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Language: Longgu

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Malaita-San Cristobal:Malaita:Longgu 
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Showing all of 52 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
47 to yawn      
79 stick/wood      
92 to open, uncover      
126 lake      
159 wide      
190 other      
19 shoulder roa      
38 to chew word info musu      
42 to suck usu      
50 to dream maurubole   15, 10  
68 needle italui      
70 to shoot word info vana      
70 to shoot word info vanasia      
72 to hit word info waʔia      
80 to split word info ai      
84 to plant vasi      
85 to choose vili   1  
86 to grow word info mauri      
91 to buy voli   1  
94 to throw word info taʔasi      
107 worm (earthworm) bwiri      
125 salt asi   20  
158 narrow gogo      
161 shy, ashamed vahama      
168 day dangi   6  
172 to climb word info vane      
173 at tana      
175 above vavo-na      
178 that nina      
191 all mole      
207 Twenty word info rua tangavulu      
208 Fifty word info lima tangavulu   1, 2  
162 old word info boro 'old man, ancestor'    
59 mother tia (nau) "my mother" = a form of reference. 82  
5 to walk ta'e laʔi 'ascend' (e.g. a hill, also used for getting into a canoe or truck)    
5 to walk sivo 'descend' (e.g. come down from a tree, a hill)    
42 to suck nonoʔia 'nono' = kiss; thematic consonant is innovative 1, 22  
162 old word info mwaroi 'old woman, ancestor'    
59 mother tike a form of address only    
76 to live, be alive mauri alive 1, 76  
192 and ma and 2  
1 hand lima arm 1  
146 ash ravu ashes 67  
13 back word info ile back 102  
165 bad, evil taʔa bad 1  
9 to swim loto bathe 8  
14 belly kutu belly 14  
176 below vuʔa below    
153 big bweina big    
153 big vae big    
97 bird manu bird 1  
41 to bite alea bite 1  
147 black mbulumbuluʔa black 10  
23 blood ambu blood; irregular loss of *k 5  
137 to blow word info sivolia blow    
82 dull, blunt ŋgumo blunt 17  
15 bone sulī bone 52  
57 husband buruŋa bound noun = spouse    
59 mother tia bound noun, alienably possessed 82  
113 branch word info raraka branch 1, 33  
18 breast susu breast 1  
28 to breathe aðeaðe breathe; looks like a possible loan from Lengo given the sound correspondences 16 L
144 to burn word info erea burn 50  
58 wife buruŋa burunga- [bound noun, spouse not wife]    
127 woods/forest masuʔui bush 21  
56 child mwela kiki child 8  
5 to walk vane climb (e.g. tree); irregular *o > e 2  
131 cloud word info parako cloud 74  
139 cold word info bwaribwariʔa cold 13  
7 to come lamai come 1, 85  
166 correct, true utuni correct, true    
196 to count indu count 46  
34 to cry aŋi cry 1  
78 to cut, hack word info oloʔia cut (string) 90  
78 to cut, hack word info toka cut (wood) 27  
78 to cut, hack word info vala cut nut X  
168 day ndaŋindaŋi day 6  
75 to die, be dead mae die 1  
90 to dig ivui dig    
90 to dig asia dig    
10 dirty paŋgapaŋgaʔa dirty; only found in Lengo and Longgu so it seems like that this results from contact 52 L
96 dog ʔusu dog 57  
40 to drink inu drink 1  
140 dry word info laŋalaŋa dry 49  
11 dust tavutavu dust 47  
71 to stab, pierce puta-a e.g. the eye of a coconut    
43 ear kuli ear 6  
119 earth/soil mwaŋgo earth 51  
37 to eat vaŋa eat 1, 53  
98 egg ðalu egg; irregular *o > Ø 1  
204 Eight word info walu eight 3  
45 eye maʔa eye; irregular presence of ʔ; likely to be influenced by neighbouring GG languages 1 L
95 to fall word info ndio fall    
180 far tau far 1  
104 fat/grease mɔmɔna fat/grease 1, 65  
60 father mama father 1, 10  
22 to fear maʔu fear 1  
99 feather ivunimanu feather (of bird) 7  
143 fire nduŋa fire 32  
111 fish iʔa fish 1  
201 Five word info lima five 1  
123 to flow ʔaraʔara flow    
116 flower taŋgana flower 12  
101 to fly lovo fly 1  
101 to fly laŋɔ fly (insect!) x  
132 fog lavo fog 3  
200 Four word info vai four 1, 65  
117 fruit londona fruit 27  
5 to walk lae go 1, 90  
164 good meta good    
118 grass mburumburu grass 19  
151 green mwarawa green 13  
16 intestines kutu guts 43  
26 hair word info ivu hair (body) 13  
184 he/she ŋaia he 1, 68  
24 head mbwau head 9  
44 to hear roŋonia hear 1  
142 heavy ŋguluʔa heavy 11  
171 to hide word info obwa hide oneself; stomach (obsolete)    
72 to hit word info ramisia hit (stick) 58  
89 to hold word info toʔia hold 77  
89 to hold word info toria hold 62  
61 house luma house 1  
194 how? word info awande how?    
69 to hunt word info ruʔu hunt 13  
182 I nau I (1sg) 1, 22  
193 if livaʔana if    
174 in, inside umbu-na in 27  
74 to kill waʔia kill 14  
20 to know, be knowledgeable pukua know    
20 to know, be knowledgeable ðaia know, irregular *e > i 35  
5 to walk lakulaku laku = step    
33 to laugh mwasi laugh 58  
114 leaf rau leaf 1  
2 left mauli left; irregular reflex of *w 1, 59  
4 leg/foot aʔae leg; irregular *q > ʔ 1  
49 to lie down word info eno lie down 1  
76 to live, be alive mauri life 1, 76  
135 lightning pilaðia lightning 26  
17 liver ϑae liver 1  
155 long word info tewa long 15  
108 louse word info ʔū louse 1  
108 louse word info lita louse egg x20  
54 man/male mwane man 1  
103 meat/flesh masimbe meat/flesh 49  
129 moon mandamai moon; irregular *a > ai 7  
109 mosquito simi mosquito 13  
30 mouth ŋindu mouth; irregular *u > i 2, 61  
63 name ðata name 1, 18  
179 near harehare near 79  
25 neck alua neck; irregular addition of initial vowel 18  
163 new vaolu new 1  
167 night mboŋi night 1  
205 Nine word info siwa nine 5  
195 no, not mbwala no    
39 to cook word info kuki No general term. For boiling food 'kuki' borrowed   L
27 nose bwalasu nose; irregular *u > a 1, 12  
162 old word info mboro old (person)    
162 old word info rumu old (thing) x  
197 One word info eta one 32  
209 One Hundred word info te taŋalau one hundred 4, 38  
210 One Thousand word info to'a one thousand 30  
53 person/human being inoni person 10  
133 rain uta rain 1  
102 rat bwauʔai rat 67  
149 red melamelaʔa red 1  
3 right oloʔolo right; irregular loss of initial vowel 10  
6 road/path tala road 1  
115 root ʔumi root    
65 rope ʔalo rope; irregular loss of *w; perhaps a loan from Lengo 2  
112 rotten word info poto rotten 9, 68  
121 sand oneone sand 1  
64 to say ilia say 67  
77 to scratch word info ŋgarusia scratch 44  
124 sea asi sea 1  
46 to see mbere see 61  
203 Seven word info viu seven 1  
67 to sew word info taia sew 2  
81 sharp ʔala sharp 69  
154 short word info kumbu short 72  
160 painful, sick mataʔi sick 1  
51 to sit ðundu sit 39  
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
12 skin kɔkɔke skin    
128 sky oka sky 42  
48 to sleep mauru sleep 1  
152 small kiki small 78  
152 small kandi small    
29 to sniff, smell siʔini smell 12  
145 smoke word info ðasu smoke 2  
106 snake mwa snake 12  
110 spider lao spider 9  
36 to spit ŋisu spit 14, 58  
80 to split word info kakavoka split    
88 to squeeze word info losia squeeze 19  
88 to squeeze word info ɣusia squeeze    
52 to stand ðuala stand    
130 star veʔu star 1, 51  
73 to steal mbeli steal 12  
120 stone vau stone 1  
166 correct, true poposo straight, correct    
87 to swell word info popote swell 17  
9 to swim tatapo swim    
105 tail ikuiku tail 1  
206 Ten word info taŋavulu ten 5  
62 thatch/roof vovotu thatch 45  
187 they ɣirarua they (3du) x  
187 they ɣira they (3pl) 1, 69  
157 thick word info paku thick 36  
156 thin word info mandeve thin 1, 67  
156 thin word info rese thin    
21 to think hanā think    
177 this nene this 28  
199 Three word info ɔlu three 1  
134 thunder vita thunder 19  
66 to tie up, fasten toŋoa tie 61  
32 tongue mea tongue 7  
31 tooth livɔ tooth 1, 35  
93 to pound, beat word info topuhu topuhui - pudding made by pounding tubers e.g. yam    
8 to turn word info ririu turn 69  
198 Two word info rua two 1  
173 at i used with local nouns only 1  
35 to vomit moamoa vomit; irregular *u > o 1  
5 to walk laelae walk 1, 90  
138 warm word info parapara warm 71  
138 warm word info papana warm 1  
122 water word info wai water 2  
185 we word info amerua we (1du.excl) 2  
185 we word info ɣaua we (1du.incl) 2  
185 we word info ʔami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info ɣia we (1pl.incl)    
141 wet kombo wet 67  
188 what? word info tai hou what?    
170 when? word info aŋita when? 1, 41  
181 where? word info evei where? 3  
148 white mbambala white    
189 who? word info tehou who?    
136 wind sivosivo wind 57  
100 wing raporapo wing 50  
55 woman/female ŋgeni woman 8  
83 to work word info toʔi work 52  
169 year valisi year 8  
150 yellow kina yellow    
186 you amurua you (2du) x  
186 you ʔamu you (2pl) 1  
183 thou ʔoe you (2sg) s  
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  

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