https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Rarotongan

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Tahitic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
2 left kauī   1, 42  
2 left kauvī   1, 42  
2 left mauī   1, 59  
7 to come tātā'i      
8 to turn word info 'akapa'e   11  
8 to turn word info 'iki'iki      
8 to turn word info pa'e   11  
10 dirty àvaàva   8  
19 shoulder 'ua   78  
19 shoulder pakuìvi   8  
19 shoulder pukuìvi   8  
19 shoulder pokoivi   8  
49 to lie down word info 'akatakoto   7  
49 to lie down word info 'akatīpapa   21  
49 to lie down word info moe   6  
58 wife va'ine   5, 68  
60 father metua   1, 9  
64 to say araara      
64 to say karanga   60  
64 to say kōrero   11  
64 to say tuatua      
66 to tie up, fasten nati-a   13  
66 to tie up, fasten taapeka   17  
71 to stab, pierce pātia   9  
71 to stab, pierce pātiatia   9  
71 to stab, pierce vero   15  
71 to stab, pierce verovero   15  
72 to hit word info tuki   8  
74 to kill kikini      
74 to kill   8  
74 to kill tāmate   2  
74 to kill tāmatemate   2  
74 to kill putu   9  
78 to cut, hack word info tarai   1  
84 to plant tanu   2  
84 to plant tanutanu   2  
84 to plant tatanu   2  
87 to swell word info 'akangē(ngē)      
87 to swell word info 'akapetetue      
87 to swell word info ē      
87 to swell word info ngaru      
87 to swell word info ōpuepue   30  
89 to hold word info tango   14  
92 to open, uncover 'akangangata      
92 to open, uncover 'akapu'ata      
92 to open, uncover 'akatū'era'era      
94 to throw word info tiri   9  
98 egg ua   5  
106 snake 'ōuī   77 L?
111 fish ika   1  
129 moon marama   7  
131 cloud word info tiao   12, 117  
131 cloud word info tūrangi   36?  
131 cloud word info tumurangi   36?  
134 thunder māngūngū   106  
141 wet mā'ū   10  
141 wet mā'ū'ū   10  
141 wet tārari   9  
151 green matie   1, 11  
151 green 'akamatie   1, 11  
151 green tāmatie   1, 11  
153 big ākā   31  
153 big āma'atama'ata   31  
153 big ngao   130  
153 big katakata      
153 big ma'ata   31  
153 big ma'atama'ata   31  
156 thin word info angiangi   18  
156 thin word info rairai   5  
158 narrow oaoa   12  
158 narrow 'ōiti   89  
158 narrow kōkota   26  
158 narrow kōpū   48?  
158 narrow kōpāpā   48?  
158 narrow tākokota   26  
158 narrow tākōpāpā   48?  
159 wide 'a'ano   7  
159 wide ātea   21  
177 this te(e)ia   7, 45  
177 this teia   7, 45  
177 this teeia      
178 that taua   x  
178 that aua   x  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
187 they rātou   1, 72  
190 other   8?  
190 other ta'i   7  
190 other tēta'i   7  
196 to count tārē   43  
196 to count tatau   8  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info itu   1  
207 Twenty word info rua ngauru-   3, 6  
208 Fifty word info rima ngauru   1, 15  
72 to hit word info papaki (Bse). Slap, hit, smack (Sve) 6  
127 woods/forest ngaa/ngaaere/ (Full of) weeds, useless grasses, plants or bushes (Bse) 16  
185 we word info tātou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
50 to dream moemoeaa A dream, to dream (Sve) 7, 27  
169 year tau A season or period (Sve) 1  
54 man/male tamaroa A son, a male child x  
210 One Thousand word info mano A thousand, or a thousand brace (Etn).(Source: Pollex) 2  
175 above runga Above 9  
42 to suck -ìa absorb (Bse) Suck 71  
191 all katoa All, (The) whole, together 13  
192 and maa And, in company with (used to link units with tens but not confined to this) (Bse) 2  
34 to cry tangi Any noise or sound, but especially of weeping 1  
161 shy, ashamed tā'akamā ashamed 1  
146 ash rèu Ashes 67  
173 at i At (preposed particle) 1  
173 at tei At, in, in the act of (Sve), relative pronoun (past) (Bse) 5  
13 back word info mokotua Back of human beings and quadrupeds (Sve) 100, 11  
162 old word info taìto Be old, ancient, antique, days of yore, antiquity, old age (Bse) 10  
14 belly koopuu Belly, stomach 2  
176 below raro Below, under 8  
66 to tie up, fasten -na Bind, tie tightly round, tether, snare (in a noose) (Bse) 13?  
97 bird manu/rere Bird 1  
97 bird manu Bird or beast, creature (Bse) 1  
97 bird manu rere Birds that fly 1  
41 to bite kati Bite, nip (v) 1, 55  
147 black kere Black 5  
147 black ìva Blackish 6  
23 blood toto Blood (Sve) 4  
137 to blow word info puì Blow 6  
137 to blow word info angi Blow (of wind, breeze) 8  
15 bone ivi Bone 52, 5  
59 mother māmā borrowing?-MW 5 L?
60 father borrowing?-MW   L?
60 father pāpā borrowing?-MW   L?
56 child tamaiti Boy, child (Bse) 6, 64  
113 branch word info raaraa Branch, twig, off-shoot 1, 33  
91 to buy 'oko Buy, sell, trade 7  
153 big 'akamatū CAUS + matuu 73  
38 to chew word info ngau-a Chew 8  
38 to chew word info -ìa Chew 8  
56 child tama Child, term of address to man 6  
56 child tamariki Children (pl. of tamaiti), be a child (Bse) 6, 63  
78 to cut, hack word info motu Chop, chisel or adze something into shape, carve something out (Bse) 54, 14  
172 to climb word info kake-a -ìa -na Climb, mount, serve (Bse) 32  
127 woods/forest uru/raakau Clump of trees 15, 110  
139 cold word info anu Cold 8  
39 to cook word info ta'u Cook, burn, set on fire (Sve) 10  
144 to burn word info ta'u Cook, burn, set on fire (Sve) 8  
78 to cut, hack word info kokoti Cut (with blade), sever, reap (Bse) 9  
147 black uri Dark coloured 7  
168 day ao Day (not night) 1, 54  
112 rotten word info popo Decay 14  
75 to die, be dead mate Die 1  
90 to dig keri Dig v 1  
10 dirty repo Dirty, soiled, foul, dirt, muck, mud, to shit (Bse) Stained, smeared, sullied (Bse) 9  
119 earth/soil repo Dirty, soiled, foul; dirt, muck, mud; to shit (Bse) 11  
180 far mamao Distant 13  
96 dog kurii Dog 7  
89 to hold word info kuku-a Draw or bunch together, roll up (as sleeves), ruck up, grab (Bse) 12  
40 to drink inu Drink 1  
119 earth/soil kere/maroo Dry soil (Bse) 10  
140 dry word info maroo Dry, withered (Bse) 13  
187 they rāua dual x  
11 dust puèu Dust, scattered 1, 74  
75 to die, be dead po'e Dwindle, die down (of flame, light), screwed up (of eyes), dazzled (Bse) 3  
43 ear taringa Ear (Sve) 1  
210 One Thousand word info tavatini English Loan 11 L
210 One Thousand word info tauatini English Loan 11 L
209 One Hundred word info tai anere English loan (ta'i 'one' ; 'anere 'loan for hundred') 11 L
165 bad, evil kino Evil, bad, wicked, ugly, unfortunate, hurt, general intensifier (Bse) 9  
45 eye mata Eye, face 1  
45 eye kanoì Eyeball 4  
95 to fall word info topa Fall from a height, fallen 124  
95 to fall word info makuru Fall gently and profusely (as leaves or petals) 11  
95 to fall word info ìnga Fall over from an upright position, topple over, be overthrown (Sve) 44  
95 to fall word info marere Fall, of fruit from a tree, etc 12  
22 to fear mataku Fear v., afraid (to be) 1  
22 to fear Fear, dread (Sve) [<] 9 L
99 feather 'uru feathers 1  
99 feather 'uru'uru feathers 1  
143 fire Fire, light 1  
182 I au First person singular pronoun (Focus) First person singular (Possessive) 1, 21  
182 I -ku First person singular pronoun (Focus) First person singular (Possessive) x  
1 hand rima Five, hand 1  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
135 lightning rapa Flash of lightning, dazzle, glitter 9  
116 flower pua Flower, blossom 1  
37 to eat kai-nga Food, eat 1, 44  
4 leg/foot tapuae Footmark, footprint, sole of the foot (Sve) x  
127 woods/forest vao Forest 14  
200 Four word info àa Four (Bse) 1, 66  
117 fruit 'ua Fruit 1  
53 person/human being tangata General name for mankind (Sve) 1, 66  
110 spider tukutuku/ra'onui General term for spiders 5, 39  
41 to bite eti Gnaw, tear, bite [<] x L
5 to walk àere Go, walk, proceed, progress 6  
164 good meitaki Good, pleasant, excellent 15  
118 grass mauku Grass, rushes, hay, straw (Bse) 58  
118 grass matie(e) Green, grass (Bse) 13  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
26 hair word info 'uru Hair (of animals and body-hair of humans), fur, feathers, fleece (Bse) 31  
26 hair word info rauru Hair of head 40  
20 to know, be knowledgeable maatau Have knowledge of, be accustomed to, be in the habit of (Bse) 1  
184 he/she ia He, she 1  
24 head upoko Head 10  
44 to hear rongo Hear, news 1  
142 heavy tei/maà/ Heavy 46, 66  
142 heavy tai/maà/ Heavy 46, 66  
171 to hide word info puni Hide (obs.) (Bse) Hide (Bse) 1  
171 to hide word info pi(i)pini Hide (obs.) (Bse) Hide (Bse) 1  
72 to hit word info taa Hit, strike, fight, attack (Bse) 10  
61 house àre House 14  
194 how? word info pèea How? 11  
69 to hunt word info kimi hunt    
69 to hunt word info apuapu hunt down    
193 if me If, conditional (Ply 1970) 5  
174 in, inside roto Inside, lagoon, lake 5  
104 fat/grease ngako Internal fat of fish or animals 14  
16 intestines ngaakau Intestines 12  
101 to fly rere Jump, fly v 11  
126 lake roto Lagoon 6  
33 to laugh kata Laugh 7  
114 leaf rau Leaf 1  
123 to flow ta'e Leak, melt, ooze, trickle (Sve) 10  
4 leg/foot vae Leg 1, 100  
42 to suck miti lick 8  
76 to live, be alive mauri Life principle, spirit, seat of the emotions (Bse) 1, 76  
76 to live, be alive ora Life, health, recover from illness, alive, satiated with food 6  
135 lightning uira Lightning 2  
17 liver ate Liver 1  
155 long word info roa Long a 12  
108 louse word info kutu Louse Body lice 1  
14 belly kona Lower abdomen 8  
152 small àka(ri)riki/ Make smaller 66  
54 man/male taane Male, husband, lover, man (Sve) 1, 11  
57 husband taane Male, husband, lover, man (Sve) 14  
103 meat/flesh kiko Meat, tuber, fleshy, fully developed (of tubers), bast (of paper mulberry or breadfruit) (Bse) 10  
132 fog ko'u Mist, fog 1, 47  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito, gnat, midge (Bse) 1  
30 mouth vaà Mouth 1, 8  
63 name ingoa Name 6  
179 near vai/tata/ Near 9  
25 neck kakii Neck 20  
195 no, not àuraka Negative imperative marker (Bse) 12  
163 new 'oou New, recent (Bse) 1  
167 night poo Night 1  
205 Nine word info iva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
18 breast uu Nipple, breast 1  
195 no, not kaa'ore No! (Aitutaki) (Bse) 11  
27 nose putaang/iqu/ Nose 1, 2  
104 fat/grease ìnu Oil, fat 12  
197 One word info taì One (Sve) 41  
80 to split word info ngaàa Open, cracked, broken, split, severed 5, 72  
160 painful, sick mamae Pain, feel pain, ache, hurt, painful (Bse) 10  
1 hand kapu Palm of hand, instep of foot (Sve) x  
28 to breathe ngaa Pant, gasp 10  
144 to burn word info tutungi Pass. tuungia Set fire to, kindle, light (match, lamp, cigarette, etc.) (Buse) 7  
72 to hit word info paakia Passive of papaki (Bse) 6  
164 good reka Pleasant 14  
204 Eight word info varu Pollex 06: Varu. :Eight. 3  
72 to hit word info ta-ia Pound, beat, bruise, strike (Sve) 10  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Pound, beat, bruise, strike (Sve) 2  
133 rain ua Rain 1  
102 rat kiore Rat 12  
149 red kura Red 13  
149 red 'ute Red B. (Mka) [<] 14 L
3 right katau Right (as opposed to left) (Bse) 5, 40  
166 correct, true tika Right, correct, true (Sve) 9  
112 rotten word info para Ripe, rotten 13  
6 road/path ara Road, path, passage, way, trail, track (Bse) 1  
65 rope taura Rope, cord (Sve) 9  
125 salt miti Salt water 7  
77 to scratch word info raku(raku) Scratch with fingernails or claws Scratched 9  
77 to scratch word info raraku Scratch with fingernails or claws Scratched 9  
124 sea moana Sea 10  
124 sea tai Sea, sea water, coast bordering the sea, tide (Sve) 1  
186 you koorua Second person dual pronoun, you (Ply) x  
183 thou koe Second person singular, thou 1  
183 thou koe Second person singular, thou 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kite See, know 12  
46 to see kite See, know 1  
85 to choose ìri Select, choose 1  
203 Seven word info 'itu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info kootia Sever, cut v 9  
67 to sew word info tui Sew, thread, pierce (Sve) 13  
81 sharp koi Sharp 14, 66  
70 to shoot word info taa/àna/ Shoot with bow 1  
152 small poto Short 10  
154 short word info poto Short 9  
51 to sit no'o Sit, dwell 16  
12 skin kiri Skin 1  
128 sky rangi Sky, heaven (Bse) 1  
48 to sleep moe Sleep 10  
152 small iti Small 121  
152 small riki Small 66  
145 smoke word info au Smoke Smoke (Sve) 2  
145 smoke word info auaì Smoke Smoke (Sve) 2  
82 dull, blunt mania Smooth, flat, blunt (Bse) 11  
121 sand one Soil, earth, sand (Bse) 1  
35 to vomit puaki Spew, belch, spit out 1, 32  
36 to spit puaki Spew, belch, spit out 16  
36 to spit tu/tuà/ Spit (Sve) 120  
88 to squeeze word info romi Squeeze 10  
52 to stand tuu Stand, upright, to be 2  
130 star 'eetuu Star (Bse) 1  
73 to steal keiaa Steal, thief (Mka) 7, 65  
14 belly manava Stomach, nature, disposition (Bse) 9  
120 stone pooàtu Stone (Mka) Stone (Mka) 1, 19  
120 stone pooàtu Stone (Mka) Stone (Mka) 1, 19  
72 to hit word info patu Strike, knock with sudden short blow (Bse) 7  
42 to suck ngote-a Suck in/up 9  
9 to swim kau Swim 5  
105 tail ìku Tail of animal, fish, bird (Sve) 13  
89 to hold word info puke/na Take hold of Reach for (as for fish in a hole) 13  
206 Ten word info nga'uru Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5  
62 thatch/roof ato Thatch 1  
115 root paki-aka The bark of tree roots (Sve) 2  
108 louse word info kutu papa the crab louse (Pthirius pubis) 1, 6  
157 thick word info maatoru Thick through, stout and solid 3  
21 to think maàra Thought, memory, recollection, come to mind 8  
199 Three word info toru Three (Sve) 1  
94 to throw word info peeì-a Throw directly at (Bse) 12?  
94 to throw word info tii Throw, cast (Sve) 9  
94 to throw word info -ìa Throw, cast, hurl, fling (Sve)    
94 to throw word info maka Throw, hurl, sling, a sling (Bse) 11  
66 to tie up, fasten ìitiki-a Tie on around or up, tie a knot, bind, tether (Bse) 148  
66 to tie up, fasten -ìa Tie, lash, bind 16?  
66 to tie up, fasten rii Tie, lash, tether, bind (Bse) 14  
160 painful, sick maauiui Tired, weary, fatigued 1, 12  
137 to blow word info àrara To blow, rise, gust (of wind) (Bse) 9  
80 to split word info vaaì To break, split, share 4  
39 to cook word info tao To cook in an oven (Sve) 10  
78 to cut, hack word info vaaì/a To split, break (Bse) 13  
80 to split word info tapaì To split, cleave lengthwise (Sve), chop down vertically on something, split or cleave lengthwise 4, 6  
88 to squeeze word info tatau To squeeze, crush or press (Sve) 13  
32 tongue arero Tongue 15  
31 tooth ni'o Tooth 1  
29 to sniff, smell 'ongi Touch noses, smell (I) 9  
198 Two word info rua Two 1  
139 cold word info anu toketoke Very cold (Bse) 8, 9  
35 to vomit rua/ki Vomit 8, 31  
138 warm word info maàna Warm 1, 72  
122 water word info vai Water 2  
142 heavy teimaà Weight, heaviness, load (Sve) 46, 66  
132 fog maa'uu Wet, damp, moist, humid 10  
188 what? word info What 1  
170 when? word info aa'ea When? Where? (Bse) 5  
181 where? word info 'ea Where? 3, 35  
148 white tea White, clear (Sve) 8  
189 who? word info ài Who? 1  
136 wind matangi Wind, air (Bse) 1, 66  
100 wing peeàu Wing, pectoral fin (Bse) 1, 59  
55 woman/female vaìne Woman Female 1, 106, 116  
55 woman/female ìne Woman Female 1, 41  
79 stick/wood raakau Wood, tree, shrub, plant, pole, rod, stick, weapon 1  
68 needle au Wooden needle 1  
83 to work word info ànga/ànga Work, labour, deed 10  
107 worm (earthworm) toke Worm (Sve) 7  
47 to yawn àamama Yawn, open the mouth (Mka) 19, 28  
169 year mataìti Year (Bse) 7  
150 yellow rengarenga Yellow 10 L
186 you kootou You, plural (Bse) 16  

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