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Language: Mbughotu (Dhadhaje)

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:bgt  Glottocode: bugh1239 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Gela-Guadalcanal:Bughotu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
19 shoulder      
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
47 to yawn      
50 to dream      
57 husband      
58 wife      
68 needle      
70 to shoot word info      
79 stick/wood      
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
107 worm (earthworm)      
125 salt      
126 lake      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
175 above      
178 that      
190 other      
191 all      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
5 to walk hɔru go down    
5 to walk hadi go up    
10 dirty turu dirty    
11 dust maumavu dust    
17 liver lɔulɔɣu-ña liver    
18 breast raga-ña breast    
21 to think tɔatɔɣa think    
29 to sniff, smell ñahŋɔ smell    
48 to sleep nere sleep    
49 to lie down word info kɔli lie down    
52 to stand sɔkara stand    
71 to stab, pierce ĵaʔia stab    
83 to work word info agutu work    
95 to fall word info sikili fall    
111 fish fei fish    
119 earth/soil ðepa earth    
123 to flow salala flow    
131 cloud word info puni cloud    
150 yellow ŋɔŋe yellow    
151 green haihavi green    
166 correct, true ĵinɔ correct    
173 at kɔre at    
176 below ɣepa below    
184 he/she imanea he    
187 they mara they (3pl)    
193 if keda if    
194 how? word info hava how?    
1 hand lima-ña arm 1  
4 leg/foot nae-ña leg; irregular initial n- 1  
7 to come mai come 1  
12 skin ɣuiɣuli-ña skin 1  
22 to fear mataɣu fear 1  
24 head ulu-ña head 1  
27 nose ehu-ña nose; irregular *i > e 1  
34 to cry taŋi cry 1  
41 to bite ɣaɣaðati bite 1  
44 to hear rɔŋovia hear 1  
45 eye mata-ña eye 1  
54 man/male mane man 1  
60 father tama-ña father 1  
62 thatch/roof atɔ thatch 1  
90 to dig ɣeɣeli dig 1  
97 bird manu bird 1  
99 feather vulu-ña feather 1  
101 to fly ðɔvɔ fly 1  
101 to fly ðɔðɔvɔ fly 1  
108 louse word info ɣutu louse 1  
109 mosquito ñamu mosquito 1  
111 fish iɣa fish 1  
124 sea tahi sea 1  
129 moon vula moon 1  
133 rain uha rain 1  
149 red mela red 1  
156 thin word info manivi thin 1  
167 night bɔŋi night 1  
173 at i at 1  
180 far hau far 1  
185 we word info rɔɣita we (1du.incl) 1  
185 we word info ɣita we (1pl.incl) 1  
186 you ɣamu you (2pl) 1  
188 what? word info hava what? 1  
189 who? word info hai who? 1  
198 Two word info rua two 1  
199 Three word info tɔlu three 1  
201 Five word info loma five 1  
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
203 Seven word info vitu seven 1  
60 father mama father 1, 10  
182 I nau I (1sg) 1, 22  
130 star vaituɣu star 1, 50  
105 tail iuʔiɣu-ña tail 1, 55  
160 painful, sick vahaɣi sick; irregular *m > v 1, 67  
187 they ira they (3pl) 1, 70  
42 to suck sɔpia suck 1, 82  
73 to steal bilau steal; looks to be a loan from Santa Isabel languages 1, 11 L
63 name aha-ña name 1, 18  
170 when? word info ñiha when? 1, 24  
55 woman/female vaivine woman 1, 47  
37 to eat vaŋa eat 1, 53  
200 Four word info vati four 1, 65  
98 egg kidɔru-ña egg 1, 96  
53 person/human being tinɔni person 10  
176 below saraña below 10  
20 to know, be knowledgeable adɔa know 101  
114 leaf elɔelɔ-ña leaf 11  
140 dry word info mumuĵa dry 11  
5 to walk taveti walk; only found in two Bughotu lists 12  
9 to swim siusiu bathe 12  
69 to hunt word info hili hunt 12  
136 wind ɣuri wind 12  
46 to see reɣia see 13  
154 short word info kudɔ short 13  
14 belly kutu-ña belly 14  
33 to laugh kia laugh 14  
61 house vaðe house 14  
165 bad, evil dika bad 14  
81 sharp vavaŋa sharp 14, 20  
36 to spit kmisu spit; seems likely that this is a loan from NWSols languages 14, 22 L
142 heavy tahu heavy; probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 15 L
28 to breathe aheahe breathe 16  
100 wing baɣi-ña wing; looks like a loan from NWSols 16 L
157 thick word info tuta thick; probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 16 L
87 to swell word info pɔte swell; likely to be a loan from NWSols 17 L
95 to fall word info kutu fall 17  
103 meat/flesh vinahi-ña meat/flesh 17  
104 fat/grease raɣova-ña fat/grease 17  
67 to sew word info susuki sew 17, 48  
25 neck lua-ña neck 18  
88 to squeeze word info pɔĵia squeeze 18  
120 stone ɣahira stone; likely loan from Santa Isabel language 18 L
59 mother idɔ-ña mother; looks like a loan from Isabel languages 19 L
118 grass buburu grass 19  
5 to walk vanɔ go 2  
65 rope aðɔ rope 2  
115 root ɔɣa-ña root 2  
145 smoke word info ahu smoke 2  
185 we word info ɣami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info rɔɣami we (1du.excl) 2  
192 and ma and 2  
192 and mai and 2, 46  
127 woods/forest leleɣai bush 2, 49  
32 tongue ðapi-ña tongue 21  
117 fruit saɣarɔ-ña fruit 21  
6 road/path haŋana road; only found in Bughotu 23  
51 to sit nɔhe sit 23  
174 in, inside kɔra in 24, 17  
78 to cut, hack word info tɔka cut (wood) 27  
210 One Thousand word info sina tɔɣa one thousand 27  
163 new maðaŋani new; probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 29 L
132 fog lavɔ fog 3  
148 white pura white 3  
181 where? word info vei where? 3  
204 Eight word info alu eight 3  
102 rat kuhi rat 3, 64  
40 to drink kɔʔu drink 30  
116 flower rugu-na flower 30  
26 hair word info vuvuluɣa-ña hair (body) 31  
82 dull, blunt ŋutu blunt 32  
66 to tie up, fasten taria tie 33  
128 sky maʔalɔa sky 37  
122 water word info bea water 39  
143 fire ĵɔtɔ fire 39  
209 One Hundred word info sina haðaŋatu one hundred; irregular loss of *R 4, 38  
56 child gari child; irregular *e > i 40  
80 to split word info fɔta split 41  
72 to hit word info ðabu hit (stick) 42  
74 to kill ðabu kill 42  
197 One word info sikei one 42  
76 to live, be alive havi life 43  
76 to live, be alive havi alive 43  
135 lightning ɔŋa lightning 43  
16 intestines kutulɔlɔpɔ guts 43, 61  
77 to scratch word info gagaru scratch 44  
96 dog aku dog 44  
106 snake pɔli snake 44  
110 spider kakavere spider 44  
2 left tɔʔi-ña left 45  
96 dog iu dog 46  
196 to count iĵuiĵu count 46  
137 to blow word info ɣurihiɣita blow 47  
8 to turn word info tabiru turn 49  
169 year vinɔɣa year 49  
23 blood ɣauɣabua-ña blood 5  
75 to die, be dead ðehe die; looks to be loan from Santa Isabel languages 5 L
113 branch word info ɔtɔtɔ-ña branch 5  
205 Nine word info hia nine 5  
65 rope piru rope 50  
15 bone ɣuli-ña bone; irregular *s > ɣ 52  
153 big hutu big 52  
147 black ĵɔŋɔ black 53  
152 small isɔ small 53  
30 mouth livɔ-ña mouth; < POc *lipon 'tooth' 54  
78 to cut, hack word info utuhia cut (string) 54  
134 thunder rete thunder 54  
134 thunder gumu thunder 55  
206 Ten word info salaɣe ten 55  
121 sand nahiɣa sand 57  
43 ear kuli-ña ear 6  
166 correct, true tɔke correct 6  
168 day dani day 6  
89 to hold word info taŋɔlia hold 61  
139 cold word info ɣaula cold 61  
138 warm word info vuvuɣu warm; irregular metathesis of consonants 65  
146 ash pidaravu ashes 67  
141 wet ñubu wet 68  
155 long word info teve long 68  
144 to burn word info ĵuru burn 70  
177 this iaʔari this 70  
9 to swim ɔðɔ swim 74  
131 cloud word info parakɔ cloud 74  
164 good tɔke good 75  
179 near hiliɣa-ña near 76  
195 no, not teʔɔ no 79  
35 to vomit luluʔa vomit 8  
64 to say velea say 81  
162 old word info kuekuʔe old (person) 86  
3 right madɔðɔ-ña right 9  
31 tooth keʔi-ña tooth; looks to be a loan from NWSols, where a similar form is found in Santa Isabel languages 9 L
112 rotten word info bɔtɔ rotten 9, 70  
13 back word info pɔɣuru-ña back 98  
183 thou iɣɔe you (2sg) s  
78 to cut, hack word info mega cut nut X  
101 to fly ðaŋɔ fly (insect!) x  
162 old word info haulaɣi old (thing) x  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you rɔɣamu you (2du) x  
187 they rɔmara they (3du) x  
187 they rɔira they (3du) x  
108 louse word info liha louse egg x20  

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