʤɔir /yɔar+i/ 'cold-3s'    
106 snake ʤɛla /yɛla/    
141 wet ʤɛmil /yɛmal+i/ 'wet-3s'    
170 when? word info ʤɛy ba /yɛy # ba/    

Seen an error? Please let us know:

Save Data: