https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Rarotongan

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Tahitic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above runga Above 9  
191 all katoa All, (The) whole, together 13  
192 and maa And, in company with (used to link units with tens but not confined to this) (Bse) 2  
146 ash rèu Ashes 67  
173 at i At (preposed particle) 1  
173 at tei At, in, in the act of (Sve), relative pronoun (past) (Bse) 5  
13 back word info mokotua Back of human beings and quadrupeds (Sve) 100, 11  
165 bad, evil kino Evil, bad, wicked, ugly, unfortunate, hurt, general intensifier (Bse) 9  
14 belly kona Lower abdomen 8  
14 belly koopuu Belly, stomach 2  
14 belly manava Stomach, nature, disposition (Bse) 9  
176 below raro Below, under 8  
153 big ākā   31  
153 big 'akamatū CAUS + matuu 73  
153 big āma'atama'ata   31  
153 big ngao   130  
153 big katakata      
153 big ma'ata   31  
153 big ma'atama'ata   31  
97 bird manu Bird or beast, creature (Bse) 1  
97 bird manu/rere Bird 1  
97 bird manu rere Birds that fly 1  
147 black kere Black 5  
147 black uri Dark coloured 7  
147 black ìva Blackish 6  
23 blood toto Blood (Sve) 4  
15 bone ivi Bone 52, 5  
113 branch word info raaraa Branch, twig, off-shoot 1, 33  
18 breast uu Nipple, breast 1  
56 child tama Child, term of address to man 6  
56 child tamariki Children (pl. of tamaiti), be a child (Bse) 6, 63  
56 child tamaiti Boy, child (Bse) 6, 64  
131 cloud word info tiao   12, 117  
131 cloud word info tūrangi   3, 36  
131 cloud word info tumurangi   36  
139 cold word info anu Cold 8  
139 cold word info anu toketoke Very cold (Bse) 8, 9  
166 correct, true tika Right, correct, true (Sve) 9  
168 day ao Day (not night) 1, 54  
10 dirty repo Dirty, soiled, foul, dirt, muck, mud, to shit (Bse) Stained, smeared, sullied (Bse) 9  
10 dirty àvaàva   8  
96 dog kurii Dog 7  
140 dry word info maroo Dry, withered (Bse) 13  
82 dull, blunt mania Smooth, flat, blunt (Bse) 11  
11 dust puèu Dust, scattered 1, 74  
43 ear taringa Ear (Sve) 1  
119 earth/soil kere/maroo Dry soil (Bse) 10  
119 earth/soil repo Dirty, soiled, foul; dirt, muck, mud; to shit (Bse) 11  
98 egg ua   5  
204 Eight word info varu Pollex 06: Varu. :Eight. 3  
45 eye kanoì Eyeball 4  
45 eye mata Eye, face 1  
180 far mamao Distant 13  
104 fat/grease ngako Internal fat of fish or animals 14  
104 fat/grease ìnu Oil, fat 12  
60 father metua   1, 9  
60 father borrowing?-MW   L?
60 father pāpā borrowing?-MW   L?
99 feather 'uru feathers 1  
99 feather 'uru'uru feathers 1  
208 Fifty word info rima ngauru   1, 15  
143 fire Fire, light 1  
111 fish ika   1  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
116 flower pua Flower, blossom 1  
132 fog ko'u Mist, fog 1, 47  
132 fog maa'uu Wet, damp, moist, humid 10  
200 Four word info àa Four (Bse) 1, 66  
117 fruit 'ua Fruit 1  
164 good reka Pleasant 14  
164 good meitaki Good, pleasant, excellent 15  
118 grass mauku Grass, rushes, hay, straw (Bse) 58  
118 grass matie(e) Green, grass (Bse) 13  
151 green matie   1, 11  
151 green 'akamatie   1, 11  
151 green tāmatie   1, 11  
26 hair word info 'uru Hair (of animals and body-hair of humans), fur, feathers, fleece (Bse) 31  
26 hair word info rauru Hair of head 40  
1 hand kapu Palm of hand, instep of foot (Sve) x  
1 hand rima Five, hand 1  
184 he/she ia He, she 1  
24 head upoko Head 10  
142 heavy tei/maà/ Heavy 46, 66  
142 heavy tai/maà/ Heavy 46, 66  
142 heavy teimaà Weight, heaviness, load (Sve) 46, 66  
61 house àre House 14  
194 how? word info pèea How? 11  
57 husband taane Male, husband, lover, man (Sve) 14  
182 I au First person singular pronoun (Focus) First person singular (Possessive) 1, 21  
182 I -ku First person singular pronoun (Focus) First person singular (Possessive) x  
193 if me If, conditional (Ply 1970) 5  
174 in, inside roto Inside, lagoon, lake 5  
16 intestines ngaakau Intestines 12  
126 lake roto Lagoon 6  
114 leaf rau Leaf 1  
2 left kauī   1, 42  
2 left kauvī   1, 42  
2 left mauī   1, 59  
4 leg/foot tapuae Footmark, footprint, sole of the foot (Sve) x  
4 leg/foot vae Leg 1, 100  
135 lightning rapa Flash of lightning, dazzle, glitter 9  
135 lightning uira Lightning 2  
17 liver ate Liver 1  
155 long word info roa Long a 12  
108 louse word info kutu Louse Body lice 1  
108 louse word info kutu papa the crab louse (Pthirius pubis) 1, 6  
54 man/male tamaroa A son, a male child x  
54 man/male taane Male, husband, lover, man (Sve) 1, 11  
103 meat/flesh kiko Meat, tuber, fleshy, fully developed (of tubers), bast (of paper mulberry or breadfruit) (Bse) 10  
129 moon marama   7  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito, gnat, midge (Bse) 1  
59 mother māmā borrowing?-MW   L?
30 mouth vaà Mouth 1, 8  
63 name ingoa Name 6  
158 narrow oaoa   12  
158 narrow 'ōiti   89  
158 narrow kōkota   26  
158 narrow kōpū   48?  
158 narrow kōpāpā   48?  
158 narrow tākokota   26  
158 narrow tākōpāpā   48?  
179 near vai/tata/ Near 9  
25 neck kakii Neck 20  
68 needle au Wooden needle 1  
163 new 'oou New, recent (Bse) 1  
167 night poo Night 1  
205 Nine word info iva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
195 no, not kaa'ore No! (Aitutaki) (Bse) 11  
195 no, not àuraka Negative imperative marker (Bse) 12  
27 nose putaang/iqu/ Nose 1, 2  
162 old word info taìto Be old, ancient, antique, days of yore, antiquity, old age (Bse) 10  
197 One word info taì One (Sve) 41  
209 One Hundred word info tai anere English loan (ta'i 'one' ; 'anere 'loan for hundred') 11 L
210 One Thousand word info mano A thousand, or a thousand brace (Etn).(Source: Pollex) 2  
210 One Thousand word info tavatini English Loan 11 L
210 One Thousand word info tauatini English Loan 11 L
190 other   8?  
190 other ta'i   7  
190 other tēta'i   7  
160 painful, sick mamae Pain, feel pain, ache, hurt, painful (Bse) 10  
160 painful, sick maauiui Tired, weary, fatigued 1, 12  
53 person/human being tangata General name for mankind (Sve) 1, 66  
133 rain ua Rain 1  
102 rat kiore Rat 12  
149 red kura Red 13  
149 red 'ute Red B. (Mka) [<] 14 L
3 right katau Right (as opposed to left) (Bse) 5, 40  
6 road/path ara Road, path, passage, way, trail, track (Bse) 1  
115 root paki-aka The bark of tree roots (Sve) 2  
65 rope taura Rope, cord (Sve) 9  
112 rotten word info para Ripe, rotten 13  
112 rotten word info popo Decay 14  
125 salt miti Salt water 7  
121 sand one Soil, earth, sand (Bse) 1  
124 sea moana Sea 10  
124 sea tai Sea, sea water, coast bordering the sea, tide (Sve) 1  
203 Seven word info 'itu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
203 Seven word info itu   1  
81 sharp koi Sharp 14, 66  
154 short word info poto Short 9  
19 shoulder 'ua   78  
19 shoulder pakuìvi   8  
19 shoulder pukuìvi   8  
19 shoulder pokoivi   8  
161 shy, ashamed tā'akamā ashamed 1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
12 skin kiri Skin 1  
128 sky rangi Sky, heaven (Bse) 1  
152 small iti Small 121  
152 small riki Small 66  
152 small àka(ri)riki/ Make smaller 66  
152 small poto Short 10  
145 smoke word info au Smoke Smoke (Sve) 2  
145 smoke word info auaì Smoke Smoke (Sve) 2  
106 snake 'ōuī   77 L?
110 spider tukutuku/ra'onui General term for spiders 5, 39  
130 star 'eetuu Star (Bse) 1  
79 stick/wood raakau Wood, tree, shrub, plant, pole, rod, stick, weapon 1  
120 stone pooàtu Stone (Mka) Stone (Mka) 1, 19  
120 stone pooàtu Stone (Mka) Stone (Mka) 1, 19  
105 tail ìku Tail of animal, fish, bird (Sve) 13  
206 Ten word info nga'uru Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5  
178 that taua   x  
178 that aua   x  
62 thatch/roof ato Thatch 1  
187 they rātou   1, 72  
187 they rāua dual x  
157 thick word info maatoru Thick through, stout and solid 3  
156 thin word info angiangi   18  
156 thin word info rairai   5  
177 this te(e)ia   7, 45  
177 this teia   7, 45  
177 this teeia      
183 thou koe Second person singular, thou 1  
183 thou koe Second person singular, thou 1  
199 Three word info toru Three (Sve) 1  
134 thunder māngūngū   106  
41 to bite kati Bite, nip (v) 1, 55  
41 to bite eti Gnaw, tear, bite [<] x L
137 to blow word info angi Blow (of wind, breeze) 8  
137 to blow word info àrara To blow, rise, gust (of wind) (Bse) 9  
137 to blow word info puì Blow 6  
28 to breathe ngaa Pant, gasp 10  
144 to burn word info ta'u Cook, burn, set on fire (Sve) 8  
144 to burn word info tutungi Pass. tuungia Set fire to, kindle, light (match, lamp, cigarette, etc.) (Buse) 7  
91 to buy 'oko Buy, sell, trade 7  
38 to chew word info ngau-a Chew 8  
38 to chew word info -ìa Chew 8  
85 to choose ìri Select, choose 1  
172 to climb word info kake-a -ìa -na Climb, mount, serve (Bse) 32  
7 to come tātā'i      
39 to cook word info ta'u Cook, burn, set on fire (Sve) 10  
39 to cook word info tao To cook in an oven (Sve) 10  
196 to count tārē   43  
196 to count tatau   8  
34 to cry tangi Any noise or sound, but especially of weeping 1  
78 to cut, hack word info vaaì/a To split, break (Bse) 13  
78 to cut, hack word info kokoti Cut (with blade), sever, reap (Bse) 9  
78 to cut, hack word info kootia Sever, cut v 9  
78 to cut, hack word info motu Chop, chisel or adze something into shape, carve something out (Bse) 54, 14  
78 to cut, hack word info tarai   1  
75 to die, be dead mate Die 1  
75 to die, be dead po'e Dwindle, die down (of flame, light), screwed up (of eyes), dazzled (Bse) 3  
90 to dig keri Dig v 1  
50 to dream moemoeaa A dream, to dream (Sve) 7, 27  
40 to drink inu Drink 1  
37 to eat kai-nga Food, eat 1, 44  
95 to fall word info makuru Fall gently and profusely (as leaves or petals) 11  
95 to fall word info marere Fall, of fruit from a tree, etc 12  
95 to fall word info ìnga Fall over from an upright position, topple over, be overthrown (Sve) 44  
95 to fall word info topa Fall from a height, fallen 124  
22 to fear mataku Fear v., afraid (to be) 1  
22 to fear Fear, dread (Sve) [<] 9 L
123 to flow ta'e Leak, melt, ooze, trickle (Sve) 10  
101 to fly rere Jump, fly v 11  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
44 to hear rongo Hear, news 1  
171 to hide word info puni Hide (obs.) (Bse) Hide (Bse) 1  
171 to hide word info pi(i)pini Hide (obs.) (Bse) Hide (Bse) 1  
72 to hit word info papaki (Bse). Slap, hit, smack (Sve) 6  
72 to hit word info paakia Passive of papaki (Bse) 6  
72 to hit word info patu Strike, knock with sudden short blow (Bse) 7  
72 to hit word info taa Hit, strike, fight, attack (Bse) 10  
72 to hit word info ta-ia Pound, beat, bruise, strike (Sve) 10  
72 to hit word info tuki   8  
89 to hold word info kuku-a Draw or bunch together, roll up (as sleeves), ruck up, grab (Bse) 12  
89 to hold word info puke/na Take hold of Reach for (as for fish in a hole) 13  
89 to hold word info tango   14  
69 to hunt word info kimi hunt    
69 to hunt word info apuapu hunt down    
74 to kill kikini      
74 to kill   8  
74 to kill tāmate   2  
74 to kill tāmatemate   2  
74 to kill putu   9  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kite See, know 12  
20 to know, be knowledgeable maatau Have knowledge of, be accustomed to, be in the habit of (Bse) 1  
33 to laugh kata Laugh 7  
49 to lie down word info 'akatakoto   7  
49 to lie down word info 'akatīpapa   21  
49 to lie down word info moe   6  
76 to live, be alive ora Life, health, recover from illness, alive, satiated with food 6  
76 to live, be alive mauri Life principle, spirit, seat of the emotions (Bse) 1, 76  
92 to open, uncover 'akangangata      
92 to open, uncover 'akapu'ata      
92 to open, uncover 'akatū'era'era      
84 to plant tanu   2  
84 to plant tanutanu   2  
84 to plant tatanu   2  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Pound, beat, bruise, strike (Sve) 2  
64 to say araara      
64 to say karanga   60  
64 to say kōrero   11  
64 to say tuatua      
77 to scratch word info raku(raku) Scratch with fingernails or claws Scratched 9  
77 to scratch word info raraku Scratch with fingernails or claws Scratched 9  
46 to see kite See, know 1  
67 to sew word info tui Sew, thread, pierce (Sve) 13  
70 to shoot word info taa/àna/ Shoot with bow 1  
51 to sit no'o Sit, dwell 16  
48 to sleep moe Sleep 10  
29 to sniff, smell 'ongi Touch noses, smell (I) 9  
36 to spit puaki Spew, belch, spit out 16  
36 to spit tu/tuà/ Spit (Sve) 120  
80 to split word info ngaàa Open, cracked, broken, split, severed 5, 72  
80 to split word info vaaì To break, split, share 4  
80 to split word info tapaì To split, cleave lengthwise (Sve), chop down vertically on something, split or cleave lengthwise 4, 6  
88 to squeeze word info romi Squeeze 10  
88 to squeeze word info tatau To squeeze, crush or press (Sve) 13  
71 to stab, pierce pātia   9  
71 to stab, pierce pātiatia   9  
71 to stab, pierce vero   15  
71 to stab, pierce verovero   15  
52 to stand tuu Stand, upright, to be 2  
73 to steal keiaa Steal, thief (Mka) 7, 65  
42 to suck ngote-a Suck in/up 9  
42 to suck -ìa absorb (Bse) Suck 71  
42 to suck miti lick 8  
87 to swell word info 'akangē(ngē)      
87 to swell word info 'akapetetue      
87 to swell word info ē      
87 to swell word info ngaru      
87 to swell word info ōpuepue   30  
9 to swim kau Swim 5  
21 to think maàra Thought, memory, recollection, come to mind 8  
94 to throw word info maka Throw, hurl, sling, a sling (Bse) 11  
94 to throw word info peeì-a Throw directly at (Bse) 12?  
94 to throw word info -ìa Throw, cast, hurl, fling (Sve)    
94 to throw word info tii Throw, cast (Sve) 9  
94 to throw word info tiri   9  
66 to tie up, fasten ìitiki-a Tie on around or up, tie a knot, bind, tether (Bse) 148  
66 to tie up, fasten -ìa Tie, lash, bind 16?  
66 to tie up, fasten -na Bind, tie tightly round, tether, snare (in a noose) (Bse) 13?  
66 to tie up, fasten rii Tie, lash, tether, bind (Bse) 14  
66 to tie up, fasten nati-a   13  
66 to tie up, fasten taapeka   17  
8 to turn word info 'akapa'e   11  
8 to turn word info 'iki'iki      
8 to turn word info pa'e   11  
35 to vomit rua/ki Vomit 8, 31  
35 to vomit puaki Spew, belch, spit out 1, 32  
5 to walk àere Go, walk, proceed, progress 6  
83 to work word info ànga/ànga Work, labour, deed 10  
47 to yawn àamama Yawn, open the mouth (Mka) 19, 28  
32 tongue arero Tongue 15  
31 tooth ni'o Tooth 1  
207 Twenty word info rua ngauru-   3, 6  
198 Two word info rua Two 1  
138 warm word info maàna Warm 1, 72  
122 water word info vai Water 2  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
185 we word info tātou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
141 wet mā'ū   10  
141 wet mā'ū'ū   10  
141 wet tārari   9  
188 what? word info What 1  
170 when? word info aa'ea When? Where? (Bse) 5  
181 where? word info 'ea Where? 3, 35  
148 white tea White, clear (Sve) 8  
189 who? word info ài Who? 1  
159 wide 'a'ano   7  
159 wide ātea   21  
58 wife va'ine   5, 68  
136 wind matangi Wind, air (Bse) 1, 66  
100 wing peeàu Wing, pectoral fin (Bse) 1, 59  
55 woman/female vaìne Woman Female 1, 106, 116  
55 woman/female ìne Woman Female 1, 41  
127 woods/forest ngaa/ngaaere/ (Full of) weeds, useless grasses, plants or bushes (Bse) 16  
127 woods/forest uru/raakau Clump of trees 15, 110  
127 woods/forest vao Forest 14  
107 worm (earthworm) toke Worm (Sve) 7  
169 year mataìti Year (Bse) 7  
169 year tau A season or period (Sve) 1  
150 yellow rengarenga Yellow 10 L
186 you koorua Second person dual pronoun, you (Ply) x  
186 you kootou You, plural (Bse) 16  

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