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Language: Kuot

Source/Author:  Lindström field notes 
Notes:  non-Austronesian ("East Papuan"), New Ireland, Papua New Guinea.
Previous names: Panaras (also Nayama, Kun, Kulot; see Lindström 2002 p19).
Noun endings -ma, -na, -nəm, -nim, -bam, -bu, -bun, -uom disappear in plural formation and should probably be ignored for comparative purposes.  
Data Entry:  Typed By: Eva Lindström  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 293
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 14
 
Classification:  Isolate 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above bo also 'on'    
175 above nakkap adv 'on, over, up'    
191 all ganam 'all, whole'    
192 and ga      
146 ash ura      
146 ash utərə      
173 at na      
13 back word info ibunəm      
165 bad, evil kirə adj    
14 belly puana      
176 below pət also 'under'    
176 below laurup adv 'under, below, down'    
153 big kan adj also 'thick', 'wide'    
97 bird kobeŋ southern Kuot (AN loan? Lakuramau koben=wing)   L?
97 bird amani northern Kuot (AN loan)   L
147 black pul      
147 black puppul adj (AN? =Nochi 'black, dirty')    
23 blood oləbuan      
15 bone muanəm      
113 branch word info muaranim      
113 branch word info muareima      
18 breast sisima (AN loan)    
56 child poi someone's child    
56 child kulot boy    
56 child kuləmut girl    
56 child lop children (PL only)    
131 cloud word info      
139 cold word info madin Vcls 1, cold, cool in general    
166 correct, true mikə adj    
168 day la day    
168 day ileŋ daytime, daylight    
10 dirty pəppəl adj    
96 dog kapuna (AN: same as Nochi)    
140 dry word info bəlak Vcls 1, dry, be dry in general    
140 dry word info uauk Vcls 1, of sores or anything wet that dries out    
82 dull, blunt but adj    
11 dust buia      
43 ear kikinəm      
119 earth/soil kimanəm      
98 egg səgər      
98 egg dəkər Kabil dialect    
204 Eight word info gamin      
45 eye irəma      
180 far kəkkaliat      
104 fat/grease ailu      
104 fat/grease kiris of nuts    
60 father irə      
60 father mama child's address    
99 feather nebam      
208 Fifty word info muanə ma mənaburualap five tens    
143 fire kit (AN? Lavongai kut)    
111 fish abuluma      
201 Five word info muanəm      
116 flower purə only verb; prob loan    
132 fog upau mist, rising from forest after rain    
200 Four word info nakala      
117 fruit      
164 good mur adj    
164 good məgo adj    
118 grass pəlis      
151 green makmakada Vcls 1 (AN: Nalik mərəxə'wa, Madak məmaxa)    
26 hair word info kapuruma      
1 hand kilan      
184 he/she i masc    
184 he/she u fem -- much variation across pronominal functions    
24 head bukom      
142 heavy giginə adj    
61 house lukuan (also 'roof')    
194 how? word info are mani "like what"    
57 husband lai      
182 I tuo      
182 I turuo      
193 if      
174 in, inside na      
16 intestines pakkubinəm      
16 intestines dalə includes general insides of belly, 'offal'    
126 lake      
114 leaf bəbam      
2 left kaiar prob 'left hand(ed)'    
4 leg/foot kiban      
4 leg/foot kadəlek (northern dialect)    
135 lightning ilak (AN loan)    
17 liver bakkarep      
17 liver bəsok also 'lung'    
155 long word info laklakə adj    
108 louse word info ineima      
54 man/male mikana      
54 man/male teima      
103 meat/flesh puppunes      
103 meat/flesh otbəna 'meat of fish'    
103 meat/flesh ŋane 'what you have with the carbo hydrates (Tok Pisin abus)'    
129 moon uləŋ (AN loan)    
109 mosquito ŋatŋarima (AN loan)    
59 mother naga same in Nalik, Nochi, Madak ('my mother')    
59 mother num older root? base of collective forms    
59 mother kakka child's address    
30 mouth nənəm      
63 name bonim      
158 narrow      
179 near kakarat      
25 neck kəkkoŋ      
68 needle      
163 new adj    
167 night arubu also 'darkness'    
205 Nine word info gamiala      
195 no, not təle negation    
195 no, not karuk is not, no    
27 nose akabunima 'nostril'    
27 nose ŋof 'nostril'    
162 old word info lai old man    
162 old word info lappək 'be old' if used as Vcls 1    
162 old word info kuala old woman    
162 old word info kualappik 'be old' if used as Vcls 1    
197 One word info namurit      
209 One Hundred word info mənaburuan ma mənaburualap ten tens    
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other      
160 painful, sick ŋit Vcls 1 hurt    
160 painful, sick tafa Vcls 1 sick    
53 person/human being      
133 rain afərət (AN loan < wet season)    
102 rat kifəma (m) (AN loan)   L
102 rat kifəbun (f) (AN loan)   L
149 red toktok adj (AN?? = Nochi tok)    
3 right      
6 road/path alaŋ (AN loan)    
115 root ikunəm      
65 rope iakur      
112 rotten word info is adj    
125 salt tes (AN loan)    
121 sand ubiem      
124 sea pirom      
203 Seven word info gamura      
81 sharp oror adj    
154 short word info pəppo adj (length and height)    
19 shoulder barana      
19 shoulder biaməna 'shoulder blade'    
161 shy, ashamed muli-bə Vcls 3    
202 Six word info gunamur      
12 skin neip only in plural form    
12 skin kumalip only in plural form    
12 skin pəppək pəppək also of 'peel', 'bark' etc.    
128 sky panbinim the blue sky, clouds are below it    
152 small kəppi adj also 'thin', 'narrow'    
152 small tətak (AN? Nochi: dokdok)   L?
145 smoke word info bonət      
106 snake kakok      
110 spider kakoburik      
110 spider kokoburik      
130 star marələ (AN loan < Morning star)   L
130 star mataleŋleŋ (AN? = Nochi)   L?
79 stick/wood karənəm      
79 stick/wood pas      
120 stone adəs      
105 tail ləpəle of dog as well as snake    
105 tail pətpat also 'lower back of pig (butchered with the tail)'    
105 tail ləbonaŋ tail and backmost part of fish    
105 tail uliakano bird's tail    
206 Ten word info mənaburuan      
178 that to many many forms,+ inflected for person    
62 thatch/roof lukuan also 'house'    
187 they mi varies across functions    
187 they ma varies across functions    
157 thick word info am adj also 'fat'    
156 thin word info      
177 this ti many many forms,+ inflected for person    
183 thou nuo      
183 thou nunuo      
199 Three word info naien      
134 thunder duk      
41 to bite karət (AN loan) also 'betel nut'    
137 to blow word info ləf blow away, of wind    
137 to blow word info fu blow with the mouth (AN loan)   L
28 to breathe      
144 to burn word info suam Vcls 1    
144 to burn word info ip-au Vcls 3 'burn secondary growth in garden preparation'    
91 to buy seo Vcls 1 also 'pay'    
91 to buy u-i Vcls 3 also 'pay    
38 to chew word info səm chew    
38 to chew word info soŋ chew betel nut    
38 to chew word info ŋose chew and swallow juice, as of sugar cane    
38 to chew word info kərəs chew noisily, crunch    
38 to chew word info səmsəm chew    
85 to choose ite Vcls 1 also 'sort'    
85 to choose mat Vcls 1 also 'take aim'    
172 to climb word info abə Vcl 2, also rise etc    
7 to come mu-o Vcls 3    
7 to come op Vcls 2    
39 to cook word info bukara 'make cooked < adj. 'cooked'    
39 to cook word info pa iouna Vcls 2, make 'mumu', cook in stones (iouna=cooking stones)    
196 to count pəs Vcls 1    
34 to cry libə Vcls 2    
78 to cut, hack word info bulə Vcls 2a 'cut, chop, fell'    
78 to cut, hack word info kirip Vcls 1 'cut, chop with knife'    
75 to die, be dead pəra Vcls 2    
90 to dig kau Vcls 1 (AN loan (?))    
50 to dream kirit-ie Vcls 3    
50 to dream kikkirit-ie Vcls 3    
40 to drink təp-o Vcls 3    
37 to eat o Vcls 2    
37 to eat parak Vcls 1    
95 to fall word info kəm Vcls 2    
95 to fall word info tiri Vcls 1    
95 to fall word info mir Vcls 1    
22 to fear rau Vcls 2    
123 to flow ripa Vcls 2    
101 to fly pəva-la Vcls 3    
86 to grow word info sik (AN: Nochi chik chikchik)   L
86 to grow word info siksik (AN: Nochi chik chikchik)   L
44 to hear ptə Vcls 2    
44 to hear omirə Vcls 2    
171 to hide word info kako-ri Vcls 3    
171 to hide word info sukə V cls 1 'pull back to hide'    
72 to hit word info pit Vcls 1, hit with stick, also 'cut firewood'    
72 to hit word info pukət Vcls 1, beat with stick    
89 to hold word info at Vcls 2a    
69 to hunt word info sin Vcls 1 'hunt with dogs'    
74 to kill nəm Vcls 2a, 'to go at, injure'    
20 to know, be knowledgeable it Vcls 2    
33 to laugh fakabuo Vcls 1    
33 to laugh akkit Vcls 1    
33 to laugh tekkit Vcls 1    
49 to lie down word info duri also 'to sleep'    
76 to live, be alive nim Vcls 2, also 'be conscious'    
92 to open, uncover pilas Vcls 1    
84 to plant li Vcls 2a    
84 to plant Vcls 1 'plant a new garden'    
93 to pound, beat word info sək Vcls 1 hit, pound with stone or stick    
93 to pound, beat word info ra Vcls 2a 'pound to open shell'    
64 to say ga      
64 to say gama      
64 to say ma      
64 to say mama      
77 to scratch word info karamit Vcls 1    
46 to see kima Vcls 1    
46 to see i-i Vcls 3    
67 to sew word info sikit (AN loan)    
70 to shoot word info bəle shoot with spear    
70 to shoot word info pure shoot or stab with spear etc.    
51 to sit onəma Vcls 2    
48 to sleep duri also 'lie down'    
48 to sleep tete child-directed    
29 to sniff, smell ie Vcls 2    
36 to spit kasup Vcls 1    
80 to split word info səba Vcls 1 'split bamboo, or areca palm trunk for walling or flooring'    
80 to split word info bəsa Vcls 1 'split bamboo, or areca palm trunk for walling or flooring'    
80 to split word info pəreit Vcls 1 'split firewood, or vine for lashing'    
88 to squeeze word info pora Vcls 1    
71 to stab, pierce pure Vcls 1 stab, shoot    
71 to stab, pierce siki Vcls 1 stab, pierce, prick (AN loan)   L
71 to stab, pierce buliŋ Vcls 1 'stab', poke, as ground for post etc    
52 to stand dus Vcls 1    
73 to steal pula Vcls 1    
42 to suck sisi Vcls 1 (AN loan, see 'breast')   L
42 to suck ninip 'as in suck on fingers'    
87 to swell word info dəŋ Vcls 1    
87 to swell word info tiŋ Vcls 1    
87 to swell word info abə Vcls 2 also 'rise, climb'    
87 to swell word info ut Vcls 1 also 'be full from eating'    
9 to swim kakai Vcls 1; also 'float'    
21 to think akat Vcls 1    
94 to throw word info ko Vcls 1    
94 to throw word info apə Vcls 1 incl throw spear    
94 to throw word info pure Vcls 1 throw at    
66 to tie up, fasten pis Vcls 1 (AN loan)   L
66 to tie up, fasten pəla Vcls 1    
66 to tie up, fasten buruk-in tie with knot    
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit tarak-ban Vcls 3    
35 to vomit abən Vcls 2, of small children    
5 to walk num Vcls 2    
83 to work word info ubi Vcls 1    
47 to yawn marala Vcls 1    
32 tongue məlobiem      
31 tooth laukima      
207 Twenty word info narain mənaburualapien two tens    
198 Two word info narain      
138 warm word info pamnə adj    
138 warm word info pəppamnə warm, hot in general    
122 water word info burunəm      
122 water word info danuot also 'river', AN loan (?)   L?
185 we word info buo incl    
185 we word info bubuo      
185 we word info papa excl    
185 we word info pa      
141 wet saput Vcls 1    
141 wet sərap adj    
141 wet puskə adj 'moist'    
141 wet səsarap adj    
141 wet saraput Vcls 1    
188 what? word info mani      
170 when? word info namuk adv, also 'how many'    
181 where? word info lakum      
148 white pəsok Vcls 1 (AN: Tigak & Lavongai: posok)    
189 who? word info aka      
159 wide      
58 wife kualə also 'old woman' (same in Nochi)    
136 wind ifif (AN loan)    
100 wing pupuruna      
55 woman/female makabun      
127 woods/forest panap bush, also 'rubbish, trash' (PL only)    
127 woods/forest ben high forest    
107 worm (earthworm) makabunama (spp, long and thin)    
169 year karanim also 'low tide, reef at low tide'    
150 yellow kakko Vcls 1    
186 you mi      
186 you mimi      

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