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Language: Lengo

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983), Paul Unger 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:lgr  Glottocode: leng1259 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Gela-Guadalcanal:Gela 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above teɣea      
191 all leoni all/every    
192 and ma na CONJ NPM; conjunction noun.phrase.marker'; /na/ belongs to the NP that is being conjoined, e.g., /na ghaoka ma na mane/ 'a~the woman and a~the man' 2, 40  
192 and ma "and, but" 2  
146 ash ravu ashes 67  
173 at i at 1  
13 back word info mbɔke-ŋgu my back 13  
165 bad, evil ðaɣata bad 1, 49  
14 belly kutu-ŋgu my belly 14  
176 below i paria below    
176 below i rurughu underneath 42  
176 below kosi below    
153 big sule big 54  
97 bird manu bird 1  
147 black vulɔŋgɔ black    
23 blood ɣambu-ŋgu my blood 5  
15 bone ðuli-ŋgu my bones 52  
113 branch word info rara branch 1, 33  
18 breast susu-ŋgu my breast 1  
56 child ndae-ŋgu my child; irregular loss of *l 28  
131 cloud word info parako cloud 74  
139 cold word info mbimbiði "someone is cold" 46  
166 correct, true uðui mamate correct    
166 correct, true uðui      
168 day ndani day 6  
10 dirty paŋgaðu dirty 52  
96 dog kau dog 17  
140 dry word info siŋgi dry    
82 dull, blunt poðo blunt 1  
11 dust kandavu dust    
43 ear kuli-ŋgu my ear 6  
119 earth/soil pari earth 45  
98 egg tolu egg 1  
204 Eight word info alu eight 3  
45 eye mata-ŋgu my eye 1  
180 far ðau far 1  
104 fat/grease ɣauɣe fat/grease 51  
60 father tama-ŋgu my father 1  
99 feather vuvulunimanu =vuvulu ni manu 'feather of bird' 1  
208 Fifty word info lima ðaŋavulu fifty 1, 2  
143 fire lake fire 6  
111 fish iɣa fish 1  
201 Five word info lima five 1  
116 flower ðaŋga flower 12  
132 fog lavo fog 3  
200 Four word info vati four 1, 65  
117 fruit vua ni ɣai "fruit of tree" 1  
164 good ndoku good 54  
118 grass mbumburu grass 19  
151 green raumauri lit. 'living leaf' 13  
151 green kina colour green/blue 53  
26 hair word info ɣɔɣɔre hair (body) 42  
26 hair word info vuŋga hair (head) 56  
1 hand lima-ŋgu my arm 1  
184 he/she igeia he/she/it; irregular *ŋ > g 1, 68  
184 he/she -a/-na his/her/its (3sg.poss) x  
184 he/she e he/she/it 1  
24 head lova-ŋgu my skull/scalp 47  
24 head ulu-ŋgu my head 1  
142 heavy mamava heavy 46  
61 house vae house 14  
194 how? word info oɣua o ɣua '2sg if'    
57 husband tao-ŋgu my spouse 18  
182 I inau I (1sg) 1, 22  
182 I -ŋgu my (1sg.poss) x  
182 I u I (1sg) x  
193 if keɣua k-e ɣua 'irr-3sg if'    
174 in, inside i leo loc inside 1, 69  
16 intestines kutu my guts 43  
126 lake reku lake    
114 leaf rarau leaf 1  
2 left mauli left 1, 59  
4 leg/foot tua-ŋgu my leg 95  
135 lightning pilaðia lightning 26  
17 liver ate-ŋgu my liver 1  
155 long word info tuaɣai long    
108 louse word info ɣutu louse 1  
108 louse word info liða louse egg x20  
54 man/male tinoni man 46  
54 man/male mane man 1  
103 meat/flesh masimbe meat/flesh 49  
129 moon vula moon 1  
109 mosquito nanāmo mosquito 1  
109 mosquito namo mosquito 1  
59 mother tina-ŋgu my mother 1  
30 mouth maŋa-ŋgu my mouth 13  
63 name n'aða-ŋgu my name; irregular presence of initial consonant 1, 18  
158 narrow ŋgoŋgo narrow    
179 near ɣaɣare near 79  
25 neck lio-ŋgu my neck 1  
68 needle itula sewing needle    
163 new vaolu new 1  
167 night rondo night 11  
205 Nine word info ðiua nine 5  
195 no, not taiɣa no 4, 70  
27 nose iðu-ŋgu my nose 1  
162 old word info ðaulaɣi 'far away in the past' (cf. #180) x  
162 old word info noɣa old 82  
197 One word info keða less common form 32  
197 One word info sakai more common form 8  
209 One Hundred word info sakai ðeŋetu one hundred; irregular loss of *R 4, 38  
210 One Thousand word info toɣa one thousand 27  
190 other keða other/different    
160 painful, sick vaðaɣi sick; irregular *m > v 1, 67  
53 person/human being tinoni person 10  
133 rain uða rain 1  
102 rat ðuɣuve metathesis 3  
149 red sisi red 19  
3 right mande right; irregular loss of *l/*R; irregular changes to final vowel(s) 9  
6 road/path ðeutu road 6  
115 root oɣa root 2  
65 rope itei rope; irregular *a > e 51  
112 rotten word info vuvuða rotten 9, 74  
112 rotten word info pɔto rotten 9, 68  
125 salt siri salt water/salty    
121 sand maone sand 1, 59  
124 sea taði sea 1  
203 Seven word info vitu seven 1  
81 sharp vaŋa 'heavy' 1sg syllable, fr. va-vanga 14, 20  
154 short word info kumbu short 72  
19 shoulder aro-ŋgu my shoulder 94  
161 shy, ashamed vaŋama shy/shame 38  
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
12 skin ɣuɣuli-ŋgu my skin 1  
128 sky okapɔnɔ sky 42  
152 small kiki small 78  
145 smoke word info aðu smoke 2  
106 snake umata snake 12  
110 spider lao spider 9  
130 star vetuɣu star 1, 50  
79 stick/wood ɣai stick/wood/tree 1  
120 stone vatu stone 1  
105 tail iɣue tail 1  
206 Ten word info ðaŋavulu ten 5  
178 that a ŋa   1  
178 that a nderi      
62 thatch/roof ande thatch    
62 thatch/roof vovotu roof 45  
187 they ikoira they (3du) x  
187 they aira they (3pl) 1, 70  
187 they -ndira their (3pl.poss) x  
187 they aira they (3pl) 1, 70  
187 they ituira they (3pau) x  
157 thick word info paku thick 36  
156 thin word info mariðe thin    
156 thin word info mandeve   1, 67  
177 this a ndeni this    
183 thou iɣoe you (2sg) s  
183 thou iɣoe you (2sg) 1  
199 Three word info tolu three 1  
134 thunder ŋgururu thunder 2  
41 to bite ɣeɣe bite    
137 to blow word info sisivo blow    
137 to blow word info uvia blow 4  
28 to breathe aðeaðe breathe 16  
144 to burn word info kɛkɛre burn 50  
91 to buy pelu to buy    
38 to chew word info ɣani chew 63  
85 to choose mɛmɛle to choose    
172 to climb word info iti      
7 to come mai come 1  
39 to cook word info ɣali vaŋa make food    
196 to count mbuni count 50  
34 to cry taŋi cry 1  
78 to cut, hack word info mɛŋga cut nut X  
78 to cut, hack word info tɔka cut (wood) 27  
78 to cut, hack word info kuria cut (string)    
75 to die, be dead mate die 1  
90 to dig kambi dig    
50 to dream mbole   10  
40 to drink inu drink 1  
37 to eat vaŋa eat 1, 53  
95 to fall word info tumu fall    
22 to fear mataɣu fear 1  
123 to flow ɣaɣari flow    
101 to fly ovo fly 1  
86 to grow word info pira to grow 16  
44 to hear roŋo hear 1  
171 to hide word info pe      
72 to hit word info ambu hit (stick); irregular loss of *l 42  
89 to hold word info oti hold    
69 to hunt word info oŋa hunt 52  
74 to kill ambumate hit die (serial verb) 42, 2  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɣilaɣana know 18  
33 to laugh kalao laugh 81  
49 to lie down word info eno lie down 1  
76 to live, be alive mauri life 1, 76  
76 to live, be alive mauri alive 1, 76  
92 to open, uncover ðaŋavi   40  
84 to plant subu to plant 50  
93 to pound, beat word info ŋgata to pound/tamp    
64 to say mbosa say 63  
77 to scratch word info ŋgeŋgeo scratch    
46 to see mbɛre see 61  
67 to sew word info tai sew 2 L
70 to shoot word info vanathia shoot 1  
51 to sit ðundu   39  
48 to sleep mbiku   57  
29 to sniff, smell uruŋia smell 46  
29 to sniff, smell ururu smell 46  
36 to spit luve spit 59  
80 to split word info tea split 65  
88 to squeeze word info luðia squeeze; irregular *o > u 19, 65  
71 to stab, pierce sukia stab 1, 8  
71 to stab, pierce tupia stab    
52 to stand tu stand 2  
73 to steal ŋgito steal 46  
42 to suck mumusu suck 20  
87 to swell word info voɣu swell 24  
9 to swim pɔɣɔ bathe 31  
9 to swim le swim 91  
9 to swim pɔpɔɣɔ (more common) 31  
21 to think ɣanaɣana think 14  
94 to throw word info mbimbila to throw    
66 to tie up, fasten tɔtɔŋɔ tie 61  
8 to turn word info ririu turn 69  
35 to vomit lulua vomit 8  
5 to walk sakutua walk    
5 to walk ðivo go down    
5 to walk ndea go 30  
5 to walk iti go up    
5 to walk raraɣe irregular *o > e 1  
83 to work word info ðairo work 51  
47 to yawn maovia yawn 19  
32 tongue lapi-ŋgu my tongue 21  
31 tooth livo-ŋgu my tooth 1, 35  
207 Twenty word info ruka ðaŋavulu twenty 3, 6  
198 Two word info ruka two; irregular medial -k- 1, 21  
138 warm word info pana warm 1  
138 warm word info papara hot 71  
122 water word info mbɛti water 6  
185 we word info ikoɣita we (1du.incl) 1  
185 we word info iɣami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info iɣita we (1pl.incl) 1  
185 we word info ikoɣami we (1du.excl) 2  
185 we word info ituɣami we (1pau.excl) 2  
185 we word info -nda our (1pl.incl.poss)    
185 we word info -mami our (1pl.excl.poss) 2  
185 we word info ituɣita we (1pau.incl) 1  
141 wet pusa wet    
141 wet kombo   67  
188 what? word info na ða art. what 1, 52  
170 when? word info i ŋiða loc. when? 1, 24  
181 where? word info i vi ŋgai loc where there 3  
148 white kala white    
189 who? word info a ði art. who? 1, 67  
159 wide ðepa wide; irregular *a > e    
58 wife tao-ŋgu my spouse 12  
136 wind sivo wind 57  
100 wing rape wing; irregular *o > e 50  
55 woman/female ɣaoka woman 44  
127 woods/forest pɔnɔ bush    
107 worm (earthworm) kipara flat worm    
107 worm (earthworm) poporu round worm    
107 worm (earthworm) maka caterpiller worm    
107 worm (earthworm) kesu earthworm    
169 year niulu year 50  
150 yellow mɛra yellow    
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you ikoɣamu you (2du) x  
186 you iɣamu you (2pl) 1  
186 you ituɣamu you (2pau) x  

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