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Language: Mbughotu (Dhadhaje)

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:bgt  Glottocode: bugh1239 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Gela-Guadalcanal:Bughotu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above      
191 all      
192 and mai and 2, 46  
192 and ma and 2  
146 ash pidaravu ashes 67  
173 at kɔre at    
173 at i at 1  
13 back word info pɔɣuru-ña back 98  
165 bad, evil dika bad 14  
14 belly kutu-ña belly 14  
176 below ɣepa below    
176 below saraña below 10  
153 big hutu big 52  
97 bird manu bird 1  
147 black ĵɔŋɔ black 53  
23 blood ɣauɣabua-ña blood 5  
15 bone ɣuli-ña bone; irregular *s > ɣ 52  
113 branch word info ɔtɔtɔ-ña branch 5  
18 breast raga-ña breast    
56 child gari child; irregular *e > i 40  
131 cloud word info parakɔ cloud 74  
131 cloud word info puni cloud    
139 cold word info ɣaula cold 61  
166 correct, true ĵinɔ correct    
166 correct, true tɔke correct 6  
168 day dani day 6  
10 dirty turu dirty    
96 dog aku dog 44  
96 dog iu dog 46  
140 dry word info mumuĵa dry 11  
82 dull, blunt ŋutu blunt 32  
11 dust maumavu dust    
43 ear kuli-ña ear 6  
119 earth/soil ðepa earth    
98 egg kidɔru-ña egg 1, 96  
204 Eight word info alu eight 3  
45 eye mata-ña eye 1  
180 far hau far 1  
104 fat/grease raɣova-ña fat/grease 17  
60 father mama father 1, 10  
60 father tama-ña father 1  
99 feather vulu-ña feather 1  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire ĵɔtɔ fire 39  
111 fish fei fish    
111 fish iɣa fish 1  
201 Five word info loma five 1  
116 flower rugu-na flower 30  
132 fog lavɔ fog 3  
200 Four word info vati four 1, 65  
117 fruit saɣarɔ-ña fruit 21  
164 good tɔke good 75  
118 grass buburu grass 19  
151 green haihavi green    
26 hair word info vuvuluɣa-ña hair (body) 31  
1 hand lima-ña arm 1  
184 he/she imanea he    
24 head ulu-ña head 1  
142 heavy tahu heavy; probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 15 L
61 house vaðe house 14  
194 how? word info hava how?    
57 husband      
182 I nau I (1sg) 1, 22  
193 if keda if    
174 in, inside kɔra in 24, 17  
16 intestines kutulɔlɔpɔ guts 43, 61  
126 lake      
114 leaf elɔelɔ-ña leaf 11  
2 left tɔʔi-ña left 45  
4 leg/foot nae-ña leg; irregular initial n- 1  
135 lightning ɔŋa lightning 43  
17 liver lɔulɔɣu-ña liver    
155 long word info teve long 68  
108 louse word info ɣutu louse 1  
108 louse word info liha louse egg x20  
54 man/male mane man 1  
103 meat/flesh vinahi-ña meat/flesh 17  
129 moon vula moon 1  
109 mosquito ñamu mosquito 1  
59 mother idɔ-ña mother; looks like a loan from Isabel languages 19 L
30 mouth livɔ-ña mouth; < POc *lipon 'tooth' 54  
63 name aha-ña name 1, 18  
158 narrow      
179 near hiliɣa-ña near 76  
25 neck lua-ña neck 18  
68 needle      
163 new maðaŋani new; probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 29 L
167 night bɔŋi night 1  
205 Nine word info hia nine 5  
195 no, not teʔɔ no 79  
27 nose ehu-ña nose; irregular *i > e 1  
162 old word info kuekuʔe old (person) 86  
162 old word info haulaɣi old (thing) x  
197 One word info sikei one 42  
209 One Hundred word info sina haðaŋatu one hundred; irregular loss of *R 4, 38  
210 One Thousand word info sina tɔɣa one thousand 27  
190 other      
160 painful, sick vahaɣi sick; irregular *m > v 1, 67  
53 person/human being tinɔni person 10  
133 rain uha rain 1  
102 rat kuhi rat 3, 64  
149 red mela red 1  
3 right madɔðɔ-ña right 9  
6 road/path haŋana road; only found in Bughotu 23  
115 root ɔɣa-ña root 2  
65 rope piru rope 50  
65 rope aðɔ rope 2  
112 rotten word info bɔtɔ rotten 9, 70  
125 salt      
121 sand nahiɣa sand 57  
124 sea tahi sea 1  
203 Seven word info vitu seven 1  
81 sharp vavaŋa sharp 14, 20  
154 short word info kudɔ short 13  
19 shoulder      
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
12 skin ɣuiɣuli-ña skin 1  
128 sky maʔalɔa sky 37  
152 small isɔ small 53  
145 smoke word info ahu smoke 2  
106 snake pɔli snake 44  
110 spider kakavere spider 44  
130 star vaituɣu star 1, 50  
79 stick/wood      
120 stone ɣahira stone; likely loan from Santa Isabel language 18 L
105 tail iuʔiɣu-ña tail 1, 55  
206 Ten word info salaɣe ten 55  
178 that      
62 thatch/roof atɔ thatch 1  
187 they rɔmara they (3du) x  
187 they rɔira they (3du) x  
187 they mara they (3pl)    
187 they ira they (3pl) 1, 70  
157 thick word info tuta thick; probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 16 L
156 thin word info manivi thin 1  
177 this iaʔari this 70  
183 thou iɣɔe you (2sg) s  
199 Three word info tɔlu three 1  
134 thunder rete thunder 54  
134 thunder gumu thunder 55  
41 to bite ɣaɣaðati bite 1  
137 to blow word info ɣurihiɣita blow 47  
28 to breathe aheahe breathe 16  
144 to burn word info ĵuru burn 70  
91 to buy      
38 to chew word info      
85 to choose      
172 to climb word info      
7 to come mai come 1  
39 to cook word info      
196 to count iĵuiĵu count 46  
34 to cry taŋi cry 1  
78 to cut, hack word info mega cut nut X  
78 to cut, hack word info tɔka cut (wood) 27  
78 to cut, hack word info utuhia cut (string) 54  
75 to die, be dead ðehe die; looks to be loan from Santa Isabel languages 5 L
90 to dig ɣeɣeli dig 1  
50 to dream      
40 to drink kɔʔu drink 30  
37 to eat vaŋa eat 1, 53  
95 to fall word info kutu fall 17  
95 to fall word info sikili fall    
22 to fear mataɣu fear 1  
123 to flow salala flow    
101 to fly ðɔvɔ fly 1  
101 to fly ðɔðɔvɔ fly 1  
101 to fly ðaŋɔ fly (insect!) x  
86 to grow word info      
44 to hear rɔŋovia hear 1  
171 to hide word info      
72 to hit word info ðabu hit (stick) 42  
89 to hold word info taŋɔlia hold 61  
69 to hunt word info hili hunt 12  
74 to kill ðabu kill 42  
20 to know, be knowledgeable adɔa know 101  
33 to laugh kia laugh 14  
49 to lie down word info kɔli lie down    
76 to live, be alive havi life 43  
76 to live, be alive havi alive 43  
92 to open, uncover      
84 to plant      
93 to pound, beat word info      
64 to say velea say 81  
77 to scratch word info gagaru scratch 44  
46 to see reɣia see 13  
67 to sew word info susuki sew 17, 48  
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit nɔhe sit 23  
48 to sleep nere sleep    
29 to sniff, smell ñahŋɔ smell    
36 to spit kmisu spit; seems likely that this is a loan from NWSols languages 14, 22 L
80 to split word info fɔta split 41  
88 to squeeze word info pɔĵia squeeze 18  
71 to stab, pierce ĵaʔia stab    
52 to stand sɔkara stand    
73 to steal bilau steal; looks to be a loan from Santa Isabel languages 1, 11 L
42 to suck sɔpia suck 1, 82  
87 to swell word info pɔte swell; likely to be a loan from NWSols 17 L
9 to swim siusiu bathe 12  
9 to swim ɔðɔ swim 74  
21 to think tɔatɔɣa think    
94 to throw word info      
66 to tie up, fasten taria tie 33  
8 to turn word info tabiru turn 49  
35 to vomit luluʔa vomit 8  
5 to walk taveti walk; only found in two Bughotu lists 12  
5 to walk hɔru go down    
5 to walk vanɔ go 2  
5 to walk hadi go up    
83 to work word info agutu work    
47 to yawn      
32 tongue ðapi-ña tongue 21  
31 tooth keʔi-ña tooth; looks to be a loan from NWSols, where a similar form is found in Santa Isabel languages 9 L
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info rua two 1  
138 warm word info vuvuɣu warm; irregular metathesis of consonants 65  
122 water word info bea water 39  
185 we word info rɔɣita we (1du.incl) 1  
185 we word info ɣami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info ɣita we (1pl.incl) 1  
185 we word info rɔɣami we (1du.excl) 2  
141 wet ñubu wet 68  
188 what? word info hava what? 1  
170 when? word info ñiha when? 1, 24  
181 where? word info vei where? 3  
148 white pura white 3  
189 who? word info hai who? 1  
159 wide      
58 wife      
136 wind ɣuri wind 12  
100 wing baɣi-ña wing; looks like a loan from NWSols 16 L
55 woman/female vaivine woman 1, 47  
127 woods/forest leleɣai bush 2, 49  
107 worm (earthworm)      
169 year vinɔɣa year 49  
150 yellow ŋɔŋe yellow    
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you rɔɣamu you (2du) x  
186 you ɣamu you (2pl) 1  

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