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Language: Longgu

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Malaita-San Cristobal:Malaita:Longgu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
47 to yawn      
79 stick/wood      
92 to open, uncover      
126 lake      
159 wide      
190 other      
5 to walk ta'e laʔi 'ascend' (e.g. a hill, also used for getting into a canoe or truck)    
5 to walk sivo 'descend' (e.g. come down from a tree, a hill)    
5 to walk lakulaku laku = step    
9 to swim tatapo swim    
12 skin kɔkɔke skin    
19 shoulder roa      
20 to know, be knowledgeable pukua know    
21 to think hanā think    
38 to chew word info musu      
39 to cook word info kuki No general term. For boiling food 'kuki' borrowed   L
42 to suck usu      
52 to stand ðuala stand    
57 husband buruŋa bound noun = spouse    
58 wife buruŋa burunga- [bound noun, spouse not wife]    
59 mother tike a form of address only    
68 needle italui      
70 to shoot word info vana      
70 to shoot word info vanasia      
71 to stab, pierce puta-a e.g. the eye of a coconut    
72 to hit word info waʔia      
80 to split word info kakavoka split    
80 to split word info ai      
84 to plant vasi      
86 to grow word info mauri      
88 to squeeze word info ɣusia squeeze    
90 to dig ivui dig    
90 to dig asia dig    
93 to pound, beat word info topuhu topuhui - pudding made by pounding tubers e.g. yam    
94 to throw word info taʔasi      
95 to fall word info ndio fall    
107 worm (earthworm) bwiri      
115 root ʔumi root    
123 to flow ʔaraʔara flow    
137 to blow word info sivolia blow    
148 white mbambala white    
150 yellow kina yellow    
152 small kandi small    
153 big bweina big    
153 big vae big    
156 thin word info rese thin    
158 narrow gogo      
161 shy, ashamed vahama      
162 old word info mboro old (person)    
162 old word info boro 'old man, ancestor'    
162 old word info mwaroi 'old woman, ancestor'    
164 good meta good    
166 correct, true poposo straight, correct    
166 correct, true utuni correct, true    
171 to hide word info obwa hide oneself; stomach (obsolete)    
172 to climb word info vane      
173 at tana      
175 above vavo-na      
176 below vuʔa below    
178 that nina      
185 we word info ɣia we (1pl.incl)    
188 what? word info tai hou what?    
189 who? word info tehou who?    
191 all mole      
193 if livaʔana if    
194 how? word info awande how?    
195 no, not mbwala no    
207 Twenty word info rua tangavulu      
1 hand lima arm 1  
4 leg/foot aʔae leg; irregular *q > ʔ 1  
6 road/path tala road 1  
17 liver ϑae liver 1  
18 breast susu breast 1  
22 to fear maʔu fear 1  
34 to cry aŋi cry 1  
35 to vomit moamoa vomit; irregular *u > o 1  
40 to drink inu drink 1  
41 to bite alea bite 1  
44 to hear roŋonia hear 1  
45 eye maʔa eye; irregular presence of ʔ; likely to be influenced by neighbouring GG languages 1 L
48 to sleep mauru sleep 1  
49 to lie down word info eno lie down 1  
54 man/male mwane man 1  
61 house luma house 1  
75 to die, be dead mae die 1  
85 to choose vili   1  
91 to buy voli   1  
97 bird manu bird 1  
98 egg ðalu egg; irregular *o > Ø 1  
101 to fly lovo fly 1  
105 tail ikuiku tail 1  
108 louse word info ʔū louse 1  
111 fish iʔa fish 1  
114 leaf rau leaf 1  
120 stone vau stone 1  
121 sand oneone sand 1  
124 sea asi sea 1  
133 rain uta rain 1  
138 warm word info papana warm 1  
149 red melamelaʔa red 1  
160 painful, sick mataʔi sick 1  
163 new vaolu new 1  
165 bad, evil taʔa bad 1  
167 night mboŋi night 1  
173 at i used with local nouns only 1  
180 far tau far 1  
186 you ʔamu you (2pl) 1  
198 Two word info rua two 1  
199 Three word info ɔlu three 1  
201 Five word info lima five 1  
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
203 Seven word info viu seven 1  
60 father mama father 1, 10  
208 Fifty word info lima tangavulu   1, 2  
42 to suck nonoʔia 'nono' = kiss; thematic consonant is innovative 1, 22  
182 I nau I (1sg) 1, 22  
130 star veʔu star 1, 51  
104 fat/grease mɔmɔna fat/grease 1, 65  
184 he/she ŋaia he 1, 68  
187 they ɣira they (3pl) 1, 69  
76 to live, be alive mauri alive 1, 76  
76 to live, be alive mauri life 1, 76  
5 to walk lae go 1, 90  
5 to walk laelae walk 1, 90  
27 nose bwalasu nose; irregular *u > a 1, 12  
63 name ðata name 1, 18  
113 branch word info raraka branch 1, 33  
31 tooth livɔ tooth 1, 35  
170 when? word info aŋita when? 1, 41  
37 to eat vaŋa eat 1, 53  
2 left mauli left; irregular reflex of *w 1, 59  
200 Four word info vai four 1, 65  
156 thin word info mandeve thin 1, 67  
7 to come lamai come 1, 85  
3 right oloʔolo right; irregular loss of initial vowel 10  
53 person/human being inoni person 10  
147 black mbulumbuluʔa black 10  
13 back word info ile back 102  
142 heavy ŋguluʔa heavy 11  
29 to sniff, smell siʔini smell 12  
73 to steal mbeli steal 12  
106 snake mwa snake 12  
116 flower taŋgana flower 12  
26 hair word info ivu hair (body) 13  
69 to hunt word info ruʔu hunt 13  
109 mosquito simi mosquito 13  
139 cold word info bwaribwariʔa cold 13  
151 green mwarawa green 13  
14 belly kutu belly 14  
74 to kill waʔia kill 14  
36 to spit ŋisu spit 14, 58  
155 long word info tewa long 15  
50 to dream maurubole   15, 10  
28 to breathe aðeaðe breathe; looks like a possible loan from Lengo given the sound correspondences 16 L
82 dull, blunt ŋgumo blunt 17  
87 to swell word info popote swell 17  
25 neck alua neck; irregular addition of initial vowel 18  
88 to squeeze word info losia squeeze 19  
118 grass mburumburu grass 19  
134 thunder vita thunder 19  
5 to walk vane climb (e.g. tree); irregular *o > e 2  
65 rope ʔalo rope; irregular loss of *w; perhaps a loan from Lengo 2  
67 to sew word info taia sew 2  
122 water word info wai water 2  
145 smoke word info ðasu smoke 2  
185 we word info amerua we (1du.excl) 2  
185 we word info ʔami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info ɣaua we (1du.incl) 2  
192 and ma and 2  
30 mouth ŋindu mouth; irregular *u > i 2, 61  
125 salt asi   20  
127 woods/forest masuʔui bush 21  
135 lightning pilaðia lightning 26  
78 to cut, hack word info toka cut (wood) 27  
117 fruit londona fruit 27  
174 in, inside umbu-na in 27  
177 this nene this 28  
132 fog lavo fog 3  
181 where? word info evei where? 3  
204 Eight word info walu eight 3  
210 One Thousand word info to'a one thousand 30  
143 fire nduŋa fire 32  
197 One word info eta one 32  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ðaia know, irregular *e > i 35  
157 thick word info paku thick 36  
51 to sit ðundu sit 39  
209 One Hundred word info te taŋalau one hundred 4, 38  
128 sky oka sky 42  
16 intestines kutu guts 43  
77 to scratch word info ŋgarusia scratch 44  
62 thatch/roof vovotu thatch 45  
196 to count indu count 46  
11 dust tavutavu dust 47  
103 meat/flesh masimbe meat/flesh 49  
140 dry word info laŋalaŋa dry 49  
23 blood ambu blood; irregular loss of *k 5  
205 Nine word info siwa nine 5  
206 Ten word info taŋavulu ten 5  
100 wing raporapo wing 50  
144 to burn word info erea burn 50  
119 earth/soil mwaŋgo earth 51  
10 dirty paŋgapaŋgaʔa dirty; only found in Lengo and Longgu so it seems like that this results from contact 52 L
15 bone sulī bone 52  
83 to work word info toʔi work 52  
96 dog ʔusu dog 57  
136 wind sivosivo wind 57  
33 to laugh mwasi laugh 58  
72 to hit word info ramisia hit (stick) 58  
43 ear kuli ear 6  
168 day ndaŋindaŋi day 6  
168 day dangi   6  
46 to see mbere see 61  
66 to tie up, fasten toŋoa tie 61  
89 to hold word info toria hold 62  
64 to say ilia say 67  
102 rat bwauʔai rat 67  
141 wet kombo wet 67  
146 ash ravu ashes 67  
8 to turn word info ririu turn 69  
81 sharp ʔala sharp 69  
32 tongue mea tongue 7  
99 feather ivunimanu feather (of bird) 7  
129 moon mandamai moon; irregular *a > ai 7  
138 warm word info parapara warm 71  
154 short word info kumbu short 72  
131 cloud word info parako cloud 74  
89 to hold word info toʔia hold 77  
152 small kiki small 78  
179 near harehare near 79  
9 to swim loto bathe 8  
55 woman/female ŋgeni woman 8  
56 child mwela kiki child 8  
169 year valisi year 8  
59 mother tia bound noun, alienably possessed 82  
59 mother tia (nau) "my mother" = a form of reference. 82  
24 head mbwau head 9  
110 spider lao spider 9  
112 rotten word info poto rotten 9, 68  
78 to cut, hack word info oloʔia cut (string) 90  
183 thou ʔoe you (2sg) s  
78 to cut, hack word info vala cut nut X  
101 to fly laŋɔ fly (insect!) x  
162 old word info rumu old (thing) x  
186 you amurua you (2du) x  
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
187 they ɣirarua they (3du) x  
108 louse word info lita louse egg x20  

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