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Language: Longgu

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Malaita-San Cristobal:Malaita:Longgu 
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Showing all of 52 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above vavo-na      
191 all mole      
192 and ma and 2  
146 ash ravu ashes 67  
173 at i used with local nouns only 1  
173 at tana      
13 back word info ile back 102  
165 bad, evil taʔa bad 1  
14 belly kutu belly 14  
176 below vuʔa below    
153 big bweina big    
153 big vae big    
97 bird manu bird 1  
147 black mbulumbuluʔa black 10  
23 blood ambu blood; irregular loss of *k 5  
15 bone sulī bone 52  
113 branch word info raraka branch 1, 33  
18 breast susu breast 1  
56 child mwela kiki child 8  
131 cloud word info parako cloud 74  
139 cold word info bwaribwariʔa cold 13  
166 correct, true poposo straight, correct    
166 correct, true utuni correct, true    
168 day ndaŋindaŋi day 6  
168 day dangi   6  
10 dirty paŋgapaŋgaʔa dirty; only found in Lengo and Longgu so it seems like that this results from contact 52 L
96 dog ʔusu dog 57  
140 dry word info laŋalaŋa dry 49  
82 dull, blunt ŋgumo blunt 17  
11 dust tavutavu dust 47  
43 ear kuli ear 6  
119 earth/soil mwaŋgo earth 51  
98 egg ðalu egg; irregular *o > Ø 1  
204 Eight word info walu eight 3  
45 eye maʔa eye; irregular presence of ʔ; likely to be influenced by neighbouring GG languages 1 L
180 far tau far 1  
104 fat/grease mɔmɔna fat/grease 1, 65  
60 father mama father 1, 10  
99 feather ivunimanu feather (of bird) 7  
208 Fifty word info lima tangavulu   1, 2  
143 fire nduŋa fire 32  
111 fish iʔa fish 1  
201 Five word info lima five 1  
116 flower taŋgana flower 12  
132 fog lavo fog 3  
200 Four word info vai four 1, 65  
117 fruit londona fruit 27  
164 good meta good    
118 grass mburumburu grass 19  
151 green mwarawa green 13  
26 hair word info ivu hair (body) 13  
1 hand lima arm 1  
184 he/she ŋaia he 1, 68  
24 head mbwau head 9  
142 heavy ŋguluʔa heavy 11  
61 house luma house 1  
194 how? word info awande how?    
57 husband buruŋa bound noun = spouse    
182 I nau I (1sg) 1, 22  
193 if livaʔana if    
174 in, inside umbu-na in 27  
16 intestines kutu guts 43  
126 lake      
114 leaf rau leaf 1  
2 left mauli left; irregular reflex of *w 1, 59  
4 leg/foot aʔae leg; irregular *q > ʔ 1  
135 lightning pilaðia lightning 26  
17 liver ϑae liver 1  
155 long word info tewa long 15  
108 louse word info lita louse egg x20  
108 louse word info ʔū louse 1  
54 man/male mwane man 1  
103 meat/flesh masimbe meat/flesh 49  
129 moon mandamai moon; irregular *a > ai 7  
109 mosquito simi mosquito 13  
59 mother tike a form of address only    
59 mother tia bound noun, alienably possessed 82  
59 mother tia (nau) "my mother" = a form of reference. 82  
30 mouth ŋindu mouth; irregular *u > i 2, 61  
63 name ðata name 1, 18  
158 narrow gogo      
179 near harehare near 79  
25 neck alua neck; irregular addition of initial vowel 18  
68 needle italui      
163 new vaolu new 1  
167 night mboŋi night 1  
205 Nine word info siwa nine 5  
195 no, not mbwala no    
27 nose bwalasu nose; irregular *u > a 1, 12  
162 old word info rumu old (thing) x  
162 old word info mboro old (person)    
162 old word info boro 'old man, ancestor'    
162 old word info mwaroi 'old woman, ancestor'    
197 One word info eta one 32  
209 One Hundred word info te taŋalau one hundred 4, 38  
210 One Thousand word info to'a one thousand 30  
190 other      
160 painful, sick mataʔi sick 1  
53 person/human being inoni person 10  
133 rain uta rain 1  
102 rat bwauʔai rat 67  
149 red melamelaʔa red 1  
3 right oloʔolo right; irregular loss of initial vowel 10  
6 road/path tala road 1  
115 root ʔumi root    
65 rope ʔalo rope; irregular loss of *w; perhaps a loan from Lengo 2  
112 rotten word info poto rotten 9, 68  
125 salt asi   20  
121 sand oneone sand 1  
124 sea asi sea 1  
203 Seven word info viu seven 1  
81 sharp ʔala sharp 69  
154 short word info kumbu short 72  
19 shoulder roa      
161 shy, ashamed vahama      
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
12 skin kɔkɔke skin    
128 sky oka sky 42  
152 small kiki small 78  
152 small kandi small    
145 smoke word info ðasu smoke 2  
106 snake mwa snake 12  
110 spider lao spider 9  
130 star veʔu star 1, 51  
79 stick/wood      
120 stone vau stone 1  
105 tail ikuiku tail 1  
206 Ten word info taŋavulu ten 5  
178 that nina      
62 thatch/roof vovotu thatch 45  
187 they ɣira they (3pl) 1, 69  
187 they ɣirarua they (3du) x  
157 thick word info paku thick 36  
156 thin word info mandeve thin 1, 67  
156 thin word info rese thin    
177 this nene this 28  
183 thou ʔoe you (2sg) s  
199 Three word info ɔlu three 1  
134 thunder vita thunder 19  
41 to bite alea bite 1  
137 to blow word info sivolia blow    
28 to breathe aðeaðe breathe; looks like a possible loan from Lengo given the sound correspondences 16 L
144 to burn word info erea burn 50  
91 to buy voli   1  
38 to chew word info musu      
85 to choose vili   1  
172 to climb word info vane      
7 to come lamai come 1, 85  
39 to cook word info kuki No general term. For boiling food 'kuki' borrowed   L
196 to count indu count 46  
34 to cry aŋi cry 1  
78 to cut, hack word info oloʔia cut (string) 90  
78 to cut, hack word info toka cut (wood) 27  
78 to cut, hack word info vala cut nut X  
75 to die, be dead mae die 1  
90 to dig ivui dig    
90 to dig asia dig    
50 to dream maurubole   15, 10  
40 to drink inu drink 1  
37 to eat vaŋa eat 1, 53  
95 to fall word info ndio fall    
22 to fear maʔu fear 1  
123 to flow ʔaraʔara flow    
101 to fly laŋɔ fly (insect!) x  
101 to fly lovo fly 1  
86 to grow word info mauri      
44 to hear roŋonia hear 1  
171 to hide word info obwa hide oneself; stomach (obsolete)    
72 to hit word info ramisia hit (stick) 58  
72 to hit word info waʔia      
89 to hold word info toʔia hold 77  
89 to hold word info toria hold 62  
69 to hunt word info ruʔu hunt 13  
74 to kill waʔia kill 14  
20 to know, be knowledgeable pukua know    
20 to know, be knowledgeable ðaia know, irregular *e > i 35  
33 to laugh mwasi laugh 58  
49 to lie down word info eno lie down 1  
76 to live, be alive mauri alive 1, 76  
76 to live, be alive mauri life 1, 76  
92 to open, uncover      
84 to plant vasi      
93 to pound, beat word info topuhu topuhui - pudding made by pounding tubers e.g. yam    
64 to say ilia say 67  
77 to scratch word info ŋgarusia scratch 44  
46 to see mbere see 61  
67 to sew word info taia sew 2  
70 to shoot word info vana      
70 to shoot word info vanasia      
51 to sit ðundu sit 39  
48 to sleep mauru sleep 1  
29 to sniff, smell siʔini smell 12  
36 to spit ŋisu spit 14, 58  
80 to split word info kakavoka split    
80 to split word info ai      
88 to squeeze word info losia squeeze 19  
88 to squeeze word info ɣusia squeeze    
71 to stab, pierce puta-a e.g. the eye of a coconut    
52 to stand ðuala stand    
73 to steal mbeli steal 12  
42 to suck nonoʔia 'nono' = kiss; thematic consonant is innovative 1, 22  
42 to suck usu      
87 to swell word info popote swell 17  
9 to swim tatapo swim    
9 to swim loto bathe 8  
21 to think hanā think    
94 to throw word info taʔasi      
66 to tie up, fasten toŋoa tie 61  
8 to turn word info ririu turn 69  
35 to vomit moamoa vomit; irregular *u > o 1  
5 to walk ta'e laʔi 'ascend' (e.g. a hill, also used for getting into a canoe or truck)    
5 to walk vane climb (e.g. tree); irregular *o > e 2  
5 to walk lae go 1, 90  
5 to walk sivo 'descend' (e.g. come down from a tree, a hill)    
5 to walk laelae walk 1, 90  
5 to walk lakulaku laku = step    
83 to work word info toʔi work 52  
47 to yawn      
32 tongue mea tongue 7  
31 tooth livɔ tooth 1, 35  
207 Twenty word info rua tangavulu      
198 Two word info rua two 1  
138 warm word info parapara warm 71  
138 warm word info papana warm 1  
122 water word info wai water 2  
185 we word info amerua we (1du.excl) 2  
185 we word info ɣia we (1pl.incl)    
185 we word info ʔami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info ɣaua we (1du.incl) 2  
141 wet kombo wet 67  
188 what? word info tai hou what?    
170 when? word info aŋita when? 1, 41  
181 where? word info evei where? 3  
148 white mbambala white    
189 who? word info tehou who?    
159 wide      
58 wife buruŋa burunga- [bound noun, spouse not wife]    
136 wind sivosivo wind 57  
100 wing raporapo wing 50  
55 woman/female ŋgeni woman 8  
127 woods/forest masuʔui bush 21  
107 worm (earthworm) bwiri      
169 year valisi year 8  
150 yellow kina yellow    
186 you ʔamu you (2pl) 1  
186 you amurua you (2du) x  
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  

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