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Language: Lengo

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983), Paul Unger 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:lgr  Glottocode: leng1259 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Gela-Guadalcanal:Gela 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
5 to walk sakutua walk    
5 to walk ðivo go down    
5 to walk iti go up    
11 dust kandavu dust    
39 to cook word info ɣali vaŋa make food    
41 to bite ɣeɣe bite    
62 thatch/roof ande thatch    
68 needle itula sewing needle    
71 to stab, pierce tupia stab    
77 to scratch word info ŋgeŋgeo scratch    
78 to cut, hack word info kuria cut (string)    
85 to choose mɛmɛle to choose    
89 to hold word info oti hold    
90 to dig kambi dig    
91 to buy pelu to buy    
93 to pound, beat word info ŋgata to pound/tamp    
94 to throw word info mbimbila to throw    
95 to fall word info tumu fall    
107 worm (earthworm) kipara flat worm    
107 worm (earthworm) poporu round worm    
107 worm (earthworm) maka caterpiller worm    
107 worm (earthworm) kesu earthworm    
123 to flow ɣaɣari flow    
125 salt siri salt water/salty    
126 lake reku lake    
127 woods/forest pɔnɔ bush    
137 to blow word info sisivo blow    
140 dry word info siŋgi dry    
141 wet pusa wet    
147 black vulɔŋgɔ black    
148 white kala white    
150 yellow mɛra yellow    
155 long word info tuaɣai long    
156 thin word info mariðe thin    
158 narrow ŋgoŋgo narrow    
159 wide ðepa wide; irregular *a > e    
166 correct, true uðui mamate correct    
166 correct, true uðui      
171 to hide word info pe      
172 to climb word info iti      
175 above teɣea      
176 below i paria below    
176 below kosi below    
177 this a ndeni this    
178 that a nderi      
185 we word info -nda our (1pl.incl.poss)    
190 other keða other/different    
191 all leoni all/every    
193 if keɣua k-e ɣua 'irr-3sg if'    
194 how? word info oɣua o ɣua '2sg if'    
1 hand lima-ŋgu my arm 1  
5 to walk raraɣe irregular *o > e 1  
7 to come mai come 1  
12 skin ɣuɣuli-ŋgu my skin 1  
17 liver ate-ŋgu my liver 1  
18 breast susu-ŋgu my breast 1  
22 to fear mataɣu fear 1  
24 head ulu-ŋgu my head 1  
25 neck lio-ŋgu my neck 1  
27 nose iðu-ŋgu my nose 1  
34 to cry taŋi cry 1  
40 to drink inu drink 1  
44 to hear roŋo hear 1  
45 eye mata-ŋgu my eye 1  
49 to lie down word info eno lie down 1  
54 man/male mane man 1  
59 mother tina-ŋgu my mother 1  
60 father tama-ŋgu my father 1  
70 to shoot word info vanathia shoot 1  
75 to die, be dead mate die 1  
79 stick/wood ɣai stick/wood/tree 1  
82 dull, blunt poðo blunt 1  
97 bird manu bird 1  
98 egg tolu egg 1  
99 feather vuvulunimanu =vuvulu ni manu 'feather of bird' 1  
101 to fly ovo fly 1  
105 tail iɣue tail 1  
108 louse word info ɣutu louse 1  
109 mosquito nanāmo mosquito 1  
109 mosquito namo mosquito 1  
111 fish iɣa fish 1  
114 leaf rarau leaf 1  
117 fruit vua ni ɣai "fruit of tree" 1  
120 stone vatu stone 1  
124 sea taði sea 1  
129 moon vula moon 1  
133 rain uða rain 1  
138 warm word info pana warm 1  
163 new vaolu new 1  
173 at i at 1  
178 that a ŋa   1  
180 far ðau far 1  
183 thou iɣoe you (2sg) 1  
184 he/she e he/she/it 1  
185 we word info ikoɣita we (1du.incl) 1  
185 we word info iɣita we (1pl.incl) 1  
185 we word info ituɣita we (1pau.incl) 1  
186 you iɣamu you (2pl) 1  
199 Three word info tolu three 1  
201 Five word info lima five 1  
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
203 Seven word info vitu seven 1  
208 Fifty word info lima ðaŋavulu fifty 1, 2  
198 Two word info ruka two; irregular medial -k- 1, 21  
182 I inau I (1sg) 1, 22  
130 star vetuɣu star 1, 50  
188 what? word info na ða art. what 1, 52  
121 sand maone sand 1, 59  
160 painful, sick vaðaɣi sick; irregular *m > v 1, 67  
189 who? word info a ði art. who? 1, 67  
184 he/she igeia he/she/it; irregular *ŋ > g 1, 68  
174 in, inside i leo loc inside 1, 69  
187 they aira they (3pl) 1, 70  
187 they aira they (3pl) 1, 70  
76 to live, be alive mauri life 1, 76  
76 to live, be alive mauri alive 1, 76  
71 to stab, pierce sukia stab 1, 8  
63 name n'aða-ŋgu my name; irregular presence of initial consonant 1, 18  
170 when? word info i ŋiða loc. when? 1, 24  
113 branch word info rara branch 1, 33  
31 tooth livo-ŋgu my tooth 1, 35  
165 bad, evil ðaɣata bad 1, 49  
37 to eat vaŋa eat 1, 53  
2 left mauli left 1, 59  
200 Four word info vati four 1, 65  
156 thin word info mandeve   1, 67  
50 to dream mbole   10  
53 person/human being tinoni person 10  
167 night rondo night 11  
58 wife tao-ŋgu my spouse 12  
106 snake umata snake 12  
116 flower ðaŋga flower 12  
13 back word info mbɔke-ŋgu my back 13  
30 mouth maŋa-ŋgu my mouth 13  
151 green raumauri lit. 'living leaf' 13  
14 belly kutu-ŋgu my belly 14  
21 to think ɣanaɣana think 14  
61 house vae house 14  
81 sharp vaŋa 'heavy' 1sg syllable, fr. va-vanga 14, 20  
28 to breathe aðeaðe breathe 16  
86 to grow word info pira to grow 16  
96 dog kau dog 17  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɣilaɣana know 18  
57 husband tao-ŋgu my spouse 18  
47 to yawn maovia yawn 19  
118 grass mbumburu grass 19  
149 red sisi red 19  
88 to squeeze word info luðia squeeze; irregular *o > u 19, 65  
52 to stand tu stand 2  
67 to sew word info tai sew 2 L
115 root oɣa root 2  
134 thunder ŋgururu thunder 2  
145 smoke word info aðu smoke 2  
185 we word info iɣami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info ikoɣami we (1du.excl) 2  
185 we word info ituɣami we (1pau.excl) 2  
185 we word info -mami our (1pl.excl.poss) 2  
192 and ma "and, but" 2  
192 and ma na CONJ NPM; conjunction noun.phrase.marker'; /na/ belongs to the NP that is being conjoined, e.g., /na ghaoka ma na mane/ 'a~the woman and a~the man' 2, 40  
42 to suck mumusu suck 20  
32 tongue lapi-ŋgu my tongue 21  
87 to swell word info voɣu swell 24  
135 lightning pilaðia lightning 26  
78 to cut, hack word info tɔka cut (wood) 27  
210 One Thousand word info toɣa one thousand 27  
56 child ndae-ŋgu my child; irregular loss of *l 28  
102 rat ðuɣuve metathesis 3  
132 fog lavo fog 3  
181 where? word info i vi ŋgai loc where there 3  
204 Eight word info alu eight 3  
207 Twenty word info ruka ðaŋavulu twenty 3, 6  
5 to walk ndea go 30  
9 to swim pɔɣɔ bathe 31  
9 to swim pɔpɔɣɔ (more common) 31  
197 One word info keða less common form 32  
157 thick word info paku thick 36  
161 shy, ashamed vaŋama shy/shame 38  
51 to sit ðundu   39  
137 to blow word info uvia blow 4  
209 One Hundred word info sakai ðeŋetu one hundred; irregular loss of *R 4, 38  
195 no, not taiɣa no 4, 70  
92 to open, uncover ðaŋavi   40  
26 hair word info ɣɔɣɔre hair (body) 42  
72 to hit word info ambu hit (stick); irregular loss of *l 42  
128 sky okapɔnɔ sky 42  
176 below i rurughu underneath 42  
74 to kill ambumate hit die (serial verb) 42, 2  
16 intestines kutu my guts 43  
55 woman/female ɣaoka woman 44  
62 thatch/roof vovotu roof 45  
119 earth/soil pari earth 45  
29 to sniff, smell uruŋia smell 46  
29 to sniff, smell ururu smell 46  
54 man/male tinoni man 46  
73 to steal ŋgito steal 46  
139 cold word info mbimbiði "someone is cold" 46  
142 heavy mamava heavy 46  
24 head lova-ŋgu my skull/scalp 47  
103 meat/flesh masimbe meat/flesh 49  
23 blood ɣambu-ŋgu my blood 5  
205 Nine word info ðiua nine 5  
206 Ten word info ðaŋavulu ten 5  
84 to plant subu to plant 50  
100 wing rape wing; irregular *o > e 50  
144 to burn word info kɛkɛre burn 50  
169 year niulu year 50  
196 to count mbuni count 50  
65 rope itei rope; irregular *a > e 51  
83 to work word info ðairo work 51  
104 fat/grease ɣauɣe fat/grease 51  
10 dirty paŋgaðu dirty 52  
15 bone ðuli-ŋgu my bones 52  
69 to hunt word info oŋa hunt 52  
151 green kina colour green/blue 53  
153 big sule big 54  
164 good ndoku good 54  
26 hair word info vuŋga hair (head) 56  
48 to sleep mbiku   57  
136 wind sivo wind 57  
36 to spit luve spit 59  
6 road/path ðeutu road 6  
43 ear kuli-ŋgu my ear 6  
122 water word info mbɛti water 6  
143 fire lake fire 6  
168 day ndani day 6  
46 to see mbɛre see 61  
66 to tie up, fasten tɔtɔŋɔ tie 61  
38 to chew word info ɣani chew 63  
64 to say mbosa say 63  
80 to split word info tea split 65  
141 wet kombo   67  
146 ash ravu ashes 67  
8 to turn word info ririu turn 69  
138 warm word info papara hot 71  
154 short word info kumbu short 72  
131 cloud word info parako cloud 74  
152 small kiki small 78  
179 near ɣaɣare near 79  
35 to vomit lulua vomit 8  
197 One word info sakai more common form 8  
33 to laugh kalao laugh 81  
162 old word info noɣa old 82  
3 right mande right; irregular loss of *l/*R; irregular changes to final vowel(s) 9  
110 spider lao spider 9  
112 rotten word info pɔto rotten 9, 68  
112 rotten word info vuvuða rotten 9, 74  
9 to swim le swim 91  
19 shoulder aro-ŋgu my shoulder 94  
4 leg/foot tua-ŋgu my leg 95  
183 thou iɣoe you (2sg) s  
78 to cut, hack word info mɛŋga cut nut X  
162 old word info ðaulaɣi 'far away in the past' (cf. #180) x  
182 I -ŋgu my (1sg.poss) x  
182 I u I (1sg) x  
184 he/she -a/-na his/her/its (3sg.poss) x  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you ikoɣamu you (2du) x  
186 you ituɣamu you (2pau) x  
187 they ikoira they (3du) x  
187 they -ndira their (3pl.poss) x  
187 they ituira they (3pau) x  
108 louse word info liða louse egg x20  

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