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Language: Mbughotu (Dhadhaje)

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:bgt  Glottocode: bugh1239 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Gela-Guadalcanal:Bughotu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
19 shoulder      
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
47 to yawn      
50 to dream      
57 husband      
58 wife      
68 needle      
70 to shoot word info      
79 stick/wood      
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
107 worm (earthworm)      
125 salt      
126 lake      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
175 above      
178 that      
190 other      
191 all      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
20 to know, be knowledgeable adɔa know 101  
83 to work word info agutu work    
63 name aha-ña name 1, 18  
28 to breathe aheahe breathe 16  
145 smoke word info ahu smoke 2  
96 dog aku dog 44  
204 Eight word info alu eight 3  
62 thatch/roof atɔ thatch 1  
65 rope aðɔ rope 2  
100 wing baɣi-ña wing; looks like a loan from NWSols 16 L
122 water word info bea water 39  
73 to steal bilau steal; looks to be a loan from Santa Isabel languages 1, 11 L
118 grass buburu grass 19  
112 rotten word info bɔtɔ rotten 9, 70  
167 night bɔŋi night 1  
168 day dani day 6  
165 bad, evil dika bad 14  
27 nose ehu-ña nose; irregular *i > e 1  
114 leaf elɔelɔ-ña leaf 11  
111 fish fei fish    
80 to split word info fɔta split 41  
77 to scratch word info gagaru scratch 44  
56 child gari child; irregular *e > i 40  
134 thunder gumu thunder 55  
5 to walk hadi go up    
189 who? word info hai who? 1  
151 green haihavi green    
180 far hau far 1  
162 old word info haulaɣi old (thing) x  
188 what? word info hava what? 1  
194 how? word info hava how?    
76 to live, be alive havi life 43  
76 to live, be alive havi alive 43  
6 road/path haŋana road; only found in Bughotu 23  
205 Nine word info hia nine 5  
69 to hunt word info hili hunt 12  
179 near hiliɣa-ña near 76  
153 big hutu big 52  
5 to walk hɔru go down    
173 at i at 1  
177 this iaʔari this 70  
59 mother idɔ-ña mother; looks like a loan from Isabel languages 19 L
184 he/she imanea he    
187 they ira they (3pl) 1, 70  
152 small isɔ small 53  
96 dog iu dog 46  
105 tail iuʔiɣu-ña tail 1, 55  
196 to count iĵuiĵu count 46  
111 fish iɣa fish 1  
183 thou iɣɔe you (2sg) s  
110 spider kakavere spider 44  
193 if keda if    
31 tooth keʔi-ña tooth; looks to be a loan from NWSols, where a similar form is found in Santa Isabel languages 9 L
33 to laugh kia laugh 14  
98 egg kidɔru-ña egg 1, 96  
36 to spit kmisu spit; seems likely that this is a loan from NWSols languages 14, 22 L
154 short word info kudɔ short 13  
162 old word info kuekuʔe old (person) 86  
102 rat kuhi rat 3, 64  
43 ear kuli-ña ear 6  
95 to fall word info kutu fall 17  
14 belly kutu-ña belly 14  
16 intestines kutulɔlɔpɔ guts 43, 61  
49 to lie down word info kɔli lie down    
174 in, inside kɔra in 24, 17  
173 at kɔre at    
40 to drink kɔʔu drink 30  
132 fog lavɔ fog 3  
127 woods/forest leleɣai bush 2, 49  
108 louse word info liha louse egg x20  
1 hand lima-ña arm 1  
30 mouth livɔ-ña mouth; < POc *lipon 'tooth' 54  
201 Five word info loma five 1  
25 neck lua-ña neck 18  
35 to vomit luluʔa vomit 8  
17 liver lɔulɔɣu-ña liver    
192 and ma and 2  
3 right madɔðɔ-ña right 9  
7 to come mai come 1  
192 and mai and 2, 46  
60 father mama father 1, 10  
54 man/male mane man 1  
156 thin word info manivi thin 1  
97 bird manu bird 1  
187 they mara they (3pl)    
45 eye mata-ña eye 1  
22 to fear mataɣu fear 1  
11 dust maumavu dust    
163 new maðaŋani new; probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 29 L
128 sky maʔalɔa sky 37  
78 to cut, hack word info mega cut nut X  
149 red mela red 1  
140 dry word info mumuĵa dry 11  
4 leg/foot nae-ña leg; irregular initial n- 1  
121 sand nahiɣa sand 57  
182 I nau I (1sg) 1, 22  
48 to sleep nere sleep    
51 to sit nɔhe sit 23  
131 cloud word info parakɔ cloud 74  
146 ash pidaravu ashes 67  
65 rope piru rope 50  
131 cloud word info puni cloud    
148 white pura white 3  
106 snake pɔli snake 44  
87 to swell word info pɔte swell; likely to be a loan from NWSols 17 L
88 to squeeze word info pɔĵia squeeze 18  
13 back word info pɔɣuru-ña back 98  
18 breast raga-ña breast    
104 fat/grease raɣova-ña fat/grease 17  
134 thunder rete thunder 54  
46 to see reɣia see 13  
198 Two word info rua two 1  
116 flower rugu-na flower 30  
187 they rɔira they (3du) x  
187 they rɔmara they (3du) x  
44 to hear rɔŋovia hear 1  
185 we word info rɔɣami we (1du.excl) 2  
186 you rɔɣamu you (2du) x  
185 we word info rɔɣita we (1du.incl) 1  
123 to flow salala flow    
206 Ten word info salaɣe ten 55  
176 below saraña below 10  
117 fruit saɣarɔ-ña fruit 21  
197 One word info sikei one 42  
95 to fall word info sikili fall    
209 One Hundred word info sina haðaŋatu one hundred; irregular loss of *R 4, 38  
210 One Thousand word info sina tɔɣa one thousand 27  
9 to swim siusiu bathe 12  
67 to sew word info susuki sew 17, 48  
52 to stand sɔkara stand    
42 to suck sɔpia suck 1, 82  
8 to turn word info tabiru turn 49  
124 sea tahi sea 1  
142 heavy tahu heavy; probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 15 L
60 father tama-ña father 1  
66 to tie up, fasten taria tie 33  
5 to walk taveti walk; only found in two Bughotu lists 12  
34 to cry taŋi cry 1  
89 to hold word info taŋɔlia hold 61  
155 long word info teve long 68  
195 no, not teʔɔ no 79  
53 person/human being tinɔni person 10  
10 dirty turu dirty    
157 thick word info tuta thick; probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 16 L
21 to think tɔatɔɣa think    
78 to cut, hack word info tɔka cut (wood) 27  
164 good tɔke good 75  
166 correct, true tɔke correct 6  
199 Three word info tɔlu three 1  
2 left tɔʔi-ña left 45  
133 rain uha rain 1  
24 head ulu-ña head 1  
78 to cut, hack word info utuhia cut (string) 54  
160 painful, sick vahaɣi sick; irregular *m > v 1, 67  
130 star vaituɣu star 1, 50  
55 woman/female vaivine woman 1, 47  
5 to walk vanɔ go 2  
200 Four word info vati four 1, 65  
81 sharp vavaŋa sharp 14, 20  
61 house vaðe house 14  
37 to eat vaŋa eat 1, 53  
181 where? word info vei where? 3  
64 to say velea say 81  
103 meat/flesh vinahi-ña meat/flesh 17  
169 year vinɔɣa year 49  
203 Seven word info vitu seven 1  
129 moon vula moon 1  
99 feather vulu-ña feather 1  
26 hair word info vuvuluɣa-ña hair (body) 31  
138 warm word info vuvuɣu warm; irregular metathesis of consonants 65  
72 to hit word info ðabu hit (stick) 42  
74 to kill ðabu kill 42  
32 tongue ðapi-ña tongue 21  
101 to fly ðaŋɔ fly (insect!) x  
75 to die, be dead ðehe die; looks to be loan from Santa Isabel languages 5 L
119 earth/soil ðepa earth    
101 to fly ðɔvɔ fly 1  
101 to fly ðɔðɔvɔ fly 1  
29 to sniff, smell ñahŋɔ smell    
109 mosquito ñamu mosquito 1  
170 when? word info ñiha when? 1, 24  
141 wet ñubu wet 68  
71 to stab, pierce ĵaʔia stab    
166 correct, true ĵinɔ correct    
144 to burn word info ĵuru burn 70  
143 fire ĵɔtɔ fire 39  
147 black ĵɔŋɔ black 53  
82 dull, blunt ŋutu blunt 32  
150 yellow ŋɔŋe yellow    
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
113 branch word info ɔtɔtɔ-ña branch 5  
9 to swim ɔðɔ swim 74  
135 lightning ɔŋa lightning 43  
115 root ɔɣa-ña root 2  
120 stone ɣahira stone; likely loan from Santa Isabel language 18 L
185 we word info ɣami we (1pl.excl) 2  
186 you ɣamu you (2pl) 1  
139 cold word info ɣaula cold 61  
23 blood ɣauɣabua-ña blood 5  
41 to bite ɣaɣaðati bite 1  
176 below ɣepa below    
90 to dig ɣeɣeli dig 1  
185 we word info ɣita we (1pl.incl) 1  
12 skin ɣuiɣuli-ña skin 1  
15 bone ɣuli-ña bone; irregular *s > ɣ 52  
136 wind ɣuri wind 12  
137 to blow word info ɣurihiɣita blow 47  
108 louse word info ɣutu louse 1  

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