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Language: Longgu

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Malaita-San Cristobal:Malaita:Longgu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand lima arm 1  
2 left mauli left; irregular reflex of *w 1, 59  
3 right oloʔolo right; irregular loss of initial vowel 10  
4 leg/foot aʔae leg; irregular *q > ʔ 1  
5 to walk ta'e laʔi 'ascend' (e.g. a hill, also used for getting into a canoe or truck)    
5 to walk vane climb (e.g. tree); irregular *o > e 2  
5 to walk lae go 1, 90  
5 to walk sivo 'descend' (e.g. come down from a tree, a hill)    
5 to walk laelae walk 1, 90  
5 to walk lakulaku laku = step    
6 road/path tala road 1  
7 to come lamai come 1, 85  
8 to turn word info ririu turn 69  
9 to swim tatapo swim    
9 to swim loto bathe 8  
10 dirty paŋgapaŋgaʔa dirty; only found in Lengo and Longgu so it seems like that this results from contact 52 L
11 dust tavutavu dust 47  
12 skin kɔkɔke skin    
13 back word info ile back 102  
14 belly kutu belly 14  
15 bone sulī bone 52  
16 intestines kutu guts 43  
17 liver ϑae liver 1  
18 breast susu breast 1  
19 shoulder roa      
20 to know, be knowledgeable pukua know    
20 to know, be knowledgeable ðaia know, irregular *e > i 35  
21 to think hanā think    
22 to fear maʔu fear 1  
23 blood ambu blood; irregular loss of *k 5  
24 head mbwau head 9  
25 neck alua neck; irregular addition of initial vowel 18  
26 hair word info ivu hair (body) 13  
27 nose bwalasu nose; irregular *u > a 1, 12  
28 to breathe aðeaðe breathe; looks like a possible loan from Lengo given the sound correspondences 16 L
29 to sniff, smell siʔini smell 12  
30 mouth ŋindu mouth; irregular *u > i 2, 61  
31 tooth livɔ tooth 1, 35  
32 tongue mea tongue 7  
33 to laugh mwasi laugh 58  
34 to cry aŋi cry 1  
35 to vomit moamoa vomit; irregular *u > o 1  
36 to spit ŋisu spit 14, 58  
37 to eat vaŋa eat 1, 53  
38 to chew word info musu      
39 to cook word info kuki No general term. For boiling food 'kuki' borrowed   L
40 to drink inu drink 1  
41 to bite alea bite 1  
42 to suck nonoʔia 'nono' = kiss; thematic consonant is innovative 1, 22  
42 to suck usu      
43 ear kuli ear 6  
44 to hear roŋonia hear 1  
45 eye maʔa eye; irregular presence of ʔ; likely to be influenced by neighbouring GG languages 1 L
46 to see mbere see 61  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep mauru sleep 1  
49 to lie down word info eno lie down 1  
50 to dream maurubole   15, 10  
51 to sit ðundu sit 39  
52 to stand ðuala stand    
53 person/human being inoni person 10  
54 man/male mwane man 1  
55 woman/female ŋgeni woman 8  
56 child mwela kiki child 8  
57 husband buruŋa bound noun = spouse    
58 wife buruŋa burunga- [bound noun, spouse not wife]    
59 mother tike a form of address only    
59 mother tia bound noun, alienably possessed 82  
59 mother tia (nau) "my mother" = a form of reference. 82  
60 father mama father 1, 10  
61 house luma house 1  
62 thatch/roof vovotu thatch 45  
63 name ðata name 1, 18  
64 to say ilia say 67  
65 rope ʔalo rope; irregular loss of *w; perhaps a loan from Lengo 2  
66 to tie up, fasten toŋoa tie 61  
67 to sew word info taia sew 2  
68 needle italui      
69 to hunt word info ruʔu hunt 13  
70 to shoot word info vana      
70 to shoot word info vanasia      
71 to stab, pierce puta-a e.g. the eye of a coconut    
72 to hit word info ramisia hit (stick) 58  
72 to hit word info waʔia      
73 to steal mbeli steal 12  
74 to kill waʔia kill 14  
75 to die, be dead mae die 1  
76 to live, be alive mauri alive 1, 76  
76 to live, be alive mauri life 1, 76  
77 to scratch word info ŋgarusia scratch 44  
78 to cut, hack word info oloʔia cut (string) 90  
78 to cut, hack word info toka cut (wood) 27  
78 to cut, hack word info vala cut nut X  
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info kakavoka split    
80 to split word info ai      
81 sharp ʔala sharp 69  
82 dull, blunt ŋgumo blunt 17  
83 to work word info toʔi work 52  
84 to plant vasi      
85 to choose vili   1  
86 to grow word info mauri      
87 to swell word info popote swell 17  
88 to squeeze word info losia squeeze 19  
88 to squeeze word info ɣusia squeeze    
89 to hold word info toʔia hold 77  
89 to hold word info toria hold 62  
90 to dig ivui dig    
90 to dig asia dig    
91 to buy voli   1  
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info topuhu topuhui - pudding made by pounding tubers e.g. yam    
94 to throw word info taʔasi      
95 to fall word info ndio fall    
96 dog ʔusu dog 57  
97 bird manu bird 1  
98 egg ðalu egg; irregular *o > Ø 1  
99 feather ivunimanu feather (of bird) 7  
100 wing raporapo wing 50  
101 to fly laŋɔ fly (insect!) x  
101 to fly lovo fly 1  
102 rat bwauʔai rat 67  
103 meat/flesh masimbe meat/flesh 49  
104 fat/grease mɔmɔna fat/grease 1, 65  
105 tail ikuiku tail 1  
106 snake mwa snake 12  
107 worm (earthworm) bwiri      
108 louse word info lita louse egg x20  
108 louse word info ʔū louse 1  
109 mosquito simi mosquito 13  
110 spider lao spider 9  
111 fish iʔa fish 1  
112 rotten word info poto rotten 9, 68  
113 branch word info raraka branch 1, 33  
114 leaf rau leaf 1  
115 root ʔumi root    
116 flower taŋgana flower 12  
117 fruit londona fruit 27  
118 grass mburumburu grass 19  
119 earth/soil mwaŋgo earth 51  
120 stone vau stone 1  
121 sand oneone sand 1  
122 water word info wai water 2  
123 to flow ʔaraʔara flow    
124 sea asi sea 1  
125 salt asi   20  
126 lake      
127 woods/forest masuʔui bush 21  
128 sky oka sky 42  
129 moon mandamai moon; irregular *a > ai 7  
130 star veʔu star 1, 51  
131 cloud word info parako cloud 74  
132 fog lavo fog 3  
133 rain uta rain 1  
134 thunder vita thunder 19  
135 lightning pilaðia lightning 26  
136 wind sivosivo wind 57  
137 to blow word info sivolia blow    
138 warm word info parapara warm 71  
138 warm word info papana warm 1  
139 cold word info bwaribwariʔa cold 13  
140 dry word info laŋalaŋa dry 49  
141 wet kombo wet 67  
142 heavy ŋguluʔa heavy 11  
143 fire nduŋa fire 32  
144 to burn word info erea burn 50  
145 smoke word info ðasu smoke 2  
146 ash ravu ashes 67  
147 black mbulumbuluʔa black 10  
148 white mbambala white    
149 red melamelaʔa red 1  
150 yellow kina yellow    
151 green mwarawa green 13  
152 small kiki small 78  
152 small kandi small    
153 big bweina big    
153 big vae big    
154 short word info kumbu short 72  
155 long word info tewa long 15  
156 thin word info mandeve thin 1, 67  
156 thin word info rese thin    
157 thick word info paku thick 36  
158 narrow gogo      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick mataʔi sick 1  
161 shy, ashamed vahama      
162 old word info rumu old (thing) x  
162 old word info mboro old (person)    
162 old word info boro 'old man, ancestor'    
162 old word info mwaroi 'old woman, ancestor'    
163 new vaolu new 1  
164 good meta good    
165 bad, evil taʔa bad 1  
166 correct, true poposo straight, correct    
166 correct, true utuni correct, true    
167 night mboŋi night 1  
168 day ndaŋindaŋi day 6  
168 day dangi   6  
169 year valisi year 8  
170 when? word info aŋita when? 1, 41  
171 to hide word info obwa hide oneself; stomach (obsolete)    
172 to climb word info vane      
173 at i used with local nouns only 1  
173 at tana      
174 in, inside umbu-na in 27  
175 above vavo-na      
176 below vuʔa below    
177 this nene this 28  
178 that nina      
179 near harehare near 79  
180 far tau far 1  
181 where? word info evei where? 3  
182 I nau I (1sg) 1, 22  
183 thou ʔoe you (2sg) s  
184 he/she ŋaia he 1, 68  
185 we word info amerua we (1du.excl) 2  
185 we word info ɣia we (1pl.incl)    
185 we word info ʔami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info ɣaua we (1du.incl) 2  
186 you ʔamu you (2pl) 1  
186 you amurua you (2du) x  
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
187 they ɣira they (3pl) 1, 69  
187 they ɣirarua they (3du) x  
188 what? word info tai hou what?    
189 who? word info tehou who?    
190 other      
191 all mole      
192 and ma and 2  
193 if livaʔana if    
194 how? word info awande how?    
195 no, not mbwala no    
196 to count indu count 46  
197 One word info eta one 32  
198 Two word info rua two 1  
199 Three word info ɔlu three 1  
200 Four word info vai four 1, 65  
201 Five word info lima five 1  
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
203 Seven word info viu seven 1  
204 Eight word info walu eight 3  
205 Nine word info siwa nine 5  
206 Ten word info taŋavulu ten 5  
207 Twenty word info rua tangavulu      
208 Fifty word info lima tangavulu   1, 2  
209 One Hundred word info te taŋalau one hundred 4, 38  
210 One Thousand word info to'a one thousand 30  

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