https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Rarotongan

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Tahitic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
7 to come tātā'i      
8 to turn word info 'iki'iki      
60 father borrowing?-MW   L?
60 father pāpā borrowing?-MW   L?
64 to say araara      
64 to say tuatua      
69 to hunt word info kimi hunt    
69 to hunt word info apuapu hunt down    
74 to kill kikini      
87 to swell word info 'akangē(ngē)      
87 to swell word info 'akapetetue      
87 to swell word info ē      
87 to swell word info ngaru      
92 to open, uncover 'akangangata      
92 to open, uncover 'akapu'ata      
92 to open, uncover 'akatū'era'era      
94 to throw word info -ìa Throw, cast, hurl, fling (Sve)    
153 big katakata      
177 this teeia      
1 hand rima Five, hand 1  
6 road/path ara Road, path, passage, way, trail, track (Bse) 1  
12 skin kiri Skin 1  
17 liver ate Liver 1  
18 breast uu Nipple, breast 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable maatau Have knowledge of, be accustomed to, be in the habit of (Bse) 1  
22 to fear mataku Fear v., afraid (to be) 1  
31 tooth ni'o Tooth 1  
34 to cry tangi Any noise or sound, but especially of weeping 1  
40 to drink inu Drink 1  
43 ear taringa Ear (Sve) 1  
44 to hear rongo Hear, news 1  
45 eye mata Eye, face 1  
46 to see kite See, know 1  
62 thatch/roof ato Thatch 1  
68 needle au Wooden needle 1  
70 to shoot word info taa/àna/ Shoot with bow 1  
75 to die, be dead mate Die 1  
78 to cut, hack word info tarai   1  
79 stick/wood raakau Wood, tree, shrub, plant, pole, rod, stick, weapon 1  
85 to choose ìri Select, choose 1  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
90 to dig keri Dig v 1  
97 bird manu Bird or beast, creature (Bse) 1  
97 bird manu/rere Bird 1  
97 bird manu rere Birds that fly 1  
99 feather 'uru feathers 1  
99 feather 'uru'uru feathers 1  
108 louse word info kutu Louse Body lice 1  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito, gnat, midge (Bse) 1  
111 fish ika   1  
114 leaf rau Leaf 1  
116 flower pua Flower, blossom 1  
117 fruit 'ua Fruit 1  
121 sand one Soil, earth, sand (Bse) 1  
124 sea tai Sea, sea water, coast bordering the sea, tide (Sve) 1  
128 sky rangi Sky, heaven (Bse) 1  
130 star 'eetuu Star (Bse) 1  
133 rain ua Rain 1  
143 fire Fire, light 1  
161 shy, ashamed tā'akamā ashamed 1  
163 new 'oou New, recent (Bse) 1  
167 night poo Night 1  
169 year tau A season or period (Sve) 1  
171 to hide word info puni Hide (obs.) (Bse) Hide (Bse) 1  
171 to hide word info pi(i)pini Hide (obs.) (Bse) Hide (Bse) 1  
173 at i At (preposed particle) 1  
183 thou koe Second person singular, thou 1  
183 thou koe Second person singular, thou 1  
184 he/she ia He, she 1  
188 what? word info What 1  
189 who? word info ài Who? 1  
198 Two word info rua Two 1  
199 Three word info toru Three (Sve) 1  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info 'itu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
203 Seven word info itu   1  
4 leg/foot vae Leg 1, 100  
151 green matie   1, 11  
151 green tāmatie   1, 11  
185 we word info tātou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
132 fog ko'u Mist, fog 1, 47  
168 day ao Day (not night) 1, 54  
138 warm word info maàna Warm 1, 72  
187 they rātou   1, 72  
11 dust puèu Dust, scattered 1, 74  
76 to live, be alive mauri Life principle, spirit, seat of the emotions (Bse) 1, 76  
55 woman/female vaìne Woman Female 1, 106, 116  
54 man/male taane Male, husband, lover, man (Sve) 1, 11  
151 green 'akamatie   1, 11  
160 painful, sick maauiui Tired, weary, fatigued 1, 12  
208 Fifty word info rima ngauru   1, 15  
120 stone pooàtu Stone (Mka) Stone (Mka) 1, 19  
120 stone pooàtu Stone (Mka) Stone (Mka) 1, 19  
27 nose putaang/iqu/ Nose 1, 2  
182 I au First person singular pronoun (Focus) First person singular (Possessive) 1, 21  
35 to vomit puaki Spew, belch, spit out 1, 32  
113 branch word info raaraa Branch, twig, off-shoot 1, 33  
55 woman/female ìne Woman Female 1, 41  
2 left kauī   1, 42  
2 left kauvī   1, 42  
37 to eat kai-nga Food, eat 1, 44  
41 to bite kati Bite, nip (v) 1, 55  
2 left mauī   1, 59  
100 wing peeàu Wing, pectoral fin (Bse) 1, 59  
108 louse word info kutu papa the crab louse (Pthirius pubis) 1, 6  
53 person/human being tangata General name for mankind (Sve) 1, 66  
136 wind matangi Wind, air (Bse) 1, 66  
200 Four word info àa Four (Bse) 1, 66  
30 mouth vaà Mouth 1, 8  
60 father metua   1, 9  
24 head upoko Head 10  
28 to breathe ngaa Pant, gasp 10  
39 to cook word info ta'u Cook, burn, set on fire (Sve) 10  
39 to cook word info tao To cook in an oven (Sve) 10  
48 to sleep moe Sleep 10  
72 to hit word info taa Hit, strike, fight, attack (Bse) 10  
72 to hit word info ta-ia Pound, beat, bruise, strike (Sve) 10  
83 to work word info ànga/ànga Work, labour, deed 10  
88 to squeeze word info romi Squeeze 10  
103 meat/flesh kiko Meat, tuber, fleshy, fully developed (of tubers), bast (of paper mulberry or breadfruit) (Bse) 10  
119 earth/soil kere/maroo Dry soil (Bse) 10  
123 to flow ta'e Leak, melt, ooze, trickle (Sve) 10  
124 sea moana Sea 10  
132 fog maa'uu Wet, damp, moist, humid 10  
141 wet mā'ū   10  
141 wet mā'ū'ū   10  
150 yellow rengarenga Yellow 10 L
152 small poto Short 10  
160 painful, sick mamae Pain, feel pain, ache, hurt, painful (Bse) 10  
162 old word info taìto Be old, ancient, antique, days of yore, antiquity, old age (Bse) 10  
13 back word info mokotua Back of human beings and quadrupeds (Sve) 100, 11  
134 thunder māngūngū   106  
8 to turn word info 'akapa'e   11  
8 to turn word info pa'e   11  
64 to say kōrero   11  
82 dull, blunt mania Smooth, flat, blunt (Bse) 11  
94 to throw word info maka Throw, hurl, sling, a sling (Bse) 11  
95 to fall word info makuru Fall gently and profusely (as leaves or petals) 11  
101 to fly rere Jump, fly v 11  
119 earth/soil repo Dirty, soiled, foul; dirt, muck, mud; to shit (Bse) 11  
194 how? word info pèea How? 11  
195 no, not kaa'ore No! (Aitutaki) (Bse) 11  
209 One Hundred word info tai anere English loan (ta'i 'one' ; 'anere 'loan for hundred') 11 L
210 One Thousand word info tavatini English Loan 11 L
210 One Thousand word info tauatini English Loan 11 L
16 intestines ngaakau Intestines 12  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kite See, know 12  
89 to hold word info kuku-a Draw or bunch together, roll up (as sleeves), ruck up, grab (Bse) 12  
95 to fall word info marere Fall, of fruit from a tree, etc 12  
102 rat kiore Rat 12  
104 fat/grease ìnu Oil, fat 12  
155 long word info roa Long a 12  
158 narrow oaoa   12  
195 no, not àuraka Negative imperative marker (Bse) 12  
131 cloud word info tiao   12, 117  
36 to spit tu/tuà/ Spit (Sve) 120  
152 small iti Small 121  
95 to fall word info topa Fall from a height, fallen 124  
94 to throw word info peeì-a Throw directly at (Bse) 12?  
66 to tie up, fasten nati-a   13  
67 to sew word info tui Sew, thread, pierce (Sve) 13  
78 to cut, hack word info vaaì/a To split, break (Bse) 13  
88 to squeeze word info tatau To squeeze, crush or press (Sve) 13  
89 to hold word info puke/na Take hold of Reach for (as for fish in a hole) 13  
105 tail ìku Tail of animal, fish, bird (Sve) 13  
112 rotten word info para Ripe, rotten 13  
118 grass matie(e) Green, grass (Bse) 13  
140 dry word info maroo Dry, withered (Bse) 13  
149 red kura Red 13  
180 far mamao Distant 13  
191 all katoa All, (The) whole, together 13  
153 big ngao   130  
66 to tie up, fasten -na Bind, tie tightly round, tether, snare (in a noose) (Bse) 13?  
57 husband taane Male, husband, lover, man (Sve) 14  
61 house àre House 14  
66 to tie up, fasten rii Tie, lash, tether, bind (Bse) 14  
89 to hold word info tango   14  
104 fat/grease ngako Internal fat of fish or animals 14  
112 rotten word info popo Decay 14  
127 woods/forest vao Forest 14  
149 red 'ute Red B. (Mka) [<] 14 L
164 good reka Pleasant 14  
81 sharp koi Sharp 14, 66  
66 to tie up, fasten ìitiki-a Tie on around or up, tie a knot, bind, tether (Bse) 148  
32 tongue arero Tongue 15  
71 to stab, pierce vero   15  
71 to stab, pierce verovero   15  
164 good meitaki Good, pleasant, excellent 15  
127 woods/forest uru/raakau Clump of trees 15, 110  
36 to spit puaki Spew, belch, spit out 16  
51 to sit no'o Sit, dwell 16  
127 woods/forest ngaa/ngaaere/ (Full of) weeds, useless grasses, plants or bushes (Bse) 16  
186 you kootou You, plural (Bse) 16  
66 to tie up, fasten -ìa Tie, lash, bind 16?  
66 to tie up, fasten taapeka   17  
156 thin word info angiangi   18  
47 to yawn àamama Yawn, open the mouth (Mka) 19, 28  
14 belly koopuu Belly, stomach 2  
52 to stand tuu Stand, upright, to be 2  
74 to kill tāmate   2  
74 to kill tāmatemate   2  
84 to plant tanu   2  
84 to plant tanutanu   2  
84 to plant tatanu   2  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Pound, beat, bruise, strike (Sve) 2  
115 root paki-aka The bark of tree roots (Sve) 2  
122 water word info vai Water 2  
135 lightning uira Lightning 2  
145 smoke word info au Smoke Smoke (Sve) 2  
145 smoke word info auaì Smoke Smoke (Sve) 2  
192 and maa And, in company with (used to link units with tens but not confined to this) (Bse) 2  
210 One Thousand word info mano A thousand, or a thousand brace (Etn).(Source: Pollex) 2  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
25 neck kakii Neck 20  
49 to lie down word info 'akatīpapa   21  
159 wide ātea   21  
158 narrow kōkota   26  
158 narrow tākokota   26  
75 to die, be dead po'e Dwindle, die down (of flame, light), screwed up (of eyes), dazzled (Bse) 3  
157 thick word info maatoru Thick through, stout and solid 3  
204 Eight word info varu Pollex 06: Varu. :Eight. 3  
181 where? word info 'ea Where? 3, 35  
207 Twenty word info rua ngauru-   3, 6  
87 to swell word info ōpuepue   30  
26 hair word info 'uru Hair (of animals and body-hair of humans), fur, feathers, fleece (Bse) 31  
153 big ākā   31  
153 big āma'atama'ata   31  
153 big ma'ata   31  
153 big ma'atama'ata   31  
172 to climb word info kake-a -ìa -na Climb, mount, serve (Bse) 32  
131 cloud word info tūrangi   36?  
131 cloud word info tumurangi   36?  
23 blood toto Blood (Sve) 4  
45 eye kanoì Eyeball 4  
80 to split word info vaaì To break, split, share 4  
80 to split word info tapaì To split, cleave lengthwise (Sve), chop down vertically on something, split or cleave lengthwise 4, 6  
26 hair word info rauru Hair of head 40  
197 One word info taì One (Sve) 41  
196 to count tārē   43  
95 to fall word info ìnga Fall over from an upright position, topple over, be overthrown (Sve) 44  
142 heavy tei/maà/ Heavy 46, 66  
142 heavy tai/maà/ Heavy 46, 66  
142 heavy teimaà Weight, heaviness, load (Sve) 46, 66  
158 narrow kōpū   48?  
158 narrow kōpāpā   48?  
158 narrow tākōpāpā   48?  
9 to swim kau Swim 5  
59 mother māmā borrowing?-MW 5 L?
98 egg ua   5  
147 black kere Black 5  
156 thin word info rairai   5  
170 when? word info aa'ea When? Where? (Bse) 5  
173 at tei At, in, in the act of (Sve), relative pronoun (past) (Bse) 5  
174 in, inside roto Inside, lagoon, lake 5  
193 if me If, conditional (Ply 1970) 5  
206 Ten word info nga'uru Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5  
3 right katau Right (as opposed to left) (Bse) 5, 40  
110 spider tukutuku/ra'onui General term for spiders 5, 39  
205 Nine word info iva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
58 wife va'ine   5, 68  
80 to split word info ngaàa Open, cracked, broken, split, severed 5, 72  
15 bone ivi Bone 52, 5  
78 to cut, hack word info motu Chop, chisel or adze something into shape, carve something out (Bse) 54, 14  
118 grass mauku Grass, rushes, hay, straw (Bse) 58  
5 to walk àere Go, walk, proceed, progress 6  
49 to lie down word info moe   6  
56 child tama Child, term of address to man 6  
63 name ingoa Name 6  
72 to hit word info papaki (Bse). Slap, hit, smack (Sve) 6  
72 to hit word info paakia Passive of papaki (Bse) 6  
76 to live, be alive ora Life, health, recover from illness, alive, satiated with food 6  
126 lake roto Lagoon 6  
137 to blow word info puì Blow 6  
147 black ìva Blackish 6  
56 child tamariki Children (pl. of tamaiti), be a child (Bse) 6, 63  
56 child tamaiti Boy, child (Bse) 6, 64  
64 to say karanga   60  
152 small riki Small 66  
152 small àka(ri)riki/ Make smaller 66  
146 ash rèu Ashes 67  
33 to laugh kata Laugh 7  
49 to lie down word info 'akatakoto   7  
72 to hit word info patu Strike, knock with sudden short blow (Bse) 7  
91 to buy 'oko Buy, sell, trade 7  
96 dog kurii Dog 7  
107 worm (earthworm) toke Worm (Sve) 7  
125 salt miti Salt water 7  
129 moon marama   7  
144 to burn word info tutungi Pass. tuungia Set fire to, kindle, light (match, lamp, cigarette, etc.) (Buse) 7  
147 black uri Dark coloured 7  
159 wide 'a'ano   7  
169 year mataìti Year (Bse) 7  
190 other ta'i   7  
190 other tēta'i   7  
50 to dream moemoeaa A dream, to dream (Sve) 7, 27  
177 this te(e)ia   7, 45  
177 this teia   7, 45  
73 to steal keiaa Steal, thief (Mka) 7, 65  
42 to suck -ìa absorb (Bse) Suck 71  
153 big 'akamatū CAUS + matuu 73  
106 snake 'ōuī   77 L?
19 shoulder 'ua   78  
10 dirty àvaàva   8  
14 belly kona Lower abdomen 8  
19 shoulder pakuìvi   8  
19 shoulder pukuìvi   8  
19 shoulder pokoivi   8  
21 to think maàra Thought, memory, recollection, come to mind 8  
38 to chew word info ngau-a Chew 8  
38 to chew word info -ìa Chew 8  
42 to suck miti lick 8  
72 to hit word info tuki   8  
74 to kill   8  
137 to blow word info angi Blow (of wind, breeze) 8  
139 cold word info anu Cold 8  
144 to burn word info ta'u Cook, burn, set on fire (Sve) 8  
148 white tea White, clear (Sve) 8  
176 below raro Below, under 8  
196 to count tatau   8  
35 to vomit rua/ki Vomit 8, 31  
139 cold word info anu toketoke Very cold (Bse) 8, 9  
158 narrow 'ōiti   89  
190 other   8?  
10 dirty repo Dirty, soiled, foul, dirt, muck, mud, to shit (Bse) Stained, smeared, sullied (Bse) 9  
14 belly manava Stomach, nature, disposition (Bse) 9  
22 to fear Fear, dread (Sve) [<] 9 L
29 to sniff, smell 'ongi Touch noses, smell (I) 9  
42 to suck ngote-a Suck in/up 9  
65 rope taura Rope, cord (Sve) 9  
71 to stab, pierce pātia   9  
71 to stab, pierce pātiatia   9  
74 to kill putu   9  
77 to scratch word info raku(raku) Scratch with fingernails or claws Scratched 9  
77 to scratch word info raraku Scratch with fingernails or claws Scratched 9  
78 to cut, hack word info kokoti Cut (with blade), sever, reap (Bse) 9  
78 to cut, hack word info kootia Sever, cut v 9  
94 to throw word info tii Throw, cast (Sve) 9  
94 to throw word info tiri   9  
135 lightning rapa Flash of lightning, dazzle, glitter 9  
137 to blow word info àrara To blow, rise, gust (of wind) (Bse) 9  
141 wet tārari   9  
154 short word info poto Short 9  
165 bad, evil kino Evil, bad, wicked, ugly, unfortunate, hurt, general intensifier (Bse) 9  
166 correct, true tika Right, correct, true (Sve) 9  
175 above runga Above 9  
179 near vai/tata/ Near 9  
1 hand kapu Palm of hand, instep of foot (Sve) x  
4 leg/foot tapuae Footmark, footprint, sole of the foot (Sve) x  
41 to bite eti Gnaw, tear, bite [<] x L
54 man/male tamaroa A son, a male child x  
178 that taua   x  
178 that aua   x  
182 I -ku First person singular pronoun (Focus) First person singular (Possessive) x  
186 you koorua Second person dual pronoun, you (Ply) x  
187 they rāua dual x  

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