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Language: Lengo

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983), Paul Unger 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:lgr  Glottocode: leng1259 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Gela-Guadalcanal:Gela 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
184 he/she -a/-na his/her/its (3sg.poss) x  
185 we word info -mami our (1pl.excl.poss) 2  
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
185 we word info -nda our (1pl.incl.poss)    
187 they -ndira their (3pl.poss) x  
182 I -ŋgu my (1sg.poss) x  
177 this a ndeni this    
178 that a nderi      
189 who? word info a ði art. who? 1, 67  
178 that a ŋa   1  
187 they aira they (3pl) 1, 70  
187 they aira they (3pl) 1, 70  
204 Eight word info alu eight 3  
72 to hit word info ambu hit (stick); irregular loss of *l 42  
74 to kill ambumate hit die (serial verb) 42, 2  
62 thatch/roof ande thatch    
19 shoulder aro-ŋgu my shoulder 94  
17 liver ate-ŋgu my liver 1  
28 to breathe aðeaðe breathe 16  
145 smoke word info aðu smoke 2  
184 he/she e he/she/it 1  
49 to lie down word info eno lie down 1  
173 at i at 1  
174 in, inside i leo loc inside 1, 69  
176 below i paria below    
176 below i rurughu underneath 42  
181 where? word info i vi ŋgai loc where there 3  
170 when? word info i ŋiða loc. when? 1, 24  
184 he/she igeia he/she/it; irregular *ŋ > g 1, 68  
187 they ikoira they (3du) x  
185 we word info ikoɣami we (1du.excl) 2  
186 you ikoɣamu you (2du) x  
185 we word info ikoɣita we (1du.incl) 1  
182 I inau I (1sg) 1, 22  
40 to drink inu drink 1  
65 rope itei rope; irregular *a > e 51  
5 to walk iti go up    
172 to climb word info iti      
187 they ituira they (3pau) x  
68 needle itula sewing needle    
185 we word info ituɣami we (1pau.excl) 2  
186 you ituɣamu you (2pau) x  
185 we word info ituɣita we (1pau.incl) 1  
27 nose iðu-ŋgu my nose 1  
111 fish iɣa fish 1  
185 we word info iɣami we (1pl.excl) 2  
186 you iɣamu you (2pl) 1  
185 we word info iɣita we (1pl.incl) 1  
183 thou iɣoe you (2sg) s  
183 thou iɣoe you (2sg) 1  
105 tail iɣue tail 1  
148 white kala white    
33 to laugh kalao laugh 81  
90 to dig kambi dig    
11 dust kandavu dust    
96 dog kau dog 17  
107 worm (earthworm) kesu earthworm    
190 other keða other/different    
197 One word info keða less common form 32  
193 if keɣua k-e ɣua 'irr-3sg if'    
152 small kiki small 78  
151 green kina colour green/blue 53  
107 worm (earthworm) kipara flat worm    
141 wet kombo   67  
176 below kosi below    
43 ear kuli-ŋgu my ear 6  
154 short word info kumbu short 72  
78 to cut, hack word info kuria cut (string)    
16 intestines kutu my guts 43  
14 belly kutu-ŋgu my belly 14  
144 to burn word info kɛkɛre burn 50  
143 fire lake fire 6  
110 spider lao spider 9  
32 tongue lapi-ŋgu my tongue 21  
132 fog lavo fog 3  
9 to swim le swim 91  
191 all leoni all/every    
201 Five word info lima five 1  
208 Fifty word info lima ðaŋavulu fifty 1, 2  
1 hand lima-ŋgu my arm 1  
25 neck lio-ŋgu my neck 1  
31 tooth livo-ŋgu my tooth 1, 35  
108 louse word info liða louse egg x20  
24 head lova-ŋgu my skull/scalp 47  
35 to vomit lulua vomit 8  
36 to spit luve spit 59  
88 to squeeze word info luðia squeeze; irregular *o > u 19, 65  
192 and ma "and, but" 2  
192 and ma na CONJ NPM; conjunction noun.phrase.marker'; /na/ belongs to the NP that is being conjoined, e.g., /na ghaoka ma na mane/ 'a~the woman and a~the man' 2, 40  
7 to come mai come 1  
107 worm (earthworm) maka caterpiller worm    
142 heavy mamava heavy 46  
3 right mande right; irregular loss of *l/*R; irregular changes to final vowel(s) 9  
156 thin word info mandeve   1, 67  
54 man/male mane man 1  
97 bird manu bird 1  
121 sand maone sand 1, 59  
47 to yawn maovia yawn 19  
156 thin word info mariðe thin    
103 meat/flesh masimbe meat/flesh 49  
45 eye mata-ŋgu my eye 1  
22 to fear mataɣu fear 1  
75 to die, be dead mate die 1  
2 left mauli left 1, 59  
76 to live, be alive mauri life 1, 76  
76 to live, be alive mauri alive 1, 76  
30 mouth maŋa-ŋgu my mouth 13  
48 to sleep mbiku   57  
94 to throw word info mbimbila to throw    
139 cold word info mbimbiði "someone is cold" 46  
50 to dream mbole   10  
64 to say mbosa say 63  
118 grass mbumburu grass 19  
196 to count mbuni count 50  
13 back word info mbɔke-ŋgu my back 13  
46 to see mbɛre see 61  
122 water word info mbɛti water 6  
42 to suck mumusu suck 20  
85 to choose mɛmɛle to choose    
150 yellow mɛra yellow    
78 to cut, hack word info mɛŋga cut nut X  
63 name n'aða-ŋgu my name; irregular presence of initial consonant 1, 18  
188 what? word info na ða art. what 1, 52  
109 mosquito namo mosquito 1  
109 mosquito nanāmo mosquito 1  
56 child ndae-ŋgu my child; irregular loss of *l 28  
168 day ndani day 6  
5 to walk ndea go 30  
164 good ndoku good 54  
169 year niulu year 50  
162 old word info noɣa old 82  
128 sky okapɔnɔ sky 42  
89 to hold word info oti hold    
101 to fly ovo fly 1  
69 to hunt word info oŋa hunt 52  
115 root oɣa root 2  
194 how? word info oɣua o ɣua '2sg if'    
157 thick word info paku thick 36  
138 warm word info pana warm 1  
138 warm word info papara hot 71  
131 cloud word info parako cloud 74  
119 earth/soil pari earth 45  
10 dirty paŋgaðu dirty 52  
171 to hide word info pe      
91 to buy pelu to buy    
135 lightning pilaðia lightning 26  
86 to grow word info pira to grow 16  
107 worm (earthworm) poporu round worm    
82 dull, blunt poðo blunt 1  
141 wet pusa wet    
127 woods/forest pɔnɔ bush    
9 to swim pɔpɔɣɔ (more common) 31  
112 rotten word info pɔto rotten 9, 68  
9 to swim pɔɣɔ bathe 31  
100 wing rape wing; irregular *o > e 50  
113 branch word info rara branch 1, 33  
114 leaf rarau leaf 1  
5 to walk raraɣe irregular *o > e 1  
151 green raumauri lit. 'living leaf' 13  
146 ash ravu ashes 67  
126 lake reku lake    
8 to turn word info ririu turn 69  
167 night rondo night 11  
44 to hear roŋo hear 1  
198 Two word info ruka two; irregular medial -k- 1, 21  
207 Twenty word info ruka ðaŋavulu twenty 3, 6  
197 One word info sakai more common form 8  
209 One Hundred word info sakai ðeŋetu one hundred; irregular loss of *R 4, 38  
5 to walk sakutua walk    
125 salt siri salt water/salty    
149 red sisi red 19  
137 to blow word info sisivo blow    
136 wind sivo wind 57  
140 dry word info siŋgi dry    
84 to plant subu to plant 50  
71 to stab, pierce sukia stab 1, 8  
153 big sule big 54  
18 breast susu-ŋgu my breast 1  
67 to sew word info tai sew 2 L
195 no, not taiɣa no 4, 70  
60 father tama-ŋgu my father 1  
57 husband tao-ŋgu my spouse 18  
58 wife tao-ŋgu my spouse 12  
124 sea taði sea 1  
34 to cry taŋi cry 1  
80 to split word info tea split 65  
175 above teɣea      
59 mother tina-ŋgu my mother 1  
53 person/human being tinoni person 10  
54 man/male tinoni man 46  
98 egg tolu egg 1  
199 Three word info tolu three 1  
210 One Thousand word info toɣa one thousand 27  
52 to stand tu stand 2  
4 leg/foot tua-ŋgu my leg 95  
155 long word info tuaɣai long    
95 to fall word info tumu fall    
71 to stab, pierce tupia stab    
78 to cut, hack word info tɔka cut (wood) 27  
66 to tie up, fasten tɔtɔŋɔ tie 61  
182 I u I (1sg) x  
24 head ulu-ŋgu my head 1  
106 snake umata snake 12  
29 to sniff, smell ururu smell 46  
29 to sniff, smell uruŋia smell 46  
137 to blow word info uvia blow 4  
133 rain uða rain 1  
166 correct, true uðui      
166 correct, true uðui mamate correct    
61 house vae house 14  
70 to shoot word info vanathia shoot 1  
163 new vaolu new 1  
200 Four word info vati four 1, 65  
120 stone vatu stone 1  
160 painful, sick vaðaɣi sick; irregular *m > v 1, 67  
37 to eat vaŋa eat 1, 53  
81 sharp vaŋa 'heavy' 1sg syllable, fr. va-vanga 14, 20  
161 shy, ashamed vaŋama shy/shame 38  
130 star vetuɣu star 1, 50  
203 Seven word info vitu seven 1  
62 thatch/roof vovotu roof 45  
87 to swell word info voɣu swell 24  
117 fruit vua ni ɣai "fruit of tree" 1  
129 moon vula moon 1  
147 black vulɔŋgɔ black    
99 feather vuvulunimanu =vuvulu ni manu 'feather of bird' 1  
112 rotten word info vuvuða rotten 9, 74  
26 hair word info vuŋga hair (head) 56  
83 to work word info ðairo work 51  
180 far ðau far 1  
162 old word info ðaulaɣi 'far away in the past' (cf. #180) x  
92 to open, uncover ðaŋavi   40  
206 Ten word info ðaŋavulu ten 5  
116 flower ðaŋga flower 12  
165 bad, evil ðaɣata bad 1, 49  
159 wide ðepa wide; irregular *a > e    
6 road/path ðeutu road 6  
205 Nine word info ðiua nine 5  
5 to walk ðivo go down    
15 bone ðuli-ŋgu my bones 52  
51 to sit ðundu   39  
102 rat ðuɣuve metathesis 3  
93 to pound, beat word info ŋgata to pound/tamp    
77 to scratch word info ŋgeŋgeo scratch    
73 to steal ŋgito steal 46  
158 narrow ŋgoŋgo narrow    
134 thunder ŋgururu thunder 2  
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
79 stick/wood ɣai stick/wood/tree 1  
39 to cook word info ɣali vaŋa make food    
23 blood ɣambu-ŋgu my blood 5  
21 to think ɣanaɣana think 14  
38 to chew word info ɣani chew 63  
55 woman/female ɣaoka woman 44  
104 fat/grease ɣauɣe fat/grease 51  
179 near ɣaɣare near 79  
123 to flow ɣaɣari flow    
41 to bite ɣeɣe bite    
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɣilaɣana know 18  
108 louse word info ɣutu louse 1  
12 skin ɣuɣuli-ŋgu my skin 1  
26 hair word info ɣɔɣɔre hair (body) 42  

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