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Language: Lengo

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983), Paul Unger 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:lgr  Glottocode: leng1259 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Gela-Guadalcanal:Gela 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
48 to sleep mbiku   57  
50 to dream mbole   10  
51 to sit ðundu   39  
92 to open, uncover ðaŋavi   40  
141 wet kombo   67  
156 thin word info mandeve   1, 67  
166 correct, true uðui      
171 to hide word info pe      
172 to climb word info iti      
175 above teɣea      
178 that a ŋa   1  
178 that a nderi      
192 and ma "and, but" 2  
117 fruit vua ni ɣai "fruit of tree" 1  
139 cold word info mbimbiði "someone is cold" 46  
162 old word info ðaulaɣi 'far away in the past' (cf. #180) x  
81 sharp vaŋa 'heavy' 1sg syllable, fr. va-vanga 14, 20  
9 to swim pɔpɔɣɔ (more common) 31  
99 feather vuvulunimanu =vuvulu ni manu 'feather of bird' 1  
76 to live, be alive mauri alive 1, 76  
191 all leoni all/every    
188 what? word info na ða art. what 1, 52  
189 who? word info a ði art. who? 1, 67  
146 ash ravu ashes 67  
173 at i at 1  
165 bad, evil ðaɣata bad 1, 49  
9 to swim pɔɣɔ bathe 31  
176 below i paria below    
176 below kosi below    
153 big sule big 54  
97 bird manu bird 1  
41 to bite ɣeɣe bite    
147 black vulɔŋgɔ black    
137 to blow word info sisivo blow    
137 to blow word info uvia blow 4  
82 dull, blunt poðo blunt 1  
113 branch word info rara branch 1, 33  
28 to breathe aðeaðe breathe 16  
144 to burn word info kɛkɛre burn 50  
127 woods/forest pɔnɔ bush    
107 worm (earthworm) maka caterpiller worm    
38 to chew word info ɣani chew 63  
131 cloud word info parako cloud 74  
151 green kina colour green/blue 53  
7 to come mai come 1  
192 and ma na CONJ NPM; conjunction noun.phrase.marker'; /na/ belongs to the NP that is being conjoined, e.g., /na ghaoka ma na mane/ 'a~the woman and a~the man' 2, 40  
166 correct, true uðui mamate correct    
196 to count mbuni count 50  
34 to cry taŋi cry 1  
78 to cut, hack word info kuria cut (string)    
78 to cut, hack word info tɔka cut (wood) 27  
78 to cut, hack word info mɛŋga cut nut X  
168 day ndani day 6  
75 to die, be dead mate die 1  
90 to dig kambi dig    
10 dirty paŋgaðu dirty 52  
96 dog kau dog 17  
40 to drink inu drink 1  
140 dry word info siŋgi dry    
11 dust kandavu dust    
119 earth/soil pari earth 45  
107 worm (earthworm) kesu earthworm    
37 to eat vaŋa eat 1, 53  
98 egg tolu egg 1  
204 Eight word info alu eight 3  
95 to fall word info tumu fall    
180 far ðau far 1  
104 fat/grease ɣauɣe fat/grease 51  
22 to fear mataɣu fear 1  
208 Fifty word info lima ðaŋavulu fifty 1, 2  
143 fire lake fire 6  
111 fish iɣa fish 1  
201 Five word info lima five 1  
107 worm (earthworm) kipara flat worm    
123 to flow ɣaɣari flow    
116 flower ðaŋga flower 12  
101 to fly ovo fly 1  
132 fog lavo fog 3  
200 Four word info vati four 1, 65  
5 to walk ndea go 30  
5 to walk ðivo go down    
5 to walk iti go up    
164 good ndoku good 54  
118 grass mbumburu grass 19  
26 hair word info ɣɔɣɔre hair (body) 42  
26 hair word info vuŋga hair (head) 56  
184 he/she e he/she/it 1  
184 he/she igeia he/she/it; irregular *ŋ > g 1, 68  
44 to hear roŋo hear 1  
142 heavy mamava heavy 46  
184 he/she -a/-na his/her/its (3sg.poss) x  
72 to hit word info ambu hit (stick); irregular loss of *l 42  
74 to kill ambumate hit die (serial verb) 42, 2  
89 to hold word info oti hold    
138 warm word info papara hot 71  
61 house vae house 14  
69 to hunt word info oŋa hunt 52  
182 I inau I (1sg) 1, 22  
182 I u I (1sg) x  
5 to walk raraɣe irregular *o > e 1  
193 if keɣua k-e ɣua 'irr-3sg if'    
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɣilaɣana know 18  
126 lake reku lake    
33 to laugh kalao laugh 81  
114 leaf rarau leaf 1  
2 left mauli left 1, 59  
197 One word info keða less common form 32  
49 to lie down word info eno lie down 1  
76 to live, be alive mauri life 1, 76  
135 lightning pilaðia lightning 26  
151 green raumauri lit. 'living leaf' 13  
174 in, inside i leo loc inside 1, 69  
181 where? word info i vi ŋgai loc where there 3  
170 when? word info i ŋiða loc. when? 1, 24  
155 long word info tuaɣai long    
108 louse word info ɣutu louse 1  
108 louse word info liða louse egg x20  
39 to cook word info ɣali vaŋa make food    
54 man/male tinoni man 46  
54 man/male mane man 1  
103 meat/flesh masimbe meat/flesh 49  
102 rat ðuɣuve metathesis 3  
129 moon vula moon 1  
197 One word info sakai more common form 8  
109 mosquito nanāmo mosquito 1  
109 mosquito namo mosquito 1  
182 I -ŋgu my (1sg.poss) x  
1 hand lima-ŋgu my arm 1  
13 back word info mbɔke-ŋgu my back 13  
14 belly kutu-ŋgu my belly 14  
23 blood ɣambu-ŋgu my blood 5  
15 bone ðuli-ŋgu my bones 52  
18 breast susu-ŋgu my breast 1  
56 child ndae-ŋgu my child; irregular loss of *l 28  
43 ear kuli-ŋgu my ear 6  
45 eye mata-ŋgu my eye 1  
60 father tama-ŋgu my father 1  
16 intestines kutu my guts 43  
24 head ulu-ŋgu my head 1  
4 leg/foot tua-ŋgu my leg 95  
17 liver ate-ŋgu my liver 1  
59 mother tina-ŋgu my mother 1  
30 mouth maŋa-ŋgu my mouth 13  
63 name n'aða-ŋgu my name; irregular presence of initial consonant 1, 18  
25 neck lio-ŋgu my neck 1  
27 nose iðu-ŋgu my nose 1  
19 shoulder aro-ŋgu my shoulder 94  
12 skin ɣuɣuli-ŋgu my skin 1  
24 head lova-ŋgu my skull/scalp 47  
57 husband tao-ŋgu my spouse 18  
58 wife tao-ŋgu my spouse 12  
32 tongue lapi-ŋgu my tongue 21  
31 tooth livo-ŋgu my tooth 1, 35  
158 narrow ŋgoŋgo narrow    
179 near ɣaɣare near 79  
163 new vaolu new 1  
167 night rondo night 11  
205 Nine word info ðiua nine 5  
195 no, not taiɣa no 4, 70  
194 how? word info oɣua o ɣua '2sg if'    
162 old word info noɣa old 82  
209 One Hundred word info sakai ðeŋetu one hundred; irregular loss of *R 4, 38  
210 One Thousand word info toɣa one thousand 27  
190 other keða other/different    
185 we word info -mami our (1pl.excl.poss) 2  
185 we word info -nda our (1pl.incl.poss)    
53 person/human being tinoni person 10  
133 rain uða rain 1  
149 red sisi red 19  
3 right mande right; irregular loss of *l/*R; irregular changes to final vowel(s) 9  
6 road/path ðeutu road 6  
62 thatch/roof vovotu roof 45  
115 root oɣa root 2  
65 rope itei rope; irregular *a > e 51  
112 rotten word info vuvuða rotten 9, 74  
112 rotten word info pɔto rotten 9, 68  
107 worm (earthworm) poporu round worm    
125 salt siri salt water/salty    
121 sand maone sand 1, 59  
64 to say mbosa say 63  
77 to scratch word info ŋgeŋgeo scratch    
124 sea taði sea 1  
46 to see mbɛre see 61  
203 Seven word info vitu seven 1  
67 to sew word info tai sew 2 L
68 needle itula sewing needle    
70 to shoot word info vanathia shoot 1  
154 short word info kumbu short 72  
161 shy, ashamed vaŋama shy/shame 38  
160 painful, sick vaðaɣi sick; irregular *m > v 1, 67  
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
128 sky okapɔnɔ sky 42  
152 small kiki small 78  
29 to sniff, smell uruŋia smell 46  
29 to sniff, smell ururu smell 46  
145 smoke word info aðu smoke 2  
106 snake umata snake 12  
110 spider lao spider 9  
36 to spit luve spit 59  
80 to split word info tea split 65  
88 to squeeze word info luðia squeeze; irregular *o > u 19, 65  
71 to stab, pierce sukia stab 1, 8  
71 to stab, pierce tupia stab    
52 to stand tu stand 2  
130 star vetuɣu star 1, 50  
73 to steal ŋgito steal 46  
79 stick/wood ɣai stick/wood/tree 1  
120 stone vatu stone 1  
42 to suck mumusu suck 20  
87 to swell word info voɣu swell 24  
9 to swim le swim 91  
105 tail iɣue tail 1  
206 Ten word info ðaŋavulu ten 5  
62 thatch/roof ande thatch    
187 they -ndira their (3pl.poss) x  
187 they ikoira they (3du) x  
187 they ituira they (3pau) x  
187 they aira they (3pl) 1, 70  
187 they aira they (3pl) 1, 70  
157 thick word info paku thick 36  
156 thin word info mariðe thin    
21 to think ɣanaɣana think 14  
177 this a ndeni this    
199 Three word info tolu three 1  
134 thunder ŋgururu thunder 2  
66 to tie up, fasten tɔtɔŋɔ tie 61  
91 to buy pelu to buy    
85 to choose mɛmɛle to choose    
86 to grow word info pira to grow 16  
84 to plant subu to plant 50  
93 to pound, beat word info ŋgata to pound/tamp    
94 to throw word info mbimbila to throw    
8 to turn word info ririu turn 69  
207 Twenty word info ruka ðaŋavulu twenty 3, 6  
198 Two word info ruka two; irregular medial -k- 1, 21  
176 below i rurughu underneath 42  
35 to vomit lulua vomit 8  
5 to walk sakutua walk    
138 warm word info pana warm 1  
122 water word info mbɛti water 6  
185 we word info ikoɣami we (1du.excl) 2  
185 we word info ikoɣita we (1du.incl) 1  
185 we word info ituɣami we (1pau.excl) 2  
185 we word info ituɣita we (1pau.incl) 1  
185 we word info iɣami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info iɣita we (1pl.incl) 1  
141 wet pusa wet    
148 white kala white    
159 wide ðepa wide; irregular *a > e    
136 wind sivo wind 57  
100 wing rape wing; irregular *o > e 50  
55 woman/female ɣaoka woman 44  
83 to work word info ðairo work 51  
47 to yawn maovia yawn 19  
169 year niulu year 50  
150 yellow mɛra yellow    
186 you ikoɣamu you (2du) x  
186 you ituɣamu you (2pau) x  
186 you iɣamu you (2pl) 1  
183 thou iɣoe you (2sg) s  
183 thou iɣoe you (2sg) 1  
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  

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