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Language: Ghari (Nggae)

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Gela-Guadalcanal:Guadalcanal 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand lima-na arm 1  
2 left mauli-na left 1, 59  
3 right mandɔa-na right; irregular loss of *l/*R; irregular diphthongisation of final vowels 9  
4 leg/foot tua-na leg 95  
5 to walk vanɔ lela walk 2  
5 to walk sivɔ go down    
5 to walk vanɔ go 2  
5 to walk ndatɔ go up    
6 road/path sautu road 6  
7 to come mai come 1  
8 to turn word info vavarirɔ turn    
9 to swim lesɔ bathe; irregular *o > e 8  
9 to swim ɔlɔ swim 74  
10 dirty mbau dirty 66  
11 dust papasa dust 19  
12 skin kɔkɔra-na skin 37  
13 back word info mbɔla-na back 17  
14 belly tɔmba-na belly 36  
15 bone suli-na bone 52  
16 intestines tinae-na guts 1  
17 liver ate-na liver 1  
18 breast čuču-na breast 1  
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ndɔndɔni know 56  
21 to think papanda think 36  
22 to fear mataɣu fear 1  
23 blood ɣambu-na blood 5  
24 head lɔva-na head 47  
25 neck liɔ-na neck 1  
26 hair word info vuvuluɣa-na hair (body) 31  
27 nose isu-na nose 1  
28 to breathe mamaɣɔ breathe 17  
29 to sniff, smell siɣini smell 12  
29 to sniff, smell pɔsɔ smell 47  
30 mouth mana-na mouth; irregular *ŋ > n 13  
31 tooth livɔ-na tooth 1, 35  
32 tongue lapi-na tongue 21  
33 to laugh kia laugh 14  
34 to cry ŋere cry; irregular *a > e 5  
34 to cry taŋi cry 1  
35 to vomit mumuta vomit 1  
36 to spit čuve spit 19, 88  
37 to eat ɣaɣani eat 1  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
40 to drink inu drink 1  
41 to bite ɣati bite 1, 55  
42 to suck muču suck 20  
43 ear kuli-na ear 6  
44 to hear rɔrɔŋo hear 1  
45 eye mata-na eye 1  
46 to see rei see; irregular loss of *k 13  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep maturu sleep 1  
49 to lie down word info čarɔ lie down 49  
49 to lie down word info taɔ lie down 48  
49 to lie down word info enɔ lie down 1  
50 to dream      
51 to sit tɔtu sit 104  
52 to stand tu stand 2  
53 person/human being tinɔni person 10  
54 man/male mane man 1  
55 woman/female ndaki woman 25  
56 child mbaka child 41  
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother tina-na mother 1  
60 father tama-na father 1  
61 house vale house 14  
62 thatch/roof ɣasɔ thatch    
63 name sɔa-na name 31  
64 to say kɔ tuɣuna say 66  
65 rope tai rope 51  
66 to tie up, fasten piti tie 12  
67 to sew word info čuki sew 17  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info ruɣu hunt 13  
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce mbaɔ stab 61  
72 to hit word info lambu hit (stick) 42  
73 to steal vanaɣɔ steal 1, 58  
73 to steal kɔmi steal 33  
74 to kill matesi kill 2  
75 to die, be dead mate die 1  
76 to live, be alive mauri life 1, 76  
76 to live, be alive mauri alive 1, 76  
77 to scratch word info ŋgaŋgaru scratch 44  
78 to cut, hack word info cut nut X  
78 to cut, hack word info kavi cut (wood) 60  
78 to cut, hack word info kuti cut (string) 61  
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info čačɔ split    
80 to split word info pavɔta split 64  
81 sharp vavaŋa sharp 14, 20  
82 dull, blunt paru blunt 54  
83 to work word info aŋgɔ work 32  
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info mbɔte swell; irregular *o > e 17  
88 to squeeze word info mbiru squeeze 52  
88 to squeeze word info lusi squeeze; irregular *o > u 19, 65  
89 to hold word info taŋoli hold 61  
90 to dig čai dig 79  
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info puka fall 19  
96 dog pai dog 54  
97 bird manu bird 1  
98 egg tɔʔu-na egg; irregular *l > ʔ 1  
99 feather ivu-na feather 7  
100 wing rapɔ-na wing 50  
101 to fly lɔvɔ fly 1  
101 to fly larp fly    
102 rat ɣusuve rat 3  
103 meat/flesh venesi-na meat/flesh 17, 67  
104 fat/grease sereɣa-na fat/grease 35  
105 tail ɣiu-na tail 1, 58  
106 snake muata snake 12  
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info ŋutu louse; irregular *k > ŋ 1, 27  
108 louse word info lisa louse egg x20  
109 mosquito namu mosquito 1  
110 spider lalaɔ spider 9  
111 fish ceče fish 56  
112 rotten word info mambulu rotten 1  
113 branch word info rara-na branch 1, 33  
114 leaf rau-na leaf 1  
115 root lamu-na root 3  
116 flower marara flower 43  
117 fruit vua-na fruit 1  
118 grass mbumburu grass 19  
119 earth/soil ŋgɔŋgɔsi earth    
120 stone vatu stone 1  
121 sand ɔnɔne sand 1  
122 water word info water 37  
123 to flow naɔmbɔ flow    
123 to flow tatave flow 10  
124 sea tasi sea 1  
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest laɔɣaɣai bush 2, 49  
128 sky maraɔ sky    
129 moon vula moon 1  
130 star veituɣu star 1, 50  
131 cloud word info parakɔ cloud 74  
132 fog pasa fog 44  
133 rain usa rain 1  
134 thunder vivisa thunder 19  
135 lightning aŋa lightning 43  
136 wind ɣuɣuri wind 12  
137 to blow word info ɣuɣuri blow 47  
137 to blow word info pua blow 17  
138 warm word info papara warm 71  
139 cold word info masɔɣa cold 62  
139 cold word info mbisi cold 46  
140 dry word info mamača dry 11  
141 wet pɔpɔtɔ wet 62  
142 heavy mamava heavy 46  
143 fire lake fire 6  
144 to burn word info iru burn 51  
145 smoke word info puŋu-na smoke 28  
146 ash papasa ashes 34  
147 black mbɔra black 67  
147 black mbau black 42  
148 white sere white 15  
149 red čiči red 19  
150 yellow mila yellow 44  
151 green maraɔ green 13  
152 small tetelɔ small 56  
153 big lɔki big 55  
154 short word info kukuri-na short; irregular *u > i 13  
155 long word info mbuavuna long    
156 thin word info mandeve thin 1, 67  
157 thick word info paku thick 36  
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick lɔmbɔɣu sick 56  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info tutuŋga old (person) 78  
162 old word info pura old (thing) x  
163 new vaɔlu new 1  
164 good ndɔu good 54  
165 bad, evil sekɔ bad 50  
166 correct, true ɣɔtɔ correct 13  
167 night mbɔŋi night 1  
168 day ndani day 6  
169 year ŋalitupa year 55, 51  
170 when? word info ke ŋisa when? 1, 11  
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at i tana at 7  
174 in, inside i laɔ-na in 1, 69  
175 above      
176 below vava-na below 1  
177 this ninde this 27  
178 that      
179 near varaŋi near 1, 74  
180 far vasau far 1, 18  
181 where? word info iava where? 3, 48  
182 I nau I (1sg) 1, 22  
183 thou ɣɔe you (2sg) s  
184 he/she aia he 1  
185 we word info kɔita we (1du.incl) 2  
185 we word info ɣami kɔnde we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info ɣita kɔnde we (1pl.incl) 1  
185 we word info kɔami we (1du.excl) 1  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you kɔamu you (2du) x  
186 you iɣamu kɔnde you (2pl) 1  
187 they kɔira they (3du) 1, 69  
187 they iɣira they (3pl) 1, 69  
188 what? word info na ɣua what? 36  
189 who? word info a sei who? 1, 68  
190 other      
191 all      
192 and mana and 2, 40  
193 if ti ke if    
194 how? word info ke ɣua how? 1, 39  
195 no, not taɣara no 77  
196 to count čɔkɔ count 60  
197 One word info kesa one 32  
198 Two word info ruka two; irregular medial -k- 1, 21  
199 Three word info tɔlu three 1  
200 Four word info vati four 1, 65  
201 Five word info čeɣe five 16  
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
203 Seven word info vitu seven 1  
204 Eight word info alu eight 3  
205 Nine word info siu nine; irregular loss of *a 5  
206 Ten word info saŋavulu ten 5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info kesa saŋatu one hundred; irregular loss of *R 4, 38  
210 One Thousand word info kesa natɔɣa one thousand 27  

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