https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Rarotongan

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Tahitic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
159 wide 'a'ano   7  
151 green 'akamatie   1, 11  
153 big 'akamatū CAUS + matuu 73  
92 to open, uncover 'akangangata      
87 to swell word info 'akangē(ngē)      
8 to turn word info 'akapa'e   11  
87 to swell word info 'akapetetue      
92 to open, uncover 'akapu'ata      
49 to lie down word info 'akatakoto   7  
49 to lie down word info 'akatīpapa   21  
92 to open, uncover 'akatū'era'era      
181 where? word info 'ea Where? 3, 35  
130 star 'eetuu Star (Bse) 1  
8 to turn word info 'iki'iki      
203 Seven word info 'itu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
91 to buy 'oko Buy, sell, trade 7  
29 to sniff, smell 'ongi Touch noses, smell (I) 9  
163 new 'oou New, recent (Bse) 1  
19 shoulder 'ua   78  
117 fruit 'ua Fruit 1  
26 hair word info 'uru Hair (of animals and body-hair of humans), fur, feathers, fleece (Bse) 31  
99 feather 'uru feathers 1  
99 feather 'uru'uru feathers 1  
149 red 'ute Red B. (Mka) [<] 14 L
158 narrow 'ōiti   89  
106 snake 'ōuī   77 L?
182 I -ku First person singular pronoun (Focus) First person singular (Possessive) x  
66 to tie up, fasten -na Bind, tie tightly round, tether, snare (in a noose) (Bse) 13?  
38 to chew word info -ìa Chew 8  
42 to suck -ìa absorb (Bse) Suck 71  
66 to tie up, fasten -ìa Tie, lash, bind 16?  
94 to throw word info -ìa Throw, cast, hurl, fling (Sve)    
170 when? word info aa'ea When? Where? (Bse) 5  
137 to blow word info angi Blow (of wind, breeze) 8  
156 thin word info angiangi   18  
139 cold word info anu Cold 8  
139 cold word info anu toketoke Very cold (Bse) 8, 9  
168 day ao Day (not night) 1, 54  
69 to hunt word info apuapu hunt down    
6 road/path ara Road, path, passage, way, trail, track (Bse) 1  
64 to say araara   128?  
32 tongue arero Tongue 15  
17 liver ate Liver 1  
62 thatch/roof ato Thatch 1  
68 needle au Wooden needle 1  
145 smoke word info au Smoke Smoke (Sve) 2  
182 I au First person singular pronoun (Focus) First person singular (Possessive) 1, 21  
178 that aua   x  
145 smoke word info auaì Smoke Smoke (Sve) 2  
188 what? word info What 1  
143 fire Fire, light 1  
41 to bite eti Gnaw, tear, bite [<] x L
173 at i At (preposed particle) 1  
184 he/she ia He, she 1  
111 fish ika   1  
63 name ingoa Name 6  
40 to drink inu Drink 1  
152 small iti Small 121  
203 Seven word info itu   1  
205 Nine word info iva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
15 bone ivi Bone 52, 5  
22 to fear Fear, dread (Sve) [<] 9 L
195 no, not kaa'ore No! (Aitutaki) (Bse) 11  
37 to eat kai-nga Food, eat 1, 44  
172 to climb word info kake-a -ìa -na Climb, mount, serve (Bse) 32  
25 neck kakii Neck 20  
45 eye kanoì Eyeball 4  
1 hand kapu Palm of hand, instep of foot (Sve) x  
64 to say karanga   128?  
33 to laugh kata Laugh 7  
153 big katakata      
3 right katau Right (as opposed to left) (Bse) 5, 40  
41 to bite kati Bite, nip (v) 1, 55  
191 all katoa All, (The) whole, together 13  
9 to swim kau Swim 5  
2 left kauvī   1, 42  
2 left kauī   1, 42  
73 to steal keiaa Steal, thief (Mka) 7  
147 black kere Black 5  
119 earth/soil kere/maroo Dry soil (Bse) 10  
90 to dig keri Dig v 1  
74 to kill kikini      
103 meat/flesh kiko Meat, tuber, fleshy, fully developed (of tubers), bast (of paper mulberry or breadfruit) (Bse) 10  
69 to hunt word info kimi hunt    
165 bad, evil kino Evil, bad, wicked, ugly, unfortunate, hurt, general intensifier (Bse) 9  
102 rat kiore Rat 12  
12 skin kiri Skin 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kite See, know 12  
46 to see kite See, know 1  
132 fog ko'u Mist, fog 1, 47  
183 thou koe Second person singular, thou 1  
183 thou koe Second person singular, thou 1  
81 sharp koi Sharp 14, 66  
78 to cut, hack word info kokoti Cut (with blade), sever, reap (Bse) 9  
14 belly kona Lower abdomen 8  
14 belly koopuu Belly, stomach 2  
186 you koorua Second person dual pronoun, you (Ply) x  
78 to cut, hack word info kootia Sever, cut v 9  
186 you kootou You, plural (Bse) 16  
89 to hold word info kuku-a Draw or bunch together, roll up (as sleeves), ruck up, grab (Bse) 12  
149 red kura Red 13  
96 dog kurii Dog 7  
108 louse word info kutu Louse Body lice 1  
108 louse word info kutu papa the crab louse (Pthirius pubis) 1, 6  
190 other   8?  
158 narrow kōkota   26  
158 narrow kōpāpā   48?  
158 narrow kōpū   48?  
64 to say kōrero   11  
153 big ma'ata   31  
153 big ma'atama'ata   31  
192 and maa And, in company with (used to link units with tens but not confined to this) (Bse) 2  
132 fog maa'uu Wet, damp, moist, humid 10  
20 to know, be knowledgeable maatau Have knowledge of, be accustomed to, be in the habit of (Bse) 1  
157 thick word info maatoru Thick through, stout and solid 3  
160 painful, sick maauiui Tired, weary, fatigued 1, 12  
94 to throw word info maka Throw, hurl, sling, a sling (Bse) 11  
95 to fall word info makuru Fall gently and profusely (as leaves or petals) 11  
160 painful, sick mamae Pain, feel pain, ache, hurt, painful (Bse) 10  
180 far mamao Distant 13  
14 belly manava Stomach, nature, disposition (Bse) 9  
82 dull, blunt mania Smooth, flat, blunt (Bse) 11  
210 One Thousand word info mano A thousand, or a thousand brace (Etn).(Source: Pollex) 2  
97 bird manu Bird or beast, creature (Bse) 1  
97 bird manu rere Birds that fly 1  
97 bird manu/rere Bird 1  
129 moon marama   7  
95 to fall word info marere Fall, of fruit from a tree, etc 12  
140 dry word info maroo Dry, withered (Bse) 13  
45 eye mata Eye, face 1  
22 to fear mataku Fear v., afraid (to be) 1  
136 wind matangi Wind, air (Bse) 1, 66  
169 year mataìti Year (Bse) 7  
75 to die, be dead mate Die 1  
151 green matie   1, 11  
118 grass matie(e) Green, grass (Bse) 13  
118 grass mauku Grass, rushes, hay, straw (Bse) 58  
76 to live, be alive mauri Life principle, spirit, seat of the emotions (Bse) 1, 76  
2 left mauī   1, 59  
138 warm word info maàna Warm 1, 72  
21 to think maàra Thought, memory, recollection, come to mind 8  
193 if me If, conditional (Ply 1970) 5  
164 good meitaki Good, pleasant, excellent 15  
60 father metua   1, 9  
42 to suck miti lick 8  
125 salt miti Salt water 7  
124 sea moana Sea 10  
48 to sleep moe Sleep 10  
49 to lie down word info moe   6  
50 to dream moemoeaa A dream, to dream (Sve) 7, 27  
13 back word info mokotua Back of human beings and quadrupeds (Sve) 100, 11  
78 to cut, hack word info motu Chop, chisel or adze something into shape, carve something out (Bse) 54, 14  
141 wet mā'ū   10  
141 wet mā'ū'ū   10  
59 mother māmā borrowing?-MW 5 L?
134 thunder māngūngū   106  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito, gnat, midge (Bse) 1  
66 to tie up, fasten nati-a   13  
206 Ten word info nga'uru Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5  
28 to breathe ngaa Pant, gasp 10  
127 woods/forest ngaa/ngaaere/ (Full of) weeds, useless grasses, plants or bushes (Bse) 16  
16 intestines ngaakau Intestines 12  
104 fat/grease ngako Internal fat of fish or animals 14  
153 big ngao   130  
87 to swell word info ngaru      
38 to chew word info ngau-a Chew 8  
80 to split word info ngaàa Open, cracked, broken, split, severed 5, 72  
42 to suck ngote-a Suck in/up 9  
31 tooth ni'o Tooth 1  
51 to sit no'o Sit, dwell 16  
158 narrow oaoa   12  
121 sand one Soil, earth, sand (Bse) 1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
76 to live, be alive ora Life, health, recover from illness, alive, satiated with food 6  
8 to turn word info pa'e   11  
72 to hit word info paakia Passive of papaki (Bse) 6  
115 root paki-aka The bark of tree roots (Sve) 2  
19 shoulder pakuìvi   8  
72 to hit word info papaki (Bse). Slap, hit, smack (Sve) 6  
112 rotten word info para Ripe, rotten 13  
72 to hit word info patu Strike, knock with sudden short blow (Bse) 7  
100 wing peeàu Wing, pectoral fin (Bse) 1, 59  
94 to throw word info peeì-a Throw directly at (Bse) 12?  
171 to hide word info pi(i)pini Hide (obs.) (Bse) Hide (Bse) 1  
75 to die, be dead po'e Dwindle, die down (of flame, light), screwed up (of eyes), dazzled (Bse) 3  
19 shoulder pokoivi   8  
167 night poo Night 1  
120 stone pooàtu Stone (Mka) Stone (Mka) 1, 19  
120 stone pooàtu Stone (Mka) Stone (Mka) 1, 19  
112 rotten word info popo Decay 14  
152 small poto Short 10  
154 short word info poto Short 9  
116 flower pua Flower, blossom 1  
35 to vomit puaki Spew, belch, spit out 1, 32  
36 to spit puaki Spew, belch, spit out 16  
89 to hold word info puke/na Take hold of Reach for (as for fish in a hole) 13  
19 shoulder pukuìvi   8  
171 to hide word info puni Hide (obs.) (Bse) Hide (Bse) 1  
27 nose putaang/iqu/ Nose 1, 2  
74 to kill putu   9  
11 dust puèu Dust, scattered 1, 74  
137 to blow word info puì Blow 6  
194 how? word info pèea How? 11  
60 father borrowing?-MW   L?
60 father pāpā borrowing?-MW   L?
71 to stab, pierce pātia   9  
71 to stab, pierce pātiatia   9  
79 stick/wood raakau Wood, tree, shrub, plant, pole, rod, stick, weapon 1  
113 branch word info raaraa Branch, twig, off-shoot 1, 33  
156 thin word info rairai   5  
77 to scratch word info raku(raku) Scratch with fingernails or claws Scratched 9  
128 sky rangi Sky, heaven (Bse) 1  
135 lightning rapa Flash of lightning, dazzle, glitter 9  
77 to scratch word info raraku Scratch with fingernails or claws Scratched 9  
176 below raro Below, under 8  
114 leaf rau Leaf 1  
26 hair word info rauru Hair of head 40  
164 good reka Pleasant 14  
150 yellow rengarenga Yellow 10 L
10 dirty repo Dirty, soiled, foul, dirt, muck, mud, to shit (Bse) Stained, smeared, sullied (Bse) 9  
119 earth/soil repo Dirty, soiled, foul; dirt, muck, mud; to shit (Bse) 11  
101 to fly rere Jump, fly v 11  
66 to tie up, fasten rii Tie, lash, tether, bind (Bse) 14  
152 small riki Small 66  
1 hand rima Five, hand 1  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
208 Fifty word info rima ngauru   1, 15  
155 long word info roa Long a 12  
88 to squeeze word info romi Squeeze 10  
44 to hear rongo Hear, news 1  
126 lake roto Lagoon 6  
174 in, inside roto Inside, lagoon, lake 5  
198 Two word info rua Two 1  
207 Twenty word info rua ngauru-   3, 6  
35 to vomit rua/ki Vomit 8, 31  
175 above runga Above 9  
146 ash rèu Ashes 67  
187 they rātou   1, 72  
187 they rāua dual x  
123 to flow ta'e Leak, melt, ooze, trickle (Sve) 10  
190 other ta'i   7  
39 to cook word info ta'u Cook, burn, set on fire (Sve) 10  
144 to burn word info ta'u Cook, burn, set on fire (Sve) 8  
72 to hit word info ta-ia Pound, beat, bruise, strike (Sve) 10  
72 to hit word info taa Hit, strike, fight, attack (Bse) 10  
70 to shoot word info taa/àna/ Shoot with bow 1  
54 man/male taane Male, husband, lover, man (Sve) 1, 11  
57 husband taane Male, husband, lover, man (Sve) 14  
66 to tie up, fasten taapeka   17  
124 sea tai Sea, sea water, coast bordering the sea, tide (Sve) 1  
209 One Hundred word info tai anere English loan (ta'i 'one' ; 'anere 'loan for hundred') 11 L
142 heavy tai/maà/ Heavy 46, 66  
56 child tama Child, term of address to man 6  
56 child tamaiti Boy, child (Bse) 6, 64  
56 child tamariki Children (pl. of tamaiti), be a child (Bse) 6, 63  
54 man/male tamaroa A son, a male child x  
53 person/human being tangata General name for mankind (Sve) 1, 66  
34 to cry tangi Any noise or sound, but especially of weeping 1  
89 to hold word info tango   14  
84 to plant tanu   2  
84 to plant tanutanu   2  
39 to cook word info tao To cook in an oven (Sve) 10  
80 to split word info tapaì To split, cleave lengthwise (Sve), chop down vertically on something, split or cleave lengthwise 4, 6  
4 leg/foot tapuae Footmark, footprint, sole of the foot (Sve) x  
78 to cut, hack word info tarai   1  
43 ear taringa Ear (Sve) 1  
84 to plant tatanu   2  
88 to squeeze word info tatau To squeeze, crush or press (Sve) 13  
196 to count tatau   8  
169 year tau A season or period (Sve) 1  
178 that taua   x  
210 One Thousand word info tauatini English Loan 11 L
65 rope taura Rope, cord (Sve) 9  
210 One Thousand word info tavatini English Loan 11 L
197 One word info taì One (Sve) 41  
162 old word info taìto Be old, ancient, antique, days of yore, antiquity, old age (Bse) 10  
177 this te(e)ia   7, 45  
148 white tea White, clear (Sve) 8  
177 this teeia      
173 at tei At, in, in the act of (Sve), relative pronoun (past) (Bse) 5  
142 heavy tei/maà/ Heavy 46, 66  
177 this teia   7, 45  
142 heavy teimaà Weight, heaviness, load (Sve) 46, 66  
131 cloud word info tiao   12, 117  
94 to throw word info tii Throw, cast (Sve) 9  
166 correct, true tika Right, correct, true (Sve) 9  
94 to throw word info tiri   9  
107 worm (earthworm) toke Worm (Sve) 7  
95 to fall word info topa Fall from a height, fallen 124  
199 Three word info toru Three (Sve) 1  
23 blood toto Blood (Sve) 4  
36 to spit tu/tuà/ Spit (Sve) 120  
64 to say tuatua   2?  
67 to sew word info tui Sew, thread, pierce (Sve) 13  
72 to hit word info tuki   8  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Pound, beat, bruise, strike (Sve) 2  
110 spider tukutuku/ra'onui General term for spiders 5, 39  
131 cloud word info tumurangi   36?  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
144 to burn word info tutungi Pass. tuungia Set fire to, kindle, light (match, lamp, cigarette, etc.) (Buse) 7  
52 to stand tuu Stand, upright, to be 2  
74 to kill   8  
161 shy, ashamed tā'akamā ashamed 1  
158 narrow tākokota   26  
158 narrow tākōpāpā   48?  
74 to kill tāmate   2  
74 to kill tāmatemate   2  
151 green tāmatie   1, 11  
141 wet tārari   9  
196 to count tārē   43  
185 we word info tātou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
7 to come tātā'i      
190 other tēta'i   7  
131 cloud word info tūrangi   36?  
98 egg ua   5  
133 rain ua Rain 1  
135 lightning uira Lightning 2  
24 head upoko Head 10  
147 black uri Dark coloured 7  
127 woods/forest uru/raakau Clump of trees 15, 110  
18 breast uu Nipple, breast 1  
58 wife va'ine   5, 68  
80 to split word info vaaì To break, split, share 4  
78 to cut, hack word info vaaì/a To split, break (Bse) 13  
4 leg/foot vae Leg 1, 100  
122 water word info vai Water 2  
179 near vai/tata/ Near 9  
127 woods/forest vao Forest 14  
204 Eight word info varu Pollex 06: Varu. :Eight. 3  
30 mouth vaà Mouth 1, 8  
55 woman/female vaìne Woman Female 1, 106, 116  
71 to stab, pierce vero   15  
71 to stab, pierce verovero   15  
200 Four word info àa Four (Bse) 1, 66  
47 to yawn àamama Yawn, open the mouth (Mka) 19, 28  
5 to walk àere Go, walk, proceed, progress 6  
189 who? word info ài Who? 1  
152 small àka(ri)riki/ Make smaller 66  
83 to work word info ànga/ànga Work, labour, deed 10  
137 to blow word info àrara To blow, rise, gust (of wind) (Bse) 9  
61 house àre House 14  
195 no, not àuraka Negative imperative marker (Bse) 12  
10 dirty àvaàva   8  
66 to tie up, fasten ìitiki-a Tie on around or up, tie a knot, bind, tether (Bse) 148  
105 tail ìku Tail of animal, fish, bird (Sve) 13  
55 woman/female ìne Woman Female 1, 41  
95 to fall word info ìnga Fall over from an upright position, topple over, be overthrown (Sve) 44  
104 fat/grease ìnu Oil, fat 12  
85 to choose ìri Select, choose 1  
147 black ìva Blackish 6  
153 big ākā   31  
153 big āma'atama'ata   31  
159 wide ātea   21  
87 to swell word info ē      
87 to swell word info ōpuepue   30  

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