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Language: Longgu

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Malaita-San Cristobal:Malaita:Longgu 
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Showing all of 52 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
47 to yawn      
79 stick/wood      
92 to open, uncover      
126 lake      
159 wide      
190 other      
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
80 to split word info ai      
41 to bite alea bite 1  
25 neck alua neck; irregular addition of initial vowel 18  
23 blood ambu blood; irregular loss of *k 5  
185 we word info amerua we (1du.excl) 2  
186 you amurua you (2du) x  
124 sea asi sea 1  
125 salt asi   20  
90 to dig asia dig    
194 how? word info awande how?    
28 to breathe aðeaðe breathe; looks like a possible loan from Lengo given the sound correspondences 16 L
34 to cry aŋi cry 1  
170 when? word info aŋita when? 1, 41  
4 leg/foot aʔae leg; irregular *q > ʔ 1  
162 old word info boro 'old man, ancestor'    
57 husband buruŋa bound noun = spouse    
58 wife buruŋa burunga- [bound noun, spouse not wife]    
27 nose bwalasu nose; irregular *u > a 1, 12  
139 cold word info bwaribwariʔa cold 13  
102 rat bwauʔai rat 67  
153 big bweina big    
107 worm (earthworm) bwiri      
168 day dangi   6  
49 to lie down word info eno lie down 1  
144 to burn word info erea burn 50  
197 One word info eta one 32  
181 where? word info evei where? 3  
158 narrow gogo      
21 to think hanā think    
179 near harehare near 79  
173 at i used with local nouns only 1  
105 tail ikuiku tail 1  
13 back word info ile back 102  
64 to say ilia say 67  
196 to count indu count 46  
53 person/human being inoni person 10  
40 to drink inu drink 1  
68 needle italui      
26 hair word info ivu hair (body) 13  
90 to dig ivui dig    
99 feather ivunimanu feather (of bird) 7  
111 fish iʔa fish 1  
80 to split word info kakavoka split    
152 small kandi small    
152 small kiki small 78  
150 yellow kina yellow    
141 wet kombo wet 67  
39 to cook word info kuki No general term. For boiling food 'kuki' borrowed   L
43 ear kuli ear 6  
154 short word info kumbu short 72  
14 belly kutu belly 14  
16 intestines kutu guts 43  
12 skin kɔkɔke skin    
5 to walk lae go 1, 90  
5 to walk laelae walk 1, 90  
5 to walk lakulaku laku = step    
7 to come lamai come 1, 85  
110 spider lao spider 9  
132 fog lavo fog 3  
140 dry word info laŋalaŋa dry 49  
101 to fly laŋɔ fly (insect!) x  
1 hand lima arm 1  
201 Five word info lima five 1  
208 Fifty word info lima tangavulu   1, 2  
108 louse word info lita louse egg x20  
193 if livaʔana if    
31 tooth livɔ tooth 1, 35  
117 fruit londona fruit 27  
88 to squeeze word info losia squeeze 19  
9 to swim loto bathe 8  
101 to fly lovo fly 1  
61 house luma house 1  
192 and ma and 2  
75 to die, be dead mae die 1  
60 father mama father 1, 10  
129 moon mandamai moon; irregular *a > ai 7  
156 thin word info mandeve thin 1, 67  
97 bird manu bird 1  
103 meat/flesh masimbe meat/flesh 49  
127 woods/forest masuʔui bush 21  
160 painful, sick mataʔi sick 1  
2 left mauli left; irregular reflex of *w 1, 59  
76 to live, be alive mauri alive 1, 76  
76 to live, be alive mauri life 1, 76  
86 to grow word info mauri      
48 to sleep mauru sleep 1  
50 to dream maurubole   15, 10  
45 eye maʔa eye; irregular presence of ʔ; likely to be influenced by neighbouring GG languages 1 L
22 to fear maʔu fear 1  
148 white mbambala white    
73 to steal mbeli steal 12  
46 to see mbere see 61  
162 old word info mboro old (person)    
167 night mboŋi night 1  
147 black mbulumbuluʔa black 10  
118 grass mburumburu grass 19  
195 no, not mbwala no    
24 head mbwau head 9  
32 tongue mea tongue 7  
149 red melamelaʔa red 1  
164 good meta good    
35 to vomit moamoa vomit; irregular *u > o 1  
191 all mole      
38 to chew word info musu      
106 snake mwa snake 12  
54 man/male mwane man 1  
151 green mwarawa green 13  
162 old word info mwaroi 'old woman, ancestor'    
33 to laugh mwasi laugh 58  
119 earth/soil mwaŋgo earth 51  
56 child mwela kiki child 8  
104 fat/grease mɔmɔna fat/grease 1, 65  
182 I nau I (1sg) 1, 22  
168 day ndaŋindaŋi day 6  
95 to fall word info ndio fall    
143 fire nduŋa fire 32  
177 this nene this 28  
178 that nina      
42 to suck nonoʔia 'nono' = kiss; thematic consonant is innovative 1, 22  
171 to hide word info obwa hide oneself; stomach (obsolete)    
128 sky oka sky 42  
78 to cut, hack word info oloʔia cut (string) 90  
3 right oloʔolo right; irregular loss of initial vowel 10  
121 sand oneone sand 1  
157 thick word info paku thick 36  
138 warm word info papana warm 1  
131 cloud word info parako cloud 74  
138 warm word info parapara warm 71  
10 dirty paŋgapaŋgaʔa dirty; only found in Lengo and Longgu so it seems like that this results from contact 52 L
135 lightning pilaðia lightning 26  
166 correct, true poposo straight, correct    
87 to swell word info popote swell 17  
112 rotten word info poto rotten 9, 68  
20 to know, be knowledgeable pukua know    
71 to stab, pierce puta-a e.g. the eye of a coconut    
72 to hit word info ramisia hit (stick) 58  
100 wing raporapo wing 50  
113 branch word info raraka branch 1, 33  
114 leaf rau leaf 1  
146 ash ravu ashes 67  
156 thin word info rese thin    
8 to turn word info ririu turn 69  
19 shoulder roa      
44 to hear roŋonia hear 1  
198 Two word info rua two 1  
207 Twenty word info rua tangavulu      
162 old word info rumu old (thing) x  
69 to hunt word info ruʔu hunt 13  
109 mosquito simi mosquito 13  
5 to walk sivo 'descend' (e.g. come down from a tree, a hill)    
137 to blow word info sivolia blow    
136 wind sivosivo wind 57  
205 Nine word info siwa nine 5  
29 to sniff, smell siʔini smell 12  
15 bone sulī bone 52  
18 breast susu breast 1  
5 to walk ta'e laʔi 'ascend' (e.g. a hill, also used for getting into a canoe or truck)    
188 what? word info tai hou what?    
67 to sew word info taia sew 2  
6 road/path tala road 1  
173 at tana      
9 to swim tatapo swim    
180 far tau far 1  
11 dust tavutavu dust 47  
206 Ten word info taŋavulu ten 5  
116 flower taŋgana flower 12  
165 bad, evil taʔa bad 1  
94 to throw word info taʔasi      
209 One Hundred word info te taŋalau one hundred 4, 38  
189 who? word info tehou who?    
155 long word info tewa long 15  
59 mother tia bound noun, alienably possessed 82  
59 mother tia (nau) "my mother" = a form of reference. 82  
59 mother tike a form of address only    
210 One Thousand word info to'a one thousand 30  
78 to cut, hack word info toka cut (wood) 27  
93 to pound, beat word info topuhu topuhui - pudding made by pounding tubers e.g. yam    
89 to hold word info toria hold 62  
66 to tie up, fasten toŋoa tie 61  
83 to work word info toʔi work 52  
89 to hold word info toʔia hold 77  
174 in, inside umbu-na in 27  
42 to suck usu      
133 rain uta rain 1  
166 correct, true utuni correct, true    
153 big vae big    
161 shy, ashamed vahama      
200 Four word info vai four 1, 65  
78 to cut, hack word info vala cut nut X  
169 year valisi year 8  
70 to shoot word info vana      
70 to shoot word info vanasia      
5 to walk vane climb (e.g. tree); irregular *o > e 2  
172 to climb word info vane      
163 new vaolu new 1  
84 to plant vasi      
120 stone vau stone 1  
175 above vavo-na      
37 to eat vaŋa eat 1, 53  
130 star veʔu star 1, 51  
85 to choose vili   1  
134 thunder vita thunder 19  
203 Seven word info viu seven 1  
91 to buy voli   1  
62 thatch/roof vovotu thatch 45  
176 below vuʔa below    
122 water word info wai water 2  
204 Eight word info walu eight 3  
72 to hit word info waʔia      
74 to kill waʔia kill 14  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ðaia know, irregular *e > i 35  
98 egg ðalu egg; irregular *o > Ø 1  
145 smoke word info ðasu smoke 2  
63 name ðata name 1, 18  
52 to stand ðuala stand    
51 to sit ðundu sit 39  
184 he/she ŋaia he 1, 68  
77 to scratch word info ŋgarusia scratch 44  
55 woman/female ŋgeni woman 8  
142 heavy ŋguluʔa heavy 11  
82 dull, blunt ŋgumo blunt 17  
30 mouth ŋindu mouth; irregular *u > i 2, 61  
36 to spit ŋisu spit 14, 58  
199 Three word info ɔlu three 1  
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
185 we word info ɣaua we (1du.incl) 2  
185 we word info ɣia we (1pl.incl)    
187 they ɣira they (3pl) 1, 69  
187 they ɣirarua they (3du) x  
88 to squeeze word info ɣusia squeeze    
81 sharp ʔala sharp 69  
65 rope ʔalo rope; irregular loss of *w; perhaps a loan from Lengo 2  
185 we word info ʔami we (1pl.excl) 2  
186 you ʔamu you (2pl) 1  
123 to flow ʔaraʔara flow    
183 thou ʔoe you (2sg) s  
115 root ʔumi root    
96 dog ʔusu dog 57  
108 louse word info ʔū louse 1  
17 liver ϑae liver 1  

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