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Language: Tarangan Barat (Feruni)

Source/Author:  Rick Nivens 
Notes:  All "p" in these data are allophones of the voiceless bilabial fricative phoneme /ɸ/, which occur in syllable-final position.
All "y" in these data represent IPA [j] (palatal approximant).
The "ê" is between [ɪ] and [e]; similarly the [ô] is between [ʊ] and [o]. These two phonemes are innovations due to assimilation to nearby high vowels (which were then lost).
The "ɛ" here is phonetically between [e] and [ɛ], and the "ɔ" is between [o] and [ɔ].
Acute accent here represents stress on final syllable of root. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Rick Nivens  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Central Malayo-Polynesian:Aru 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand lêmay /lêma+y/ hand/arm-3s (<*lima) 1, 64  
2 left aŋaɸaŋaɸa /DUP+aŋaɸa/ 3  
3 right alêmalêma /DUP+alêma/ 2  
4 leg/foot abay /aba+y/ 38  
5 to walk ertêr /i+r+têr/ '3s-R-walk' 73  
6 road/path ʤala /yala/ 1  
7 to come imá /i+ma/ 1  
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim inɛŋ /i+nɛŋ/ (<*naŋi) 1, 45  
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin kalay /kala+y/ 1, 93  
13 back word info tilkɛy /tilkɛy/ 4  
14 belly tubir /tubar+i/ 3  
15 bone tul   1, 25  
16 intestines tubir lɛsalɛsardi /tubar+i # DUP+lɛsar+di/ 3  
17 liver ɔta   1  
18 breast      
19 shoulder ɸɛra   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɛraka /i+raka/ 47  
21 to think      
22 to fear ibɛbar /i+bɛbar/ 3  
23 blood gun /wun/ (<*wudu) 57  
24 head ʤikalay /yikala+y/ (<*wul+i kala+y) 1  
25 neck akil /akal+i/ 119  
26 hair word info gul /wul/ (cf. "head") 3?  
27 nose ʤurin /yuran+i/ 'end; tip of nose -3s' 1  
28 to breathe nal ɸêt /na+l ɸês/ '3s-take breath'    
29 to sniff, smell ɛrɸɔw /i+r+ɸɔw/ 71  
30 mouth ɸaɸay /ɸaɸa+y/ 1  
31 tooth nin (3s) 1  
32 tongue kabɛlir /kabɛlar+i/ 8  
33 to laugh imɛl /i+mɛl/ < *mali 3  
34 to cry itɛn /i+tɛn/ < *taŋi 1  
35 to vomit ɛramôta /i+ramôta/ < *muta 1  
36 to spit inɛr /i+nɛr/ 14  
37 to eat ika /i+ka/ (transitive) 1  
38 to chew word info imama /i+mama/ (a.) 1  
39 to cook word info ɛrnay /i+r+nay/ (a. and b.) 3  
40 to drink inun /i+nun/ 1  
41 to bite ikara /i+kara/ < *kaRa 1  
42 to suck igutak /i+wutak/ 35  
42 to suck iguk /i+wuk/ 35  
43 ear takir /takar+i/ 2  
44 to hear ɛtalêŋa /i+talêŋa/ < *taliŋa 66  
45 eye matay /mata+y/ < *mata 1  
46 to see iʤɔw /i+yɔw/ 113  
47 to yawn ay ɸaɸay /ay ɸaɸa+y/ '3s-open mouth-3s'    
48 to sleep inin /i+nin/ 4  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream ibuka /i+buka/ 56  
51 to sit italar /i+talar/ < *talaR 4  
52 to stand ɛrtamarɛr /i+r+tamarɛr/ 3  
53 person/human being tamata   1, 66  
54 man/male lêt /lêt/ 'man' 3  
54 man/male lêtna /lêt+na/ 'male-3sa' 3  
55 woman/female kɔnirna /kɔnar+i+na/ 'female-3s' 46  
55 woman/female kɔnar /kɔnar/ 'woman' 46  
56 child gasua /wasua/ 'young human' 1  
56 child anat /anat/ 'offspring(3s)' 1  
57 husband lêt man/husband 3  
57 husband aɛy spouse 2  
58 wife konar woman/wife 34  
58 wife aɛy spouse 1  
59 mother ʤêna /yêna/ 'mother' 1, 48  
59 mother ʤinay /yina+y/ 'mother-3s' < *ina 1, 48  
60 father bôy /bôy/ 'father'    
60 father amay /ama+y/ 'father-3s' < *ama 1  
61 house bôt treehouse 64  
61 house galáy house on ground 65  
62 thatch/roof ôw   24  
63 name ŋarin /ŋaran+i/ < *ŋaRan 1  
64 to say inaka /i+naka/ 148  
65 rope sɛl   1, 36  
66 to tie up, fasten isɛl /i+sɛl/ 114  
67 to sew word info iʤɛy /i+yɛy/ 2, 9  
68 needle lalɛan   10  
69 to hunt word info igôl /i+wôl/ 82  
70 to shoot word info ɔn   1  
71 to stab, pierce isur /i+sur/ 86  
72 to hit word info etabáy /i+tabáy/ 89  
73 to steal inɔŋaw /i+nɔŋaw/ < *nagaw 1, 59  
74 to kill iɸun /i+ɸun/ < *punu 1  
75 to die, be dead igoy /i+woy/ 38  
75 to die, be dead sôirna /soar+i+na/ 37  
76 to live, be alive ɛrna /ɛr+na/ 'alive-3sa' < *ari 70  
77 to scratch word info ɛkasɛr /i+kasɛr/ 83  
78 to cut, hack word info ôr 'chop' 108  
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info ilaba /i+laba/ 78  
80 to split word info ilola /i+lola/    
80 to split word info itara /i+tara/    
81 sharp ɔlir /ɔlar+i/ 'sharp (edge)-3s' 91  
81 sharp rɛy rɛy 'sharp (point)'    
82 dull, blunt rɔbik /rɔbak+i/ 'dull-3s' 4  
83 to work word info      
84 to plant irua /i+rua/ 34  
85 to choose ɛlat   18  
86 to grow word info ɛrtip /i+r+tiɸ/ '3s-R-grow' 1  
87 to swell word info bubin /buban+i/ 'swollen-3s' 59  
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info ɛsarú /i+sarú/ 100  
90 to dig ikɛl /i+kɛl/ 1  
91 to buy ikêl /i+kêl/ 58  
92 to open, uncover iɸɛy /i+ɸɛy/ 68  
93 to pound, beat word info itut /i+tut/ 2  
94 to throw word info ɛt      
95 to fall word info ɛrôr /i+r+ôr/    
96 dog tarɔw   89  
97 bird arêran   60  
98 egg tulir /tular+i/ 'egg-3s' < *tuluR- 1  
99 feather lɔbar 'feather, body hair' 70  
100 wing ɔlar   23  
101 to fly ɛrnu /i+r+nu/ '3s-R-fly' < *niw 72  
102 rat nirua (two different species) 81  
102 rat kartɔw (two different species) 79  
103 meat/flesh tama   2  
104 fat/grease mila   1?  
105 tail gadar /wadar/    
106 snake ʤɛla /yɛla/    
107 worm (earthworm) ʤilalaŋa /DUP+yilaŋa/    
108 louse word info kut < *kutu 1  
109 mosquito tuntún /DUP+tun/    
110 spider lôlôya /DUP+lôya/    
111 fish sima      
112 rotten word info ʤaŋil /yaŋal+i/ 'rotten-3s'    
113 branch word info ranrán /DUP+ran/    
114 leaf maŋɛy      
115 root gakir /wakar+i/ < *wakaR- 2  
116 flower gɔa /wɔa/ 'blossom'    
117 fruit ɸuay /ɸua+y/ 'fruit-3s'    
118 grass gur /wur/ < *wuru 6  
119 earth/soil bôl 'soil'    
119 earth/soil kôla 'sand, dirt'    
120 stone ɸɔt < *patu    
121 sand kôla 'sand, dirt'    
122 water word info gar /war/ < *wayaR 2, 52  
123 to flow ɛrtar /i+r+tar/ '3s-R-flow'    
124 sea lôw < *law    
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest ra < *raya    
128 sky maŋár   59  
129 moon ɸôlan < *pulan 1  
130 star tôn      
131 cloud word info kaɸal sɛysɛy      
132 fog      
133 rain gôyan < *wuyan 1, 54  
134 thunder tɔɸa      
135 lightning kalakalaw /DUP+kalaw/    
136 wind ɛnɛn      
137 to blow word info iʤôw /i+yôw/    
138 warm word info      
139 cold word info ʤɔir /yɔar+i/ 'cold-3s'    
140 dry word info dɛkir /dɛkar+i/ 'dry-3s'    
141 wet ʤɛmil /yɛmal+i/ 'wet-3s'    
142 heavy nian      
143 fire ɔw      
144 to burn word info iɸara /i+ɸara/ '3s-burn/roast'    
145 smoke word info kɔban      
146 ash kôraw      
147 black ɸaray 'black, dark'    
148 white ɛlajír /i+layír/    
149 red bɛir /bɛar+i/ 'red-3s'    
150 yellow kunil /kunal+i/    
151 green      
152 small bôrar      
153 big ʤinay      
153 big gaybún      
154 short word info tɔp /tɔɸ/    
155 long word info ɔtay 'long; tall; high'    
156 thin word info mɛnuay < *maniΦi    
157 thick word info ɸunik /ɸunak+i/ 'thick-3s'    
158 narrow dôw suay      
159 wide laɸir /laɸar+i/ 'wide/large-3s' 49  
160 painful, sick ʤaray      
161 shy, ashamed kamarɛyna /kamarɛy+na/ 'embarrassed-3sa'    
162 old word info taɸɛrna /taɸɛr+na 'old (male)-3sa'    
162 old word info gasirana /wasira+na/ 'old (female)-3sa'    
163 new tubôy      
164 good ɛɸir /ɛɸar+i/ 'good-3s'    
165 bad, evil samay      
166 correct, true tɔŋir      
167 night ɸit < *piti    
168 day maɛra      
169 year narak   3  
170 when? word info ʤɛy ba /yɛy # ba/    
171 to hide word info ɛkalɛkana /i+r+kalɛka=na/ '3s-RFLX-hide=3sa'    
172 to climb word info akay      
173 at na      
174 in, inside na ... abil /na/ ... /abal+i/ 'at ... inside-3s'    
175 above ataʤô /atayô/    
176 below sian      
177 this nɛn this (animate)    
177 this ɔn this (inanimate)    
178 that (near/inan.)    
178 that (far/anim.)    
178 that nɔnɔ (near/anim.)    
178 that nɛnɛ (far/anim.)    
179 near dên      
180 far ʤôw /yôw/ < *yaw    
181 where? word info ba 'which, where'    
182 I ɔk < *aku    
183 thou kɛn 2sg    
184 he/she nɛy < *nay    
185 we word info sêta (incl.) < *[kt]ita 2  
185 we word info kama (excl.) < kama 2  
186 you kɛm 2pl    
187 they êra      
188 what? word info lɛbá      
189 who? word info nata sg.    
189 who? word info bay pl.    
190 other aɸúk      
191 all -ɸarɔŋ      
191 all sɛna      
192 and ɸɛl      
192 and ʤa      
193 if kɛnʤɔw      
194 how? word info nam ba      
195 no, not sikali      
196 to count iʤôw /i+yôw/    
197 One word info ôt   1, 34  
198 Two word info rua   1  
199 Three word info lat   3  
200 Four word info ka   2  
201 Five word info lêma < *lima 1  
202 Six word info dum < *dubu 41  
203 Seven word info dubám   20  
204 Eight word info kɔrua (four-two) 28  
205 Nine word info sêra < *tera 36  
206 Ten word info urɸaɸay      
207 Twenty word info urɸaɸa rua      
208 Fifty word info ur lêma      
209 One Hundred word info rat ia      
210 One Thousand word info riɸun ia   5  

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