https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tarangan Barat (Feruni)

Source/Author:  Rick Nivens 
Notes:  All "p" in these data are allophones of the voiceless bilabial fricative phoneme /ɸ/, which occur in syllable-final position.
All "y" in these data represent IPA [j] (palatal approximant).
The "ê" is between [ɪ] and [e]; similarly the [ô] is between [ʊ] and [o]. These two phonemes are innovations due to assimilation to nearby high vowels (which were then lost).
The "ɛ" here is phonetically between [e] and [ɛ], and the "ɔ" is between [o] and [ɔ].
Acute accent here represents stress on final syllable of root. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Rick Nivens  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Central Malayo-Polynesian:Aru 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing all of 2 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
8 to turn word info      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
21 to think      
49 to lie down word info      
79 stick/wood      
83 to work word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
125 salt      
126 lake      
132 fog      
138 warm word info      
151 green      
15 bone tul   1, 25  
17 liver ɔta   1  
18 breast      
19 shoulder ɸɛra   1  
53 person/human being tamata   1, 66  
62 thatch/roof ôw   24  
65 rope sɛl   1, 36  
68 needle lalɛan   10  
70 to shoot word info ɔn   1  
85 to choose ɛlat   18  
94 to throw word info ɛt      
96 dog tarɔw   89  
97 bird arêran   60  
100 wing ɔlar   23  
103 meat/flesh tama   2  
104 fat/grease mila   1?  
111 fish sima      
114 leaf maŋɛy      
128 sky maŋár   59  
130 star tôn      
131 cloud word info kaɸal sɛysɛy      
134 thunder tɔɸa      
136 wind ɛnɛn      
142 heavy nian      
143 fire ɔw      
145 smoke word info kɔban      
146 ash kôraw      
152 small bôrar      
153 big ʤinay      
153 big gaybún      
158 narrow dôw suay      
160 painful, sick ʤaray      
163 new tubôy      
165 bad, evil samay      
166 correct, true tɔŋir      
168 day maɛra      
169 year narak   3  
172 to climb word info akay      
173 at na      
176 below sian      
179 near dên      
187 they êra      
188 what? word info lɛbá      
190 other aɸúk      
191 all -ɸarɔŋ      
191 all sɛna      
192 and ɸɛl      
192 and ʤa      
193 if kɛnʤɔw      
194 how? word info nam ba      
195 no, not sikali      
197 One word info ôt   1, 34  
198 Two word info rua   1  
199 Three word info lat   3  
200 Four word info ka   2  
203 Seven word info dubám   20  
206 Ten word info urɸaɸay      
207 Twenty word info urɸaɸa rua      
208 Fifty word info ur lêma      
209 One Hundred word info rat ia      
210 One Thousand word info riɸun ia   5  
147 black ɸaray 'black, dark'    
78 to cut, hack word info ôr 'chop' 108  
99 feather lɔbar 'feather, body hair' 70  
155 long word info ɔtay 'long; tall; high'    
119 earth/soil kôla 'sand, dirt'    
121 sand kôla 'sand, dirt'    
119 earth/soil bôl 'soil'    
181 where? word info ba 'which, where'    
31 tooth nin (3s) 1  
185 we word info kama (excl.) < kama 2  
178 that (far/anim.)    
178 that nɛnɛ (far/anim.)    
204 Eight word info kɔrua (four-two) 28  
185 we word info sêta (incl.) < *[kt]ita 2  
178 that nɔnɔ (near/anim.)    
178 that (near/inan.)    
102 rat nirua (two different species) 81  
102 rat kartɔw (two different species) 79  
4 leg/foot abay /aba+y/ 38  
25 neck akil /akal+i/ 119  
60 father amay /ama+y/ 'father-3s' < *ama 1  
56 child anat /anat/ 'offspring(3s)' 1  
175 above ataʤô /atayô/    
47 to yawn ay ɸaɸay /ay ɸaɸa+y/ '3s-open mouth-3s'    
63 name ŋarin /ŋaran+i/ < *ŋaRan 1  
60 father bôy /bôy/ 'father'    
149 red bɛir /bɛar+i/ 'red-3s'    
87 to swell word info bubin /buban+i/ 'swollen-3s' 59  
140 dry word info dɛkir /dɛkar+i/ 'dry-3s'    
2 left aŋaɸaŋaɸa /DUP+aŋaɸa/ 3  
3 right alêmalêma /DUP+alêma/ 2  
135 lightning kalakalaw /DUP+kalaw/    
110 spider lôlôya /DUP+lôya/    
113 branch word info ranrán /DUP+ran/    
109 mosquito tuntún /DUP+tun/    
107 worm (earthworm) ʤilalaŋa /DUP+yilaŋa/    
30 mouth ɸaɸay /ɸaɸa+y/ 1  
117 fruit ɸuay /ɸua+y/ 'fruit-3s'    
157 thick word info ɸunik /ɸunak+i/ 'thick-3s'    
81 sharp ɔlir /ɔlar+i/ 'sharp (edge)-3s' 91  
164 good ɛɸir /ɛɸar+i/ 'good-3s'    
76 to live, be alive ɛrna /ɛr+na/ 'alive-3sa' < *ari 70  
22 to fear ibɛbar /i+bɛbar/ 3  
50 to dream ibuka /i+buka/ 56  
144 to burn word info iɸara /i+ɸara/ '3s-burn/roast'    
92 to open, uncover iɸɛy /i+ɸɛy/ 68  
74 to kill iɸun /i+ɸun/ < *punu 1  
37 to eat ika /i+ka/ (transitive) 1  
41 to bite ikara /i+kara/ < *kaRa 1  
77 to scratch word info ɛkasɛr /i+kasɛr/ 83  
91 to buy ikêl /i+kêl/ 58  
90 to dig ikɛl /i+kɛl/ 1  
80 to split word info ilaba /i+laba/ 78  
148 white ɛlajír /i+layír/    
80 to split word info ilola /i+lola/    
7 to come imá /i+ma/ 1  
38 to chew word info imama /i+mama/ (a.) 1  
33 to laugh imɛl /i+mɛl/ < *mali 3  
64 to say inaka /i+naka/ 148  
73 to steal inɔŋaw /i+nɔŋaw/ < *nagaw 1, 59  
9 to swim inɛŋ /i+nɛŋ/ (<*naŋi) 1, 45  
36 to spit inɛr /i+nɛr/ 14  
48 to sleep inin /i+nin/ 4  
40 to drink inun /i+nun/ 1  
95 to fall word info ɛrôr /i+r+ôr/    
29 to sniff, smell ɛrɸɔw /i+r+ɸɔw/ 71  
171 to hide word info ɛkalɛkana /i+r+kalɛka=na/ '3s-RFLX-hide=3sa'    
39 to cook word info ɛrnay /i+r+nay/ (a. and b.) 3  
101 to fly ɛrnu /i+r+nu/ '3s-R-fly' < *niw 72  
52 to stand ɛrtamarɛr /i+r+tamarɛr/ 3  
123 to flow ɛrtar /i+r+tar/ '3s-R-flow'    
5 to walk ertêr /i+r+têr/ '3s-R-walk' 73  
86 to grow word info ɛrtip /i+r+tiɸ/ '3s-R-grow' 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɛraka /i+raka/ 47  
35 to vomit ɛramôta /i+ramôta/ < *muta 1  
84 to plant irua /i+rua/ 34  
89 to hold word info ɛsarú /i+sarú/ 100  
66 to tie up, fasten isɛl /i+sɛl/ 114  
71 to stab, pierce isur /i+sur/ 86  
72 to hit word info etabáy /i+tabáy/ 89  
51 to sit italar /i+talar/ < *talaR 4  
44 to hear ɛtalêŋa /i+talêŋa/ < *taliŋa 66  
80 to split word info itara /i+tara/    
34 to cry itɛn /i+tɛn/ < *taŋi 1  
93 to pound, beat word info itut /i+tut/ 2  
69 to hunt word info igôl /i+wôl/ 82  
75 to die, be dead igoy /i+woy/ 38  
42 to suck iguk /i+wuk/ 35  
42 to suck igutak /i+wutak/ 35  
137 to blow word info iʤôw /i+yôw/    
196 to count iʤôw /i+yôw/    
46 to see iʤɔw /i+yɔw/ 113  
67 to sew word info iʤɛy /i+yɛy/ 2, 9  
32 tongue kabɛlir /kabɛlar+i/ 8  
12 skin kalay /kala+y/ 1, 93  
161 shy, ashamed kamarɛyna /kamarɛy+na/ 'embarrassed-3sa'    
55 woman/female kɔnirna /kɔnar+i+na/ 'female-3s' 46  
55 woman/female kɔnar /kɔnar/ 'woman' 46  
150 yellow kunil /kunal+i/    
159 wide laɸir /laɸar+i/ 'wide/large-3s' 49  
1 hand lêmay /lêma+y/ hand/arm-3s (<*lima) 1, 64  
54 man/male lêtna /lêt+na/ 'male-3sa' 3  
54 man/male lêt /lêt/ 'man' 3  
45 eye matay /mata+y/ < *mata 1  
28 to breathe nal ɸêt /na+l ɸês/ '3s-take breath'    
174 in, inside na ... abil /na/ ... /abal+i/ 'at ... inside-3s'    
82 dull, blunt rɔbik /rɔbak+i/ 'dull-3s' 4  
75 to die, be dead sôirna /soar+i+na/ 37  
162 old word info taɸɛrna /taɸɛr+na 'old (male)-3sa'    
43 ear takir /takar+i/ 2  
154 short word info tɔp /tɔɸ/    
13 back word info tilkɛy /tilkɛy/ 4  
16 intestines tubir lɛsalɛsardi /tubar+i # DUP+lɛsar+di/ 3  
14 belly tubir /tubar+i/ 3  
98 egg tulir /tular+i/ 'egg-3s' < *tuluR- 1  
105 tail gadar /wadar/    
115 root gakir /wakar+i/ < *wakaR- 2  
122 water word info gar /war/ < *wayaR 2, 52  
162 old word info gasirana /wasira+na/ 'old (female)-3sa'    
56 child gasua /wasua/ 'young human' 1  
116 flower gɔa /wɔa/ 'blossom'    
26 hair word info gul /wul/ (cf. "head") 3?  
23 blood gun /wun/ (<*wudu) 57  
118 grass gur /wur/ < *wuru 6  
112 rotten word info ʤaŋil /yaŋal+i/ 'rotten-3s'    
6 road/path ʤala /yala/ 1  
59 mother ʤêna /yêna/ 'mother' 1, 48  
180 far ʤôw /yôw/ < *yaw    
139 cold word info ʤɔir /yɔar+i/ 'cold-3s'    
106 snake ʤɛla /yɛla/    
141 wet ʤɛmil /yɛmal+i/ 'wet-3s'    
170 when? word info ʤɛy ba /yɛy # ba/    
24 head ʤikalay /yikala+y/ (<*wul+i kala+y) 1  
59 mother ʤinay /yina+y/ 'mother-3s' < *ina 1, 48  
27 nose ʤurin /yuran+i/ 'end; tip of nose -3s' 1  
186 you kɛm 2pl    
183 thou kɛn 2sg    
182 I ɔk < *aku    
202 Six word info dum < *dubu 41  
108 louse word info kut < *kutu 1  
124 sea lôw < *law    
201 Five word info lêma < *lima 1  
156 thin word info mɛnuay < *maniΦi    
184 he/she nɛy < *nay    
120 stone ɸɔt < *patu    
167 night ɸit < *piti    
129 moon ɸôlan < *pulan 1  
127 woods/forest ra < *raya    
205 Nine word info sêra < *tera 36  
133 rain gôyan < *wuyan 1, 54  
61 house galáy house on ground 65  
57 husband lêt man/husband 3  
189 who? word info bay pl.    
81 sharp rɛy rɛy 'sharp (point)'    
189 who? word info nata sg.    
57 husband aɛy spouse 2  
58 wife aɛy spouse 1  
177 this nɛn this (animate)    
177 this ɔn this (inanimate)    
61 house bôt treehouse 64  
58 wife konar woman/wife 34  

Seen an error? Please let us know:

Save Data: